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Global Perspectives : A Handbook for Understanding International Issues,9780138523930

Global Perspectives : A Handbook for Understanding International Issues

by ;
ISBN13:

9780138523930

ISBN10:
0138523932
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div
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Summary

Suitable for courses in International Relations, this book provides a multidisciplinary vocabulary for explaining general issues and trends facing the contemporary world involving cultural diversity, economic development, the natural environment, and international peace and violence. It affords equal time to the analysis of global issues using alternative perspectives. Four major case studiesone for each of the four central issues exploredencourage the application of concepts and perspectives presented in the narrative. It is the perfect compliment to any introductory IR text.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
A NOTE TO READERS ix(2)
A NOTE TO INSTRUCTORS xi(1)
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xii
1 Introduction to the Modern World
1(15)
PERCEPTIONS OF THE WORLD
1(2)
The Physical World
2(1)
The Political World
2(1)
The Ethnic World
2(1)
EMERGENCE OF THE MODERN WORLD
3(4)
The World in 1350
3(2)
European Expansion (1400-1900)
5(2)
DEFINITION OF THE MODERN STATE
7(2)
TRENDS OF THE POST WORLD WAR II WORLD
9(5)
US Leadership
9(2)
The Soviet Challenge
11(1)
The End of Colonialism
12(1)
Increasing Interconnections
13(1)
TERMS AND CONCEPTS
14(1)
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
15(1)
RESEARCH PROJECTS
15(1)
INTERNET RESOURCES
15(1)
2 Ethnicity and Global Diversity
16(21)
CULTURE: THE DEFINITION OF HUMANITY
17(13)
Culture
17(1)
Cultural Change
17(3)
Culture and Economic Adaptation
20(2)
Cultures, Subcultures, and other Classifications
22(6)
Reactions to Diversity
28(2)
CASE STUDY Nunavut: A New Territory for an Indigenous Nation
30(5)
The Inuit of Nunavut
35(1)
Analysis
35(1)
TERMS AND CONCEPTS
35(1)
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
36(1)
RESEARCH PROJECTS
36(1)
INTERNET RESOURCES
36(1)
3 Perspectives on Ethnicity and Global Diversity
37(16)
GLOBAL UNITY
38(3)
Assimilation
39(1)
Acculturation
39(1)
Syncretism
40(1)
Subjugation
40(1)
Paternalism
40(1)
STATE PRIMACY
41(2)
Patriotism
42(1)
State Power
42(1)
Critique from the Global Unity Perspective
43(1)
CULTURAL PLURALISM
43(4)
Tolerance
44(3)
Critiques from the Global Unity and State Primacy Perspectives
47(1)
Synthesis
47(1)
CULTURAL DIVERSITY PERSPECTIVES APPLIED TO NUNAVUT
47(4)
Matrix 3.1: Cultural Diversity Perspectives
48(1)
A View from the Global Unity Perspective
48(1)
A View from the State Primacy Perspective
49(1)
A View from the Cultural Pluralism Perspective
50(1)
TERMS AND CONCEPTS
51(1)
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
52(1)
RESEARCH PROJECTS
52(1)
INTERNET RESOURCES
52(1)
4 Economic Development
53(32)
THE DEVELOPING WORLD
55(17)
Underdevelopment: A Vicious Cycle
59(3)
The Colonial Legacy
62(2)
Outside Interventions
64(3)
Other Factors
67(5)
THE INDUSTRIAL WORLD
72(7)
Trade Issues
73(1)
Monetary Issues
74(3)
Relations Between Industrialized and Developing Countries
77(2)
CASE STUDY From Peasants to Farmers: Development in the Peruvian Highlands
79(4)
A Tale of Two Canals
79(2)
Local Initiative
81(1)
Analysis
82(1)
TERMS AND CONCEPTS
83(1)
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
83(1)
RESEARCH PROJECTS
83(1)
INTERNET RESOURCES
84(1)
5 Perspectives on Economic Development
85(16)
LIBERAL ECONOMICS
85(3)
Comparative Advantage
86(1)
Needed Policies
87(1)
DEPENDENCY
88(5)
Structural Inequality: Neocolonialism
88(1)
Government Intervention
89(1)
The International Economic System
90(2)
A Critique from the Liberal Economics Perspective
92(1)
PARTICIPATORY DEVELOPMENT
93(3)
Local Decision Making
94(1)
Available Technology
95(1)
Environmental Compatibility
95(1)
Critiques from the Liberal Economics and Dependency Perspectives
95(1)
ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES APPLIED TO DEVELOPMENT IN THE PERUVIAN HIGHLANDS
96(3)
A View from the Liberal Economics Perspective
96(1)
Matrix 5.1: Economic Development Perspectives
97(1)
A View from the Dependency Perspective
98(1)
A View from the Participatory Development Perspective
98(1)
TERMS AND CONDITIONS
99(1)
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
99(1)
RESEARCH PROJECTS
100(1)
INTERNET RESOURCES
100(1)
6 Human Ecological Sustainability
101(28)
ECOSYSTEMS: THE NATURE OF ENVIRONMENT
101(2)
The Interrelationship of Environmental Systems
102(1)
HUMANS AND THE ENVIRONMENT
103(2)
Foraging
103(1)
Pastoralism
104(1)
Agriculturalism
104(1)
Industrialism
104(1)
THREATS TO CRITICAL RESOURCES
105(11)
Air
105(3)
Water
108(3)
Land
111(2)
Plants and Animals
113(2)
Resources in Balance
115(1)
HUMAN HEALTH ISSUES
116(5)
Disease
116(3)
Health Care
119(1)
Malnutrition
120(1)
CASE STUDY Brazil and the Tropical Rainforest
121(6)
Amazonian Environment
122(1)
Economic Uses of the Amazon
123(2)
Indigenous Peoples
125(1)
Health Conditions
126(1)
Analysis
126(1)
TERMS AND CONCEPTS
127(1)
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
127(1)
RESEARCH PROJECTS
127(1)
INTERNET RESOURCES
128(1)
7 Perspectives on Human Ecological Sustainability
129(15)
HIGH TECHNOLOGY
130(3)
SHARED TECHNOLOGY
133(2)
A Critique from the High Technology Perspective
134(1)
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
135(2)
Critiques from the High Technology and Shared Technology Perspectives
137(1)
ECOLOGY PERSPECTIVES APPLIED TO THE RAINFORESTS OF THE BRAZILIAN AMAZON
137(4)
Matrix 7.1: Ecology Perspective
138(1)
A View from the High Technology Perspective
138(1)
A View from the Shared Technology Perspective
139(1)
A View from the Appropriate Technology Perspective
140(1)
TERMS AND CONCEPTS
141(1)
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
142(1)
RESEARCH PROJECTS
142(1)
INTERNET RESOURCES
143(1)
8 Peace and War
144(32)
THE NATURE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM
146(5)
Sovereignty
146(1)
International Anarchy
147(1)
Power Defined
148(1)
Politics and Power
149(1)
Interest and Power
150(1)
Perceptual Selectivity
150(1)
A MODEL OF PEACE AND WAR
151(12)
The Strategies of War
151(3)
Balance-of-Power Strategy
154(4)
International Rule of Law
158(5)
CASE STUDY The War in Bosnia: Three Peoples in Search of a State
163(11)
A Tangle of Participants
163(7)
The Dayton Accord
170(3)
Analysis
173(1)
TERMS AND CONCEPTS
174(1)
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
174(1)
RESEARCH PROJECTS
174(1)
INTERNET RESOURCES
175(1)
9 Perspectives on Peace and War
176(14)
STATE SOVEREIGNTY
177(2)
Deterrence
178(1)
WORLD ORDER
179(3)
A Critique from the State Sovereignty Perspective
182(1)
ETHNIC AUTONOMY
182(2)
Critiques from the State Sovereignty and World Order Perspectives
183(1)
PEACE AND WAR PERSPECTIVES APPLIED TO THE WAR IN BOSNIA
184(4)
A View from the State Sovereignty Perspective
184(1)
Matrix 9.1: Peace and War Perspectives
185(1)
A View from the World Order Perspective
186(1)
A View from the Ethnic Autonomy Perspective
187(1)
TERMS AND CONCEPTS
188(1)
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
189(1)
RESEARCH PROJECTS
189(1)
INTERNET RESOURCES
189(1)
10 A Postscript
190(3)
Glossary 193(8)
References Cited 201(4)
Index 205


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