CART

(0) items

Fundamentals of General, Organic, And Biological Chemistry,9780131877481
This item qualifies for
FREE SHIPPING!
FREE SHIPPING OVER $59!

Your order must be $59 or more, you must select US Postal Service Shipping as your shipping preference, and the "Group my items into as few shipments as possible" option when you place your order.

Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace Items, eBooks, Apparel, and DVDs not included.

Fundamentals of General, Organic, And Biological Chemistry

by ; ; ; ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780131877481

ISBN10:
0131877488
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2010
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 6th edition with a publication date of 1/1/2010.
What is included with this book?
  • The Used copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included.

Related Products


  • Fundamentals of General, Organic and Biological Chemistry
    Fundamentals of General, Organic and Biological Chemistry
  • Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
    Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
  • Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
    Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
  • Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
    Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
  • Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry : Problems and Assignments for the Virtual Laboratory 2. 5
    Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry : Problems and Assignments for the Virtual Laboratory 2. 5
  • Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Plus MasteringChemistry with eText -- Access Card Package
    Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Plus MasteringChemistry with eText -- Access Card Package
  • FUNDMTLS OF GENL ORGNC&CW+GRDTRCKR A C CRD&, 4/e
    FUNDMTLS OF GENL ORGNC&CW+GRDTRCKR A C CRD&, 4/e
  • MasteringChemistry and reg; -- Standalone Access Card -- for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
    MasteringChemistry and reg; -- Standalone Access Card -- for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
  • MasteringChemistry Student Access Kit for Fundamentals of General, organic and Biological Chemistry for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
    MasteringChemistry Student Access Kit for Fundamentals of General, organic and Biological Chemistry for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
  • MasteringChemistry with Pearson eText -- Standalone Access Card -- for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
    MasteringChemistry with Pearson eText -- Standalone Access Card -- for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
  • MasteringChemistry with Pearson eText Student Access Kit for Fundamentals of General Organic, and Biological Chemistry
    MasteringChemistry with Pearson eText Student Access Kit for Fundamentals of General Organic, and Biological Chemistry
  • Student Access Kit for Fundamentals of General, Organic and Biological Chemistry, Pearson eText
    Student Access Kit for Fundamentals of General, Organic and Biological Chemistry, Pearson eText
  • Study Guide &Selected Solutions Manual for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
    Study Guide &Selected Solutions Manual for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
  • Study Guide and Full Solutions Manual for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
    Study Guide and Full Solutions Manual for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
  • Study Guide and Full Solutions Manual for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
    Study Guide and Full Solutions Manual for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
  • Study Guide and Selected Solutions Manual for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
    Study Guide and Selected Solutions Manual for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry





Summary

Rewritten throughout for enhanced clarity and readability without sacrificing content this best-seller offers a focus on problem-solving and engaging discussions of relevant applications. Effectively covers the essentials of allied health chemistry without excessive and unnecessary detail. Puts chemistry in the context of everyday life. Covers biochemistry thoroughly to allow for flexible treatment and places emphasis on its relevance to society. Updates and expands content throughout in topics such as DNA, genomics, chemical messengers, the new food pyramid, and the modern view of nucleic acid chemistry and protein synthesis. Revises illustrations throughout for increased effectiveness. Redesigned diagrams and bulleted lists for a clearer layout. A useful resource for anyone working in the fields of nursing, physical therapy, agriculture, home economics, aquaculture or those who simply have a desire to learn more about the basic concepts of chemistry and biochemistry.

Table of Contents

Applications and Connections xiv
Preface xv
A Guide to Using This Text xxiv
Matter and Life
1(15)
Chemistry: The Central Science
1(2)
States of Matter
3(1)
Classification of Matter
4(1)
An Example of a Chemical Reaction
5(2)
Application: Chemicals, Toxicity, and Risk
6(1)
Chemical Elements and Symbols
7(1)
Elements and the Periodic Table
8(8)
Application: Mercury and Mercury Poisoning
12(1)
Key Words
12(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
12(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
13(1)
Additional Problems
13(3)
Measurements in Chemistry
16(30)
Physical Quantities
17(2)
Measuring Mass
19(1)
Measuring Length and Volume
20(2)
Measurement and Significant Figures
22(2)
Application: Apothecary Units
23(1)
Scientific Notation
24(3)
Application: Powers of 10
26(1)
Rounding Off Numbers
27(2)
Problem Solving: Converting a Quantity from One Unit to Another
29(2)
Problem Solving: Estimating Answers
31(2)
Measuring Temperature
33(3)
Application: Obesity---A Large Problem
34(2)
Units of Energy and Heat
36(2)
Density
38(2)
Application: Measuring Body Fat
39(1)
Specific Gravity
40(6)
Key Words
41(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
41(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
41(1)
Additional Problems
42(4)
Atoms and the Periodic Table
46(28)
Atomic Theory
47(3)
Elements and Atomic Number
50(1)
Isotopes and Atomic Weight
51(2)
The Periodic Table
53(3)
Application: Are Atoms Real?
54(2)
Some Characteristics of Different Groups
56(2)
Application: The Origin of Chemical Elements
58(1)
Electronic Structure of Atoms
58(3)
Electron Configurations
61(3)
Electron Configurations and the Periodic Table
64(10)
Application: Atoms and Light
68(1)
Connection: Art Conservator
69(1)
Key Words
70(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
70(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
70(1)
Additional Problems
71(3)
Ionic Compounds
74(30)
Ions
75(2)
Periodic Properties and Ion Formation
77(2)
Ionic Bonds
79(1)
Some Properties of Ionic Compounds
80(1)
Ions and the Octet Rule
80(2)
Application: Minerals and Gems
81(1)
Electron-Dot Symbols
82(1)
Ions of Some Common Elements
83(2)
Naming Ions
85(3)
Application: Salt
86(2)
Polyatomic Ions
88(1)
Application: Biologically Important Ions
89(1)
Formulas of Ionic Compounds
89(3)
Naming Ionic Compounds
92(2)
H+ and OH- Ions: An Introduction to Acids and Bases
94(10)
Connection: Physical Therapist
96(2)
Application: Osteoporosis
98(1)
Key Words
99(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
99(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
99(1)
Additional Problems
100(4)
Molecular Compounds
104(36)
Covalent Bonds
105(3)
Covalent Bonds and the Periodic Table
108(3)
Multiple Covalent Bonds
111(2)
Coordinate Covalent Bonds
113(1)
Application: Carbon Monoxide---A Surprising Molecule
114(1)
Molecular Formulas and Lewis Structures
114(1)
Drawing Lewis Structures
115(4)
The Shapes of Molecules
119(6)
Application: VERY Big Molecules
124(1)
Polar Covalent Bonds and Electronegativity
125(3)
Polar Molecules
128(2)
Naming Binary Molecular Compounds
130(2)
Application: Damascenone, by Any Other Name, Would Smell as Sweet
132(1)
Characteristics of Molecular Compounds
132(8)
Key Words
134(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
134(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
134(2)
Additional Problems
136(4)
Chemical Reactions: Classification and Mass Relationships
140(42)
Chemical Equations
141(2)
Balancing Chemical Equations
143(3)
Avogadro's Number and the Mole
146(4)
Gram-Mole Conversions
150(3)
Application: Did Ben Franklin Have Avogadro's Number? A Ballpark Calculation
151(2)
Mole Relationships and Chemical Equations
153(1)
Mass Relationships and Chemical Equations
154(2)
Percent Yield
156(3)
Classes of Chemical Reactions
159(1)
Precipitation Reactions and Solubility Guidelines
160(2)
Application: Gout and Kidney Stones: Problems in Solubility
162(1)
Acids, Bases, and Neutralization Reactions
162(1)
Redox Reactions
163(6)
Application: Batteries
168(1)
Recognizing Redox Reactions
169(3)
Application: Photography---A Series of Redox Reactions
171(1)
Net Ionic Equations
172(10)
Key Words
175(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
175(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
176(1)
Additional Problems
177(5)
Chemical Reactions: Energy, Rates, and Equilibrium
182(30)
Energy and Chemical Bonds
183(1)
Heat Changes during Chemical Reactions
184(1)
Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions
185(2)
Why Do Chemical Reactions Occur? Free Energy
187(5)
Application: Energy from Food
188(4)
How Do Chemical Reactions Occur? Reaction Rates
192(2)
Effects of Temperature, Concentration, and Catalysts on Reaction Rates
194(3)
Reversible Reactions and Chemical Equilibrium
197(2)
Application: Regulation of Body Temperature
197(2)
Equilibrium Equations and Equilibrium Constants
199(3)
Le Chatelier's Principle: The Effect of Changing Conditions on Equilibria
202(10)
Application: Nitrogen Fixation
206(1)
Key Words
207(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
207(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
208(1)
Additional Problems
208(4)
Gases, Liquids, and Solids
212(42)
States of Matter and Their Changes
213(3)
Gases and the Kinetic-Molecular Theory
216(1)
Pressure
217(3)
Boyle's Law: The Relation between Volume and Pressure
220(3)
Application: Blood Pressure
221(2)
Charles's Law: The Relation between Volume and Temperature
223(2)
Gay-Lussac's Law: The Relation between Pressure and Temperature
225(1)
The Combined Gas Law
226(1)
Avogadro's Law: The Relation between Volume and Molar Amount
227(2)
The Ideal Gas Law
229(2)
Partial Pressure and Dalton's Law
231(2)
Intermolecular Forces
233(5)
Application: Greenhouse Gases and Global Warming
234(4)
Liquids
238(2)
Water: A Unique Liquid
240(1)
Solids
241(2)
Changes of State
243(11)
Application: Biomaterials for Joint Replacement
245(1)
Application: CO2 as an Environmentally Friendly Solvent
246(1)
Connection: Respiratory Therapist
247(1)
Key Words
248(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
248(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
249(1)
Additional Problems
250(4)
Solutions
254(36)
Mixtures and Solutions
255(2)
The Solution Process
257(2)
Solid Hydrates
259(1)
Solubility
260(1)
The Effect of Temperature on Solubility
261(2)
The Effect of Pressure on Solubility: Henry's Law
263(2)
Units of Concentration
265(8)
Application: Breathing and Oxygen Transport
266(7)
Dilution
273(1)
Ions in Solution: Electrolytes
274(1)
Electrolytes in Body Fluids: Equivalents and Milliequivalents
275(2)
Properties of Solutions
277(4)
Application: Electrolytes, Fluid Replacement, and Sports Drinks
278(3)
Osmosis and Osmotic Pressure
281(2)
Dialysis
283(7)
Application: Timed-Release Medications
284(1)
Key Words
285(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
285(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
286(1)
Additional Problems
287(3)
Acids and Bases
290(36)
Acids and Bases in Aqueous Solution
291(1)
Some Common Acids and Bases
292(1)
The Bronsted-Lowry Definition of Acids and Bases
293(4)
Water as Both an Acid and a Base
297(1)
Some Common Acid-Base Reactions
297(3)
Application: Ulcers and Antacids
299(1)
Acid and Base Strength
300(3)
Acid Dissociation Constants
303(1)
Dissociation of Water
304(1)
Measuring Acidity in Aqueous Solution: pH
305(2)
Working with pH
307(1)
Laboratory Determination of Acidity
308(2)
Application: pH of Body Fluids
309(1)
Buffer Solutions
310(2)
Buffers in the Body
312(3)
Application: Buffers in the Body---Acidosis and Alkalosis
314(1)
Acid and Base Equivalents
315(1)
Titration
316(4)
Application: Acid Rain
319(1)
Acidity and Basicity of Salt Solutions
320(6)
Key Words
321(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
321(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
322(1)
Additional Problems
323(3)
Nuclear Chemistry
326(28)
Nuclear Reactions
327(1)
The Discovery and Nature of Radioactivity
328(1)
Stable and Unstable Isotopes
329(1)
Nuclear Decay
330(5)
Radioactive Half-Life
335(3)
Application: Medical Uses of Radioactivity
336(2)
Radioactive Decay Series
338(1)
Ionizing Radiation
339(2)
Detecting Radiation
341(1)
Application: Irradiated Food
342(1)
Measuring Radiation
342(2)
Artificial Transmutation
344(2)
Application: Body Imaging
345(1)
Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion
346(8)
Application: Archaeological Radiocarbon Dating
348(1)
Connection: Nuclear Medicine Technician
349(1)
Key Words
350(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
350(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
350(1)
Additional Problems
351(3)
Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes
354(34)
The Nature of Organic Molecules
355(2)
Families of Organic Molecules: Functional Groups
357(5)
The Structure of Organic Molecules: Alkanes and Their Isomers
362(2)
Drawing Organic Structures
364(3)
Application: Natural versus Synthetic
365(2)
The Shapes of Organic Molecules
367(2)
Naming Alkanes
369(7)
Application: Displaying Molecular Shapes
370(6)
Properties of Alkanes
376(1)
Reactions of Alkanes
377(1)
Cycloalkanes
378(2)
Application: Petroleum
379(1)
Drawing and Naming Cycloalkanes
380(8)
Key Words
382(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
382(1)
Summary of Reactions
383(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
383(1)
Additional Problems
384(4)
Alkenes, Alkynes, and Aromatic Compounds
388(36)
Alkenes and Alkynes
390(1)
Naming Alkenes and Alkynes
390(3)
The Structure of Alkenes: Cis-Trans Isomerism
393(3)
Properties of Alkenes and Alkynes
396(1)
Types of Organic Reactions
396(3)
Application: The Chemistry of Vision
397(2)
Reactions of Alkenes and Alkynes
399(7)
How Alkene Addition Reactions Occur
406(1)
Alkene Polymers
407(3)
Application: Polymer Applications---Currency
410(1)
Aromatic Compounds and the Structure of Benzene
410(3)
Application: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Cancer
412(1)
Naming Aromatic Compounds
413(3)
Reactions of Aromatic Compounds
416(8)
Application: Why We See Color
417(1)
Key Words
418(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
418(1)
Summary of Reactions
418(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
419(1)
Additional Problems
420(4)
Some Compounds with Oxygen, Sulfur, or a Halogen
424(32)
Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
425(2)
Some Common Alcohols
427(1)
Naming Alcohols
428(2)
Properties of Alcohols
430(1)
Reactions of Alcohols
431(6)
Application: Ethyl Alcohol as a Drug and a Poison
437(1)
Phenols
437(2)
Acidity of Alcohols and Phenols
439(2)
Application: Phenols as Antioxidants
440(1)
Ethers
441(2)
Thiols and Disulfides
443(2)
Application: Inhaled Anesthetics
444(1)
Halogen-Containing Compounds
445(11)
Application: Chlorofluorocarbons and the Ozone Hole
447(1)
Connection: Resource Conservationist
448(2)
Key Words
450(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
450(1)
Summary of Reactions
450(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
451(1)
Additional Problems
451(5)
Amines
456(24)
Amines
457(6)
Application: Chemical Information
460(3)
Properties of Amines
463(2)
Heterocyclic Nitrogen Compounds
465(3)
Application: NO---A Small Molecule with Big Responsibilities
467(1)
Basicity of Amines
468(3)
Application: Organic Compounds in Body Fluids and the ``Solubility Switch''
470(1)
Amine Salts
471(1)
Amines in Plants: Alkaloids
472(8)
Application: Toxicology
474(1)
Key Words
475(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
475(1)
Summary of Reactions
475(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
475(1)
Additional Problems
476(4)
Aldehydes and Ketones
480(28)
The Carbonyl Group
481(3)
Naming Aldehydes and Ketones
484(2)
Application: Chemical Warfare among the Insects
485(1)
Properties of Aldehydes and Ketones
486(3)
Application: Vanilla: What Kind Is Best?
488(1)
Some Common Aldehydes and Ketones
489(2)
Oxidation of Aldehydes
491(1)
Reduction of Aldehydes and Ketones
492(4)
Application: Is It Poisonous, or Isn't It?
495(1)
Addition of Alcohols: Hemiacetals and Acetals
496(12)
Connection: Sensory Evaluation Manager
501(1)
Key Words
502(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
502(1)
Summary of Reactions
503(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
504(1)
Additional Problems
504(4)
Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives
508(36)
Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives: Properties and Names
510(9)
Some Common Carboxylic Acids
519(1)
Acidity of Carboxylic Acids
520(4)
Application: Acids for the Skin
522(1)
Application: Acid Salts as Food Additives
523(1)
Reactions of Carboxylic Acids: Ester and Amide Formation
524(3)
Aspirin and Other Over-the-Counter Carboxylic Acid Derivatives
527(3)
Hydrolysis of Esters and Amides
530(3)
Polyamides and Polyesters
533(2)
Application: Kevlar---A Life-Saving Polymer
534(1)
Phosphoric Acid Derivatives
535(9)
Key Words
537(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
537(1)
Summary of Reactions
538(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
539(1)
Additional Problems
540(4)
Amino Acids and Proteins
544(40)
An Introduction to Biochemistry
545(2)
Protein Structure and Function: An Overview
547(1)
Amino Acids
548(3)
Acid-Base Properties of Amino Acids
551(2)
Application: Nutrition in Health and Disease
552(1)
Handedness
553(1)
Molecular Handedness and Amino Acids
554(3)
Primary Protein Structure
557(5)
Application: Proteins in the Diet
561(1)
Shape-Determining Interactions in Proteins
562(4)
Application: Protein Analysis by Electrophoresis
565(1)
Secondary Protein Structure
566(2)
Tertiary Protein Structure
568(3)
Quaternary Protein Structure
571(4)
Application: Collagen---A Tale of Two Diseases
573(2)
Chemical Properties of Proteins
575(9)
Application: Prions---Proteins that Cause Disease
576(2)
Connection: Food Technologist
578(1)
Key Words
579(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
579(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
580(1)
Additional Problems
580(4)
Enzymes and Vitamins
584(34)
Catalysis by Enzymes
585(2)
Enzyme Cofactors
587(1)
Enzyme Classification
588(5)
Application: Lead Poisoning and an Antidote
589(3)
Application: Biocatalysis---Food and Chemicals
592(1)
How Enzymes Work
593(2)
Effect of Concentration on Enzyme Activity
595(1)
Effect of Temperature and pH on Enzyme Activity
596(3)
Application: Extremozymes---Enzymes from the Edge
599(1)
Enzyme Regulation: Feedback and Allosteric Control
599(3)
Application: Enzymes in Medical Diagnosis
600(2)
Enzyme Regulation: Inhibition
602(2)
Enzyme Regulation: Covalent Modification and Genetic Control
604(3)
Application: Enzyme Inhibitors as Drugs
606(1)
Vitamins
607(11)
Application: Vitamins, Minerals, and Food Labels
612(1)
Key Words
613(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
613(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
614(1)
Additional Problems
615(3)
Chemical Messengers: Hormones, Neurotransmitters, and Drug
618(28)
Messenger Molecules
619(1)
Hormones and the Endocrine System
620(4)
Application: Homeostasis
621(3)
How Hormones Work: Epinephrine and Fight-or-Flight
624(2)
Amino Acid Derivatives and Polypeptides as Hormones
626(2)
Steroid Hormones
628(3)
Application: Plant Hormones
630(1)
Neurotransmitters
631(2)
How Neurotransmitters Work: Acetylcholine, Its Agonists and Antagonists
633(2)
Histamine and Antihistamines
635(2)
Application: And from This Little Frog...
636(1)
Serotonin, Norepinephrine, and Dopamine
637(2)
Neuropeptides and Pain Relief
639(1)
Drug Discovery and Drug Design
640(6)
Key Words
642(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
642(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
643(1)
Additional Problems
644(2)
The Generation of Biochemical Energy
646(34)
Energy and Life
647(1)
Energy and Biochemical Reactions
648(3)
Application: Life without Sunlight
651(1)
Cells and Their Structure
651(3)
An Overview of Metabolism and Energy Production
654(2)
Strategies of Metabolism: ATP and Energy Transfer
656(2)
Strategies of Metabolism: Metabolic Pathways and Coupled Reactions
658(3)
Application: Basal Metabolism
660(1)
Strategies of Metabolism: Oxidized and Reduced Coenzymes
661(3)
The Citric Acid Cycle
664(3)
The Electron-Transport Chain and ATP Production
667(5)
Application: Energy Undone---Blockers and Uncouplers of Oxidative Phosphorylation
670(2)
Harmful Oxygen By-Products and Antioxidant Vitamins
672(8)
Application: Plants and Photosynthesis
673(2)
Key Words
675(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
675(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
676(1)
Additional Problems
676(4)
Carbohydrates
680(36)
An Introduction to Carbohydrates
681(2)
Handedness of Carbohydrates
683(2)
The D and L Families of Sugars: Drawing Sugar Molecules
685(4)
Application: Chirality Meets the Marketplace
687(2)
Structure of Glucose and Other Monosaccharides
689(5)
Application: Carbohydrates in the Diet
693(1)
Some Important Monosaccharides
694(3)
Reactions of Monosaccharides
697(3)
Disaccharides
700(3)
Application: Cell Walls---Rigid Defense Systems
702(1)
Variations on the Carbohydrate Theme
703(2)
Some Important Polysaccharides
705(11)
Application: Cell-Surface Carbohydrates and Blood Type
707(2)
Application: Dietary Fiber
709(2)
Key Words
711(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
711(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
712(1)
Additional Problems
713(3)
Carbohydrate Metabolism
716(28)
Digestion of Carbohydrates
717(1)
Glucose Metabolism: An Overview
718(2)
Glycolysis
720(4)
Entry of Other Sugars into Glycolysis
724(1)
The Fate of Pyruvate
725(2)
Application: Tooth Decay
725(2)
Energy Output in Complete Catabolism of Glucose
727(2)
Application: Microbial Fermentations: Ancient and Modern
728(1)
Regulation of Glucose Metabolism and Energy Production
729(1)
Metabolism in Fasting and Starvation
730(1)
Metabolism in Diabetes Mellitus
731(3)
Application: Diagnosis and Monitoring of Diabetes
732(2)
Glycogen Metabolism: Glycogenesis and Glycogenolysis
734(3)
Application: The Biochemistry of Running
735(2)
Gluconeogenesis: Glucose from Noncarbohydrates
737(7)
Application: Polysaccharides---What Are They Good For?
738(1)
Connection: Dietitian
739(1)
Key Words
740(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
740(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
741(1)
Additional Problems
741(3)
Lipids
744(30)
Structure and Classification of Lipids
745(3)
Fatty Acids and Their Esters
748(3)
Application: Lipids in the Diet
751(1)
Properties of Fats and Oils
751(3)
Chemical Reactions of Triacylglycerols
754(2)
Application: Detergents
755(1)
Cell Membrane Lipids: Phospholipids and Glycolipids
756(5)
Cell Membrane Lipids: Cholesterol
761(2)
Application: Butter and Its Substitutes
762(1)
Structure of Cell Membranes
763(2)
Application: Liposomes for Health and Beauty
763(2)
Transport Across Cell Membranes
765(2)
Eicosanoids: Prostaglandins and Leukotrienes
767(7)
Key Words
770(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
770(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
770(1)
Additional Problems
771(3)
Lipid Metabolism
774(22)
Digestion of Triacylglycerols
775(2)
Lipoproteins for Lipid Transport
777(3)
Application: Lipids and Atherosclerosis
779(1)
Triacylglycerol Metabolism: An Overview
780(2)
Application: Fat Storage: A Good Thing or Not?
782(1)
Storage and Mobilization of Triacylglycerols
782(2)
Oxidation of Fatty Acids
784(1)
Energy from Fatty Acid Oxidation
785(2)
Ketone Bodies and Ketoacidosis
787(3)
Application: The Liver, Clearinghouse for Metabolism
789(1)
Biosynthesis of Fatty Acids
790(6)
Key Words
792(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
792(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
793(1)
Additional Problems
793(3)
Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
796(32)
DNA, Chromosomes, and Genes
797(1)
Composition of Nucleic Acids
798(5)
The Structure of Nucleic Acid Chains
803(2)
Base Pairing in DNA: The Watson-Crick Model
805(2)
Nucleic Acids and Heredity
807(3)
Application: Viruses and AIDS
808(2)
Replication of DNA
810(3)
Structure and Function of RNA
813(1)
Transcription: RNA Synthesis
814(2)
The Genetic Code
816(2)
Translation: Transfer RNA and Protein Synthesis
818(10)
Application: ``Bird Flu'': The Next Epidemic?
821(3)
Key Words
824(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
824(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
825(1)
Additional Problems
826(2)
Genomics
828(20)
Mapping the Human Genome
829(2)
A Trip Along a Chromosome
831(2)
Application: Whose Genome Is It?
832(1)
Mutations and Polymorphisms
833(4)
Recombinant DNA
837(4)
Application: Serendipity and the Polymerase Chain Reaction
837(2)
Application: DNA Fingerprinting
839(2)
Genomics: Using What We Know
841(7)
Connection: Forensic Scientist
844(1)
Key Words
845(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
845(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
846(1)
Additional Problems
846(2)
Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism
848(18)
Digestion of Protein
849(1)
Amino Acid Metabolism: An Overview
850(2)
Amino Acid Catabolism: The Amino Group
852(2)
The Urea Cycle
854(4)
Application: Pathways to Gout
857(1)
Amino Acid Catabolism: The Carbon Atoms
858(2)
Application: The Importance of Essential Amino Acids and Effects of Deficiencies
859(1)
Biosynthesis of Nonessential Amino Acids
860(6)
Key Words
863(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
863(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
863(1)
Additional Problems
863(3)
Body Fluids
866
Body Water and Its Solutes
867(3)
Fluid Balance
870(2)
Blood
872(2)
Plasma Proteins, White Bloods Cells, and Immunity
874(4)
Application: The Blood-Brain Barrier
876(2)
Blood Clotting
878(1)
Red Blood Cells and Blood Gases
879(4)
The Kidney and Urine Formation
883(1)
Urine Composition and Function
883
Application: Automated Clinical Laboratory Analysis
885(1)
Connection: Veterinary Lab Technician
886(1)
Key Words
887(1)
Summary: Revisiting the Chapter Goals
887(1)
Understanding Key Concepts
888(1)
Additional Problems
888
Appendices 1(7)
Glossary 8(7)
Answers to Selected Problems 15(32)
Photo Credits 47(2)
Index 49


Please wait while the item is added to your cart...