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How to Study in College,9780618046720

How to Study in College

by Unknown
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780618046720

ISBN10:
0618046720
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/18/2000
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $54.33
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Table of Contents

To the Instructor of the Seventh Edition xvii
To the Student xxiii
Setting Goals---A Self-Management Skill
1(24)
Don't Follow the Crowd; Think for Yourself
3(1)
Shaping Your Future Through Goals
4(4)
What Is the Best Way to Become a Success?
5(1)
What Is the Role of a Goal?
5(1)
What Kinds of Things Could Be Considered Goals?
6(1)
Do Smaller Goals Have Any Use?
7(1)
How Do You Choose Your Major Goal?
7(1)
How Large Should a Major Goal Be?
7(1)
What Should You Do with Your Goal Once You've Chosen It?
8(1)
Are You Stuck with a Goal Until You Reach It?
8(1)
Goals: Think Quality, Not Quantity
8(3)
Making a Plan
11(3)
What Is a Plan?
11(1)
How Can You Choose the Most Efficient Plan?
11(1)
Shouldn't It Be Easy to Tell Which Plan Is the Most Efficient?
12(1)
Shouldn't It Be Easy to Know When You've Used Logical Thinking in Drawing Up Your Plan?
12(1)
Is There a Single Plan That Will Work for Every Goal?
13(1)
What Are the Best Plans for Your Own Personal Goal?
13(1)
Is a Good Plan Guaranteed to Work?
13(1)
Taking Action
14(5)
What Is Action?
14(1)
What Prevents People from Taking Action?
14(1)
What Causes Procrastination?
14(1)
How Can You Prevent Procrastination?
15(4)
A Few Thoughts About Vocabulary
19(1)
Summary
19(1)
Have You Missed Something?
20(2)
The Word History System
22(1)
Words in Context
23(2)
Managing Your Time
25(28)
Saving Time
27(4)
Change Your Time Habits
28(2)
Make the Most of ``Hidden'' Time
30(1)
Using Time Schedules
31(13)
Use the Three-Part Scheduling Plan
32(6)
Adapt Your Schedules
38(6)
Twenty Valuable Tidbits on Time
44(1)
Summary
45(2)
Have You Missed Something?
47(2)
The Word History System
49(1)
Words in Context
50(3)
Managing Stress
53(36)
Developing a Positive Mental Attitude
56(7)
Learn to Relax
57(2)
Improve Your Self-Esteem
59(1)
Take Control of Your Life
60(3)
Recognizing the Major Cause of Stress
63(1)
Following a Healthy Physical Routine
63(11)
Improve Your Sleep
64(5)
Avoid Caffeine and Coffee
69(2)
Avoid Soft Drinks
71(1)
Develop Good Eating Habits
72(2)
Safeguarding Your Health
74(5)
Don't Smoke
76(1)
Get Some Exercise
77(2)
Be Sensible About Your Relationships
79(1)
Reducing Stressors
79(4)
Avoid Needless Sources of Stress
80(1)
Eliminate Procrastination
81(2)
Summary
83(2)
Have You Missed Something?
85(2)
The Word History System
87(1)
Words in Context
87(2)
Concentrating and Focusing
89(16)
Understanding What Concentration Means
91(1)
Eliminating Distractions
92(4)
Reduce External Distractions
92(3)
Discourage Internal Distractions
95(1)
Adopting Strategies That Encourage Concentration
96(3)
Make Reminder Lists
96(1)
Take Breaks
97(1)
Maintain a Balance Between Your Goal and Your Skills
97(2)
Summary
99(1)
Have You Missed Something?
100(3)
The Word History System
103(1)
Words in Context
104(1)
Forgetting and Remembering
105(32)
Understanding How We Forget
107(3)
Making an Effort to Remember
110(2)
Avoid Pseudo-Forgetting
110(1)
Find a Reason to Remember
110(2)
Controlling the Number and Form of Your Memories
112(3)
Be Selective About What You Learn
113(2)
Organize Information in a Meaningful Way
115(1)
Strengthening Memories
115(11)
Reinforce New Ideas Through Association
116(7)
Rehearse Information Through Recitation
123(3)
Allowing Time for Memories to Consolidate
126(3)
Use Short Study Periods
126(1)
New Research Supporting Distributed Practice
127(1)
Accept Memory Plateaus
128(1)
Summary
129(3)
Have You Missed Something?
132(2)
The Word History System
134(1)
Words in Context
134(3)
Building a Permanent Vocabulary
137(38)
The Role of Vocabulary
139(4)
The Brain and the Mind
139(1)
Thinking Is Mainly Silent Speech
139(1)
Relationship Between Vocabulary and Success
140(1)
Creating Interest
141(2)
A Final Word
143(1)
Your Best Teacher: The Dictionary
143(8)
Using a Dictionary
144(3)
The Desk-Size Dictionary
147(1)
The 3 x 5 Card System
147(4)
Using the Frontier Vocabulary System
151(3)
Principles Governing the Learning of Words
152(1)
Recognizing Frontier Words
152(1)
Making the Frontier System Work
153(1)
Recognizing Word Roots and Prefixes
154(4)
Using the Fourteen Master Words
158(1)
The Word History System
159(6)
Why Are Histories of Words Important?
160(1)
What Books Contain These Histories?
160(5)
Final Words
165(1)
Summary
166(4)
Have You Missed Something?
170(2)
The Word History System
172(1)
Words in Context
173(2)
Improving Your Reading Speed and Comprehension
175(22)
Eye Movements During Reading
177(3)
Facts About Eye Movements and Speed-Reading
177(2)
An Experiment with Eye Movements
179(1)
How Much the Mind Can See
180(1)
The Limitation of the Mind
180(1)
Speed-Reading and Remembering
181(1)
Vocalization While Reading
181(1)
A Natural Way to Read Faster
182(2)
Establish a Base
183(1)
Be Flexible
183(1)
Follow Ideas, Not Words
184(1)
Ignore Your Eye Fixations
184(1)
Enjoy the Concluding Paragraph
184(1)
Eight Ways to Improve Reading
184(7)
The Intonation Way
184(1)
The Vocabulary Way
185(1)
The Background Way
185(2)
Edward Gibbon's Way
187(1)
The Paragraph Way
187(1)
The Page-at-a-Time Way
188(1)
Daniel Webster's Way
189(1)
The Skimming Way
189(2)
Summary
191(1)
Have You Missed Something?
192(2)
The Word History System
194(1)
Words in Context
195(2)
Understanding and Using Key Concepts
197(18)
The Power of Questions
199(2)
Questions Help You Become Your Own Teacher
199(1)
Questions Promote Alertness
200(1)
Questions Help You Master Reading and Note Taking
200(1)
Gaining Mastery and Wisdom Through Reflection
201(3)
Recognizing and Using Signal Words
204(1)
Recognizing and Using Organizational Patterns
204(4)
What a Reader Should Do
204(3)
What a Note Taker Should Do
207(1)
Common Patterns
207(1)
Summary
208(1)
Have You Missed Something?
209(3)
The Word History System
212(1)
Words in Context
212(3)
Listening to Take Good Notes
215(18)
Your Listening Habits
217(1)
Comprehensive Listening
217(2)
Triple-A Listening
219(2)
Maintain a Positive Attitude
219(1)
Strive to Pay Attention
220(1)
Cultivate a Capacity for Adjustment
221(1)
Ten Keys to Effective Listening
221(5)
Finding Areas of Interest
221(2)
Judging Content, Not Delivery
223(1)
Holding Your Fire
223(1)
Listening for Ideas
224(1)
Being a Flexible Note Taker
224(1)
Working at Listening
224(1)
Resisting Distractions
225(1)
Exercising Your Mind
225(1)
Keeping Your Mind Open
225(1)
Using Your Thought Speed
226(1)
Listen for Shifts in Intonation
226(1)
Summary
227(1)
Have You Missed Something?
228(3)
The Word History System
231(1)
Words in Context
231(2)
Taking Good Notes
233(28)
The Importance of Notes
235(1)
Using the Cornell System
236(2)
Include a Cue Column
236(2)
Leave Room for Summaries
238(1)
Create a Flexible Note-Taking Area
238(1)
The Cornell System for Taking Notes in Steps
238(3)
Recording Information Efficiently
241(6)
Adopt the Modified Printing Style
241(1)
Use Telegraphic Sentences
242(1)
Record Information Selectively
242(1)
Sentence Notes
243(1)
Topic-Idea Notes
243(1)
Paragraph Notes
243(4)
Abbreviations and Symbols
247(2)
Speed Notes for Engineers and Technicians
248(1)
Tips and Tactics
249(4)
Use the Two-Page System
249(1)
Don't Use a Cassette or Tape Recorder
250(1)
Acknowledge Alternative Learning Styles
250(1)
Avoid Shorthand
251(1)
Don't Keyboard Your Notes
251(1)
Use Signal Words and Phrases
251(1)
Get Ready for the Final Barrage
251(1)
Rely on Your Own Instant Replay
252(1)
Stick to the Basics
252(1)
Arrive Early
252(1)
Don't Miss Class
253(1)
Two Dozen Do's and One Dozen Don'ts
253(1)
Summary
254(1)
Have You Missed Something?
255(3)
The Word History System
258(1)
Words in Context
258(3)
Learning from Your Textbooks
261(34)
Getting Acquainted with Your Textbooks
263(7)
Read the Prefatory Material
263(3)
Read the Introduction
266(1)
Preview from Front to Back
266(2)
Preview Specific Assignments
268(1)
Look for Typographical Cues
269(1)
Talk with Your Textbook: An Active Approach to Learning
270(2)
Listen to What You Read
270(1)
Formulate Questions as You Read
271(1)
Follow Other Tips for Active Reading
271(1)
Finding a Textbook Reading System
272(1)
The SQ3R System
273(2)
The Questions-in-the-Margin System
275(13)
Surveying a Textbook Chapter
275(4)
Turning Headings into Questions
279(1)
Reading Paragraph by Paragraph
280(3)
Writing Questions in the Margin
283(1)
Reciting Based on the Questions in the Margin
284(2)
Reviewing Immediately and Later
286(1)
Reflecting on Facts and Ideas
287(1)
Summary
288(2)
Have You Missed Something?
290(2)
The Word History System
292(1)
Words in Context
292(3)
Noting What's Important in Readings
295(28)
Building on What You Already Know
297(1)
The Standard System
298(4)
The Questions-in-the-Margin System
302(5)
The Separate Notes System
307(5)
Drawing Diagrams in Your Notebook
311(1)
Taking Notes on Supplemental Reading
312(1)
Using Your Notes
313(2)
Combining Textbook and Lecture Notes
315(1)
Summary
316(2)
Have You Missed Something?
318(3)
The Word History System
321(1)
Words in Context
321(2)
Thinking Visually
323(24)
Using Your Whole Brain
325(1)
Improve Your Understanding
326(1)
Make Your Memory Stronger
326(1)
Extracting Meaning from Pictures
326(5)
Use the OPTIC System
327(1)
Learn the Language of Graphs
327(4)
Expanding Understanding with Graphics
331(9)
Add Illustrations to Your Notes
331(5)
Turn Abstract Ideas into Maps
336(4)
Things to Watch Out For
340(1)
Summary
341(1)
Have You Missed Something?
342(3)
The Word History System
345(1)
Words in Context
345(2)
Managing Test Anxiety
347(22)
Preparing Yourself Academically
349(9)
Start Early
349(1)
Stay on Top of Your Coursework
350(1)
Organize Yourself
351(4)
Cram Systematically
355(3)
Preparing Yourself Mentally
358(5)
Find Out About the Exam
358(1)
Get Acquainted with the Test Site
359(1)
Maintain a Positive Attitude
360(3)
Summary
363(1)
Have You Missed Something?
364(3)
The Word History System
367(1)
Words in Context
367(2)
Mastering Objective Tests
369(24)
Understanding the Kinds of Objective Questions
371(3)
True-False Questions
371(1)
Multiple-Choice Questions
372(1)
Matching Questions
372(1)
Sentence-Completion Questions
373(1)
Choosing Effective Study Methods
374(1)
Use the Questions-in-the-Margin System
374(1)
Become a Study ``Switch Hitter''
374(1)
Moving Systematically Through the Test
375(5)
Read the Directions First
375(1)
Read Questions Carefully
375(4)
Mark Only the ``Sure Things'' at First
379(1)
Guess the Third Time Around
380(1)
Learning Strategies for Specific Question Types
380(5)
True-False Questions
381(1)
Multiple-Choice Questions
381(2)
Matching Questions
383(1)
Sentence-Completion Questions
384(1)
Summary
385(3)
Have You Missed Something?
388(2)
The Word History System
390(1)
Words in Context
391(2)
Tackling Essay Tests
393(20)
Moving Through the Test Systematically
395(2)
Make Notes on the Back of Your Exam Sheet
395(1)
Read Exam Directions Carefully
395(1)
Read All the Questions
396(1)
Jot Cues Beside Each Question
396(1)
Manage Your Time
396(1)
Start with the Easiest Question
396(1)
Learning the Basics of Writing an Essay Exam
397(2)
Understand Each Question with Precision
397(1)
Supply the Correct Answer
397(2)
Writing Effectively Under Time Constraints
399(7)
Get to the Point
399(3)
Carefully Organize Your Essay
402(2)
Keep Your Writing Neat
404(2)
Supporting Your Points
406(1)
Use Solid Evidence
406(1)
Support General Opinions
406(1)
Avoid Personal Opinions
407(1)
Summary
407(1)
Have You Missed Something?
408(3)
The Word History System
411(1)
Words in Context
411(2)
Studying Mathematics
413(26)
Traditional Versus Contemporary Mathematics Instruction
415(1)
How to Remedy a Weak Background
416(2)
How to Develop Good Study Skills
418(3)
Keeping Up to Date
418(1)
Taking Notes in Class
418(1)
Using Your Textbook
419(1)
Using Mathematical Tools
420(1)
Studying for Examinations
420(1)
Practical Suggestions for Problem Solving
421(9)
Substitute Some Numbers
422(1)
Sort Out the Problem
423(1)
Draw a Diagram
424(2)
Make Use of Your Calculator
426(1)
Implement Your Analysis
427(1)
Check Your Results
427(1)
How to Attack a Nonroutine Problem
428(2)
Understanding and Memory in Mathematics
430(2)
Summary
432(2)
Have You Missed Something?
434(2)
The Word History System
436(1)
Words in Context
437(2)
Learning with the Computer
439
Debunking Myths About Computers
441(1)
Identifying Your School's Computer Resources
442(2)
Using Your Computer as an Aid to Becoming a Better Student
444(6)
Learning Word Processing
444(1)
Using Word Processing as a Study Aid
445(1)
Learning Other Kinds of Software
446(1)
Learning Spreadsheets
447(1)
Learning Databases
448(1)
Using Computers in the Library
448(1)
Using the Internet
449(1)
Summary
450(1)
Have You Missed Something?
451(5)
The Word History System
456(1)
Words in Context
456
Appendix A-1
Index I-1


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