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Global Perspectives : A Handbook for Understanding Global Issues,9780136037729
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Global Perspectives : A Handbook for Understanding Global Issues



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Prentice Hall
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  • Global Perspectives: A Handbook For Understanding Global Issues
    Global Perspectives: A Handbook For Understanding Global Issues
  • Global Perspectives
    Global Perspectives
  • Global Perspectives : A Handbook for Understanding International Issues
    Global Perspectives : A Handbook for Understanding International Issues
  • Global Perspectives- (Value Pack w/MySearchLab)
    Global Perspectives- (Value Pack w/MySearchLab)
  • Mysearchlab


This book provides a multidisciplinary vocabulary for explaining general issues and trends facing the contemporary world involving cultural diversity, economic development, the natural environment, and international peace and violence. It affords equal time to the analysis of global issues using alternative perspectives.Eight major case studiesone for each of the central issues exploredencourage the application of concepts and perspectives presented in the narrative. These perspectives include Ethnicity and Global Diversity, Economic Development, Human Ecological Sustainability, World Ecology, and Peace and War.For individuals interested in an introduction to world issuesas they relate to anthropology, sociology, history, and political science.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Introduction to the Modern Worldp. 1
Perceptions of the Worldp. 2
The Physical Worldp. 2
The Political Worldp. 3
The Ethnic Worldp. 3
Emergence of the Modern Worldp. 3
The World in 1350p. 4
Early European Expansion: 1400s to Early 1600sp. 6
Later European Expansion: 1600s to Early 1900sp. 7
Definition of the Modern Statep. 9
Territoryp. 9
Governmentp. 10
A Loyal Populationp. 10
Recognition of Other Statesp. 11
Trends in the Post-World War II Worldp. 11
U.S. Leadershipp. 11
The Soviet Challengep. 13
The End of Colonialismp. 14
Increasing Interconnectionsp. 15
Globalizationp. 15
Exponential Increases in International Economic Transactionsp. 16
Integration of International/Global Economic Decision Makingp. 16
Strengthened Political International Governmental Organizationsp. 17
Increases in International Nongovernmental Contacts and Communicationp. 17
Terms and Conceptsp. 18
Discussion Questionsp. 19
Research Projectsp. 19
Internet Resourcesp. 19
Ethnicity and Global Diversityp. 20
Culture: The Definition of Humanityp. 21
Culture Changep. 22
Culture and Economic Adaptationsp. 24
Cultures, Subcultures, and Other Cultural Classificationsp. 26
Ethnic Groupsp. 26
Indigenous Peoplesp. 27
Immigrationp. 28
Racesp. 30
Sexp. 31
Genderp. 32
Religionsp. 33
Civilizationsp. 33
Classesp. 34
Reactions to Diversityp. 35
Ethocentrismp. 35
Cultural Relativityp. 35
Racism and Sexismp. 36
Case Study: Female Genital Surgeryp. 36
Ethnocentrismp. 40
Gender/Sexp. 40
Summaryp. 41
Terms and Conceptsp. 41
Discussion Questionsp. 42
Research Projectsp. 42
Internet Resourcesp. 42
Perspectives on Ethnicity and Global Diversityp. 44
Global Primacyp. 45
Assimilationp. 46
Acculturationp. 46
Syncretismp. 47
State Primacyp. 48
Patriotismp. 48
Subjugationp. 49
Paternalismp. 49
Critiques from the Global Primacy Perspectivep. 50
Cultural Primacyp. 51
Tolerancep. 51
Diversity Within Statesp. 52
Diversity Between Statesp. 52
Critiques from the Global Primacy and State Primary Perspectivesp. 54
Synthesisp. 54
Case Study: Nunavut: A New Territory for an Indigenous Nationp. 54
Foraging Culturesp. 55
Changesp. 56
Inuit Nationalismp. 57
The Territory of Nunavutp. 58
Analysisp. 59
Perspectives Applied to Nunavutp. 60
A View from the Global Primacy Perspectivep. 61
A View from the State Primacy Perspectivep. 62
A View from the Cultural Primacy Perspectivep. 63
Terms and Conceptsp. 64
Discussion Questionsp. 65
Research Projectsp. 65
Internet Resourcesp. 65
Economic Development and Structural Povertyp. 66
Defining the Issuep. 68
Underdevelopment: A Vicious Cyclep. 72
Dual Economyp. 72
Low Productivityp. 73
Insufficient Capitalp. 73
Lack of Human Servicesp. 74
The Colonial Legacyp. 76
Outside Interventionsp. 78
Tradep. 78
Aidp. 79
Private Investmentp. 79
Technical Assistancep. 80
Contributing Factorsp. 80
Insufficient Natural Resourcesp. 81
Explosive Population Growthp. 81
Lack of Social Cohesionp. 84
Corruptionp. 85
Case Study: Namibia as a Developing Countryp. 86
Political and Social Factorsp. 87
Interrelated, Structural Economic Factorsp. 88
External Sources of Capitalp. 91
Summaryp. 92
Terms and Conceptsp. 92
Discussion Questionsp. 92
Research Projectsp. 93
Internet Resourcesp. 93
Perspectives on Economic Developmentp. 94
Liberal Economicsp. 94
Comparative Advantagep. 95
Policies Neededp. 95
Dependencyp. 97
Structural Inequality-Neocolonialismp. 97
Government Interventionp. 98
International Economic Systemp. 99
Critique from the Liberal Economics Perspectivep. 101
Participatory Developmentp. 102
Local Decision Makingp. 103
Available Technologyp. 103
Environmental Compatibilityp. 104
Critiques from the Liberal Economics and Dependency Perspectivesp. 105
Case Study: From Peasants to Farmers-Development in the Peruvian Highlandsp. 106
A Tale of Two Irrigation Channelsp. 107
Local Initiativep. 108
Summaryp. 110
The Three Economic Perspectives Applied to the Case Studyp. 110
A View from the Liberal Economics Perspectivep. 110
A View from the Dependency Perspectivep. 111
A View from the Participatory Development Perspectivep. 111
Terms and Conceptsp. 112
Discussion Questionsp. 112
Research Projectsp. 113
Internet Resourcesp. 113
Health of the Planet: Health of the Peoplep. 114
Ecosystems: The Nature of Environmentp. 114
Interrelationship of Environmental Systemsp. 115
Humans and the Environmentp. 116
Foragingp. 116
Pastoralismp. 117
Farmingp. 117
Industrialismp. 117
Threats to Critical Resourcesp. 118
Airp. 118
Waterp. 122
Landp. 124
Plants and Animalsp. 126
Resources in Balancep. 129
Human Healthp. 129
Diseasesp. 129
Healthcarep. 131
Malnutritionp. 132
Case Study: Brazil and the Tropical Rain Forestp. 133
Amazonian Environmentp. 134
Economic Uses of the Amazonp. 135
Indigenous Peoplesp. 137
Analysisp. 139
Terms and Conceptsp. 139
Discussion Questionsp. 140
Research Projectsp. 140
Internet Resourcesp. 140
Perspectives on Global Healthp. 141
High-Technology Perspectivep. 142
Shared-Technology Perspectivep. 145
Critique from the High-Technology Perspectivep. 146
Appropriate-Technology Perspectivep. 147
Critiques from the High-Technology and Shared-Technology Perspectivesp. 149
Case Study: New Epidemicsp. 150
Perils of a Global Ecosystemp. 151
Humans and Animals in the New Ecosystemp. 153
Bioterrorism: Poisoning the Ecosystemp. 155
Perspectives on the New Epidemicsp. 156
A View from the High-Technology Perspectivep. 156
A View from the Shared-Technology Perspectivep. 158
A View from the Appropriate-Technology Perspectivep. 159
Terms and Conceptsp. 160
Discussion Questionsp. 161
Research Projectsp. 161
Internet Resourcesp. 161
Peace and Warp. 162
Anarchic Nature of the International Systemp. 163
Sovereigntyp. 164
International Anarchyp. 164
Powerp. 165
Interconnected Nature of the International Systemp. 166
Model of Peace and Warp. 169
War Strategiesp. 170
Balance-of-Power Strategiesp. 176
International-Rule-of-Law Strategiesp. 180
Case Study: Gulf Wars I and IIp. 184
Macro Factors Causing the Warsp. 184
Micro Analysisp. 187
Legacyp. 188
Terms and Conceptsp. 189
Discussion Questionsp. 189
Research Projectsp. 190
Internet Resourcesp. 190
Perspectives on Peace and Warp. 191
State Sovereigntyp. 192
Deterrence and Military Power Paradoxesp. 193
World Orderp. 194
One Worldp. 194
Functional Interdependencep. 195
U.S. Leadershipp. 195
World Governmentp. 195
Critique from the State-Sovereignty Perspectivep. 196
Ethnic Autonomyp. 196
Critiques from the State-Sovereignty and World-Order Perspectivesp. 198
Case Study: The War in Bosnia-Three Peoples in Search of a Statep. 198
A Tangle of Participantsp. 199
The Dayton Accordp. 205
Analysisp. 209
Peace and War Perspectives Applied to the War in Bosniap. 210
A View from the State Sovereignty Perspectivep. 210
A View from the World Order Perspectivep. 212
A View from the Ethnic Autonomy Perspectivep. 213
Terms and Conceptsp. 215
Discussion Questionsp. 215
Research Projectsp. 215
Internet Resourcesp. 215
Glossaryp. 217
References Citedp. 227
Indexp. 234
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