CART

(0) items

Introduction to Chemical Processes: Principles, Analysis, Synthesis,9780072849608
This item qualifies for
FREE SHIPPING!

FREE SHIPPING OVER $59!

Your order must be $59 or more, you must select US Postal Service Shipping as your shipping preference, and the "Group my items into as few shipments as possible" option when you place your order.

Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace Items, eBooks, Apparel, and DVDs not included.

Introduction to Chemical Processes: Principles, Analysis, Synthesis

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780072849608

ISBN10:
0072849606
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
11/30/2005
Publisher(s):
McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math
Includes 2-weeks free access to
step-by-step solutions for this book.
Step-by-Step solutions are actual worked out problems to the questions at the end of each chapter that help you understand your homework and study for your exams. Chegg and eCampus are providing you two weeks absolutely free. 81% of students said using Step-by-Step solutions prepared them for their exams.
List Price: $208.91

Rent Textbook

(Recommended)
 
Term
Due
Price
$125.35

Buy New Textbook

Usually Ships in 3-4 Business Days
N9780072849608
$203.69

Used Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

eTextbook

We're Sorry
Not Available

More New and Used
from Private Sellers
Starting at $23.74
See Prices

Questions About This Book?

Why should I rent this book?
Renting is easy, fast, and cheap! Renting from eCampus.com can save you hundreds of dollars compared to the cost of new or used books each semester. At the end of the semester, simply ship the book back to us with a free UPS shipping label! No need to worry about selling it back.
How do rental returns work?
Returning books is as easy as possible. As your rental due date approaches, we will email you several courtesy reminders. When you are ready to return, you can print a free UPS shipping label from our website at any time. Then, just return the book to your UPS driver or any staffed UPS location. You can even use the same box we shipped it in!
What version or edition is this?
This is the 1st edition with a publication date of 11/30/2005.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.
  • The Rental copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. You may receive a brand new copy, but typically, only the book itself.

Summary

Introduction to Chemical Processes: Principles, Analysis, Synthesis enhances student understanding of the connection between the chemistry and the process. Users will find strong coverage of chemistry, gain a solid understanding of what chemical processes do (convert raw materials into useful products using energy and other resources), and learn about the ways in which chemical engineers make decisions and balance constraints to come up with new processes and products. The author presents material and energy balances as tools to achieve a real goal: workable, economical, and safe chemical processes and products.Loaded with intriguing pedagogy, this text is essential to a students first course in Chemical Engineering.Additional resources intended to guide users are also available as package options, including the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software, ChemSkill Builder and the well-known Perry's Chemical Engineering Handbook.

Table of Contents

Preface xvi
List of Nomenclature
xxvi
List of Important Equations
xxix
Converting the Earth's Resources into Useful Products
1(56)
Introduction
2(1)
Raw Materials
3(3)
Balanced Chemical Reaction Equations
6(5)
Example 1.1 Balanced Chemical Reaction Equation: Nitric Acid Synthesis
Example 1.2 Balanced Chemical Reaction Equations: Adipic Acid Synthesis
Generation-Consumption Analysis
11(7)
Example 1.3 Generation-Consumption Analysis: The LeBlanc Process
Example 1.4 Generation-Consumption Analysis: The Solvay Process
Example 1.5 Generation-Consumption Analysis: Ammonia Synthesis
A First Look at Material Balances and Process Economics
18(39)
Mass, Moles, and Molar Mass
19(1)
Atom Economy
20(4)
Example 1.6 Atom Economy: LeBlanc versus Solvay
Example 1.7 Atom Economy: Improved Synthesis of 4-ADPA
Process Economy
24(2)
Example 1.8 Process Economy: The Solvay Process
Process Capacities and Product Values
26(1)
Case Study: Six-Carbon Chemistry
27(10)
Summary
37(2)
ChemiStory: Changing Salt into Soap
39(1)
Quick Quiz Answers
40(1)
References and Recommended Readings
41(1)
Chapter 1 Problems
41(16)
Process Flows: Variables, Diagrams, Balances
57(112)
Introduction
58(1)
Process Variables
59(8)
A Brief Review of Dimensions and Units
59(2)
Mass, Moles, and Composition
61(2)
Temperature and Pressure
63(1)
Volume, Density, and Concentration
64(2)
Flowrates
66(1)
Chemical Process Flow Sheets
67(8)
Input-Output Flow Diagrams
68(1)
Block Flow Diagrams
69(2)
Process Flow Diagrams (PFD)
71(3)
Modes of Process Operation
74(1)
Process Flow Calculations
75(29)
Definitions
76(2)
Material Balance Equations
78(3)
A Systematic Procedure for Process Flow Calculations
81(1)
Helpful Hints for Process Flow Calculations
82(2)
A Plethora of Problems
84(20)
Example 2.1 Mixers: Battery Acid Production
Example 2.2 Reactors: Ammonia Synthesis
Example 2.3 Separators: Fruit Juice Concentration
Example 2.4 Splitters: Fruit Juice Processing
Example 2.5 Elements as Components: Ibuprofen Analysis
Example 2.6 Separation with Accumulation: Air Drying
Example 2.7 Reaction with Accumulation: Light from a Chip
Degree of Freedom Analysis
104(8)
Example 2.8 DOF Analysis: Ammonia Synthesis
Example 2.9 DOF Analysis: Light from a Chip
Example 2.10 DOF Analysis: Battery Acid Production
Example 2.11 DOF Analysis: Eat Your Greens!
Process Flow Calculations with Multiple
112(57)
Process Units
112(9)
Example 2.12 Multiple Process Units: Toxin Accumulation
Example 2.13 Multiple Process Units: Adipic Acid Manufacture from Glucose
Synthesizing Block Flow Diagrams
121(3)
Example 2.14 Synthesizing Block Flow Diagrams: Adipic Acid Process
The Art of Approximating
124(1)
Degree of Freedom Analysis for Block Flow Diagrams with Multiple Process Units
125(2)
Example 2.15 DOF Analysis: Adipic Acid Production
Case Study: Evolution of a Greener Process
127(9)
Summary
136(1)
ChemiStory: Guano and the Guns of August
137(4)
Quick Quiz Answers
141(1)
References and Recommended Readings
141(1)
Chapter 2 Problems
142(27)
Mathematical Analysis of Material Balance Equations and Process Flow Sheets
169(94)
Introduction
170(1)
The Material Balance Equation---Again
170(30)
Conservation of Mass and the Material Balance Equation
171(5)
Example 3.1 Decomposition Reactions
General Forms of the Differential Material Balance Equations
176(6)
Example 3.2 Mass Balances: Sugar Dissolution
Example 3.3 Mass Balances: Glucose Consumption in a Fermentor
Example 3.4 Mole Balances: Manufacture of Urea
Example 3.5 Mole Balances: Urea Manufacture from Cheaper Reactants
Degree of Freedom Analysis
182(4)
Example 3.6 DOF Analysis: Urea Synthesis from Cheaper Reactants
Example 3.7 Differential Material Balance Equation with Multiple Chemical Reactions at Steady State: Benzene into Catechol
General Forms of the Integral Material Balance Equations
186(7)
Example 3.8 Integral Equation: Blending and Shipping
Example 3.9 Integral Equation with Unsteady Flow: Jammin' with Cherries
A Few More Problems
193(7)
Example 3.10 Integral Equation with Unsteady Flow and Chemical Reaction: Controlled Drug Release
Example 3.11 Differential Equation with Unsteady Flow and Chemical Reaction: Glucose Utilization in a Fermentor
Linear Equations and Chemical Reactions (Optional Section)
200(13)
Linear Equations, Linear Independence, Solution Existence, and Solution Uniqueness
201(3)
Using Matrices to Balance Chemical Reactions
204(3)
Example 3.12 Balancing Chemical Equations with Matrix Math: Adipic Acid
Using Matrices in Generation-Consumption Analysis
207(3)
Example 3.13 Generation-Consumption Analysis Using Matrix Math: Nitric Acid Synthesis
Using Matrices to Find Linearly Independent Chemical Equations
210(3)
Linear Models of Process Flow Sheets (Optional Section)
213(1)
Linear Models of Single Process Units
214(49)
Example 3.14 Linear Model of a Mixer: Sweet Mix
Example 3.15 Linear Model of a Splitter: Sweet Split
Example 3.16 Linear Model of a Reactor: Glucose-Fructose Isomerization
Example 3.17 Linear Model of a Reactor: Multiple Reactions
Example 3.18 Linear Model of a Separator: Sweet Solutions
Process Topology
226(8)
Example 3.19 Linear Models with Multiple Process Units and Recycle: Taking an old Plant out of Mothballs
Case Study: Manufacture of Nylon-6,6
234(10)
Summary
244(2)
ChemiStory: Of Toothbrushes and Hosiery
246(3)
Quick Quiz Answers
249(1)
References & Recommended Reading
249(1)
Chapter 3 Problems
249(14)
Synthesis of Reactor Flow Sheets and Selection of Reactor Process Conditions
263(102)
Introduction
264(7)
Industrially Important Chemical Reactions
264(2)
Heuristics for Selecting Chemical Reactions
266(1)
A Brief Review: Generation-Consumption Analysis and Atom Economy
266(3)
Example 4.1 Generation-Consumption and Atom Economy: Improved Synthesis of Ibuprofen
Reactor Design Variables
269(2)
Reactor Material Balance Equations
271(11)
Reactors with Known Reaction Stoichiometry
271(7)
Example 4.2 Continuous-Flow Steady-State Reactor with Known Stoichiometry: Combustion of Natural Gas
Example 4.3 Batch Reactor with Known Reaction Stoichiometry: Ibuprofen Synthesis
Example 4.4 Semibatch Reactor with Known Reaction Stoichiometry: Ibuprofen Synthesis
Reactors with Unknown Reaction Stoichiometry
278(4)
Example 4.5 Material Balance Equation with Elements: Combustion of Natural Gas
Example 4.6 Mass Rates of Reaction: Microbial Degradation of Soil Contaminants
Stream Composition and System Performance Specifications for Reactors
282(22)
Stream Composition Specification: Excess and Limiting Reactants
284(3)
Example 4.7 Excess Reactants: A Badly Maintained Furnace
System Performance Specification: Fractional Conversion
287(3)
Example 4.8 Fractional Conversion: Ammonia Synthesis
Example 4.9 Effect of Conversion on Reactor Flows: Ammonia Synthesis
Fractional Conversion and Its Effect on Reactor Flow Sheet Synthesis: Recycle
290(4)
Example 4.10 Low Conversion and Recycle: Ammonia Synthesis
Fractional Conversion and Its Effect on Reactor Flow Sheet Synthesis: Recycle and Purge
294(4)
Example 4.11 Recycle with Purge: Ammonia Synthesis
System Performance Specifications: Selectivity and Yield
298(6)
Example 4.12 Selectivity and Yield Definitions: Acetaldehyde Synthesis
Example 4.13 Using Selectivity in Process Flow Calculations: Acetaldehyde Synthesis
Why Reactors Aren't Perfect: Chemical Equilibrium and Chemical Kinetics
304(61)
The Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Constant Ka
304(3)
Example 4.14 Deriving Equations for Ka: Three Cases
Calculating Ka
307(7)
Example 4.15 Calculating Ka: Ethyl Acetate Synthesis
Example 4.16 Chemical Equilibrium Considerations in Selection of Reaction Pathway: Safer Routes to Dimethyl Carbonate
Chemical Reaction Equilibrium and Reactor Performance
314(9)
Example 4.17 Reactor Performance and Ka: Ammonia Synthesis
Example 4.18 Equilibrium Conversion as a Function of T and P: Ammonia Synthesis
Example 4.19 Multiple Chemical Equilibria and Reactor T: NOx Formation.
Chemical Reaction Kinetics and Reactor Performance (Optional Section)
323(4)
Example 4.20 Reaction Kinetics and Reactor Performance: Vegetable Processing
Case Study: Hydrogen and Methanol
327(8)
Summary
335(2)
ChemiStory: Quit Bugging Me
337(3)
Quick Quiz Answers
340(1)
References and Recommended Readings
340(1)
Chapter 4 Problems
341(24)
Selection of Separation Technologies and Synthesis of Separation Flow Sheets
365(130)
Introduction
366(13)
Physical Property Differences: The Basis for All Separations
366(1)
Example 5.1 Physical Property Differences: Separating Salt From Sugar
Mixtures and Phases
367(2)
Classification of Separation Technologies
369(4)
Heuristics for Selecting and Sequencing Separation Technologies
373(6)
Example 5.2 Selection of Separation Technology: Separating Benzene from Toluene
Example 5.3 Selection of Separation Technology: Cleaning up Off-Gas from a Printing Press
Example 5.4 Sequencing of Separation Technologies: Aromatics and Acid
Separator Material Balance Equations
379(7)
Example 5.5 Semibatch Mechanical Separation: Filtration of Beer Solids
Example 5.6 Rate-Based Separation: Membranes for Kidney Dialysis
Stream Composition and System Performance Specifications for Separators
386(12)
Example 5.7 Defining Separator Performance Specifications: Separating Benzene from Toluene
Example 5.8 Purity and Recovery Specifications in Process Flow Calculations: Separating Benzene and Toluene
Example 5.9 Fractional Recovery in Rate-Based Separations: Membranes for Kidney Dialysis
Recycling in Separation Flow Sheets
394(4)
Example 5.10 Separation with Recycle: Separating Sugar Isomers
Why Separators Aren't Perfect: Entrainment and Equilibrium
398(5)
Entrainment: Incomplete Mechanical Separation
398(3)
Example 5.11 Accounting for Entrainment: Coffee Making
Phase Equilibrium and the Equilibrium Stage
401(2)
An Exhausting (but Not Exhaustive) Look at Phase Equilibrium
403(20)
The Gibbs Phase Rule
404(1)
Single-Component Phase Equilibrium
405(3)
Multicomponent Phase Equilibrium
408(15)
Example 5.12 Using Raoult's Law: Dew Point and Bubble Point Temperatures of Hexane-Heptane Mixtures
Equilibrium-Based Separations
423(72)
Crystallization
425(4)
Example 5.13 Process Flow Calculations with Liquid-Solid Equilibrium Data: Potassium Nitrate Crystallization
Example 5.14 Entrainment Effects in Equilibrium-Based Separations: Separation of Benzene and Naphthalene by Crystallization
Evaporation, Condensation, and Equilibrium Flash
429(5)
Example 5.15 Process Flow Calculations with Raoult's Law: Dehumidification of Air by Condensation
Example 5.16 Process Flow Calculations with Raoult's Law: Equilibrium Flash of a Hexane/Heptane Mixture
Example 5.17 Vapor-Liquid Separations with Nonideal Solutions: Equilibrium Flash Separation of Ethanol-Water Mixture
Distillation (Optional)
434(3)
Example 5.18 The Power of Multistaging: Distillation versus Equilibrium Flash for Hexane/Heptane Separation
Absorption, Adsorption, and Extraction
437(9)
Example 5.19 Process Flow Calculations Using Gas-Liquid Equilibrium Data: Cleaning up Dirty Air by Absorption
Example 5.20 Process Flow Calculations Using Adsorption Isotherms: Monoclonal Antibody Purification
Example 5.21 Process Flow Calculations Using Liquid-Liquid Distribution Coefficients: Cleanup of Wastewater Stream by Solvent Extraction
Example 5.22 Process Flow Calculations Using Triangular Phase Diagrams: Separating Acetic Acid from Water
Multistaged Separations Using Material Separating Agents (Optional)
446(5)
Example 5.23 The Power of Multistaging: Recovery of Acetic Acid from Wastewater
Case Study: Scrubbing Sour Gas
451(6)
Summary
457(1)
ChemiStory: How Sweet It Is
458(3)
Quick Quiz Answers
461(1)
References and Recommended Readings
462(1)
Chapter 5 Problems
462(33)
Process Energy Calculations and Synthesis of Safe and Efficient Energy Flow Sheets
495(126)
Introduction
496(8)
Energy Sources
496(3)
Energy Distribution: Electricity, Heating Fluids, and Cooling Fluids
499(1)
Energy Transfer Equipment
500(2)
A Brief Review of Energy-Related Dimensions and Units
502(2)
Process Energy Calculations: The Basics
504(3)
The Energy Balance Equation
504(1)
System Energy, Energy Flows, Specific Energy
505(2)
Putting a Number on Energy: Energy Data and Model Equations
507(14)
Two Forms of Energy: Kinetic and Potential
508(3)
Example 6.1 Kinetic and Potential Energy: Toddler Troubles
Example 6.2 Change in Potential Energy: Snow Melt
Example 6.3 Change in Kinetic Energy of a Stream: Thomas Edison or Rube Goldberg?
A Third Kind of Energy and a Convenience Function: Internal Energy and Enthalpy
511(1)
Using Tables and Graphs to Find U and H
512(9)
Example 6.4 Using Steam Tables to Find H: Several Cases
Example 6.5 Using Steam Tables: Pumping Water, Compressing Steam
Example 6.6 Comparing Kinetic, Potential, and Internal Energy: Frequent Flyer
Example 6.7 Using Enthalpy-Composition Graphs: Ammonia-Water Mixtures
Using Model Equations to Find U and H
521(15)
Example 6.8 Enthalpy Calculations: Enthalpy of Vaporization of Water at High Pressure
Example 6.9 Enthalpy Calculations: Enthalpy of Reaction at High Temperature
Minisummary
535(1)
Energy Flows: Heat and Work
536(2)
The Energy Balance Equation---Again
538(2)
Process Energy Calculations
540(20)
A Systematic Procedure for Process Energy Calculations
540(1)
Helpful Hints for Process Energy Calculations
541(1)
A Plethora of Problems
542(18)
Example 6.10 Potential Energy into Work: Water over the Dam
Example 6.11 Integral Energy Balance with a Closed System: Unplugging the Frozen Pipes
Example 6.12 Temperature Change with Dissolution: Caustic Tank Safety
Example 6.13 Simultaneous Energy and Material Balances: Mel and Dan's Lemonade Stand
Example 6.14 Energy Balance with Equilibrium Flash: Separation of Hexane and Heptane
Example 6.15 Energy Balance with Chemical Reaction: Adiabatic Flame Temperature
Example 6.16 Energy Balance with Multiple Reactions: Synthesis of Acetaldehyde
Example 6.17 Unsteady-State Heat Loss: Cooling a Batch of Sterilized Broth
A Process Energy Sampler (Optional Section)
560(61)
Work and the Engineering Bernoulli Equation
560(3)
Example 6.18 The Engineering Bernoulli Equation: Sizing a Pump
Heat and the Synthesis of Heat Exchange Networks
563(4)
Example 6.19 Heat Exchanger Sizing: Steam Heating of Methanol Vapor
Energy Conversion Processes
567(12)
Example 6.20 Converting Reaction Energy to Heat: Furnace Efficiency
Example 6.21 Converting Reaction Energy to Work: Heat Engine Analysis
Example 6.22 Converting Reaction Energy to Work: Hydrogen Fuel Cells
Chemical Energy and Chemical Safety: Explosions
579(5)
Example 6.23 Estimating Explosive Potential: Trinitrotoluene
Case Study: Energy Management in a Chemical Reactor
584(5)
Summary
589(2)
ChemiStory: Get the Lead Out!
591(4)
Quick Quiz Answers
595(1)
References and Recommended Readings
595(1)
Chapter 6 Problems
596(25)
Appendix A Mathematical Methods 621(20)
Appendix B Physical Properties 641(32)
Appendix C Answers to Select Problems 673(8)
Glossary 681
Index 1


Please wait while the item is added to your cart...