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A Global View of Race and Racism is the only text currently on the market that explores race and racism from a global perspective. With a clear and direct writing style, author Judy Root Aulette places an emphasis on sociological concepts as an organizing factor. Featuring nine short chapters focused on a broad range of nations around the world, this brief text examines central concepts and issues in racial/ethnic studies including apartheid, assimilation, colonialism, multi-ethnicity, caste, ethnonationalism, white frames, genocide, migration, and affirmative action. Each chapter discusses the ways in which racist structures and practices have been or are being challenged. Chapters also include critical thinking questions and highlighted key concepts and terms, which are summarized in a glossary at the end of the book.
Judy Root Aulette is Professor in the Department of Sociology and the Women's and Gender Studies Program at UNC-Charlotte. She is coauthor, with Judith Wittner, of Gendered Worlds, Third Edition (OUP, 2014); coauthor, with Anna Aulette-Root and Floretta Boonzaier, of South African Women Living withHIV: Global Lessons from Local Voices (2013); coauthor, with Katherine Carter, of Cape Verdean Women and Globalization: The Politics of Gender, Culture, and Resistance (2009); and author of Changing American Families, Third Edition (2010).
Table of Contents
Each chapter includesConcepts and Terms and Critical Thinking Questions
Chapter 1. Introduction to a Global View of Race and Racism Introductory Tools What is Race? A Question of Power What are Racism and White Privilege? Box 1.1 Examples of White Privilege Social Theory Theories about Race/Ethnicity Intersectionality Theory The Global Character of Race/Ethnicity
Chapter 2. The Myth of Biological Races and the Social Construction of Race/Ethnicities Biology of Race The History of the Search for Race by Scientists Geneticists on Race among Humans Box 2.1Census Options for Race/Ethnicity around the World Box 2.2 Medical Myths about Race and Illness The Human Genome Project The Social Construction of Race/Ethnicity What is the Difference between Race and Ethnicity? What Lies Beneath? The Economics of Capitalism
Chapter 3. Colonial Origins of the Concept of Race/Ethnicity: Slavery and Tribalism Where did the idea of Race come from? Justifying Slavery Transatlantic Slave Trade Box 3.1 Contested Heritage: African and African American perspectives on the Elmina Castle and Dungeon Resistance to Slavery Enslaved Women and Resistance to Slavery in the U.S. Tribalism and Colonialism Box 3.2 The Treaty of Berlin Box 3.3 Rwanda Genocide
Chapter 4. The Caste System in India Castes in India Colonialism and Caste The Doctor and the Saint The Caste System is Illegal Caste Beyond India Caste and Racism NCDHR(National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights) Four Theories Gunnar Myrdal B. R. Ambedkar Oliver Cox World Conference Against Racism (WCAR)
Chapter 5. Segregation/Apartheid in South Africa and Israel The Making of Apartheid in South Africa British and Dutch Vying for Control of South Africa Box 4.1 Some examples of apartheid rules, punishable by whippings, fines and imprisonment in South Africa in 1976 Homelands and Removals Building a System of Racial/Ethnic Segregation De Jure and De Facto Segregation Maintaining the Apartheid System The Revolution to Abolish Apartheid Building a New Society Box 4.2 Truth and Reconciliation Box 4.3 International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid (Articles I-III)Apartheid in Israel
Chapter 6. Migration, Racial/Ethnic Minorities and Injustice Colonialism and the Creation of Middleman Minorities Indians in Uganda and Hong Kong Bonacich's Theory of Middleman Minorities Comparing Indonesia and Malaysia Britain Becomes Multicultural Multicultural Drift Box 6.1 Interculturalism in Canada Migration Today: Irregular and Transnational Box 6.2 Remittances NAFTA (North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement) Chains of Care Box 6.3 Colonial Mentality
Chapter 7. Ethnonationalism, Monoethnicity, and the Shoah The Myth of Monoethnic Japan Domestic/Indigenous Minority Groups Old Foreigners Nihonjinron ("Japaneseness") Historical Origins of the Myth of Homogeneity and Contemporary Racism in Japan Activists Respond Box 7. 1 UN Recommendations on Immigrant Rights in Japan Ethnonationalism A Calamity Almost beyond Comprehension (Dubois 1945 p. 70) Box 7.2 Roma in Europe The Silent Majority Recognizing Human Rights
Chapter 8. The Color Factor: Highlighting Brazil and the Dominican Republic From Slavery to Racial/Ethnic Democracy Miscegenation Box 8.1 Whitening/Blanqueamiento White Racial Frame Color Lines in Brazil Anti-Haitianism in the Dominican Republic Affirmative Action in Brazil Is Affirmative Action Reverse Discrimination? The Color Line Looking Beyond the U.S.
Chapter 9. Indigenous Peoples Who are Indigenous Peoples? Indigenous Peoples of Australia Box 9.1 Time Line for Indigenous Rights Stolen Generation Box 9.2 Apology to the Australian Aborigines Indigenous People in Canada Indigenous People in Vietnam Box 9.3 Values embedded in the nation building of Vietnam by the Vietnamese Communist Party Doi Moi Box 9.4 China, a Nation with no Officially Indigenous Peoples Genocide Environmental Racism and Resistance in Ogoniland, Nigeria Defining Environmental Racism Indigenous Global Activism Sustainability