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Ethics Across the Professions : A Reader for Professional Ethics,9780195326680
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Ethics Across the Professions : A Reader for Professional Ethics

by ; ;
ISBN13:

9780195326680

ISBN10:
0195326687
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
10/16/2009
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $85.28

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Summary

What does it mean to be an ethical professional? A professional career can be so demanding that it permeates every aspect of a person's life and personality. In light of this fact, it is especially important for students who are planning to enter a chosen profession to understand its moral status, moral virtues, and possible moral pitfalls, so that they will be equipped to deal with the inevitable moral quandaries that they will encounter as professionals. The most up-to-date professional ethics reader available, Ethics Across the Professions analyzes the complex ethical issues that arise in such fields as engineering, finance, healthcare, journalism, and law. Featuring a wide array of both classic and contemporary sources, it ranges from works by Aristotle and Kant to selections by Michael Bayles, Sissela Bok, Paul Ekman, and Thomas Nagel. Organized topically, the anthology covers what it means to be a professional, outlines several ethical models, and addresses key issues including deception in professional life, privacy, loyalty, social welfare, conflicts of interest, and self-regulation. The book includes detailed chapter introductions, several practical case studies at the end of each chapter, and provocative discussion questions on issues like "whistle-blowing," the Iraq War, educating illegal immigrant children, and advertisements for pharmaceutical companies. Edited by three renowned ethicists, Ethics Across the Professions is especially suited for introductory professional ethics courses taught in philosophy departments as well as in nursing schools, business schools, and other professional programs.

Author Biography

Clancy Martin is Associate Professor and Chair of Philosophy at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. He has authored and edited several books including. How to Sell: A Novel (2009), The Philosophy of Deception (OUP, 2009), and Honest Work, Second Edition (coedited with Joanne B. Ciulla and Robert C. Solomon, OUP, 2009). Wayne Vaught is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Medicine, Director of the Center for Applied and Professional Ethics, and Associate Dean of Undergraduate Programs in the College of Arts, and Sciences at the University of Missouri Kansas City. He has published several papers in leading ethics journals including The Journal of Clinical Ethics and Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics. The late Robert C. Solomon was Quincy Lee Centennial Professor of Philosophy of Philosphy and Business and Distinguished Teaching Professor at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author or editor of more than forty books including The Little Philosophy Book (2007), Introducing Philosophy, Ninth Edition (2007), and Honest Work, Second Edition (coedited with Joanne B. Ciulla and Clancy Martin, 2009), all published by Oxford.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
What Is It to Be a Professional? The Professions, Leadership, and Workp. 1
The Professional Organizationp. 2
The Professionsp. 9
Professional Responsibility: Just Following the Rules?p. 12
The Inner Ringp. 19
What Is Good Leadership?p. 22
Lawyers as Professionals: Some Moral Issuesp. 27
Good Doctorsp. 37 CASES
Cases
˘Professionalism and Nursing÷p. 47
˘Less Heat, More Light÷p. 49
˘The Professional Engineer÷p. 51
How to Be Ethicalp. 52
On the Good Lifep. 54
Ring of Gygesp. 58
Business Codes of Ethics: Window Dressing or Legitimate Alternative to Government Regulation?p. 60
Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning Their Felicity and Miseryp. 64
Of the First and Second Natural Laws and of Contractsp. 66
FROM Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Moralsp. 69
Professional Codes and Kantian Dutiesp. 77
FROM Utilitarianismp. 82
The Basic Business Virtues: Honesty, Fairness, Trust, and Toughnessp. 87
Cases
˘The Prisoner's Dilemma÷p. 93
˘George, Jim, and Utilitarianism÷p. 94
Professional Duties, Clients' Rightsp. 96
The Professional-Client Relationshipp. 97
Autonomy and the Very Limited Role of Advocacy in the Classroomp. 105
Professional Responsibility for Lawyersp. 109
Conscientious Refusal and a Doctor's Right to Quitp. 111
Solicitation of Clients: The Professional Responsibility to Chase Ambulancesp. 118
The Limits of Conscientious Objection-May Pharmacists Refuse to Fill Prescriptions for Emergency Contraception?p. 130
Legal and Ethical Myths About Informed Consentp. 136
Opinion in Canterbury v. Spencep. 142
The Ethics of Salesp. 148
Cases
˘The Booming Twenties÷p. 155
˘An Apple a Day÷p. 157
˘Target at the Center of Battle over Plan B÷p. 158
Truth, Lies, and Deceptionp. 161
Is It Ever Right to Lie?p. 162
Special Professional Morality and the Duty of Veracityp. 166
Lies That Failp. 175
Lying and Lies to the Sick and Dyingp. 181
Should Doctors Tell the Truth?p. 192
Lying and Deception for Counselors and Clientsp. 198
Offering Truth: One Ethical Approach to the Uninformed Cancer Patientp. 202
Giving Feedback: The Truthful Consultantp. 209
Truth in the Marketplacep. 213
Cases
˘Lying (for Journalists) ÷p. 222
˘Revisiting the Truth-Telling Debate: A Study of Disclosure Practices at a Major Cancer Center÷p. 223
˘Flying or Lying in Business Class÷p. 224
˘Willful Ignorance? Or Deception?÷p. 225
Privacy, Confidentiality, Secrecy, and Trustp. 226
Confidentiality: A Comparison Across the Professions of Medicine, Engineering, and Accountingp. 227
Building Trustp. 234
Invasions of Privacy in Social Science Researchp. 238
The Limits of Confidentialityp. 243
Justifying Legal Practice in the Adversary System: A Look at Confidentialityp. 253
Parents, Lies, and Videotape: Covert Video Surveillance in Pediatric Carep. 259
Defining Secrecy-Some Crucial Distinctionsp. 266
Hacker Ethicsp. 269
The Princess and the Pressp. 273
Cases
˘Should Doctors Talk to Relatives Without a Competent Patient's Consent?÷p. 276
˘DeLay PAC Is Indicted for Illegal Donations: Corporate Gifts Aided GOP in Texas Races÷p. 278
˘You're a Voyeur, I'm a Voyeur÷p. 280
˘Trade Secrets: It's Not Who You Know÷p. 282
Integrity and Loyalty: Whistle-Blowing and Self-Regulationp. 283
Whistleblowing and Professional Responsibilityp. 284
Some Paradoxes of Whistleblowingp. 289
Whistleblowing and Employee Loyaltyp. 294
Integrityp. 298
Standing for Somethingp. 301
Can Virtue Be Taught to Lawyers?p. 304
Ruthlessness in Public Lifep. 311
Loyaltyp. 316
Politics and Moral Characterp. 318
Cases
˘Is It Ethical to Criticize Other Dentists' Work?÷p. 325
˘Blowing the Whistle in Iraq÷p. 327
˘Ten Whistleblowers and How They Fared÷p. 328
˘Winners and Losers÷p. 340
˘Chatty Doctors÷p. 341
Professionalism, Justice, and Social Welfarep. 342
The Parable of the Sadhup. 343
Justice as Fairnessp. 347
Rich and Poorp. 349
What Should a Billionaire Give-And What Should You?p. 352
Should Physicians Prepare for War?p. 360
The Ethic of Compassionp. 365
The Economics of Povertyp. 367
Off the Sidelinesp. 369
New England Journal of Medicine: A National Health Program for the United States: A Physicians' Proposalp. 373
Social Responsibility and Economic Efficiencyp. 382
Cases
˘Pigs on Parade: Power, Perks, and Impunity÷p. 386
˘Groups Debate Costs of Educating Illegal Immigrant Children÷p. 391
˘The Fordasaurus÷p. 392
Reciprocity, Conflicts of Interest, and Government Regulationp. 394
Nepotism in American Businessp. 395
Ethical Issues for Accountantsp. 398
The Private Practicing Physician-Investigator: Ethical Implications of Clinical Research in the Office Settingp. 401
Ethics and Journalismp. 407
Too Many Lawyers, Too Many Suitsp. 411
Plan B: Politics and Values at the FDA, Againp. 414
Can Assisted Suicide Be Regulated?p. 417
Prime Time Pushersp. 422
Cases
˘Drug Company Gifts: Marketing Technique Poses Ethical Questions for Some÷p. 428
˘Moral Conflict in Clinical Trials÷p. 432
˘Quarantine Ethics÷p. 433
˘ŠCulture of LifeĂ: Politics at the Bedside - The Case of Terri Schiavo÷p. 437
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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