9781107000230

Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781107000230

  • ISBN10:

    1107000238

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2011-11-30
  • Publisher: Cambridge Univ Pr
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Summary

How will we meet rising energy demands? What are our options? Are there viable long-term solutions for the future? Learn the fundamental physical, chemical and materials science at the heart of: Renewable/non-renewable energy sources Future transportation systems Energy efficiency Energy storage Whether you are a student taking an energy course or a newcomer to the field, this book will help you understand critical relationships between the environment, energy and sustainability. Leading experts provide comprehensive coverage of each topic, bringing together diverse subject matter by integrating theory with engaging insights. Each chapter includes helpful features to aid understanding, including a historical overview to provide context, suggested further reading and questions for discussion. Every subject is beautifully illustrated and brought to life with full color images and color-coded sections for easy browsing, making this a complete educational package. Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability will help enable today's scientists and educate future generations.

Table of Contents

List of contributors
Preface
Acknowledgments
Energy and the Environment: The Global Landscape
A primer on climate change
The global energy landscape and energy security
Sustainability and energy conversions
Energy cost of materials: materials for thin-film photovoltaics as an example
Economics of materials
Global energy flows
Global materials flows
Carbon dioxide capture and sequestration
Nonrenewable Energy Sources
Petroleum and natural gas
Advancing coal conversion technologies: materials challenges
Oil shale and tar sands
Unconventional energy sources: gas hydrates
Nuclear energy: current and future schemes
Nuclear non-proliferation
Nuclear-waste management and disposal
Material requirements for controlled nuclear fusion
Renewable Energy Sources
Solar energy overview
Direct solar energy conversion with photovoltaic devices
Future concepts for photovoltaic energy conversion
Concentrating and multijunction photovoltaics
Concentrating solar thermal power
Solar-thermoelectrics: direct solar thermal energy conversion
Off-grid solar in the developing world
Principles of photosynthesis
Biofuels and biomaterials from microbes
Biofuels from cellulosic biomass via aqueous processing
Artificial photosynthesis for solar energy conversion
Engineering natural photosynthesis
Geothermal and ocean energy
Wind energy
Transportation
Transportation: motor vehicles
Transportation: aviation
Transportation: shipping
Transportation: fully autonomous vehicles
Energy Efficiency
Lighting
Energy efficient buildings
Insulation science
Industrial energy efficiency: a case study
Green processing: catalysis
Materials availability and recycling
Life-cycle assessment
Energy Storage, High-Penetration Renewables and Grid Stabilization
Toward the smart grid: the US as a case study
Consequences of high-penetration renewables
Electrochemical energy storage: batteries and capacitors
Mechanical energy storage: pumped hydro, CAES, flywheels
Fuel cells
Solar fuels
Solar thermal routes to fuel
Photoelectrochemistry and hybrid solar conversion
Summary
Thermodynamics
Electrochemistry
Units
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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