I. ELEMENTS OF AUDIOLOGY.
1. The Profession of Audiology.
The Evolution of Audiology.
Prevalence and Impact of Hearing Loss.
2. The Human Ear and Simple Tests of Hearing.
Anatomy and Physiology of the Ear.
Pathways of Sound.
Types of Hearing Loss.
Tuning Fork Tests.
3. Sound and Its Measurements.
II. HEARING ASSESSMENT.
4. Pure-Tone Audiometry.
The Pure-Tone Audiometer.
The Patient's Role in Manual Pure-Tone Audiometry.
The Clinician's Role in Manual Pure-Tone Audiometry.
The Audiometric Weber Test.
5. Speech Audiometry.
The Diagnostic Audiometer.
The Patient's Role in Speech Audiometry.
The Clinician's Role in Speech Audiometry.
Masking for SRT.
Most Comfortable Loudness Level.
Uncomfortable Loudness Level.
Range of Comfortable Loudness.
Computerized Speech Audiometry.
6. Objective Tests of the Auditory System.
Otoacoustic Emissions (OAE).
Auditory Evoked Potentials.
7. Behavioral Tests for Site of Lesion.
The Short Increment Sensitivity Index.
8. Hearing Tests for Children.
Identifying Hearing Loss in Infants under Three Months of Age.
Objective Testing in Routine Pediatric Hearing Evaluation.
Behavioral Testing of Children from Birth to Approximately Two Years of Age.
Behavioral Testing of Children Approximately Two to Five Years of Age.
Auditory Processing Disorders.
Identifying Hearing Loss in the Schools.
Nonorganic Hearing Loss in Children.
III. HEARING DISORDERS.
9. The Outer Ear.
Anatomy and Physiology of the Outer Ear.
Development of the Outer Ear.
Hearing Loss and the Outer Ear.
Disorders of the Outer Ear and Their Treatments.
10. The Middle Ear.
Anatomy and Physiology of the Middle Ear.
Development of the Middle Ear.
Hearing Loss and the Middle Ear.
Disorders of the Middle Ear and Their Treatments.
Other Causes of Middle-Ear Hearing Loss.
11. The Inner Ear.
Anatomy and Physiology of the Inner Ear.
Development of the Inner Ear.
Hearing Loss and the Inner Ear.
Causes of Inner-Ear Disorders.
12. The Auditory Nerve and Central Auditory Pathways.
Anatomy and physiology of the Auditory Nerve and Ascending Auditory Pathways.
The Descending Auditory Pathways.
Development of the Auditory Nerve and Central Auditory Nervous System.
Summary of the Auditory Pathways.
Hearing Loss and the Auditory Nerve and Central Auditory Pathways.
Disorders of the Auditory Nerve.
Disorders of the Cochlear Nuclei.
Disorders of the Higher Auditory Disorders.
Tests for Auditory Processing Disorders.
13. Nonorganic Hearing Loss.
Patients with Nonorganic Hearing Loss.
Tests for Nonorganic Hearing Loss.
Management of Patients with Nonorganic Hearing Loss.
IV. MANAGEMENT OF HEARING LOSS.
14. Amplification/Sensory Systems.
Hearing Aid Development.
Hearing Aid Circuit Overview.
Characteristics of Hearing Aids.
Types of Hearing Aids.
Selecting Hearing-Aid Candidates.
Dispensing Hearing Aids.
Verifying Hearing Aid Performance.
Hearing Assistance Technologies.
15. Audiological Treatment.
Referral to Other Specialists.
Management of Adult Hearing Impairment.
Management of Childhood Hearing Impairment.
The Deaf Community.
Management of Tinnitus.