9780486497051

The Gödelian Puzzle Book Puzzles, Paradoxes and Proofs

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780486497051

  • ISBN10:

    0486497054

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2013-09-19
  • Publisher: Dover Publications
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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

These recreational logic puzzles provide entertaining variations on Gödel's incompleteness theorems, offering ingenious challenges related to infinity, truth and provability, undecidability, and other concepts. Written by a distinguished mathematician and creator of numerous popular puzzle books, this volume requires no background in formal logic and will delight readers of all ages.

Author Biography

Raymond Smullyan received his PhD from Princeton University and taught at Dartmouth, Princeton, Indiana University, and New York's Lehman College. Best known for his mathematical and creative logic puzzles and games, he was also a concert pianist and a magician. He wrote over a dozen books of logic puzzles and texts on mathematical logic.
 
Raymond Smullyan: The Merry Prankster
Raymond Smullyan (1919–2017), mathematician, logician, magician, creator of extraordinary puzzles, philosopher, pianist, and man of many parts. The first Dover book by Raymond Smullyan was First-Order Logic (1995). Recent years have brought a number of his magical books of logic and math puzzles: The Lady or the Tiger (2009); Satan, Cantor and Infinity (2009); an original, never-before-published collection, King Arthur in Search of His Dog and Other Curious Puzzles (2010); and Set Theory and the Continuum Problem (with Melvin Fitting, also reprinted by Dover in 2010). More will be coming in subsequent years.

In the Author's Own Words:
"Recently, someone asked me if I believed in astrology. He seemed somewhat puzzled when I explained that the reason I don't is that I'm a Gemini."

"Some people are always critical of vague statements. I tend rather to be critical of precise statements: they are the only ones which can correctly be labeled 'wrong.'" — Raymond Smullyan

Table of Contents

Part I Puzzles, Paradoxes, Infinity and other Curiosities
I A Chatty Personal Introduction
II Some Curious Adventures
III The Strange Island of Musica
IV Four Metapuzzles
V Certified Knights and Knaves
VI Paradoxical?
VII Infinity and Induction
VIII Introducing Self-Reference
IX Fixed Point Puzzles
X Some Curious Systems
XI How to Stump a Decision Machine
XII Some Additional Godelian Puzzles
 
Part II
XIII Truth and Provability
XIV Syntactic Incompleteness Theorems
XV Provability in Stages
XVI Formal Systems and Recursion
XVII Incompleteness and Undecidability
XVIII First-Order Arithmetic
XIX Arithmetic Truth is Not Formalizable 
XX The Incompleteness of Peano Arithmetic
References

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