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The front cover photo shows a rally by Iraqi Kurds, who have their own language, homeland, and flag, but no independent country. The back cover shows Iraqi women voting on the new constitution in 2005. Collectively, these photos illustrate the geographic complexities and contradictions of the leading geopolitical crisis of the new millennium. While female political participation marks a huge change, the barbed wire hints of the human cost of armed intervention. If the United States withdraws, will Iraq stay together or break into Kurdish, Shiite, and Sunni states? In Chapter 13 of this book, you will apply key terms in political geography-such as nation, state, ethnonationalism, irredentism, and federalism-to gain a deep understanding of the crisis in Iraq. The concepts and skills mastered in this and other chapters will give you the tools for making sense of local, national, and international news.
Michael Kuby received an A.B. from The University of Chicago in 1980 and a Ph.D. from Boston University in 1988, both in geography. He has taught at Arizona State University since 1988, where he is an Associate Professor. He is interested in all aspects of transportation and energy, but specializes in transport optimization models. He has developed models for network design, facility location, routing, technology choice, and cost-environment tradeoffs using operations research techniques such as linear and multiobjective programming. His research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the World Bank, the U.S. Department of Energy, the Army Corps of Engineers, and NASA. Notable among these is the World Bank's China Coal Transport Study, which won a Citation Award in 1993 from the Applied Geography Specialty Group and was a Finalist in 1994 for the Franz Edelman Award for Management Science Achievement from the Institute for Operations Research and Management Science. He has published on coal transportation and utilization, hazmat and solid waste systems, air package delivery networks, railway network planning, and container shipping ports in journals such as the Transportation Research, the Annals of the AAG, Energy, Geographical Analysis, Economic Geography, Annals of Management Science, Interfaces, and Location Science.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. True Maps, False Impressions: Making Manipulating and Interpreting Maps
Chapter 2. Layers of Tradition: Culture Regions at Different Scales
Chapter 3. Tracking the AIDS Epidemic in the United States: Diffusion Through Space and Time
Chapter 4. Newton's First Law of Migration: The Gravity Model
Chapter 5. One Billion and Counting: The Hidden Momentum of Population Growth in India
Chapter 6. Help Wanted: The Changing Geography of Jobs
Chapter 7. Rags and Riches: The Dimensions of Development
Chapter 8. Food for Thought: The Globalization of Agriculture
Chapter 9. Take Me Out to the Ball Game: Market Areas and the Urban Hierarchy
Chapter 10. Reading the Urban Landscape: Census Data and Field Observation
Chapter 11. The Disappearing Front Range: Urban Sprawl in Colorado
Chapter 12. Orange and Green Class? Residential Segregation in Northern Ireland
Chapter 13. Breaking Up is Hard to Do: Nations, States, and Nation-States
Chapter 14. Preserving the Planet: Human Impact on Environmental Systems