This 13-chapter text offers systematic pedagogy, helping students use psychology to learn psychology while examining core concepts from perspectives of the brain, person, and world. This fundamentals version combines consciousness with stress/health coverage and cognition with intelligence for two fewer chapters than the comprehensive Kosslyn/Rosenberg text. Fundamentals of Psychology still retains all of the pedagogy and features from the larger text, with the addition of end-of-chapter practice tests. The authors introduce the field of psychology by 1) exploring how psychological principles can be applied to enhance learning and 2) integrating the field of psychology by viewing it from various perspectives (the brain, the person, the group). Through their own research, clinical work, and teaching experiences, Kosslyn & Rosenberg have found that by examining psychological issues and interactions via the lenses of the brain (physiological mechanisms), the person (beliefs, desires and feelings), and the group (the physical and social world), students are better able to organize and understand topics presented across chapters. Students are then able to actively apply psychology to their daily lives.
All chapters begin with “Chapter Outline” and conclude with “A Deeper Level: Recap and Thought Questions.”
Using Psychology to Learn Psychology.
Organization, Organization, Organization.
Connections Across Topics.
Learning Without Straining.
Illustrations: Showing and Telling.
1. The Science of Psychology: Yesterday and Today.
Psychological Science: Getting to Know You.
Psychology Then and Now.
The Science of Psychology: Designed to Be Valid.
2. The Brain: The Psychological Organ.
Brain Circuits: Making Connections.
The Nervous System: An Orchestra with Many Members.
Probing the Brain.
Genes, Brain, and Environment: The Brain in the World.
3. Sensation and Perception: How the World Enters the Mind.
Sensing and Selecting: Opening Up to the World.
Sensing in Other Ways.
Cognitive and Social Learning.
5. Memory: Living with Yesterday.
Memory: A Many-Splendored Thing.
Encoding and Retrieving Information from Memory.
Fact, Fiction, and Forgetting: When Memory Goes Wrong.
Improving Memory: Tricks and Tools.
6. Language, Thinking, and Intelligence.
Language: More Than Meets the Ear.
Foundations of Thought.
Logic, Reasoning, and Decision Making.
Is There More Than One Way to Be Smart?
What Makes Us Smart: Nature and Nurture.
7. Emotion and Motivation: Feeling and Striving.
Emotion: I Feel, Therefore I Am.
Motivation and Reward: Feeling Good.
Hunger and Eating: Not Just About Fueling the Body.
Sex: Not Just About Having Babies.
8. Personality: Vive La Difference!
What Is Personality?
The Brain: The Personality Organ.
The Person: Beliefs and Behaviors.
The World: Social Influences on Personality.
9. Psychology over the Lifespan: Growing Up, Growing Older, Growing Wiser.
In the Beginning: From Conception to Birth.
Infancy and Childhood: Taking Off.
Adolescence: Between Two Worlds.
Adulthood and Aging: The Continuously Changing Self.
10. Stress, Health, and Coping.
What Is Stress?
Stress, Disease, and Health.
Strategies for Coping.
11. Psychological Disorders.
Identifying Disorders: What's Abnormal?
Anxiety and Mood Disorders.
Other Axis I Disorders: Dissociative and Eating Disorders.
A Cautionary Note About Diagnosis.
Behavior and Cognitive Therapy.
Which Therapy Works Best?
13. Social Psychology: Meeting of the Minds.
Social Cognition: Thinking about People.
Social Behavior: Interacting with People.
A Final Word: Ethics and Social Psychology.
Appendix A: Statistics.
Appendix B: How to Read, Critically Evaluate, and Write Research Papers.