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Foundations Of Human Resource Development,9781576754962
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Foundations Of Human Resource Development



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This is the 2nd edition with a publication date of 2/1/2009.

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This book provides an up-to-date overview of the state of the HRD professionas well as the terminology and processes required for sound HRD practice andresearch. Swanson and Holton's work is supplemented with contributions fromProfessors Alexandre Ardichvili, Theo Bastiaens, Thomas J. Chermack, RichardW. Herling, K. Peter Kuchinke, Sharon S. Naquin, Wendy E. A. Ruona, Richard J.Torraco, Greg G. Wang, and Karen E. Watkins.This second edition has been completely revised, updated, and expanded, with newchapters on component HRD theories, policy and planning, technology, and globalization,as well as supplemental study questions, PowerPoint presentations, andfigures available online at book is divided into seven parts. Part 1 provides a basic understanding ofHRD models, processes, and history. Part 2 outlines the critical theoretical andphilosophical foundations of HRD. Part 3 explores learning and performanceparadigms and associated models within each. The next two parts capture thesubstance of training and development and organization development, includingexamples of best practices along with variations in core thinking, processes, interventions,and tools. Part 6 focuses on HRD's role in high-level organizational andsystems-level issues of strategy, accountability, and policy and planning. Finally,part 7 addresses contemporary issues such as globalization, technology, andemerging challenges to the field."Swanson and Holton have produced the definitive book on the nature andsubstance of the human resource development profession." (Gary N. McLean, Senior Professor of Human Resource Development, Texas A&M University)

Author Biography

Richard A. Swanson is Distinguished Research Professor of Human Resource Development in the College of Business and Technology at the University of Texas at Tyler and Professor Emeritus at the University of Minnesota Elwood F. Holton III is Professor of Human Resource and Leadership Development at Louisiana State University

Table of Contents

List of Figuresp. xv
Prefacep. xix
Introduction to Human Resource Developmentp. 1
Human Resource Development as a Professional Field of Practicep. 3
Introductionp. 4
Purpose of HRDp. 4
Definition of HRDp. 4
Origins of HRDp. 9
HRD Contextp. 9
HRD Core Beliefsp. 10
HRD as a Discipline and a Professional Field of Practicep. 12
Conclusionp. 13
Reflection Questionsp. 13
Introduction to Human Resource Development Models and Processesp. 15
Introductionp. 16
Points of Agreementp. 16
HRD Worldviewsp. 20
HRD Processp. 24
Threats to Excellent Practicep. 25
Ethics and Integrity Standardsp. 26
Conclusionp. 28
Reflection Questionsp. 29
History of Human Resource Developmentp. 31
Introductionp. 33
The Beginnings: Survival through Labor and Learningp. 33
100 B.C.-A.D. 300: The Influence of the Greeks and Romansp. 34
300-1300: The Middle Agesp. 36
1400-1800: The Renaissancep. 39
Apprenticeship in Colonial Americap. 42
Industrial Era in Americap. 44
Twentieth-Century Influences in Americap. 49
Evolution of the Organization Development Component of HRDp. 52
Management and Leadership Development in the United Statesp. 56
Emergence of the HRD Research Communityp. 62
HRD History Timelinep. 63
Reflection Questionsp. 67
Theory and Philosophy in Human Resource Developmentp. 69
The Role of Theory and Philosophy in Human Resource Developmentp. 71
Introductionp. 72
Recognizing the Theory-Development as Researchp. 73
Requirements of a Sound Theoryp. 75
Philosophy and Theory Underlying HRDp. 75
Philosophical Metaphors for HRD Theory and Practicep. 77
Conclusionp. 91
Reflection Questionsp. 92
Theory of Human Resource Developmentp. 93
Introductionp. 94
Perspectives on Theory and Practicep. 94
Theory Framework for Applied Disciplinesp. 95
Theory of Human Resource Developmentp. 97
Conclusionp. 110
Reflection Questionsp. 110
Component Theories of Human Resource Developmentp. 113
Introductionp. 114
Psychology and the Discipline of Human Resource Developmentp. 114
Economics, Human Capital Theory, and Human Resource Developmentp. 120
Systems Theory as a Foundation for Human Resource Developmentp. 128
Conclusionp. 136
Reflection Questionsp. 136
Perspectives of Human Resource Developmentp. 137
Paradigms of Human Resource Developmentp. 139
Introductionp. 140
Overview of the HRD Paradigmsp. 140
Debates about Learning and Performancep. 142
Philosophical Views of Learning and Performancep. 143
Learning Paradigm of HRDp. 146
Performance Paradigm of HRDp. 149
Fusing the Two Paradigmsp. 158
Conclusionp. 161
Reflection Questionsp. 161
Perspectives on Performance in Human Resource Developmentp. 163
Introductionp. 164
Organizational Effectiveness as a Precursor to Performancep. 164
Disciplinary Perspectives on Performancep. 166
Financial Performancep. 170
Multilevel Performance Modelsp. 173
Process and Team-Level Performance Modelsp. 185
Individual-Level Performance Modelsp. 186
The Spoils of Performancep. 189
Conclusionp. 190
Reflection Questionsp. 191
Perspectives on Learning in Human Resource Developmentp. 193
Introductionp. 194
Basic Theories of Learningp. 194
Learning Models at the Individual Levelp. 204
Learning Models at the Organizational Levelp. 216
Conclusionp. 221
Reflection Questionsp. 221
Developing Expertise through Training and Developmentp. 223
Overview of Training and Developmentp. 225
Introductionp. 226
Views of Training and Developmentp. 226
Key Training and Development Terms and Strategiesp. 231
The General Training and Development Processp. 233
Instructional Systems Development (ISD)p. 234
Training for Performance System (TPS)p. 236
Individual-Focused Training and Developmentp. 245
Team/Group-Focused T&Dp. 247
Training Roles and Responsibilitiesp. 249
Conclusionp. 250
Reflection Questionsp. 250
The Nature of Expertisep. 251
Introductionp. 252
Knowledge versus Expertisep. 252
Operational Definitions of Expertise and Competencep. 257
Conclusionp. 268
Reflection Questionsp. 268
Training and Development Practicesp. 269
Introductionp. 270
Variations in T&D Practicesp. 270
Core T&D Practicesp. 271
Individual-Focused T&D Practicesp. 274
Group-Focused T&D Practicesp. 276
Work Process-Focused T&D Practicesp. 278
Organization-Focused T&D Practicesp. 280
Conclusionp. 282
Reflection Questionsp. 283
Unleashing Expertise through Organization Developmentp. 285
Overview of Organization Developmentp. 287
Introductionp. 288
Views of Organization Developmentp. 289
Key Organization Development Termsp. 294
The General Organization Development Processp. 296
Action Research: Problem-Solving Methodp. 297
Organization Development Process Modelp. 300
Organization Development for Performance Systemp. 302
Conclusionp. 306
Reflection Questionsp. 306
The Nature of the Change Processp. 307
Introductionp. 308
Core Dimensions of Changep. 310
Change Outcomesp. 313
General Theories of Changep. 314
Resistance to Changep. 318
Focused Perspectives on Changep. 322
Leading and Managing Organization Changep. 333
Conclusionp. 333
Reflection Questionsp. 334
Organization Development Practicesp. 337
Introductionp. 338
Variations in OD Practicesp. 338
Core OD Practicesp. 340
Organization-Focused OD Practicesp. 341
Work Process-Focused OD Practicesp. 344
Group-Focused OD Practicesp. 348
Individual-Focused OD Practicesp. 349
Conclusionp. 353
Reflection Questionsp. 354
Advancing Human Resource Developmentp. 355
Strategy and Human Resource Developmentp. 357
Introductionp. 358
Schools of Strategic Thinkingp. 358
The Strategic Roles of Human Resource Developmentp. 358
Scenario Planningp. 371
Conclusionp. 379
Reflection Questionsp. 380
Accountability in Human Resource Developmentp. 381
Introductionp. 382
Program Evaluation Approach to Accountabilityp. 382
Summaryp. 389
Metrics Approach to Accountabilityp. 391
Conclusionp. 400
Reflection Questionsp. 401
Human Resource Development Policy and Planningp. 403
Introductionp. 404
Policy Analysis and Planning for HRDp. 405
Conclusionp. 415
Reflection Questionsp. 415
Human Resource Development into the Futurep. 417
Globalization and Human Resource Developmentp. 419
Introductionp. 420
International and Cross-cultural Perspectives on HRDp. 420
Conclusionp. 432
Reflection Questionsp. 432
Technology and Human Resource Developmentp. 433
Introductionp. 434
Information and Communication Technology in HRDp. 435
Conclusionp. 447
Reflection Questionsp. 448
Challenges Facing Human Resource Developmentp. 449
Introductionp. 450
The Economic Globalization Challenge Facing HRDp. 450
The Faster and Better Challenge Facing HRDp. 454
The Certification and Accreditation Challenge Facing HRDp. 457
Conclusionp. 459
Reflection Questionsp. 460
Referencesp. 461
Name Indexp. 507
Subject Indexp. 515
About the Authorsp. 537
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