9780155079564

Ethics and Values in the Information Age

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780155079564

  • ISBN10:

    0155079565

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-10-05
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning

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Summary

In this timely volume, Joel Rudinow and Anthony Graybosch have gathered together a set of readings that bridge the perceived gap between industrial age information systems--journalism and the mass media--and those emerging in the digital age of computers and networks. You'll find incisive essays in applied ethics from such writers as Ben Bagdikian, Sissela Bok, Noam Chomsky, the Dalai Lama, Nat Hentoff, Bill Joy, Sherry Turkle, and Catharine MacKinnon. Explore such contemporary issues as: professional ethics in the news, entertainment, and advertising; the ethics of popular mass media; information subterfuge and security; electronic privacy; Napster and intellectual property; personal identity and community in the age of virtual reality.

Table of Contents

Introduction iv
Acknowledgments ix
Ethics ``Informationalized'': From Walden to DotComGuy
1(44)
Introduction
1(1)
The Cult of Information
2(20)
``In Defense of the Naked Mind''
4(17)
Theodore Roszak
Case Study: Amateur Cyber-Porn
21(1)
Case Study: This Coke's for George
21(1)
Case Study: Don't Ask, Don't Tell
21(1)
The New Information Ethics
22(12)
Richard T. De George, ``Business Ethics and the Information Age''
23(10)
Case Study: Realjukebox
33(1)
Case Study: A Reliable Source?
33(1)
Exercise
34(1)
Toward a Global Information Ethic
34(11)
Elizabeth A. Buchanan, ``Information Ethics in a World-Wide Context''
35(6)
Case Study: The Digital Divide
41(1)
Case Study: Democracy and Technology
42(1)
Suggested Readings
42(3)
Media Values I: Freedom and Information
45(49)
Introduction
45(2)
Freedom of Speech
47(13)
Nat Hentoff, ``Free Speech for Me, But Not for Thee''
48(11)
Case Study: Student Newspaper Runs Offensive Editorial Cartoon
59(1)
Limiting the Freedom of Speech
60(19)
Catharine A. MacKinnon, ``Equality and Speech''
61(17)
Case Study: The Santa Rosa Junior College SOLO Case
78(1)
Sexual Harassment in Cyberspace
79(15)
Leslie Regan Shade, ``The Santa Rosa Case''
80(9)
Case Study: Gender Equity
89(1)
Case Study: Industry Self-Regulation
89(1)
Case Study: Mediation Review
89(1)
Case Study: The Communications Decency Act
90(1)
Case Study: Suicide.net
90(1)
Suggested Readings
90(4)
Media Values II: Assessing Media Performance
94(42)
Introduction
94(3)
How Media Ownership Affects Press Performance
97(18)
Ben H. Bagdikian, ``The Political Economy of the Mass Media''
99(14)
Case Study: Media Watch Groups
113(1)
Case Study: Industry Self-Assessment
113(1)
Case Study: Public Broadcasting
113(1)
Case Study: Pacifica Radio
114(1)
The Press and ``Public Relations''
115(12)
Walter Lippmann, ``The Truth, Public Opinion, and the Nature of News''
117(10)
Exercises
127(1)
The Free Press and Propganda
127(9)
Noam Chomsky, ``1984: Orwell's and Ours''
129(5)
Case Study: Project Censored
134(1)
Case Study: Elian Gonzalez
134(1)
Exercise
134(1)
Suggested Readings
135(1)
Ethics and Advertising
136(39)
Introduction
136(2)
The Subtext of Advertising
138(8)
Leslie Savan, ``The Bribed Soul''
139(6)
Exercise: Decoding Adspeak
145(1)
Advertising and Free Market Economics
146(13)
Alan Goldman, ``The Justification of Advertising in a Market Economy''
147(10)
Case Study: PentaCom
157(1)
Case Study: NetZero
157(2)
Advertising in the Public Sphere: Are There Limits?
159(16)
Joel Rudinow, ``Whittling Away at Education''
161(9)
Case Study: ZapMe!
170(3)
Suggested Readings
173(2)
Ethics and Entertainment I: Humor and Comedy
175(44)
Introduction
175(2)
The Ethics of Slapstick Comedy
177(9)
``Are the Three Stooges Funny? Soitanily! (or When Is It OK to Laugh?)''
179(7)
Robert C. Solomon
Case Study: Cartoon Culture
186(1)
Case Study: Cartoon Violence
186(1)
The Ethics of Sexist Humor
186(14)
``How Many Feminists Does It Take to Make a Joke?''
187(12)
Merrie Bergmann
Case Study: Lenny Bruce and ``the N-Word''
199(1)
Humor and Bad Taste
200(19)
``Taste, Morality, and the Propriety of Joking''
201(13)
Ted Cohen
Exercise: Three-Minute Standup, with Six Rules of Thumb, an ``Etiquette for Jokers''
214(1)
Suggested Readings
215(4)
Ethics and Entertainment II: Sex and Violence
219(66)
Introduction
219(4)
Pornography and Liberalism
223(27)
``Pornography and the Criminal Law''
224(25)
Joel Feinberg
Case Study: The Child Pornography Prevention Act and ``Virtual Child Pornography''
249(1)
Exercise
250(1)
Crimes of Violence and Mass Media Coverage
250(15)
``Ethical Problems of Mass Murder Coverage in the Mass Media''
251(13)
Clayton Cramer
Case Study: Violence in Sports
264(1)
Violence and Misogyny in Rap Music
265(20)
``Rap Music and the Uses of Stereotype''
266(15)
Crispin Sartwell
Case Study: What Is Violence?
281(1)
Case Study: False Prophets
281(1)
Suggested Readings
282(3)
Information Access I: Privacy
285(35)
Introduction
285(2)
Privacy in the Information Age
287(13)
``Toward a Theory of Privacy in the Information Age''
289(10)
James Moor
Case Study: Monitoring Employee E-mail
299(1)
Case Study: Oops
300(1)
E-Mail Privacy
300(20)
``Electronic Mail and Panoptic Power in the Workplace''
302(10)
Richard A. Spinello
Case Study: A University E-Mail Policy
312(5)
Exercises
317(1)
Suggested Readings
317(3)
Information Access II: Secrecy and Confidentiality
320(37)
Introduction
320(2)
The Concept of Secrecy
322(7)
``Definning Secrecy---Some Crucial Distinctions''
323(4)
Sissela Bok
Case Study: Whistleblowing: The Pentagon Papers
327(2)
Exercises
329(1)
Cryptography and the National Security Agency
329(14)
``Decrypting the Puzzle Palace''
332(10)
John Perry Barlow
Case Study: Balancing Law Enforcement and Civil Liberties
342(1)
Trust and Confidentiality in Journalism
343(14)
``Trust, Trustworthiness, and the Relationship between Journalists and Sources''
345(7)
Stephen Klaidman
Tom Beauchamp
Case Study: Confidentiality
352(1)
Case Study: The Private Lives of Public Figures
352(2)
Suggested Reading
354(3)
Information Access III: Intellectual Property
357(37)
Introduction
357(2)
Property Rights and Computer Software
359(11)
``Intellectual Property Rights and Computer Software''
360(9)
Deborah C. Johnson
Case Study: What's Gnu?
369(1)
Case Study: Richard Stallman and the Free Software Movement
369(1)
The Romantic Author
370(12)
``Authors Are Special''
371(9)
James Boyle
Case Study: The No Electronic Theft Act
380(1)
Case Study: Online Tape Trading and the RIAA
381(1)
Case Study: Moore v. Regents
382(1)
Intellectual Property and Popular Culture
382(12)
``Napster: Spreading the Music''
383(8)
Anthony Graybosch
Case Study: John Lennon Collectibles
391(1)
Case Study: Napster and SOLO
391(1)
Suggested Readings
391(3)
Information Access IV: Security
394(31)
Introduction
394(3)
Information Warfare
397(4)
United States Navy, ``Information Warfare---Capabilities for the New Millennium''
398(1)
Case Study: Cyberterrorism, NATO and Serbia
399(1)
Case Study: Radio Free Bosnia
400(1)
Exercises
400(1)
Just War Theory and Information
401(14)
``Can Information Warfare Ever Be Just?''
403(11)
John Arquilla
Case Study: Hacking into the Space Program
414(1)
Case Study: The I Love You Virus
414(1)
Case Study: Economic Cyberwar
414(1)
Cyber Civil Disobedience
415(10)
``Computer Assisted Civil Disobedience''
416(5)
Anthony Graybosch
Case Study: Crashing the White House Server
421(1)
Exercises
421(1)
Suggested Readings
422(3)
Information Technology, Everyday Life, and the Future of Human Civilization
425(56)
Introduction
425(1)
Redesigning Ourselves
426(17)
``Life on the Screen''
427(15)
Sherry Turkle
Case Study: Virtual Rape
442(1)
Case Study: Carnivore
442(1)
Ethics and the New Millennium
443(5)
The Dalai Lama, ``Ethics for a New Millennium''
444(4)
Exercises
448(1)
Our Wired Future
448(22)
``Why the Future Doesn't Need Us''
449(20)
Bill Joy
Exercises
469(1)
The Long Now
470(11)
``The Long Now''
470(6)
Stewart Brand
Exercises
476(1)
Suggested Readings
477(4)
Credits 481

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