9781559637008

Estuarine Science : A Synthetic Approach to Research and Practice

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781559637008

  • ISBN10:

    1559637005

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2000-05-01
  • Publisher: Island Pr
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Summary

Estuaries are the point of convergence for almost the entire array of coastal and ocean environmental issues. Management of these rapidly changing environments requires a whole-system perspective that includes integration of all available knowledge of the ecology, chemistry, and physics of estuaries. Yet estuarine research has been primarily short-term and site-specific, providing few insights that can be generalized and applied to a broader understanding of these complex ecosystems. Estuarine Scienceaddresses that problem by presenting examples of synthetic approaches to estuarine science. Leading scientists -- including Donald F. Boesch, W. Rockwell Geyer, Nancy Rabalais, Charles A. Simenstad, and many others -- offer twelve chapters that report on different types of ecological synthesis and summarize the current state of scientific knowledge. Additional chapters examine the adequacy of existing synthesis, and the data and models required for improving the scientific management of estuaries in the coming decade.Each of the book's five sections introduces a major area of estuarine syntheses; highlights key problems about that topic; reports case histories of successful synthesis; and recommends types of data to collect, processes to study, and models to build for a predictive understanding. Sections examine: inputs to estuaries of water, sediment, and nutrients from the drainage basin the coupling of estuarine physics with biogeochemistry and ecology the biogeochemical process in estuaries and their linkages to the food web controls on the distribution and abundance of organisms in the estuary the need for synthesis that would directly improve the scientific management of estuariesEstuarine Science synthesizes what has been learned from the intensive research in many different estuarine projects around the country. It will be an essential work for professional scientists and graduate students working in coastal or estuarine research, as well as for managers, planners and environmentalists involved with coastal and estuarine issues.

Table of Contents

Contributors ix
Estuarine Science: The Key to Progress in Coastal Ecological Research
1(16)
John E. Hobbie
PART I. DRAINAGE BASIN SYNTHETIC STUDIES
Some Approaches for Assessing Human Influences on Fluxes of Nitrogen and Organic Carbon to Estuaries
17(26)
Robert W. Howarth
Norbert Jaworski
Dennis Swaney
Alan Townsend
Gilles Billen
Macro-scale Models of Water and Nutrient Flux to the Coastal Zone
43(38)
Charles J. Vorosmarty
Bruce J. Peterson
Synthesizing Drainage Basin Inputs to Coastal Systems
81(26)
Thomas R. Fisher
David Correll
Robert Costanza
James T. Hollibaugh
Charles S. Hopkinson Jr.
Robert W. Howarth
Nancy N. Rabalais
Jeffrey E. Richey
Charles J. Vorosmarty
Richard Wiegert
PART II. COUPLING OF PHYSICS AND ECOLOGY
Effects of Sea-level Anomalies on Estuarine Processes
107(22)
James T. Morris
Modeling for Estuarine Synthesis
129(20)
Eileen E. Hofmann
An Ecological Perspective on Estuarine Classification
149(28)
David A. Jay
W. Rockwell Geyer
David R. Montgomery
Interaction Between Physical Processes and Ecosystem Structure: A Comparative Approach
177(34)
W. Rockwell Geyer
James T. Morris
Frederick G. Prahl
David A. Jay
PART III. LINKING BIOGEOCHEMICAL PROCESSES AND FOOD WEBS
Scaling Up: Site-specific Measurements to Global-scale Estimates of Denitrification
211(30)
Sybil P. Seitzinger
Gulf of Mexico Biological System Responses to Nutrient Changes in the Mississippi River
241(28)
Nancy N. Rabalais
R. Eugene Turner
Dubravko Justic
Quay Dortch
William J. Wiseman Jr.
Barun K. Sen Gupta
Influence of River Flow and Nutrient Loads on Selected Ecosystem Processes: A Synthesis of Chesapeake Bay Data
269(30)
Walter R. Boynton
W. Michael Kemp
Linking Biogeochemical Processes to Higher Trophic Levels
299(48)
James N. Kremer
W. Michael Kemp
Anne E. Giblin
Ivan Valiela
Sybil P. Seitzinger
Eileen E. Hofmann
PART IV. CONTROLS OF ESTUARINE HABITATS
Coastal Biogeomorphology: An Integrated Approach to Understanding the Evolution, Morphology, and Sustainability of Temperate Coastal Marshes
347(16)
Denise J. Reed
Chesapeake Bay Eutrophication Model
363(42)
Carl F. Cerco
Spatially Explicit Models of Growth Rate Potential: Linking Estuarine Fish Production to the Biological and Physical Environment
405(22)
Eric Demers
Stephen B. Brandt
Karen L. Barry
J. Michael Jech
Habitat-Biotic Interactions
427(34)
Charles A. Simenstad
Stephen B. Brandt
Alice Chalmers
Richard Dame
Linda A. Deegan
Robert Hodson
Edward D. Houde
PART V. SYNTHESIS FOR ESTUARINE MANAGEMENT
Integrated Ecological Economic Regional Modeling: Linking Consensus Building and Analysis for Synthesis and Adaptive Management
461(46)
Robert Costanza
Alexey Voinov
Scientific Synthesis in Estuarine Management
507(20)
Donald F. Boesch
Joanna Burger
Christopher F. D'Elia
Denise J. Reed
Donald Scavia
Index 527

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