9780495808770

Ethical Theory Classical and Contemporary Readings

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780495808770

  • ISBN10:

    0495808776

  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2/1/2010
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing

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Summary

This authoritative and reader-friendly anthology will help you think through some of humanity's most persistent questions regarding right and wrong, good and bad. ETHICAL THEORY: CLASSICAL AND CONTEMPORARY READINGS cuts through the confusion and delivers a clear and comprehensive selection of readings from classical and contemporary sources. Presented in a dynamic pro and con format, with detailed summaries of each argument, this comprehensive anthology allows you to watch the ethical debate unfold before your eyes.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Sixth Editio?
What is Ethics?
Plato: Socratic Morality: Crito
Ethical Relativism Versus Ethical Objectivism
Custom is King
Objective Moral Forms
Objectivism: Natural Law
A Defense of Ethical Relativism
A Critique of Ethical Relativism
Moral Relativism Defended
Morality and Self-Interest
Against Egoism
Psychological Egoism
Why be Moral?
On the Socratic Dilemma
Morality and Advantage
Value and the Self
The Experience Machine
Value and the Origin of Right and Wrong
The Transvaluation of Values
What Makes Someone's Life Go Best?
Value: the View from Nowhere
Later Selves and Moral Principles
Persons, Character, and Morality
Women's Conception of Self and of Morality
The Need for Care: Gender in Moral Theory
Utilitarianism
Pleasure
The Utilitarian Calculus
Utilitarianism (complete)
Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism
Against Moral Conservatism
Against Utilitarianism
Rule-Utilitarianism
Side Constraints
Famine, Affluence and Morality
Kantian and Deontological Systems
The Foundation for the Metaphysics of Morals (complete)
What Makes Right Acts Right?
Kantian Formula of the End in Itself and World Hunger
Moral Luck
Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives
Killing, Letting Die, and the Trolley Problem
Contractarian Ethical Systems
The Leviathan
Why Contractarianism?
Contractualism: Justice as Fairness
Virtue-Based Ethical Systems
The Ethics of Virtue (Books 1-4 complete)
Virtue and the Moral Life
A Critique of Virtue-Based Ethics
are Virtues No More than Dispositions to Obey Moral Rules?
The Nature of the Virtues
Moral Saints
in Defense of Moral Saints
The Fact/Value Problem: Metaethics in the Twentieth Century
On Reason and the Emotions: the Fact/Value Distinction
Non-Naturalism
Emotivism
Prescriptivism: the Structure of Ethics and Morals
How to Derive Ought from Is
The Object of Morality
Moral Realism and the Challenge of Skepticism
The Subjectivity of Values
A Critique of Mackie's Error Theory
Moral Nihilism
Two Forms of Ethical Skepticism
Religion and Ethics
Morality and Religion: Euthyphro
Morality Independent from Religion
God and Immortality as Necessary Postulates of Morality
Religious and the Queerness of Morality
Ethics Without God
Contemporary Challenges to Classical Ethical Theory
A. Sociobiology and the Question of Moral Responsibility
Ethics and the Descent of Man
Sociobiology and Ethics
Evolution and Ethics: the Sociobiological Approach
Prospects for an Evolutionary Ethics
The Law of the Jungle, Evolution and Morality
The Challenge of Determinism to Moral Responsibility and Desert
Free Will, Determinism, and Moral Responsibility: a Response to Galen Strawson
A Libertarian Defense of Free Will and Responsibility
A Glossary of Ethical Terms
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