9780199366354

A Global View of Race and Racism

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780199366354

  • ISBN10:

    0199366357

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 8/22/2016
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

A Global View of Race and Racism is the only text currently on the market that explores race and racism from a global perspective. With a clear and direct writing style, author Judy Root Aulette places an emphasis on sociological concepts as an organizing factor. Featuring nine short chapters focused on a broad range of nations around the world, this brief text examines central concepts and issues in racial/ethnic studies including apartheid, assimilation, colonialism, multi-ethnicity, caste, ethnonationalism, white frames, genocide, migration, and affirmative action. Each chapter discusses the ways in which racist structures and practices have been or are being challenged. Chapters also include critical thinking questions and highlighted key concepts and terms, which are summarized in a glossary at the end of the book.

Author Biography


Judy Root Aulette is Professor in the Department of Sociology and the Women's and Gender Studies Program at UNC-Charlotte. She is coauthor, with Judith Wittner, of Gendered Worlds, Third Edition (OUP, 2014); coauthor, with Anna Aulette-Root and Floretta Boonzaier, of South African Women Living with HIV: Global Lessons from Local Voices (2013); coauthor, with Katherine Carter, of Cape Verdean Women and Globalization: The Politics of Gender, Culture, and Resistance (2009); and author of Changing American Families, Third Edition (2010).

Table of Contents


Each chapter includes Concepts and Terms and Critical Thinking Questions

Chapter 1. Introduction to a Global View of Race and Racism
Introductory Tools
What is Race?
A Question of Power
What are Racism and White Privilege?
Box 1.1 Examples of White Privilege
Social Theory
Theories about Race/Ethnicity
Intersectionality Theory
The Global Character of Race/Ethnicity

Chapter 2. The Myth of Biological Races and the Social Construction of Race/Ethnicities
Biology of Race
The History of the Search for Race by Scientists
Geneticists on Race among Humans
Box 2.1Census Options for Race/Ethnicity around the World
Box 2.2 Medical Myths about Race and Illness
The Human Genome Project
The Social Construction of Race/Ethnicity
What is the Difference between Race and Ethnicity?
What Lies Beneath?
The Economics of Capitalism

Chapter 3. Colonial Origins of the Concept of Race/Ethnicity: Slavery and Tribalism
Where did the idea of Race come from?
Justifying Slavery
Transatlantic Slave Trade
Box 3.1 Contested Heritage: African and African American perspectives on the Elmina
Castle and Dungeon
Resistance to Slavery
Enslaved Women and Resistance to Slavery in the U.S.
Tribalism and Colonialism
Box 3.2 The Treaty of Berlin
Box 3.3 Rwanda Genocide

Chapter 4. The Caste System in India
Castes in India
Colonialism and Caste
The Doctor and the Saint
The Caste System is Illegal
Caste Beyond India
Caste and Racism
NCDHR(National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights)
Four Theories
Gunnar Myrdal
B. R. Ambedkar
Oliver Cox
World Conference Against Racism (WCAR)

Chapter 5. Segregation/Apartheid in South Africa and Israel
The Making of Apartheid in South Africa
British and Dutch Vying for Control of South Africa
Box 4.1 Some examples of apartheid rules, punishable by whippings, fines and imprisonment in South Africa in 1976
Homelands and Removals
Building a System of Racial/Ethnic Segregation
De Jure and De Facto Segregation
Maintaining the Apartheid System
The Revolution to Abolish Apartheid
Building a New Society
Box 4.2 Truth and Reconciliation
Box 4.3 International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid (Articles I-III)Apartheid in Israel

Chapter 6. Migration, Racial/Ethnic Minorities and Injustice
Colonialism and the Creation of Middleman Minorities
Indians in Uganda and Hong Kong
Bonacich's Theory of Middleman Minorities
Comparing Indonesia and Malaysia
Britain Becomes Multicultural
Multicultural Drift
Box 6.1 Interculturalism in Canada
Migration Today: Irregular and Transnational
Box 6.2 Remittances
NAFTA (North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement)
Chains of Care
Box 6.3 Colonial Mentality

Chapter 7. Ethnonationalism, Monoethnicity, and the Shoah
The Myth of Monoethnic Japan
Domestic/Indigenous Minority Groups
Old Foreigners
Nihonjinron ("Japaneseness")
Historical Origins of the Myth of Homogeneity and Contemporary Racism in Japan
Activists Respond
Box 7. 1 UN Recommendations on Immigrant Rights in Japan
Ethnonationalism
A Calamity Almost beyond Comprehension (Dubois 1945 p. 70)
Box 7.2 Roma in Europe
The Silent Majority
Recognizing Human Rights

Chapter 8. The Color Factor: Highlighting Brazil and the Dominican Republic
From Slavery to Racial/Ethnic Democracy
Miscegenation
Box 8.1 Whitening/Blanqueamiento
White Racial Frame
Color Lines in Brazil
Anti-Haitianism in the Dominican Republic
Affirmative Action in Brazil
Is Affirmative Action Reverse Discrimination?
The Color Line
Looking Beyond the U.S.

Chapter 9. Indigenous Peoples
Who are Indigenous Peoples?
Indigenous Peoples of Australia
Box 9.1 Time Line for Indigenous Rights
Stolen Generation
Box 9.2 Apology to the Australian Aborigines
Indigenous People in Canada
Indigenous People in Vietnam
Box 9.3 Values embedded in the nation building of Vietnam by the Vietnamese Communist Party
Doi Moi
Box 9.4 China, a Nation with no Officially Indigenous Peoples
Genocide
Environmental Racism and Resistance in Ogoniland, Nigeria
Defining Environmental Racism
Indigenous Global Activism
Sustainability

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