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Global Sociology : Introducing Five Contemporary Societies,9780072997521

Global Sociology : Introducing Five Contemporary Societies

by ;
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780072997521

ISBN10:
0072997524
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/11/2005
Publisher(s):
McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
List Price: $67.34

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Summary

An effective supplement to any standard sociology text, this broad and comprehensive sociological description of five diverse contemporary societies with wide geographic distribution - Japan, Mexico, Egypt, Germany, and the Bushmen of Namibia - is organized around basic sociological topics: culture, social structure, and group life, socialization, deviance, social institutions, social stratification, and social change. Fictional vignettes of individuals in each country help students experience first-person viewpoints on life in five very different societies. By comparing other societies with their own, students read about the range of social variation, learn what makes their own society distinctive, and gain a unique and fascinating vantage point on what sociology offers in a world of rapid social change.

Table of Contents

LIST OF TABLES xv
INTRODUCTION: TO THE STUDENT xvii
PREFACE: TO THE INSTRUCTOR xxi
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xxv
1. Japan: The Importance of Belonging 3(70)
Introduction
3(1)
Japan's History
3(3)
Japanese Culture
6(11)
The Value of Belonging
6(3)
The Value of Harmony
9(1)
The Value of Maintaining Relationships
10(1)
The Value of Conformity
11(1)
The Values of Loyalty, Duty, and Self-Sacrifice
12(1)
Another Value Cluster: The Value of Achievement
13(1)
The Value of Perseverance
13(1)
Japanese Norms
14(2)
Religion and Japanese Culture
16(1)
Social Structure and Group Life
17(6)
Group Life in Modern Japan
18(5)
Socialization
23(4)
The Process of Socialization: Explicit Instruction
23(1)
Role Models Aid Socialization
24(1)
Ceremonies Support Socialization
24(1)
Defining the Situation
24(2)
Socialization in the Workplace
26(1)
Deviance in a Demanding Society
27(12)
Low Levels of Deviance
27(1)
Effective Social Controls: Control Theory
28(4)
Defining Deviance: Labeling Theory
32(3)
How Strain Theory Accounts for Deviance
35(4)
Gender Roles: A Focus for Rebellion
39(9)
Traditional Gender Roles for Women
39(3)
Young Women Challenge Traditional Roles
42(1)
Older Women Rebel
43(2)
Japanese Men: Trouble with Roles
45(2)
Men Respond: Ritualism, Retreatism, and Rebellion
47(1)
Social Inequality in Japan: Class, Status, and Power
48(12)
A History of Change
49(1)
Class Inequality in Japan Today
50(4)
Status Inequality in Japan: Minority Groups
54(3)
Inequalities of Power in Japan Today
57(3)
Social Change and the Future
60(3)
The Individualists
61(1)
The Neonationalists
62(1)
Japan and Asia
63(3)
THINKING SOCIOLOGICALLY
66(1)
FOR FURTHER READING
66(1)
BIBLIOGRAPHY
67(6)
2. Mexico: Nation of Networks 73(66)
Introduction
73(1)
Understanding Mexico: The Conflict Perspective
74(1)
Mexican History
74(4)
The Pre-Columbian Period (c. 300 B.C.-A.D. 1519)
74(1)
The Colonial Period (1519-1810)
75(1)
The Modern Period (1810-Present)
76(2)
Mexican Culture
78(8)
Catholicism in Mexican Culture
79(4)
A Culture of Opposites
83(3)
Social Structure and Group Life
86(4)
Social Networks in Mexican Society
87(2)
Social Groups in Mexican Society: The Household
89(1)
Social Institutions
90(19)
Mexican Social Institutions: The Family
90(5)
Mexican Political Institutions: The Patronage System and Democracy
95(6)
Deviance and Legitimacy
101(3)
Building the Institutions of Democracy
104(5)
Social Inequality
109(11)
Racial Inequality in Mexican Society
109(2)
Class Inequality in Mexican Society
111(9)
Social Change and Mexico's Poor
120(8)
Protectionist Mexico
120(1)
The New "Free-Market" Mexico
121(4)
Globalization and Migration
125(1)
Migration and Mexican Politics
126(1)
Globalization and the Environment
127(1)
The Future
128(1)
THINKING SOCIOLOGICALLY
128(1)
FOR FURTHER READING
129(1)
BIBLIOGRAPHY
129(10)
3. The Bushmen of Namibia: Ancient Culture in a New Nation 139(138)
Introduction
139(5)
Who Are the Bushmen?
140(2)
The Bushmen and Prehistory
142(2)
History of the Bushmen
144(4)
Settlers and the Bushmen
145(1)
The Colonial Era in Namibia
145(2)
The Fate of Hunter/Gatherers
147(1)
Part I: Bushman Culture: A Design for Living
148(8)
Nyae Nyae: 1957
148(3)
A Flexible Culture
151(1)
How Hard Is the Foraging Life?
152(4)
Social Structure and Group Life
156(7)
Authority and Anarchy
157(1)
The Family: Putting Flexibility First
157(1)
The Band: Linking Families
158(1)
Kinship: Elaborating Connections
159(2)
Roles: Focusing on Gender
161(2)
Social Inequality
163(2)
Gender Inequality
164(1)
Deviance and Social Control
165(4)
Deviance and Social Interaction
166(3)
Socialization
169(6)
Childhood Socialization
169(2)
Rites of Passage to Adulthood
171(2)
New Roles in Maturity
173(2)
Part II: Social Change and The Future: The Postcolonial Era
175(19)
The Liberation Struggle
176(1)
Independent Namibia
177(4)
The Bushmen in Modern Namibia
181(1)
The Lucky Ones: The Ju/'hoansi of Bushmanland
181(5)
Landless Bushmen: The Hai/tom
186(3)
The Future of the Bushmen
189(3)
Namibia: Challenges for the Future
192(2)
THINKING SOCIOLOGICALLY
194(1)
FOR FURTHER READING
195(1)
BIBLIOGRAPHY
195(6)
4. Egypt: Faith, Gender, and Class
201(76)
Introduction
201(2)
Egypt's History
203(6)
The Pharaonic Period
204(1)
Greek and Roman Empires
204(1)
The Arab/Islamic Conquest
205(1)
Islamic Civilization
206(1)
European Colonialism
206(1)
An Independent Egypt
207(2)
Egypt Today
209(1)
Egyptian Culture
209(10)
Egypt's Islamic Beliefs, Norms, and Values
210(7)
The Value of Community in Egyptian Culture
217(1)
The Value of Generosity in Egyptian Culture
218(1)
The Value of Honor
219(1)
Deviance and Social Control
219(11)
Formal and Informal Controls
220(2)
Social Groups and Social Controls in the Countryside
222(5)
Social Groups and Social Controls in the City
227(3)
Islam and Social Controls
230(1)
Social Inequality in Egypt
230(14)
Class Inequality
231(10)
Racial Inequality
241(1)
Religious Inequality
242(2)
Social Change and the Future
244(24)
Economic Change
244(3)
Population Change
247(1)
Changes in Gender Roles
248(12)
Political Change
260(8)
THINKING SOCIOLOGICALLY
268(1)
FOR FURTHER READING
268(1)
BIBLIOGRAPHY
269(8)
5. Germany: Social Institutions and Social Change in a Modern Western Society 277
Introduction
277(4)
Social Change Today: Reunification
279(2)
German History: Central Themes
281(3)
Centralized Power versus Localized Power
281(1)
Authoritarianism versus Democracy
282(1)
Welfare Capitalism versus Socialism
283(1)
German Culture: Continuity and Change
284(7)
Order
284(1)
Obedience
284(1)
Seriousness
285(3)
Divergent Values in East and West
288(3)
Social Institutions of the Two Germanys
291(25)
Bureaucracy
291(1)
The Capitalist Economy in West Germany
292(2)
German-Style Capitalism
294(2)
The Socialist Economy in East Germany
296(2)
German-Style Socialism
298(3)
Inequality in East and West
301(3)
Representative Democracy in West Germany
304(2)
Authoritarian Government in East Germany
306(4)
The Welfare State
310(2)
Educational Institutions
312(4)
Deviance and Social Control
316(9)
Totalitarian Social Controls
316(5)
Deviance and Social Control in the Federal Republic
321(1)
Political Deviance in the Berlin Republic
322(3)
Social Change and the Future
325(16)
Collective Behavior and Social Movements
327(1)
Reunification and Institutional Change
328(1)
Reunification and Cultural Change
329(12)
Germany Today: Life in the Berlin Republic
334(7)
THINKING SOCIOLOGICALLY
341(1)
FOR FURTHER READING
341(1)
BIBLIOGRAPHY
342
INDEX I-I


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