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Fundamentals of Database Systems

by ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780321369574

ISBN10:
0321369572
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2011
Publisher(s):
Addison Wesley
List Price: $138.00
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Summary

Fundamentals of DATABASE SYSTEMS, Fifth Edition Ramez Elmasri, University of Texas at Arlington Shamkant B. Navathe, Georgia Institute of Technology ISBN 0-321-36957-2 "Fundamentals of Database Systems is a leading example of a database text that approaches the subject from the technical, rather than the business perspective. It offers instructors more than enough material to choose from as they seek to balance coverage of theoretical with practical material, design with programming, application concerns with implementation issues, and items of historical interest with a view of cutting edge topics." Henry A. Etlinger, Rochester Institute of Technology "This is an outstanding, up-to-date database book, appropriate for both undergraduate and graduate courses. It contains good examples, and clearly describes how to design good, operable databases as well as retrieve and manipulate data from an existing database." Peter Ng, The University of Texas - Pan American With clear explanations of theory and design, broad coverage of models and real systems, and an up-to-date introduction to modern database technologies, Elmasri and Navathers"s text continues to be the leading introduction to database systems. Current, practical examples keep readers engaged while new end-of-chapter exercises and a new lab manual provide hands-on experience building database applications with modern technologies like Oraclereg;, MySQLreg;, and SQLServerreg;. This Fifth Edition stays fresh with coverage of the latest, most popular database topics, including: bull; bull;Mobile databases, GIS and Genome Databases under emerging applications bull;Database Security bull;A new chapter on Web script programming for databases using PHP

Table of Contents

part 1 Introduction and Conceptual Modeling
Databases and Database Users
3(26)
Introduction
4(2)
An Example
6(3)
Characteristics of the Database Approach
9(5)
Actors on the Scene
14(2)
Workers behind the Scene
16(1)
Advantages of Using the DBMS Approach
17(6)
A Brief History of Database Applications
23(3)
When Not to Use a DBMS
26(1)
Summary
27(2)
Review Questions
27(1)
Exercises
28(1)
Selected Bibliography
28(1)
Database System Concepts and Architecture
29(28)
Data Models, Schemas, and Instance
30(3)
Three-Schema Architecture and Data Independence
33(3)
Database Languages and Interfaces
36(4)
The Database System Environment
40(4)
Centralized and Client/Server Architectures for DBMSs
44(5)
Classification of Database Management Systems
49(3)
Summary
52(5)
Review Questions
54(1)
Exercises
54(1)
Selected Bibliography
55(2)
Data Modeling Using the Entity-Relationship (ER) Model
57(46)
Using High-Level Conceptual Data Models for Database Design
59(1)
An Example Database Application
60(1)
Entity Types, Entity Sets, Attributes, and Keys
61(9)
Relationship Types, Relationship Sets, Roles, and Structural Constraints
70(6)
Weak Entity Types
76(2)
Refining the ER Design for the COMPANY Database
78(1)
ER Diagrams, Naming Conventions, and Design Issues
79(5)
Example of Other Notation: UML Class Diagrams
84(2)
Relationship Types of Degree Higher Than Two
86(4)
Summary
90(13)
Review Questions
91(1)
Exercises
92(7)
Laboratory Exercises
99(2)
Selected Bibliography
101(2)
The Enhanced Entity-Relationship (EER) Model
103(42)
Subclasses, Superclasses, and Inheritance
104(2)
Specialization and Generalization
106(3)
Constraints and Characteristics of Specialization and Generalization Hierarchies
109(7)
Modeling of UNION Types Using Categories
116(3)
An Example UNIVERSITY EER Schema, Design Choices, and Formal Definitions
119(4)
Example of Other Notation: Representing Specialization and Generalization in UML Class Diagrams
123(2)
Data Abstraction, Knowledge Representation, and Ontology Concepts
125(6)
Summary
131(14)
Review Questions
131(1)
Exercises
132(8)
Laboratory Exercises
140(2)
Selected Bibliography
142(3)
part 2 Relational Model: Concepts, Constraints, Languages, Design, and Programming
The Relational Data Model and Relational Database Constraints
145(28)
Relational Model Concepts
146(7)
Relational Model Constraints and Relational Database Schemas
153(8)
Update Operations, Tranactions, and Dealing with Constraint Violations
161(4)
Summary
165(8)
Review Questions
166(1)
Exercises
166(4)
Selected Bibliography
170(3)
The Relational Algebra and Relational Calculus
173(50)
Unary Relational Operations: SELECT and PROJECT
175(5)
Relational Algebra Operations from Set Theory
180(3)
Binary Relational Operations: JOIN and DIVISION
183(9)
Additional Relational Operations
192(7)
Examples of Queries in Relational Algebra
199(2)
The Tuple Relational Calculus
201(9)
The Domain Relational Calculus
210(2)
Summary
212(11)
Review Questions
213(1)
Exercises
214(5)
Laboratory Exercises
219(2)
Selected Bibliography
221(2)
Relational Database Design by ER-and EER-to-Relational Mapping
223(18)
Relational Database Design Using ER-to-Relational Mapping
224(8)
Mapping EER Model Constructs to Relations
232(4)
Summary
236(5)
Review Questions
236(1)
Exercises
237(1)
Laboratory Exercises
238(1)
Selected Bibliography
239(2)
SQL-99: Schema Definition, Constraints, Queries, and Views
241(58)
SQL Data Definition and Data Types
243(5)
Specifying Constraints in SQL
248(3)
Schema Change Statements in SQL
251(2)
Basic Queries in SQL
253(10)
More Complex SQL Queries
263(16)
Insert, Delete, and Update Statements in SQL
279(3)
Specifying Constraints as Assertions and Triggers
282(1)
Views (Virtual Tables) in SQL
283(4)
Additional Features of SQL
287(1)
Summary
288(11)
Review Questions
288(2)
Exercises
290(3)
Laboratory Exercises
293(4)
Selected Bibliography
297(2)
Introduction to SQL Programming Techniques
299(36)
Database Programming: Issues and Techniques
300(3)
Embedded SQL, Dynamic SQL, and SQLJ
303(12)
Database Programming with Function Calls: SQL/CLI and JDBC
315(10)
Database Stored Procedures and SQL/PSM
325(3)
Summary
328(7)
Review Questions
328(1)
Exercises
329(1)
Laboratory Exercises
329(2)
Selected Bibliography
331(4)
part 3 Database Design Theory and Methodology
Functional Dependencies and Normalization for Relational Databases
335(44)
Informal Design Guidelines for Relation Schemas
337(10)
Functional Dependencies
347(8)
Normal Forms Based on Primary Keys
355(10)
General Definitions of Second and Third Normal Forms
365(3)
Boyce-Codd Normal Form
368(2)
Summary
370(9)
Review Questions
371(1)
Exercises
372(5)
Laboratory Exercises
377(1)
Selected Bibliography
377(2)
Relational Database Design Algorithms and Further Dependencies
379(34)
Properties of Relational Decompositions
380(6)
Algorithms for Relational Database Schema Design
386(10)
Multivalued Dependencies and Fourth Normal Form
396(6)
Join Dependencies and Fifth Normal Form
402(1)
Inclusion Dependencies
403(1)
Other Dependencies and Normal Forms
404(3)
Summary
407(6)
Review Questions
407(1)
Exercises
408(2)
Laboratory Exercises
410(1)
Selected Bibliography
411(2)
Practical Database Design Methodology and Use of UML Diagrams
413(50)
The Role of Information Systems in Organizations
414(5)
The Database Design and Implementation Process
419(19)
Use of UML Diagrams As an Aid to Database Design Specification
438(9)
Rational Rose, a UML-Based Design Tool
447(6)
Automated Database Design Tools
453(3)
Summary
456(7)
Review Questions
457(2)
Selected Bibliography
459(4)
part 4 Data Storage, Indexing, Query Processing, and Physical Design
Disk Storage, Basic File Structures, and Hashing
463(48)
Introduction
464(3)
Secondary Storage Devices
467(6)
Buffering of Blocks
473(2)
Placing File Records on Disk
475(4)
Operations on Files
479(3)
Files of Unordered Records (Heap Files)
482(1)
Files of Ordered Records (Sorted Files)
483(3)
Hashing Techniques
486(10)
Other Primary File Organizations
496(1)
Parallelizing Disk Access Using RAID Technology
497(3)
New Storage Systems
500(3)
Summary
503(8)
Review Questions
504(1)
Exercises
505(4)
Selected Bibliography
509(2)
Indexing Structures for Files
511(38)
Types of Single-Level Ordered Indexes
512(10)
Multilevel Indexes
522(3)
Dynamic Multilevel Indexes Using B-Trees and B+Trees
525(13)
Indexes on Multiple Keys
538(4)
Other Types of Indexes
542(1)
Summary
543(6)
Review Questions
544(1)
Exercises
545(2)
Selected Bibliography
547(2)
Algorithms for Query Processing and Optimization
549(44)
Translating SQL Queries into Relational Algebra
551(1)
Algorithms for External Sorting
552(2)
Algorithms for Select and Join Operations
554(11)
Algorithms for Project and Set Operations
565(1)
Implementing Aggregate Operations and Outer Joins
566(2)
Combining Operations Using Pipelining
568(1)
Using Heuristics in Query Optimization
568(10)
Using Selectivity and Cost Estimates in Query Optimization
578(10)
Overview of Query Optimization in Oracle
588(1)
Semantic Query Optimization
589(1)
Summary
589(4)
Review Questions
590(1)
Exercises
590(1)
Selected Bibliography
591(2)
Physical Database Design and Tuning
593(16)
Physical Database Design in Relational Databases
593(5)
An Overview of Database Tuning in Relational Systems
598(6)
Summary
604(5)
Review Questions
604(1)
Selected Bibliography
605(4)
part 5 Transaction Processing Concepts
Introduction to Transaction Processing Concepts and Theory
609(32)
Introduction to Transaction Processing
610(6)
Transaction and System Concepts
616(3)
Desirable Properties of Transactions
619(2)
Characterizing Schedules Based on Recoverability
621(3)
Characterizing Schedules Based on Serializability
624(10)
Transaction Support in SQL
634(2)
Summary
636(5)
Review Questions
637(1)
Exercises
638(3)
Concurrency Control Techniques
641(28)
Two-Phase Locking Techniques for Concurrency Control
642(10)
Concurrency Control Based on Timestamp Ordering
652(3)
Multiversion Concurrency Control Techniques
655(2)
Validation (Optimistic) Concurrency Control Techniques
657(2)
Granularity of Data Items and Multiple Granularity Locking
659(4)
Using Locks for Concurrency Control in Indexes
663(1)
Other Concurrency Control Issues
664(1)
Summary
665(4)
Review Questions
666(1)
Exercises
667(1)
Selected Bibliography
668(1)
Database Recovery Techniques
669(30)
Recovery Concepts
670(6)
Recovery Techniques Based on Deferred Update
676(5)
Recovery Techniques Based on Immediate Update
681(1)
Shadow Paging
682(2)
The ARIES Recovery Algorithm
684(3)
Recovery in Multidatabase Systems
687(2)
Database Backup and Recovery from Catastrophic Failures
689(1)
Summary
689(10)
Review Questions
690(1)
Exercises
691(3)
Selected Bibliography
694(5)
part 6 Object and Object-Relational Databases
Concepts for Object Databases
699(28)
Overview of Object-Oriented Concepts
701(2)
Object Identity, Object Structure, and Type Constructors
703(6)
Encapsulation of Operations, Methods, and Persistence
709(5)
Type and Class Hierarchies and Inheritance
714(4)
Complex Objects
718(2)
Other Objected-Oriented Concepts
720(3)
Summary
723(4)
Review Questions
724(1)
Exercises
724(3)
Object Database Standards, Languages, and Design
727(36)
Overview of the Object Model of ODMG
728(13)
The Object Definition Language ODL
741(5)
The Object Query Language OQL
746(9)
Overview of the C++ Language Binding
755(2)
Object Database Conceptual Design
757(3)
Summary
760(3)
Review Questions
761(1)
Exercises
761(1)
Selected Bibliography
762(1)
Object-Relational and Extended-Relational Systems
763(32)
Overview of SQL and Its Object-Relational Features
764(7)
Evolution of Data Models and Current Trends of Database Technology
771(2)
The Informix Universal Server
773(11)
Object-Relational Features of Oracle 8
784(2)
Implementation and Related Issues for Extended Type Systems
786(2)
The Nested Relational Model
788(2)
Summary
790(5)
Selected Bibliography
791(4)
part 7 Further Topics: Security, Advanced Modeling, and Distribution
Database Security
795(28)
Introduction to Database Security Issues
795(5)
Discretionary Access Control Based on Granting and Revoking Privileges
800(4)
Mandatory Access Control and Role-Based Access Control for Multilevel Security
804(6)
Introduction to Statistical Database Security
810(2)
Introduction to Flow Control
812(2)
Encryption and Public Key Infrastructures
814(2)
Privacy Issues and Preservation
816(1)
Challenges of Database Security
817(1)
Summary
818(5)
Review Questions
819(1)
Exercises
820(3)
Enhanced Data Models for Advanced Applications
823(50)
Active Database Concepts and Triggers
825(10)
Temporal Database Concepts
835(14)
Spatial and Multimedia Databases
849(3)
Introduction to Deductive Databases
852(14)
Summary
866(7)
Review Questions
867(1)
Exercises
868(3)
Selected Bibliography
871(2)
Distributed Databases and Client-Server Architectures
873(40)
Distributed Database Concepts
874(6)
Data Fragmentation, Replication, and Allocation Techniques for Distributed Database Design
880(7)
Types of Distributed Database Systems
887(3)
Query Processing in Distributed Databases
890(5)
Overview of Concurrency Control and Recovery in Distributed Databases
895(4)
An Overview of 3-Tier Client-Server Architecture
899(2)
Distributed Databases in Oracle
901(3)
Summary
904(9)
Review Questions
904(1)
Exercises
905(2)
Selected Bibliography
907(6)
part 8 Emerging Technologies
Web Database Programming Using PHP
913(24)
Structured, Semistructured, and Unstructured Data
914(5)
A Simple PHP Example
919(2)
Overview of Basic Features of PHP
921(7)
Overview of PHP Database Programming
928(4)
Summary
932(5)
Review Questions
933(1)
Exercises
933(1)
Laboratory Exercises
934(1)
Selected Bibliography
935(2)
XML: Extensible Markup Language
937(22)
XML Hierarchical (Tree) Data Model
938(1)
XML Documents, DTD, and XML Schema
939(9)
XML Documents and Databases
948(7)
XML Querying
955(2)
Summary
957(2)
Review Questions
958(1)
Exercises
958(1)
Selected Bibliography
958(1)
Data Mining Concepts
959(32)
Overview of Data Mining Technology
960(3)
Association Rules
963(12)
Classification
975(3)
Clustering
978(3)
Approaches to Other Data Mining Problems
981(3)
Applications of Data Mining
984(1)
Commercial Data Mining Tools
984(3)
Summary
987(4)
Review Questions
987(1)
Exercises
988(1)
Selected Bibliography
989(2)
Overview of Data Warehousing and OLAP
991(18)
Introduction, Definitions, and Terminology
991(2)
Characteristics of Data Warehouses
993(1)
Data Modeling for Data Warehouses
994(5)
Building a Data Warehouse
999(3)
Typical Functionality of a Data Warehouse
1002(1)
Data Warehouse versus Views
1003(1)
Problems and Open Issues in Data Warehouses
1004(2)
Summary
1006(3)
Review Questions
1006(1)
Selected Bibliography
1007(2)
Emerging Database Technologies and Applications
1009(42)
Mobile Databases
1010(7)
Multimedia Databases
1017(7)
Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
1024(14)
Genome Data Management
1038(13)
Selected Bibliography
1047(3)
Credits
1050(1)
appendix A Alternative Diagrammatic Notations for ER Models
1051(4)
appendix B Parameters of Disks
1055(4)
appendix C Overview of the QBE Language
1059(8)
C.1 Basic Retrievals in QBE
1059(5)
C.2 Grouping, Aggregation, and Database Modification in QBE
1064(3)
appendix D Overview of the Hierarchical Data Model (located on the Companion Website at http://www.aw.com/elmasri)
appendix E Overview of the Network Data Model (located on the Companion Website at http://www.aw.com/elmasri)
Selected Bibliography 1067(30)
Index 1097


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