Long recognized as the market leader for its innovation, strong research base, and accessibility, William L. Heward's Exceptional Children: An Introduction to Special Education, Eighth Edition, continues this tradition of excellence. The research-based practices and standards-based applications presented in this edition give readers the knowledge, insight, and tools to help them become exceptional teachers in a variety of settings. These practices and applications are presented through the following themes: Exceptional Teachers Engage Students in Classroom Instruction: Exceptional Teachers Multimedia CD-ROM: This interactive CD-ROM, specifically created by the author for this text, includes 54 video clips with supporting commentary, artifacts, and discussion questions created in collaboration with dozens of general education and special education teachers-and their students-at six schools. The content of the CD-ROM is integrated throughout the text. Featured Teacher essays: Each chapter begins with an essay written by a master teacher featured for his or her work in special education. Drawn from urban, suburban, and rural schools, these stories reflect the joys, challenges, and realities of teaching exceptional children and allow readers to observe master teachers at work. Exceptional Teachers Use Effective, Research-Based Strategies: Research-based "Teaching & Learning" features: These essays describe teaching strategies validated by research as required by No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and IDEA. Each feature includes step-by-step tips on how to begin using the strategy in the classroom. Related resources and questions for reflection are provided on the Companion Website at www.prenhall.com/heward, "Tips for Beginning Teachers" features: Each chapter culminates with practical, quick tips for beginning teachers, offered by the master teacher featured in the chapter, on how to avoid common pitfalls in the classroom. Exceptional Teachers Are Culturally Responsive: Diversity & Exceptionality features: These essays, appearing throughout the book, describe strategies for working with students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. Chapter 3: Working with Parents and Families in a Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Society.
Table of Contents
Preface A Personal View of Special Education.
I. FOUNDATIONS FOR UNDERSTANDING SPECIAL EDUCATION.
1. Defining Special Education. 2. Planning Special Education Services. 3. Special Education in a Culturally Diverse Society. 4. Parents and Families.
II. EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF EXCEPTIONAL STUDENTS.
5. Early Childhood Special Education. 6. Mental Retardation. 7. Learning Disabilities. 8. Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. 9. Communication Disorders. 10. Hearing Loss. 11. Blindness and Low Vision. 12. Physical Disabilities, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Special Health Care Needs. 13. Autism and Severe Disabilities. 14. Giftedness. 15. Transitions to Adulthood. Postscript: Developing Your Own Personal View of Special Education. Glossary. References. Name Index. Subject Index.
Special education is an ongoing story of people. It is the story of a preschool child with multiple disabilities who benefits from early intervention services. It is the story of a child with mental retardation whose parents and teachers work together to ensure she participates in classroom and extracurricular activities with her peers. It is the story of a middle school student with learning disabilities who helps his parents and teachers plan his instructional program that builds upon his strengths and addresses his weaknesses. It is the story of the gifted and talented child who brings new insights to old problems, the high school student with cerebral palsy who is learning English as his second language, and the young woman with visual impairments who has recently moved into her own apartment and rides a city bus to work. Special education is also the story of parents and families of exceptional children and of the teachers and other professionals who work with them. I hope you will find the seventh edition ofExceptional Childrenan informative, accessible, and interesting introduction to the ongoing story of special education, a rapidly changing field that is still in its formative years. Whether you are an undergraduate enrolled in or thinking of applying to a preservice teacher training program or a general education teacher with years of experience, I encourage you to continue your study and involvement with children and adults with special needs. For you, too, can make a worthwhile contribution to the still unfinished story of special education. TEXT ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE My goals for this book are to present an informative, readable, and responsible introduction to the professional practices, trends, and research that define the field while at the same time conveying the diversity and excitement that characterize contemporary special education. To this end, the book begins with "A Personal View of Special Education"--eight perspectives on the purpose and responsibilities of special education--followed by fifteen chapters organized into two parts. Part 1--Foundations for Understanding Special Education--includes four chapters. Chapter 1 presents an overview of terminology, laws, policies, and practices that are consistent with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the exceptional child's right to receive an appropriate education in the least restrictive environment. Chapter 2 examines the referral, assessment, and placement of students in special education. Chapter 3 describes how to respect, appreciate, and respond appropriately to the cultural and linguistic differences that some children with special needs bring to the classroom. Chapter 4 discusses the important role parents and families play in the decision-making process for planning the individual education needs of their children and how special educators can form effective partnerships with parents. Part 2--Educational Needs of Exceptional Students--is organized around nine categorical chapters within a developmental lifespan perspective. Chapter 5 opens Part 2 with a look at early childhood special education and the critical role early intervention plays in nurturing the development of young children with special needs and those who are at risk for acquiring disabilities. Chapter 15 closes Part 2 with a discussion of transition from secondary school and the responsibility educators and parents share in preparing students with exceptionalities for adulthood. Chapters 6 through 14, the chapters that fall between early intervention and transition, introduce you to the definitions, prevalence, causes, historical background, assessment techniques, instructional strategies, placement alternatives, and current issues and future trends for specific categories of exceptional educational needs, including children who are gifted and talented. KEY TE