9781137308764

Ethnic Cleansing and the European Union An Interdisciplinary Approach to Security, Memory and Ethnography

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781137308764

  • ISBN10:

    1137308761

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2013-05-14
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

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Summary

An enlarged European Union introduces new opportunities for ethnic remixing, bringing fears over potential minority return and even sovereignty in some cases. How does a border-effacing EU impact territory subject to ethnic cleansing? Why is potential minority return considered a security threat in some recently 'unmixed' areas, but not others?

Ethnic Cleansing and the European Union offers the first multi-case analysis of ethnic remixing in an expanding EU. The book's two major theoretical innovations include an explanatory frame elucidating variation in Central Europe, the Balkans, and Cyprus, and an analysis of repeated minority removal for conflict resolution purposes in the early- to mid-twentieth century. Tesser argues that the Western-dominated international community's earlier endorsement of separation brought potent after-effects: incentives for ethnic cleansing and the politics of ethnic remixing in an enlarging EU.

This book will appeal to all scholars interested in the European Union, Nationalism, Forced Migration Studies, and International Relations.

Author Biography

Lynn M. Tesser has spent several years teaching and researching in Central Europe, the Balkans and Cyprus. She is the recipient of research fellowships from the Fulbright Commission, Social Science Research Council, MacArthur and Mellon Foundations, and has articles published in East European Politics and Societies, Communist and Post-Communist Studies and Geopolitics. Tesser holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Chicago, USA.

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements
List of Abbreviations
PART I: BACKGROUND AND THEORY
1. Introduction
2. European Integration: the End of the Nation-State?
3. An Unprecedented Case: (Re)Integrating 'Unmixed' Areas
4. Securitizing Ethnography Under EU Expansion
5. Additional Considerations
6. Concepts, Methods and an Explanatory Frame
7. Contributions to Existing Theoretical Frameworks
8. Contested Concepts: Forced Migration, Ethnic Cleansing – Among Others
9. Cases, Methods and Research Design
10. The 'Regime' of Ethnic Separation
11. Ethnic Separation in the Interwar and the (Post-)Second World War Period
12. The Impact of the Ethnic Separation Regime
13. The Janus-Faced Separation Regime: A Force for Peace and Territorial Expansion
14. Mass Forced Migrations after the Second World War in Europe
PART II: COUNTRY CASES
15. Poland: Ethnic Separation in Extremis and EU Expansion
16. Ethnic Separation as the Foundation of the Modern Polish State
17. The Polish Insecurity Complex
18. The Politicization of Ethnic Remixing: Party Politics, the German Threat, EU Accession and Uncertainty over Poland's 'Recovered Territories'
19. The Latest Chapter in the After-Effects of Ethnic Separation: The Prussian Trust and the Center Against Expulsions
20. Conclusion
21. The Czech Republic: the Beneš Decrees and EU Expansion
22. Ethnic Separation Policy as the Foundation of the Czech(oslovak) State
23. The Czech Insecurity Complex and Germany: Ambivalence Defined
24. The Politicization of Ethnic Remixing: Party Politics, the Beneš Decrees and EU
25. Accession
26. Conclusion
27. Cyprus: a Divided Island in the EU
28. Ethnic Separation as the Foundation of a Divided Cyprus
29. Cypriot Insecurity Complexes
30. The Politicization of Ethnic Remixing: Party Politics, Reunification Talks, the Greek Cypriot Threat and European Integration
31. Conclusion
32. Slovenia and Croatia: the Aftermath of Italian, German, and Serb Mass Population Movements and EU Accession
33. Ethnic Separation in Yugoslavia and Slovenia and Croatia
34. Background and Immediate Causes of the 1991-95 Conflicts
35. Croat, Serb and Slovene Insecurity Complexes
36. Prospects for a Politics of Remixing and Territorial Contestation (Part I): Examining Refugee/Property Return and Mobilization in Croatia
37. Prospects for a Politics of Remixing and Territorial Contestation (Part II): Party Politics, Ethnic Separation and European Integration
38. Conclusion
39. Bosnia-Herzegovina: A Divided State, EU Expansion, and Prospects for a Politics of Remixing
40. Ethnic Separation Strategy as the Foundation of Postwar BiH
41. BiH's Three 'Constituent Peoples' and Their Insecurity Complexes
42. Prospects for Politics of Remixing and Territorial Contestation (Part I): Examining Refugee/Property Return and Organization
43. Prospects for a Politics of Remixing and Territorial Contestation (Part II): Party Politics, Ethnic Separation and European Integration
44. Conclusion
45. Conclusion
Bibliography
Index

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