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This edited volume brings together eighteen articles which examine the role of eros as an emotion in ancient Greek culture. Arising out of a conference held at University College London in 2009, the volume ranges from Archaic epic and lyric poetry, through tragedy and comedy, to philosophicaland technical treatises and more, and includes contributions from a variety of international scholars well published in the field of ancient Greek emotions.Taking into account all important thinking about the nature of eros from the eighth century BCE to the third century CE, and covering a very broad range of sources and theoretical approaches, both in the chronological and the generic sense, it considers the phenomenology, psychology, and physiologyof eros; its associated language, metaphors, and imagery; the overlap of eros with other emotions (jealousy, madness, philia, pothos); its role in political society; and the relationship between the human emotion and Eros the god. These topics build on recent advances in the understanding of ancient Greek homo- and heterosexual customs and practices, visual and textual erotica, and philosophical approaches to eros as manageable appetite or passion. However, the principal aim of the volume is to apply to the study of eros thetheoretical insights offered by the rapidly expanding field of emotion studies, both in ancient cultures and elsewhere in the humanities and social sciences, thus maintaining throughout the focus on eros as emotion.
Ed Sanders is a Leverhulme Early Career Fellow at Royal Holloway, University of London. His research focuses on emotions in ancient Greece, especially in the literature of the Classical period. His forthcoming monograph, based on his PhD, is entitled Envy and Jealousy in Classical Athens (OUP).
Chiara Thumiger is a Research Associate at the Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin. Her present research focuses on mental insanity and its ancient representations in the Hippocratic texts and other literary sources. She has also worked on Greek tragedy and on animals in ancient literature, and is the author of Hidden Paths: Self and Characterization in Greek tragedy: Euripides' Bacchae.
Christopher Carey is Professor of Greek at University College London. His research interests are very broad, including Pindar, drama, and above all oratory. He is the author of Democracy in Classical Athens as well as a large number of articles. He has also published a range of translations, commentaries, and edited volumes, in particular relating to the Attic oratorical corpus; these include the recent Oxford Classical Text Lysiae orationes cum fragmentis (Oxford, 2007), The speeches of Aeschines, Lysias: Selected Speeches, and Trials from Classical Athens.
Nick J. Lowe is Reader in Classical Literature at Royal Holloway, University of London. He is both a Greek and Latin literary specialist, and is particularly interested in comedy, prose fiction, narrative, and the interface between literary theory and cognitive science. He is the author of TheClassical Plot and the Invention of Western Narrative and Comedy.
Table of Contents
Preface Acknowledgements Abbreviations Notes List of Contributors 1. Introduction, Ed Sanders and Chiara Thumiger Part 1: Phenomenology and psychology of eros Chiara Thumiger 2. Between appetite and emotion, or Why can't animals have eros?, David Konstan 3. Mad eros and eroticized madness in tragedy, Chiara Thumiger 4. Sexual jealousy and eros in Euripides Medea, Ed Sanders 5. Love's battlefield: Rethinking Sappho fragment 31, Armand D Angour 6. Monstrous love? Erotic reciprocity in Aelian's De natura animalium Part 2: Defining eros: Philosophy and science Chiara Thumiger 7. Challenging Platonic eros: The role of thumos and philotimia in love, Olivier Renaut 8. Galen, Plato, and the physiology of eros, Ralph M. Rosen 9. Sex and the city: Plato, Aristotle, and Zeno of Kition on eros and philia, Eleni Leontsini 10. Stoic eros is there such a thing?, Christopher Gill Part 3: Divine Eros and human eros Chiara Thumiger 11. Eros in Hesiod, Glenn W. Most 12. From the gymnasium to the wedding: Eros in Athenian art and cult, Emma Stafford 13. Love theory and political practice in Plutarch: The Amatorius and the Lives of Coriolanus and Alcibiades, Michele A. Lucchesi Part 4: Imagery and language of eros Chiara Thumiger 14. The imagery of eros in Plato's Phaedrus, Douglas Cairns 15. The language(s) of love in Aristophanes, James Robson 16. Worlds of eros in Ibycus fragment 286 (PMGF), Vanessa Cazzato 17. Lamp and erotic epigram: How an object sheds light on the lover's emotions, Maria Kanellou 18. Male bodies, male gazes: Exploring eros in the twelfth book of the Greek Anthology, Andreas Fountoulakis Bibliography Index