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Ethnic Conflict: A Systematic Approach To Cases Of Conflict

by
ISBN13:

9780872894921

ISBN10:
0872894924
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/1/2010
Publisher(s):
Cq Pr

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Summary

As ethnic groups clash, the international community faces the challenge of understanding the multiple causes of violence in order to create solutions that will bring about peace. Neal Jesse and Kristen Williams bridge two subfields of political science in Ethnic Conflict-international relations and comparative politics-allowing for greater insight into the causes of ethnic violence. The authors systematically apply a levels of analysis framework, looking at the individual, domestic, and international contexts to better explore and understand the complexity of the conflict. In five richly detailed case studies, the authors apply the levels of analysis to key disputes around the world, including Bosnia, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Northern Ireland, Sri Lanka, and Sudan. A full-page map in each case study shows geographic, political, demographic, and cultural data affecting that particular conflict, giving readers a better understanding of the dynamics in play. Book jacket.

Author Biography

Neal G. Jesse is chair and associate professor of political science at Bowling Green State University. His research on Britain, Ireland, electoral systems, party systems, and ethnic conflict has appeared in journals such as Electoral Studies, International Political Science Review, International Studies Quarterly, Political Psychology, New Hibernia Review/Iris ireannach Nua, and Representation. His books include Identity and Institutions: Conflict Reduction in Divided Societies, coauthored with Kristen P. Williams. He has written chapters for several books, including Elections in Australia, Ireland, and Malta under the Single Transferable Vote and The Internationalization of Ethnic Conflict. He is a recent recipient of a Hallsworth Visiting Professorship of Political Economy at the University of Manchester (United Kingdom). Kristen P. Williams is associate professor of government and international relations at Clark University. She has published journal articles, chapters in edited collections, and several books. Her books include Despite Nationalist Conflicts: Theory and Practice of Maintaining World Peace; Identity and Institutions: Conflict Reduction in Divided Societies (coauthored with Neal G. Jesse); Women, the State and War: A Comparative Perspective on Citizenship and Nationalism (coauthored with Joyce P. Kaufman); and World Politics in a New Era, 4th edition (coauthored with Steven Spiegel, Jennifer Taw, and Elizabeth Matthews). She is completing a book with Joyce P. Kaufman, What Happened to the Women? A Study of Women's Political Activism.

Table of Contents

Maps and Tablesp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Ethnic Conflict and Approaches to Understanding Itp. 1
Defining Our Termsp. 4
Gender, Ethnicity, and Nationalismp. 6
Ethnic and National Conflictsp. 7
Typology of Ethnic Groupsp. 8
Theories of Ethnicity/Nationalismp. 10
Primordialismp. 10
Constructivismp. 11
Instrumentalismp. 11
Modernizationp. 12
International Relations and Ethnic Conflictp. 15
Realismp. 15
Liberalism/Liberal Institutionalismp. 18
Constructivismp. 19
Conclusionp. 21
Levels of Analysis and Ethnic Conflictp. 31
Individual Levelp. 31
Political Leadershipp. 32
Elites and Ethnic Conflictp. 34
Elites and Resolving Ethnic Conflictp. 37
Domestic Levelp. 38
Domestic Level Theories: Interests, Powers, and Organizationp. 39
Domestic Level Causes of Ethnic Conflict: Why They Fightp. 44
Domestic Level Responses to Violence: The State and Institutionsp. 50
International Levelp. 61
International Level Actors in Ethnic Conflictp. 63
International Level Factors as a Means to Manage and Settle Ethnic Conflictsp. 65
Limitations of International Responses to End Internal Ethnic Conflictp. 74
Conclusionp. 75
Northern Ireland: Protestants, Catholics, and "The Troubles"p. 93
Northern Ireland in Historical Contextp. 94
The Creation of Northern Irelandp. 94
From the Creation of Northern Ireland to the Presentp. 95
Individual Levelp. 100
Northern Ireland and Leadership Theoriesp. 100
Gerry Adams and the Reverend Ian Paisleyp. 101
John Hume and David Trimblep. 105
George Mitchellp. 107
Domestic Levelp. 109
Communities and Identitiesp. 109
Consociational Institutions and Ethno-Nationalist Conflictp. 113
Gendered Nationalism and Northern Irelandp. 115
The Participation of the British Governmentp. 118
International Levelp. 122
Ireland (and the Republic of Ireland)p. 122
The Involvement of the United Statesp. 126
European Unionp. 131
Conclusionp. 132
Bosnia: War in the Balkansp. 141
Bosnia in Historical Contextp. 143
Individual Levelp. 147
Slobodan Milosevicp. 148
Franjo Tudjmanp. 153
Alija Izetbegovicp. 155
Ethnic Outbiddingp. 157
Domestic Levelp. 159
Public Opinion, Parties, and Electionsp. 159
Criminals and Militiasp. 161
Media, Intellectuals, and the Democratization Processp. 162
Gendered Nationalismp. 164
Economic and Political Conditions and the Ethnic Balance of Powerp. 165
Religion and Nationalismp. 166
International Levelp. 168
Responding to the Outbreak of Warp. 168
Peace Plansp. 169
Postwar Bosniap. 172
International Actors and Agreementsp. 172
Political Institutionsp. 174
Conclusionp. 176
Sudan: Arabs versus Africans and Darfur in Crisisp. 189
The Darfur Crisis in Historical Contextp. 191
Individual Levelp. 196
Omar Hassan al-Bashirp. 196
John Garang de Mabior (SPLA)p. 199
Domestic Levelp. 201
Communities and Identitiesp. 201
Gendered Nationalismp. 204
Ethno-Nationalist Conflict and Domestic Political Institutionsp. 206
Nongovernmental Domestic Actorsp. 210
International Levelp. 214
Military Supply of the Sudanese Governmentp. 215
European Union Arms Embargop. 216
United Statesp. 216
International Condemnationp. 217
African Unionp. 218
Other International Involvement: Some Minor Actorsp. 219
Conclusionp. 220
Sri Lanka: Protracted Rebellionp. 233
The Sri Lankan Crisis in Historical Contextp. 234
Colonialismp. 236
Civil Warp. 242
Individual Levelp. 245
Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratungap. 246
Velupillai Prabhakaranp. 248
Ethnic Outbiddingp. 249
Domestic Levelp. 249
Communities and Identitiesp. 250
Competing Ideas of State Formationp. 252
Consociationalism versus the Hegemonic State in Sri Lankap. 253
Negotiating from Power Balance or Power Asymmetryp. 255
Economic Roots of the Conflictp. 256
Gendered Nationalism in Sri Lankap. 256
International Levelp. 258
Sri Lanka's Importance to the Cold War and Post-Cold War Worldp. 259
International Interventionp. 261
India and Noncoercive Interventionp. 262
Norway's Role in the Peace Processp. 265
NGOs and IGOsp. 266
Conclusionp. 268
Israel and Palestine: Two Peoples, One Landp. 281
Israel and Palestine in Historical Contextp. 285
Conflict over the Landp. 286
Attempts at Peacep. 288
Individual Levelp. 292
Yitzhak Rabinp. 293
Ehud Barakp. 296
Yasser Arafatp. 297
Extremists, Spoilers, and Ethnic Outbiddingp. 299
Domestic Levelp. 301
Nationalism and National Identityp. 301
Gendered Nationalismp. 306
Political Partiesp. 309
Public Opinionp. 312
Israel as Hegemonic Democracy/Ethnocracyp. 313
Economic and Political Factors in the Occupied Territoriesp. 314
International Levelp. 316
United Statesp. 316
United Nationsp. 319
Norwayp. 320
European Unionp. 322
Conclusionp. 323
Conclusionp. 339
Revisiting Theories of Ethnicity and Nationalismp. 340
International Relations Theories on Ethnic Conflictp. 341
Levels of Analysisp. 342
Individual Levelp. 342
Domestic Levelp. 344
International Levelp. 348
Conclusionp. 350
Bibliographyp. 353
Indexp. 387
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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