9780816665785

Firsting and Lasting : Writing Indians Out of Existence in New England

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780816665785

  • ISBN10:

    0816665788

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-05-10
  • Publisher: Univ of Minnesota Pr
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Summary

Across nineteenth-century New England, antiquarians and community leaders wrote hundreds of local histories about the founding and growth of their cities and towns. Ranging from pamphlets to multivolume treatments, these narratives shared a preoccupation with establishing the region as the cradle of an Anglo-Saxon nation and the center of a modern American culture. They also insisted, often in mournful tones, that New England's original inhabitants, the Indians, had become extinct, even though many Indians still lived in the very towns being chronicled.InFirsting and Lasting, Jean M. O'Brien argues that local histories became a primary means by which European Americans asserted their own modernity while denying it to Indian peoples. Erasing and then memorializing Indian peoples also served a more pragmatic colonial goal: refuting Indian claims to land and rights. Drawing on more than six hundred local histories from Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island written between 1820 and 1880, as well as censuses, monuments, and accounts of historical pageants and commemorations, O'Brien explores how these narratives inculcated the myth of Indian extinction, a myth that has stubbornly remained in the American consciousness.In order to convince themselves that the Indians had vanished despite their continued presence, O'Brien finds that local historians and their readers embraced notions of racial purity rooted in the century's scientific racism and saw living Indians as "mixed" and therefore no longer truly Indian. Adaptation to modern life on the part of Indian peoples was used as further evidence of their demise. Indians did notand have notaccepted this effacement, and O'Brien details how Indians have resisted their erasure through narratives of their own. These debates and the rich and surprising history uncovered in O'Brien's work continue to have a profound influence on discourses about race and indigenous rights.

Author Biography

Jean M. O`Brien (White Earth Ojibwe) is professor of historyat the University of Minnesota, where she is also affiliated with American Indian studies and American studies. She is the author of Dispossession by Degrees: Indian Land and Identity in Natick, Massachusetts, 1650-1790.

Table of Contents

Author's Note on Sourcesp. ix
Introduction: Indians Can Never Be Modernp. xi
Firsting: Local Texts Claim Indian Places As Their Ownp. 1
Replacing: Historical Practices Argue That Non-Indians Have Supplanted Indiansp. 55
Lasting: Text Purify the Landscape of Indians by Denying Them a Place in Modernityp. 105
Resisting: Claims in Texts about Indian Extinction Fail Even As They Are Being Madep. 145
Conclusion: The Continuing Struggle over Recognitionp. 201
Acknowledgmentsp. 207
Notesp. 211
Indexp. 261
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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