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The Family,9780205454501

The Family

by ;
Edition:
11th
ISBN13:

9780205454501

ISBN10:
020545450X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $114.40

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Summary

Key Topic: This popular sociology of family bookintroduces key theoretical perspectives, reflects the most current data and research, and uses cross-cultural comparisons to present the most comprehensive coverage of the family. Key Benefit: This book uses a variety of theoretical frameworks (structural/functionalist, conflict, interactionist, exchange, developmental, and feminist) to describe and analyze society's contemporary families and diverse, nontraditional lifestyles.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
PART I Understanding Marriages and Families across Time and Place
1(139)
Defining the Family: Institutional and Disciplinary Concerns
1(38)
Family as a Social Institution
6(4)
Families as Systems and Groups
10(4)
Primary versus Secondary Groups
13(1)
Characteristics of Marriage, Family, and Kinship Systems
14(20)
Ideal Types
15(1)
Boundaries of Marriage
16(8)
Boundaries of the Family
24(5)
Boundaries of Kinship
29(5)
Summary
34(1)
Key Terms and Topics
35(1)
Discussion Questions
36(1)
Further Readings
37(2)
U.S. Families: Historical Origins, Changes, and Contemporary Issues
39(50)
Historical Origins of the Modern Family in Europe and America
43(6)
Postfeudal Family Life
45(1)
Medieval Family Life
45(1)
Modernity and the Family
46(3)
Characteristics of Contemporary U.S. Families
49(5)
Numbers of Families and Households
49(2)
Sizes of Families and Households
51(1)
Marital Status
51(1)
Family Income
52(2)
Contemporary U.S. Families and Other Social Institutions
54(8)
Mass Media and the Family
55(2)
Religion and the Family
57(2)
Politics and the Family
59(2)
Education and the Family
61(1)
Economy and the Family
61(1)
Issues and Changes in Contemporary U.S. Families
62(21)
Meaning of Marriage and the Family
65(2)
Family Organization
67(2)
Family Functions
69(1)
Marital-and Gender-Role Differentiation
70(4)
Partner Selection
74(2)
Love
76(1)
Sexual Relationships
77(1)
Family Size and Family Planning
78(2)
Aged Family Members
80(1)
Violence and Abuse among Intimates
81(1)
Family Permanence
81(2)
Other Contemporary Issues
83(1)
Summary
83(2)
Key Terms and Topics
85(1)
Discussion Questions
85(1)
Further Readings
86(3)
Marriage and the Family: Disciplinary and Theoretical Approaches
89(51)
Sociology of the Family
93(2)
Uses of Family Sociology
94(1)
Social Science Approach to the Family
95(1)
Relationship between Research and Theory: The Scientific Process
96(6)
Assumptions
99(1)
Concepts and Variables
100(1)
Propositions and Hypotheses
101(1)
Research Methods and Statistical Concepts
102(9)
Quantitative Research Designs
103(8)
Theories and Frames of Reference
111(19)
Structural-Functional Frame of Reference
112(4)
Social Conflict Frame of Reference
116(3)
Symbolic Interaction Frame of Reference
119(5)
Social Exchange Frame of Reference
124(3)
Family Systems Frame of Reference
127(2)
Developmental Frame of Reference
129(1)
Alternative Perspectives
130(4)
Postmodernism
131(1)
Feminism
132(2)
Appraisal and Expansion of Contemporary Family Theory
134(1)
Summary
135(2)
Key Terms and Topics
137(1)
Discussion Questions
138(1)
Further Readings
139(1)
PART II Sociocultural Contexts and the Diversity of Families in the United States
140(88)
Social-Class Variations in U.S. Families
141(36)
Meanings of Social Class
142(1)
Determination of Social Class
143(1)
Consequences of Social Class to Families
144(1)
Social Categories of Families
145(17)
Wealthy Families
145(2)
Middle-Class Families
147(3)
Blue-Collar Families
150(2)
Families Living in Poverty
152(10)
Single Parents and Poverty
162(7)
Mothers as Single Parents
165(2)
Fathers as Single Parents
167(1)
Overview of Single Parenthood
168(1)
Parent-Absent Families
169(1)
Social Mobility: Changing Family Lifestyles
169(3)
Likelihood of Vertical Social Mobility
169(1)
Extent of Vertical Social Mobility
170(1)
Consequences of Social Mobility
171(1)
Summary
172(1)
Key Terms and Topics
173(1)
Discussion Questions
173(1)
Further Readings
174(3)
African American Families
177(26)
Significant Social Transitions of African Americans
179(12)
From Africa to the United States
180(1)
From Slavery to Emancipation
181(1)
From Rural and Southern Areas to Urban and Northern Areas
182(1)
From Negative to Positive Social Status
183(7)
From Negative to Positive Self-Image
190(1)
Patterns of African American Family Life
191(8)
Matricentric Female-Headed Family Pattern
192(3)
Middle-Class, Two-Parent Family Pattern
195(3)
Patriarchal Affluent Family Pattern
198(1)
Summary
199(1)
Key Terms and Topics
200(1)
Discussion Questions
200(1)
Further Readings
200(3)
Hispanic American, Asian American, and Native American Families
203(25)
Hispanic American Family System
205(9)
Social Status Characteristics
205(3)
Marital Status
208(1)
Mexican American Families
209(5)
Asian American Family System
214(6)
Social Status Characteristics
215(1)
Marital/Family Patterns
216(4)
Native American Family System
220(5)
Social Status Characteristics
221(1)
The Native American Experience
222(2)
Marital/Family Patterns
224(1)
Summary
225(1)
Key Terms and Topics
226(1)
Discussion Questions
226(1)
Further Readings
227(1)
PART III Relationship Formation Processes and Nonmarital Relationships
228(112)
Partnering and Marriage Formation
229(44)
Marriage Trends and Characteristics
231(10)
Structural Constraints on Marriage Rates
238(2)
Variations in Marriage Rates
240(1)
Purposes and Consequences of Marriage
241(6)
Why Marry?
241(2)
Marital Status and Well-Being
243(4)
Systems of Partner Selection and Choice
247(8)
Patterns of Selection and Choice
249(2)
Intermarriage
251(4)
Dimensions and Consequences of Homogamy and Intermarriage
255(13)
Age at Marriage
255(2)
Social Status
257(3)
Religion and Intermarriage
260(3)
Race, Ethnicity, and Intermarriage
263(5)
Summary
268(1)
Key Terms and Topics
269(1)
Discussion Questions
270(1)
Further Readings
270(3)
Premarital and Nonmarital Relationships
273(40)
Sociocultural Context of Nonmarital Relationships
275(7)
The Social Construction of Love
279(3)
Individualistic Factors in Partner Selection
282(2)
Instinctive and Biological Theories
282(1)
Parental Image Theory
282(1)
Complementary Needs Theory
283(1)
Interactional Processes in Partner Selection
284(5)
Value Theory
284(2)
Role Theory
286(1)
Exchange Theory
287(1)
Sequential Theories
288(1)
Processes of Status Change: Single to Married
289(6)
Hooking Up and Dating
291(3)
Engagement
294(1)
Nonmarital Cohabitation
295(14)
Incidence and Prevalence of Cohabitation
296(3)
Methodological Concerns in the Study of Cohabitation
299(4)
Interactional Patterns and Outcomes in Cohabiting Relationships
303(3)
Cohabitation and Marital Quality and Stability
306(2)
Cohabitation among People Who Are Elderly
308(1)
Cohabitation and the Law
308(1)
Summary
309(1)
Key Terms and Topics
310(1)
Discussion Questions
310(1)
Further Readings
311(2)
Nonmarital Sexuality
313(27)
Social Regulation of Sexual Relationships
315(1)
Biological versus Sociological Approaches to Sexual Behavior
316(2)
The Social Dimensions of Sexuality
318(4)
Social Network Theory
319(1)
Choice Theory
319(1)
Sexual Script Theory and Sexualization
320(2)
Sexual Orientation
322(2)
Nonmarital Sexual Behavior
324(5)
Family Antecedents of Sexual Behavior
324(2)
Nonfamily Influences on Sexual Behavior
326(1)
Relevance of Formal Sex Education
327(2)
Premarital Sexual Intercourse
329(8)
Changes in Premarital Sexual Activity
331(2)
High-Risk Sexual Behavior and AIDS
333(4)
Summary
337(1)
Key Terms and Topics
338(1)
Discussion Questions
338(1)
Further Readings
339(1)
PART IV Life Course Conditions and Changes in Families
340(158)
The Marital System
341(50)
Transition to Marriage
343(3)
Division of Labor in Marriage
346(13)
Meanings of Housework and the Homemaker Role
347(3)
Gender Differences in Housework
350(6)
Employed Women and Marriage
356(3)
Power in Conjugal and Intimate Relationships
359(6)
Characteristics of Power
360(1)
Power and Decision Making in Intimate Relationships
361(4)
Marital Quality
365(9)
Assessing Marital Quality
365(5)
Marital Quality between Generations
370(1)
Marital Quality over the Life Course
371(3)
Marital Commitment and Stability
374(2)
Sex and Marriage
376(5)
Changes in Marital Sexual Activity
376(2)
Factors Related to Marital Sexuality
378(2)
Sexual Adjustment in Marriage
380(1)
Extramarital Sex
381(3)
Incidence of and Attitudes toward Extramarital Sex
381(3)
Same-Sex Relationships
384(1)
Summary
385(2)
Key Terms and Topics
387(1)
Discussion Questions
387(1)
Further Readings
388(3)
The Parental System
391(36)
Transition to Parenthood
393(3)
Mothers' Roles
393(1)
Fathers' Roles
394(1)
Parents' Roles
395(1)
Value of Parenthood
395(1)
Social Consequences of Parenthood
396(2)
Young and Unwed Parenthood
398(11)
Concerns about Young Parenthood
398(4)
Concerns about Unwed Parenthood
402(7)
Family Size and Related Factors
409(14)
Birthrates
409(3)
Childless Marriages
412(3)
Effects of Family Size on Members
415(4)
Birth Order and Sibling Relationships
419(2)
Sex Control
421(2)
Summary
423(1)
Key Terms and Topics
424(1)
Discussion Questions
424(1)
Further Readings
425(2)
Parent---Child Interaction and Socialization
427(34)
Socialization of Parents and Children
429(1)
Preconditions for Socialization
429(1)
Theories of Socialization Processes
430(16)
Learning/Behaviorist Frame of Reference
431(1)
Psychoanalytic Frame of Reference
432(3)
Child Development Frames of Reference: Erikson and Piaget
435(3)
Symbolic Interaction Frame of Reference
438(8)
Socialization in Adolescence and Beyond
446(3)
Gender Identity and Sex-Role Socialization
449(7)
Female--Male Differences
450(4)
Sex-Role Socialization
454(2)
Summary
456(1)
Key Terms and Topics
457(1)
Discussion Questions
458(1)
Further Readings
458(3)
The Aging Family
461(37)
Postparental Period: The Middle Years
462(7)
Marital Status and Coresidence in the Middle Years
463(3)
Significance of the Middle Years
466(3)
Grandparent Status
469(3)
Stepgrandparents
472(1)
Grandparent Rights
472(1)
Families of Later Life and People Who Are Aged
472(11)
Growth of the Elderly Population
472(3)
Marital Status in the Later Years
475(3)
Intergenerational Relationships
478(3)
Living Arrangements among the Elderly
481(2)
Common Problems of People Who Are Aged
483(3)
Health and Care
483(2)
Children's Problems
485(1)
Income and Standard of Living
485(1)
Abuse and Neglect
486(1)
Socialization in Later Life
486(1)
Retirement
487(2)
Dying and Death
489(2)
Widows and Widowers
491(3)
Summary
494(1)
Key Terms and Topics
495(1)
Discussion Questions
495(1)
Further Readings
496(2)
PART V Family Crisis and Social Policy
498(100)
Family Violence
499(32)
Social Stresses on Families
501(4)
ABCX Model of Stress
502(1)
Variations of the ABCX Model
503(2)
Violence in Families and among Intimates
505(21)
Myths of Family Violence
506(2)
Causes of Family Violence
508(1)
Child Abuse and Violence
509(5)
Parent Abuse and Violence
514(1)
Wife and Female Partner Abuse and Violence
514(5)
Husband and Male Partner Abuse and Violence
519(1)
Mutual Abuse and Violence in Couples
520(1)
Sibling Abuse and Violence
521(1)
Elderly Abuse and Violence
522(1)
Violence among Other Intimates
523(1)
Treating and Preventing Family Violence
524(2)
Summary
526(1)
Key Terms and Topics
527(1)
Discussion Questions
527(1)
Further Readings
528(3)
Divorce and Remarriage
531(42)
Desertion and Marital Separation
533(2)
Annulment
535(1)
Divorce around the World
535(2)
Divorce in the United States
537(25)
Divorce Rates
537(3)
Trends in Divorce
540(3)
Variations in Divorce
543(7)
Legal and Social Grounds for Divorce
550(3)
Impact of Children on Parental Divorce
553(1)
Consequences of Divorce for the Adults Who Divorce
554(2)
Consequences of Divorce for Children of Divorced Parents
556(6)
Remarriages and Stepfamilies
562(6)
People Who Remarry
562(2)
Marriage among the Remarried
564(1)
Remarried Couples with Stepchildren: Reconstituted Families
565(3)
Summary
568(1)
Key Terms and Topics
569(1)
Discussion Questions
570(1)
Further Readings
571(2)
Family Social Policy
573(25)
Meaning and Use of Family Policy
575(1)
Research on Family Policy
576(5)
Research to Establish Family Policy
578(1)
Research to Evaluate Existing Family Policy
578(1)
Research on the Impact of Family Policy
579(1)
Overview of Research
580(1)
Issues Surrounding Family Policy
581(10)
Goals and Objectives of Family Policy
581(1)
Levels of Policy Control
582(2)
Public versus Private Positions
584(2)
Preventive or Ameliorative Policy
586(1)
Biological or Relationship Policy
587(2)
Micro-versus Macro-Level Policy
589(2)
Future of the Family System
591(3)
Summary
594(1)
Key Terms and Topics
595(1)
Discussion Questions
596(1)
Further Readings
596(2)
Glossary 598(15)
Name Index 613(9)
Subject Index 622


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