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Gender : Psychological Perspectives,9780205404575
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Gender : Psychological Perspectives

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780205404575

ISBN10:
020540457X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2008
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $105.80

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This is the 5th edition with a publication date of 1/1/2008.
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Summary

Gender: Psychological Perspectives examines the research and theory from psychology and related fields in order to evaluate the behavior, biology, and social context in which both women and men function. This book examines the topic of gender-the behaviors and attitudes that relate to (but are not entirely congruent with) biological sex. Although research and scholarship form the basis of this book, Brannon supplements the review of scholarly research with personal, narrative accounts of gender-relevant aspects of people's lives as well as highlights from a cross-cultural perspective of gender. The personal narrative and diversity highlights help to balance the research-based scholarship with the personal experience of gender. Highlights of the Fourth Edition: Balanced coverage of gender with attention to and critical analysis of both men and women's issues. ";Headlines"; sections from newspapers, journals, and magazines expose students to the bias that can be found in the media and encourage readers to think critically about the material that they read. Ten are new to this edition. ";Considering Diversity"; sections provide a ";close up"; view of important topics related to the growing field of diversity within gender studies. Each chapter provides some context for a closer examination of a cross-cultural topic. New chapter on the process and influences on developing gender identity (Ch. 6, ";Developing Gender identity";). Chapter 5, ";Theories of Gender,"; is now devoted to theories of gender development, including psychodynamic and social theories. More than 500 new references.

Table of Contents

PREFACE xiii
1 THE STUDY OF GENDER
1(19)
HEADLINE: "The New Gender Wars"
Psychology Today, November/December 2000
1(2)
HISTORY OF THE STUDY OF SEX DIFFERENCES IN PSYCHOLOGY
3(10)
The Study of Individual Differences
4(1)
Psychoanalysis
5(2)
The Development of Women's Studies
7(3)
The Appearance of the Men's Movement
10(3)
ISSUES IN THE STUDY OF GENDER
13(4)
Sex or Gender?
14(2)
Should Psychologists Study Gender?
16(1)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
17(1)
SUMMARY
18(1)
GLOSSARY
19(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
19(1)
2 RESEARCHING SEX AND GENDER
20(27)
HEADLINE: "The Science Wars"
Newsweek, April 21, 1997
20(1)
HOW SCIENCE DEVELOPED
21(1)
APPROACHES TO RESEARCH
22(12)
Quantitative Research Methods
22(8)
Qualitative Research Methods
30(3)
Researchers' Choices
33(1)
GENDER BIAS IN RESEARCH
34(9)
Sources of Bias
35(4)
Ways to Deal with Bias in Science
39(4)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
43(1)
SUMMARY
44(1)
GLOSSARY
45(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
46(1)
3 HORMONES AND CHROMOSOMES
47(32)
HEADLINE: "Mood for Thought: Is the New Drug Sarafem a Miracle Treatment for Severe PMS or Just Prozac in Disguise?"
Harper's Bazaar, September 2001
47(1)
HEADLINE: "Testosterone Rules: It Takes More Than Just a Hormone to Make a Fellow's Trigger Finger Itch"
Discover, March 1997
47(1)
THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM AND STEROID HORMONES
48(2)
STAGES OF DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE SEXES
50(1)
SEXUAL DIFFERENTIATION
50(16)
Development of Male and Female Physiology
51(6)
Changes during Puberty
57(5)
When Things Go Wrong
62(4)
HORMONES AND BEHAVIOR INSTABILITY
66(8)
Premenstrual Syndrome
66(4)
Testosterone and Aggression
70(4)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
74(2)
SUMMARY
76(1)
GLOSSARY
77(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
78(1)
4 INTELLIGENCE AND COGNITIVE ABILITIES
79(27)
HEADLINE: "Lost in Space"
Vogue, June 2001
79(1)
COGNITIVE ABILITIES
80(17)
Verbal Performance
82(2)
Mathematical and Quantitative Performance
84(5)
Spatial Performance
89(4)
Other Cognitive Abilities
93(4)
SOURCE OF THE DIFFERENCES
97(3)
Biological Evidence for Gender Differences in Cognitive Abilities
97(2)
Evidence for Other Sources of Gender Differences
99(1)
IMPLICATIONS OF GENDER-RELATED DIFFERENCES
100(2)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
102(2)
SUMMARY
104(1)
GLOSSARY
105(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
105(1)
5 THEORIES OF GENDER DEVELOPMENT
106(28)
HEADLINE: "Freud Was Way Wrong"
New York Times, June 11, 2000
106(1)
THE PSYCHODYNAMIC APPROACH TO PERSONALITY
106(10)
Freud's Theory of Personality
106(5)
Horney's Theory of Personality
111(1)
Contemporary Psychodynamic Theories of Personality Development
112(4)
SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
116(6)
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTAL THEORY
122(3)
GENDER SCHEMA THEORY
125(2)
GENDER SCRIPT THEORY
127(1)
WHICH THEORY IS BEST?
128(3)
SUMMARY
131(1)
GLOSSARY
132(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
133(1)
6 DEVELOPING GENDER IDENTITY
134(25)
HEADLINE: "My Son Doesn't Act Like a Boy"
Family Life, April 1, 2001
134(1)
GENDER IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT
134(8)
Development during Childhood
135(4)
Later Development
139(3)
INFLUENCES ON GENDER IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT
142(11)
Biological Factors and Gender Development
142(2)
Family Environment and Gender Development
144(2)
Peers and Gender Development
146(1)
The Media and Gender Development
147(4)
Is It Possible to Avoid Traditional Gender Roles?
151(2)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
153(3)
Gender Identity Disorder and Transsexuals
153(2)
Cross-Cultural Views of Cross-Gender Identities
155(1)
SUMMARY
156(2)
GLOSSARY
158(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
158(1)
7 GENDER STEREOTYPES: MASCULINITY AND FEMININITY
159(27)
HEADLINE: "The Stereotype Trap"
Newsweek, November 6, 2000
159(1)
FROM GENDER ROLES TO GENDER STEREOTYPES
160(15)
Stereotypes of Women and Men
160(4)
Development of Stereotypes
164(2)
The Process and Implications of Stereotyping
166(3)
Perceptions of Women and Men
169(6)
MASCULINITY, FEMININITY, AND ANDROGYNY
175(4)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
179(4)
Cross-Cultural Assessments of Masculinity and Femininity
179(1)
Gender Stereotypes across Cultures
180(3)
SUMMARY
183(1)
GLOSSARY
184(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
185(1)
8 EMOTION
186(30)
HEADLINE: "Are Girls Really As Mean As Books Say They Are?"
Chronicle of Higher Education, July 5, 2002
186(1)
PHYSIOLOGICAL, COGNITIVE, AND BEHAVIORAL ASPECTS OF EMOTION
187(1)
GENDER AND THE EXPERIENCE OF EMOTION
188(22)
The Myth of Maternal Instinct
189(7)
The Prominence of Male Aggression
196(14)
EXPRESSIVITY AND EMOTION
210(2)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
212(1)
SUMMARY
213(2)
GLOSSARY
215(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
215(1)
9 RELATIONSHIPS
216(37)
HEADLINE: "The Science of a Good Marriage"
Newsweek, April 19, 1999
216(2)
FRIENDSHIPS
218(6)
Development of Styles
218(2)
Friendships over the Life Span
220(2)
Flexibility of Styles
222(2)
LOVE RELATIONSHIPS
224(20)
Dating
225(4)
Marriage and Committed Relationships
229(15)
DISSOLVING RELATIONSHIPS
244(4)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
248(2)
SUMMARY
250(1)
GLOSSARY
251(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
252(1)
10 SEXUALITY 253(42)
HEADLINE: "We're Not in the Mood"
Newsweek, June 30, 2003
253(1)
THE STUDY OF SEXUALITY
254(12)
Sex Surveys
255(6)
Masters and Johnson's Approach
261(5)
CHILDHOOD SEXUALITY: EXPLORATION AND ABUSE
266(5)
HETEROSEXUALITY
271(10)
During Adolescence
272(3)
During Adulthood
275(6)
HOMOSEXUALITY
281(8)
During Adolescence
285(1)
During Adulthood
286(3)
BISEXUALITY
289(1)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
290(2)
SUMMARY
292(1)
GLOSSARY
293(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
294(1)
11 SCHOOL 295(28)
HEADLINE: "Are Boys the Weaker Sex?"
U.S. News & World Report, July 30, 2001
295(1)
THE SCHOOL EXPERIENCE
296(16)
Early Schooling
297(2)
Changes during Middle School
299(2)
High School
301(5)
College and Professional School
306(6)
ACHIEVEMENT
312(7)
Achievement Motivation
312(1)
Fear of Success
313(1)
Self-Esteem and Self-Confidence
314(3)
Attributions for Success and Failure
317(2)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
319(1)
SUMMARY
320(2)
GLOSSARY
322(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
322(1)
12 CAREERS AND WORK 323(30)
HEADLINE: "The Gender Trap"
The Mercury News (San Jose), December 9, 2001
323(1)
CAREERS
324(14)
Career Expectations and Gender Role Socialization
325(3)
Career Opportunities
328(10)
GENDER ISSUES AT WORK
338(9)
Gender Segregation on the Job
338(1)
Gender, Communication, and Power in the Workplace
339(3)
Sexual Harassment at Work
342(5)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
347(3)
SUMMARY
350(1)
GLOSSARY
351(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
351(2)
13 HEALTH AND FITNESS 353(34)
HEADLINE: "Sex-Based Longevity?"
The Scientist, May 13, 2002
353(1)
MORTALITY: NO EQUAL OPPORTUNITY
354(8)
Cardiovascular Disease
354(3)
Cancer
357(3)
Violent Deaths
360(2)
THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
362(10)
Gender Roles and Health Care
362(5)
Reproductive Health
367(5)
GENDER, LIFESTYLE, AND HEALTH
372(9)
Eating
372(7)
Exercise and Fitness
379(2)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
381(3)
SUMMARY
384(2)
GLOSSARY
386(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
386(1)
14 STRESS, COPING, AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY 387(35)
HEADLINE: "Who Has the Most Stress?"
Ladies Home Journal, March 2000
387(1)
STRESS AND COPING
388(10)
Sources of Stress for Men and Women
388(6)
Coping Resources and Strategies
394(4)
DIAGNOSES OF MENTAL DISORDERS
398(7)
The D5M Classification System
399(2)
Gender Inequity in the Diagnosis of Mental Disorders
401(4)
GENDER COMPARISONS IN PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
405(12)
Depression
405(4)
Substance-Related Disorders
409(2)
Anxiety Disorders
411(1)
Other Disorders
412(5)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
417(1)
SUMMARY
418(2)
GLOSSARY
420(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
420(2)
15 TREATMENT FOR MENTAL DISORDERS 422(31)
HEADLINE: "Tough Guys in Therapy"
Time, May 7, 2001
422(1)
APPROACHES TO THERAPY
422(10)
Psychoanalysis
423(1)
Humanistic Therapies
424(1)
Cognitive Therapy
425(1)
Behavior Modification
426(2)
Medical Therapies
428(1)
Accusations of Gender Bias in Therapy
429(3)
GENDER ISSUES IN THERAPY
432(7)
Feminist Therapy
432(4)
Therapy with Men
436(2)
Gender-Sensitive Therapies
438(1)
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION IN THERAPY
439(4)
THE SELF-HELP MOVEMENT
443(4)
Online Support Groups
445(1)
Gender Issues in Self-Help
446(1)
CONSIDERING DIVERSITY
447(3)
SUMMARY
450(1)
GLOSSARY
451(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
451(2)
16 HOW DIFFERENT? 453(19)
HEADLINE: "With More Equity, More Sweat"
Washington Post, March 22, 1998
453(1)
MULTIPLE ROLES HAVE BECOME THE RULE
453(4)
WHAT DO WOMEN WANT? WHAT DO MEN WANT?
457(7)
Have Women Become More Like Men?
457(4)
Why Can't a Man Be More Like a Woman?
461(3)
WHERE ARE THE DIFFERENCES?
464(6)
Differences in Ability
465(2)
Differences in Choices
467(3)
SUMMARY
470(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
471(1)
REFERENCES 472(53)
NAME INDEX 525(16)
SUBJECT INDEX 541


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