Preface | p. ix |

Acknowledgments | p. xiii |

Introduction | p. xix |

Fundamental Properties of Water | p. 1 |

The Earth's Atmosphere and Atmospheric Pressure | p. 2 |

The Three Phases of Water | p. 2 |

Mass (Density) and Weight (Specific Weight) | p. 3 |

Viscosity of Water | p. 5 |

Surface Tension and Capillarity | p. 7 |

Elasticity of Water | p. 8 |

Forces in a Fluid Field | p. 9 |

Problems | p. 10 |

Water Pressure and Pressure Forces | p. 14 |

The Free Surface of Water | p. 14 |

Absolute and Gauge Pressures | p. 14 |

Surfaces of Equal Pressure | p. 17 |

Manometers | p. 18 |

Hydrostatic Forces on Flat Surfaces | p. 22 |

Hydrostatic Forces on Curved Surfaces | p. 27 |

Buoyancy | p. 30 |

Flotation Stability | p. 31 |

Problems | p. 35 |

Water Flow in Pipes | p. 51 |

Description of Pipe Flow | p. 51 |

The Reynolds Number | p. 52 |

Forces in Pipe Flow | p. 54 |

Energy in Pipe Flow | p. 56 |

Loss of Head from Pipe Friction | p. 60 |

Friction Factor for Laminar Flow | p. 60 |

Friction Factor for Turbulent Flow | p. 62 |

Empirical Equations for Friction Head Loss | p. 67 |

Friction Head Loss-Discharge Relationships | p. 70 |

Loss of Head in Pipe Contractions | p. 71 |

Loss of Head in Pipe Expansions | p. 73 |

Loss of Head in Pipe Bends | p. 75 |

Loss of Head in Pipe Valves | p. 76 |

Method of Equivalent Pipes | p. 80 |

Pipes in Series | p. 80 |

Pipes in Parallel | p. 81 |

Problems | p. 83 |

Pipelines and Pipe Networks | p. 88 |

Pipelines Connecting Two Reservoirs | p. 88 |

Negative Pressure Scenarios (Pipelines and Pumps) | p. 92 |

Branching Pipe Systems | p. 97 |

Pipe Networks | p. 104 |

The Hardy-Cross Method | p. 105 |

The Newton Method | p. 116 |

Water Hammer Phenomenon in Pipelines | p. 119 |

Surge Tanks | p. 127 |

Problems | p. 130 |

Water Pumps | p. 143 |

Centrifugal (Radial Flow) Pumps | p. 143 |

Propeller (Axial Flow) Pumps | p. 149 |

Jet (Mixed-Flow) Pumps | p. 152 |

Centrifugal Pump Characteristic Curves | p. 153 |

Single Pump and Pipeline Analysis | p. 154 |

Pumps in Parallel or in Series | p. 157 |

Pumps and Branching Pipes | p. 161 |

Pumps and Pipe Networks | p. 164 |

Cavitation in Water Pumps | p. 165 |

Specific Speed and Pump Similarity | p. 169 |

Selection of a Pump | p. 171 |

Problems | p. 175 |

Water Flow in Open Channels | p. 184 |

Open-Channel Flow Classifications | p. 186 |

Uniform Flow in Open Channels | p. 188 |

Hydraulic Efficiency of Open-Channel Sections | p. 194 |

Energy Principles in Open-Channel Flow | p. 197 |

Hydraulic Jumps | p. 203 |

Gradually Varied Flow | p. 206 |

Classifications of Gradually Varied Flow | p. 208 |

Computation of Water Surface Profiles | p. 211 |

Standard Step Method | p. 212 |

Direct Step Method | p. 214 |

Hydraulic Design of Open Channels | p. 221 |

Unlined Channels | p. 223 |

Rigid Boundary Channels | p. 225 |

Problems | p. 226 |

Groundwater Hydraulics | p. 232 |

Movement of Groundwater | p. 234 |

Steady Radial Flow to a Well | p. 237 |

Steady Radial Flow in Confined Aquifers | p. 238 |

Steady Radial Flow in Unconfined Aquifers | p. 240 |

Unsteady Radial Flow to a Well | p. 242 |

Unsteady Radial Flow in Confined Aquifers | p. 242 |

Unsteady Radial Flow in Unconfined Aquifers | p. 245 |

Field Determination of Aquifer Characteristics | p. 248 |

Equilibrium Test in Confined Aquifers | p. 248 |

Equilibrium Test in Unconfined Aquifers | p. 250 |

Nonequilibrium Test | p. 252 |

Aquifer Boundaries | p. 256 |

Surface Investigations of Groundwater | p. 261 |

The Electrical Resistivity Method | p. 261 |

Seismic Wave Propagation Methods | p. 262 |

Seawater Intrusion in Coastal Areas | p. 263 |

Seepage Through Dam Foundations | p. 267 |

Seepage Through Earth Dams | p. 270 |

Problems | p. 271 |

Hydraulic Structures | p. 281 |

Functions of Hydraulic Structures | p. 281 |

Dams: Functions and Classifications | p. 282 |

Stability of Gravity and Arch Dams | p. 284 |

Gravity Dams | p. 284 |

Arch Dams | p. 288 |

Small Earth Dams | p. 289 |

Weirs | p. 291 |

Overflow Spillways | p. 296 |

Side-Channel Spillways | p. 299 |

Siphon Spillways | p. 302 |

Culverts | p. 305 |

Stilling Basins | p. 310 |

Problems | p. 314 |

Water Pressure, Velocity, and Discharge Measurements | p. 321 |

Pressure Measurements | p. 321 |

Velocity Measurements | p. 323 |

Discharge Measurements in Pipes | p. 326 |

Discharge Measurements in Open Channels | p. 331 |

Sharp-Crested Weirs | p. 331 |

Broad-Crested Weirs | p. 334 |

Venturi Flumes | p. 335 |

Problems | p. 340 |

Hydraulic Similitude and Model Studies | p. 345 |

Dimensional Homogeneity | p. 346 |

Principles of Hydraulic Similitude | p. 347 |

Phenomena Governed by Viscous Forces: Reynolds Number Law | p. 352 |

Phenomena Governed by Gravity Forces: Froude Number Law | p. 355 |

Phenomena Governed by Surface Tension: Weber Number Law | p. 357 |

Phenomena Governed by Both Gravity and Viscous Forces | p. 358 |

Models for Floating and Submerged Bodies | p. 358 |

Open-Channel Models | p. 360 |

The Pi Theorem | p. 362 |

Problems | p. 366 |

Hydrology for Hydraulic Design | p. 371 |

The Hydrologic Cycle | p. 372 |

Precipitation | p. 376 |

Design Storm | p. 380 |

Surface Runoff and Stream Flow | p. 385 |

Rainfall-Runoff Relationships: The Unit Hydrograph | p. 387 |

Rainfall-Runoff Relationships: SCS Procedures | p. 393 |

Losses from Rainfall and Rainfall Excess | p. 393 |

Time of Concentration | p. 396 |

SCS Synthetic Unit Hydrograph | p. 398 |

SCS Design Hydrograph | p. 401 |

Storage Routing | p. 402 |

Hydraulic Design: The Rational Method | p. 410 |

Design of Stormwater-Collection Systems | p. 412 |

Design of Stormwater Pipes | p. 415 |

Problems | p. 418 |

Statistical Methods in Hydrology | p. 430 |

Concepts of Probability | p. 431 |

Statistical Parameters | p. 431 |

Probability Distributions | p. 435 |

Normal Distribution | p. 435 |

Log-Normal Distribution | p. 436 |

Gumbel Distribution | p. 436 |

Log-Pearson Type III Distribution | p. 437 |

Return Period and Hydrologic Risk | p. 439 |

Frequency Analysis | p. 440 |

Frequency Factors | p. 440 |

Testing Goodness of Fit | p. 443 |

Confidence Limits | p. 445 |

Frequency Analysis Using Probability Graphs | p. 448 |

Probability Graphs | p. 448 |

Plotting Positions | p. 448 |

Data Plotting and Theoretical Distributions | p. 450 |

Estimating Future Magnitudes | p. 451 |

Rainfall Intensity-Duration-Frequency Relationships | p. 452 |

Applicability of Statistical Methods | p. 455 |

Problems | p. 455 |

Symbols | p. 461 |

Answers to Selected Problems | p. 463 |

Index | p. 469 |

Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved. |