9780205306558

Grammar and Usage in the Classroom

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780205306558

  • ISBN10:

    0205306551

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 9/6/2000
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

Grammar and Usage in the Classroom addresses prospective English teachers who need both to learn basic grammar themselves and to prepare themselves to successfully teach grammar.Based on the author's extensive work with school districts, in-service teachers, and hundreds of his own students, the second edition has been thoroughly revised and reorganized into three parts: Grammar; Usage; and A Glossary of Grammatical Terms. The grammar opens with a chapter on the current state of teaching grammar and usage; presents traditional school grammar; and, in the last grammar chapter, introduces a modern descriptive grammar to analyze verb complements.For elementary and secondary teachers and English majors.

Table of Contents

To the Instructor ix
To the Student xi
PART 1 Grammar 1(302)
Teaching Grammar and Usage
3(15)
Grammar
5(4)
Some Suggestions about Teaching Grammar
9(1)
Usage
9(9)
Causes of Usage Errors
11(2)
What Can We Do to Help Students Eliminate Usage Errors?
13(2)
Teaching Grammar and Usage to Non-Native Speakers
15(3)
Parts of Speech
18(53)
Nouns
20(6)
Identifying Common Nouns
21(5)
Adjectives
26(8)
Determiners
28(1)
Descriptive Adjectives
29(5)
Pronouns
34(15)
Personal Pronouns
34(7)
Reflexive Pronouns
41(4)
Indefinite Pronouns
45(2)
Demonstrative Pronouns
47(2)
Verbs
49(6)
Present Tense
50(1)
Past Tense
51(2)
Future Tense
53(2)
Adverbs
55(6)
Adverbs that Modify Verbs
55(3)
Adverbs that Modify Adjectives
58(2)
Adverbs that Modify Other Adverbs
60(1)
Prepositions
61(2)
Conjunctions
63(2)
Review
65(6)
Nouns
65(1)
Adjectives
66(1)
Pronouns
66(1)
Verbs
67(1)
Adverbs
67(1)
Conjunctions
68(3)
Basic Sentences and Their Diagrams
71(44)
Defining Sentence
71(3)
A Sentence Is a Group of Words Expressing a Complete Thought.
71(3)
A Sentence contains a Subject and a Predicate.
74(1)
Subject
74(4)
Predicate
78(3)
Verb Complements
81(1)
Linking Verbs and Their Complements
82(10)
Common Linking Verbs
82(2)
All Linking Verbs Describe the Subject
84(1)
Linking Verbs Have Distinctive Complements
85(6)
Review of Linking Verbs and Their Complements
91(1)
Action Verbs and Their Complements
92(8)
Review of Action Verbs and Their Complements
98(2)
Summary
100(4)
Classifying Sentences by Purpose
104(1)
Diagramming the Basic Sentence
105(10)
Verb Forms, ``Tense,'' and Helping Verbs
115(39)
Verb Forms
115(10)
Base Form
116(2)
Present Tense
118(1)
Past Tense
119(1)
Infinitive
120(1)
Present Participle
120(1)
Past Participle
121(4)
``Tense''
125(5)
Present and Past Tense
127(3)
Helping-Verb Constructions
130(24)
Modals
131(2)
Perfect
133(7)
The Progressive
140(4)
The Passive
144(3)
Chaining Together Complex Verb Constructions
147(3)
Combining Complex Verb Structures with the Passive
150(2)
Review of Multiple Complex Verb Constructions
152(2)
Phrases
154(61)
Noun Phrases
155(1)
Prepositional Phrases
156(15)
Adjective Phrases
158(3)
Adverb Phrases
161(5)
Review of Prepositional Phrases
166(2)
Diagramming Prepositional Phrases
168(3)
Appositive Phrases
171(5)
Diagramming Appositive Phrases
174(2)
Verbal Phrases
176(33)
Gerund Phrases
176(7)
Participles and Participial Phrases
183(10)
Infinitive Phrases
193(16)
Chapter Review
209(6)
Clauses
215(52)
Independent Clauses
215(1)
Dependent Clauses
216(44)
Adjective (Relative) Clauses
216(14)
Adverb Clauses
230(14)
Noun Clauses
244(16)
Sentences Classified According to Structure
260(3)
Simple Sentences
260(1)
Compound Sentences
260(3)
Complex Sentences
263(1)
Compound-Complex Sentences
263(1)
Chapter Review
263(4)
Adjective Clauses
263(1)
Adverb Clauses
264(1)
Noun Clauses
264(1)
Sentences Classified According to Structure
265(2)
Redefining Verb Complements
267(36)
Examples of Main Verbs That Take Adverbs and Prepositions as Complements
268(2)
Adverb
268(1)
Adverbial of Place
269(1)
Particular Prepositions
269(1)
Survey of Verb Complements
270(29)
Complements of Verbs with No More than a Single Complement
270(6)
Verbs with More than One Complement
276(9)
Complements of Phrasal Verbs
285(14)
Chapter Review
299(4)
PART II Usage 303(73)
Guide to Usage Topics
303(1)
Index of Usage Topics
303(2)
Usage Topics
305(71)
Apostrophes
305(13)
Articles (ESL)
318(15)
Comma Splices
333(1)
Commas and Appositives
333(2)
Commas and Adjective Clauses
335(1)
Commas and Coordinate Adjectives
335(4)
Commas and Coordinating Conjunctions
339(3)
Commas and Introductory Elements
342(3)
Conjunctive Adverbs
345(1)
Dangling Modifiers
345(4)
Fragments
349(2)
Fused Sentences
351(1)
Participles Used as Adjectives (ESL)
351(3)
Progressive Usage (ESL)
354(2)
Pronoun Errors: I/me; we/us; he/him; she/her; they/them
356(4)
Pronoun Errors: who and whom
360(3)
Run-on Sentences (also Comma Splices and Fused Sentences)
363(4)
Subject-Verb Agreement
367(9)
PART III Glossary of Grammar Terms 376(14)
Answers to Exercises 390(154)
Index 544

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