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At its zenith it extended northward from the Inca capital Cuzco along the spine of the Andes to embrace most of modern Peru and Ecuador, and southward into Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. The sheer scale of the empire, coupled with the challenges of the rugged landscape, made the Inca achievement truly remarkable. This is the most up-to-date and authoritative account available of the Incas: their politics, economics, religion, architecture, art, and technology. The authors look in detail at the four parts of the empire, exploring not just famous sites such as Machu Picchu but all the major regional settlements. The book concludes with the end of the empire: the arrival of the Spaniards, the assassination of the Inca ruler Atawallpa, and the final years of the rebellious, neo-Inca state in the tropical forests of Vilcabamba.
Craig Morris is renowned for his excavation of Hunuco Pampa, one of the largest Inca provincial centers. He was Curator of South American Archaeology as well as Senior Vice-President and Dean of Science at the American Museum of Natural History, New York. Adriana von Hagen is co-director of the Leymebamba Museum in Chachapoyas, Peru. She is the co-author with Craig Morris of The Cities of the Ancient Andes and The Inka Empire and its Andean Origins.
Table of Contents
|Prologue: The Road to Chachapoyas||p. 9|
|Introduction: Land of the Four Quarters||p. 12|
|The Birth and Growth of Tawantinsuyu||p. 20|
|Wari and Tiwanaku: setting the stage for the Incas||p. 20|
|The pre-imperial Cusco valley||p. 22|
|Inca myths of origin and expansion||p. 25|
|The king list||p. 28|
|The Principles of Inca Statecraft: Feared Warriors, Generous Rulers||p. 32|
|Organizing an empire||p. 32|
|The memory of things||p. 34|
|War and ritual war as tactics of expansion||p. 37|
|Specialized soldiers: the Cañari and Chachapoya||p. 40|
|Mitmaq: a patchwork of interspersed colonies||p. 42|
|Royal generosity, service, and loyalty||p. 42|
|Roads and cities: the infrastructure of rule||p. 43|
|Religion as statecraft||p. 44|
|Ties that bind: kings, kinship, and royal alliances||p. 45|
|The four parts: an empire united by division||p. 47|
|The Wealth of the Empire: Land, Labor, and the Worth of Goods||p. 48|
|Reciprocity as an exchange system||p. 48|
|Seasonal and full-time labor||p. 57|
|Terraces, breweries, and warehouses||p. 61|
|Cloth, shells, silver, and gold||p. 62|
|Religion and Ideology: The Sun, the Moon, the Oracles, the Ancestors||p. 65|
|"Glad words"-the voice of oracles||p. 66|
|Imperial sun temples||p. 66|
|The revered ancestors||p. 68|
|The sacred origins of kingship||p. 70|
|Astronomy and the ritual calendar||p. 70|
|Imperial rites and sacred occasions||p. 73|
|Processions, networks, and order||p. 74|
|The end of imperial religion||p. 76|
|Technology and the Arts: Architects, Potters, Weavers, and Smiths||p. 77|
|Building temples, palaces, terraces, and storehouses||p. 82|
|Storehouses for the realm||p. 85|
|Quarrying and working sacred stones||p. 86|
|Achieving the fit||p. 88|
|Linking the empire: roads and bridges||p. 91|
|Imperial tableware||p. 97|
|Fine garments and emblems of rank||p. 98|
|Metalworking: glitter of the sun, glow of the moon||p. 100|
|Cusco: Capital of the Realm||p. 102|
|The conceptual plan||p. 104|
|Pachakuti the architect?||p. 104|
|A sacred city||p. 113|
|The ceremonial core||p. 114|
|Town palaces||p. 118|
|The golden enclosure||p. 119|
|The royal mummies||p. 122|
|The temple-fortress||p. 124|
|Royal country estates||p. 127|
|Chinchaysuyu: Land of the Setting Sun and the Sacred Shell||p. 133|
|The route of the setting sun||p. 133|
|Vilcaswaman: city at a pivotal junction||p. 137|
|Lodgings before the descent||p. 140|
|A city coded in brilliant colors||p. 142|
|An oracle by the sea||p. 144|
|Inkawasi: a new Cusco||p. 147|
|Southern coastal Chinchaysuyu||p. 148|
|Pachacamac: the lord of earthquakes||p. 151|
|The route of the gods||p. 152|
|A junction on the Qhapaq Ñan||p. 153|
|Huánuco Pampa||p. 155|
|North to Huamachuco||p. 169|
|Cajamarca: strategic entrepot||p. 169|
|The kingdom of Chimor||p. 170|
|Chachapoyas: cloud forest crossroads||p. 174|
|Strategic corridor into Ecuador||p. 176|
|Far northern Tawantinsuyu: land of the sacred shell||p. 178|
|Tumibamba: a new Cusco||p. 179|
|Gateways to the sacred shell||p. 182|
|Chains of forts||p. 184|
|Northernmost Tawantinsuyu||p. 185|
|Antisuyu: The Road to Machu Picchu and Beyond||p. 186|
|Early tropical forest conquests||p. 186|
|A city of stairways||p. 190|
|The gateway to Vilcabamba||p. 196|
|Empire in exile||p. 199|
|Qollasuyu and Kuntisuyu: Herds, Metals, and Mountains of Sacrifice||p. 210|
|Places of imperial origin||p. 212|
|On the road to Qollasuyu||p. 216|
|The lake kingdoms||p. 219|
|The warm foothills and the jungle frontier||p. 220|
|Southern Qollasuyu's mineral wealth||p. 223|
|West through Kuntisuyu||p. 225|
|Qollasuyu in Chile: mines and farmland||p. 228|
|Human offerings to sacred peaks||p. 230|
|Why were Chinchaysuyu and Qollasuyu different?||p. 233|
|The Fall: Bearded Men from across the Sea||p. 234|
|Foreign disease||p. 234|
|A tragic encounter||p. 235|
|The clash of empires||p. 236|
|New-found wealth||p. 238|
|Inca resistance and decline||p. 240|
|Further Reading||p. 245|
|Sources of Illustrations||p. 252|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|