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Gender, State, and Medicine in Highland Ecuador: Modernizing Women, Modernizing the State, 1895- 1950,9780822962090

Gender, State, and Medicine in Highland Ecuador: Modernizing Women, Modernizing the State, 1895- 1950

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780822962090

ISBN10:
0822962098
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/1/2012
Publisher(s):
UNIV OF PITTSBURGH PRESS
List Price: $27.95

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Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 1st edition with a publication date of 7/1/2012.
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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

Summary

In 1921 Matilde Hidalgo became the first woman physician to graduate from the Universidad Central in Quito, Ecuador. Hidalgo was also the first woman to vote in a national election and the first to hold public office. Author Kim Clark relates the stories of Matilde Hidalgo and other women who successfully challenged newly instituted Ecuadorian state programs in the wake of the Liberal Revolution of 1895. New laws, while they did not specifically outline women's rights, left loopholes wherein women could contest entry into education systems and certain professions and vote in elections. As Clark demonstrates, many of those who seized these opportunities were unattached women who were socially and economically disenfranchised. Political and social changes during the liberal period drew new groups into the workforce. Women found novel opportunities to pursue professions where they did not compete directly with men. Training women for work meant expanding secular education systems and normal schools. Healthcare initiatives were also introduced that employed and targeted women to reduce infant mortality, eradicate venereal diseases, and regulate prostitution. Many of these state programs attempted to control women's behavior under the guise of morality and honor. Yet highland Ecuadorian women used them to better their lives and to gain professional training, health care, employment, and political rights. As they engaged state programs and used them for their own purposes, these women became modernizers and agents of change, winning freedoms for themselves and future generations.

Author Biography

A. Kim Clark is associate professor of anthropology at the University of Western Ontario. She is the author of The Redemptive Work: Railway and Nation in Ecuador, 1895-1930, and coeditor of Highland Indians and the state in Modern Ecuador.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Gendered Experiences and State Formation in Highland Ecuadorp. 1
Gender, Class, and State in Child Protection Programs in Quitop. 33
Governing Sexuality and Diseasep. 78
Midwifery, Morality, and the Statep. 112
The Transformation of Ecuadorian Nursingp. 143
Conclusionp. 184
Notesp. 193
Bibliographyp. 235
Indexp. 247
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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