9781137445766

From Aristotle's Teleology to Darwin's Genealogy The Stamp of Inutility

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  • ISBN13:

    9781137445766

  • ISBN10:

    1137445769

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2015-04-07
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
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Summary

Starting with Aristotle and moving on to Darwin, Marco Solinas outlines the basic steps from the birth, establishment and later rebirth of the traditional view of living beings, and its overturning by evolutionary revolution. The classic framework devised by Aristotle was still dominant in the 17th Century world of Galileo, Harvey and Ray, and remained hegemonic until the time of Lamarck and Cuvier in the 19th Century. Darwin's breakthrough thus takes on the dimensions of an abandonment of the traditional finalistic theory. It was a transition exemplified in the morphological analysis of useless parts, such as the sightless eyes of moles, already discussed by Aristotle, which Darwin used as a crowbar to unhinge the systematic recourse to final causes. With many excerpts, a chronological sequence and an analytical approach, this book follows the course of the two conceptions that have shaped the destiny of living beings in western culture.

Author Biography

Marco Solinas holds the National Scientific Qualification as Professor of Philosophy; he has studied and researched in Florence, Nottingham, Berlin, Frankfurt, and Paris. He has written articles in important international reviews, and is author of Psiche: Platone e Freud (2008), also published in German with the title Via Platonica zum Unbewussten (2012).

Table of Contents

PART I: THE ARISTOTELIAN TELEOLOGICAL TRADITION
The Original Framework
1. Consistency
2. To the Margins
3. Fixed in Time
4. Tools
5. Adaptations
6. Means of Defence
7. Unseeing Eyes
For and Against Aristotle
1. Regrafting and Divergences
2. Reception and Institutionalization
3. Rebirth
4. Mathematization
5. Teleological Experimentalism
6. Chicks
7. Procreations Preordained
8. The Last Stronghold
Indirect Supremacy
1. Persistence
2. Long Shadows
3. Subtext
4. Œconomia naturæ
5. Short Shadows
PART II: THE EVOLUTIONARY REVOLUTION
Crisis and Hegemony
1. Under Pressure
2. Elephant Bones
3. The Challenger
4. The Last Great Heir
Darwin's Breakthrough
1. Haunted
2. A Hundred Thousand Wedges
3. Barren Virgins
4. The Stamp of Inutility
5. Metamorphoses
6. Variations
7. Revolutions
8. Genealogies
Dry Branches
1. Obsolescence
2. A Double-edged Sword
3. Techne
4. On the Cusp
5. Archaisms
6. Corals
7. Circularity
8. Revenge

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