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Introduction to Comparative Politics,9780618214464

Introduction to Comparative Politics

by ; ; ; ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780618214464

ISBN10:
0618214461
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/24/2003
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $207.66

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Summary

Written by a distinguished group of comparativists, this innovative and accessible introductory text surveys 12 key countries organized according to their level of political development: established democracies, transitional democracies, and non-democracies. The country studies illuminate four comparative themes in a global context: the world of states, examining the interaction of states within the international order; governing the economy, covering the role of the state in economic management; the democratic idea, discussing the pressure for more democracy and the challenges of democratization; and the politics of collective identities, studying the political impact of diverse attachments and sources of group identity. All 12 country studies, as well as two additional studies, are available in an online database. Instructors may choose from among these chapters (a minimum of 7) to create a customized text.

Table of Contents

Preface xxv
PART 1 Introduction 2 4(20)
1 Introducing Comparative Politics
3(21)
Mark Kesselman, Joel Krieger, and William Joseph
1 The Global Challenge of Comparative Politics
5(2)
Globalization and Comparative Politics
5(1)
Making Sense of Turbulent Times
6(1)
2 What--and How--Comparative Politics Compares
7(3)
Level of Analysis
7(1)
Casual Theories
8(2)
3 Themes for Comparative Analysis
10(6)
Theme 1: A World of States
10(2)
Theme 2: Governing the Economy
12(1)
Theme 3: The Democratic Idea
13(1)
Theme 4: The Politics of Collective Identity
14(2)
4 Classifying Political Systems
16(3)
Global Connection: Howls Development Measured?
17(2)
5 Organization of the Text
19(2)
1: The Making of the Modern State
19(1)
2: Political Economy and Development
20(1)
3: Governance and Policy-Making
20(1)
4: Representation and Participation
20(1)
5: Politics in Transition
21(3)
PART 2 Established Democracies 24(320)
2 Britain
25(56)
Joel Krieger
1 The Making of the Modern British State
21(18)
Geographic Setting
28(1)
Critical Junctures
28(1)
The Seventeenth-Century Settlement
30(1)
The Industrial Revolution and the British Empire
30(1)
The Industrial Revolution
31(1)
The British Empire
31(1)
Industrial Change and the Struggle for Voting Rights
32(1)
World Wars, Industrial Strife, and the Depression (1914-1945)
32(1)
Collectivist Consensus (1945-1979)
33(1)
Margaret Thatcher and the Enterprise Culture (1979-1990)
33(1)
New Labour's Third Way
34(1)
Blair's Agenda for Britain
35(1)
Leaders: Tony Blair
35(1)
After September 11
36(1)
Themes and Implications
36(1)
Historical Junctures and Political Themes
36(2)
Implications for Comparative Politics
38(1)
2 Political Economy and Development
39(10)
State and Economy
40(1)
Economic Management
40(1)
The Consensus Era
40(1)
Thatcherite Policy Orientation
41(1)
New Labour's Economic Policy Approach
41(1)
Political Implications of Economic Policy
42(1)
Social Policy
42(1)
The Welfare State Under Thatcher and Major
42(1)
New Labour Social Policy
43(1)
Society and Economy
44(1)
Inequality and Ethnic Minorities
45(1)
Inequality and Women
46(1)
Britain and the International Political Economy
47(1)
Economic Integration and Political Disintegration
47(1)
Making the Most of Globalization?
48(1)
3 Governance and Policy-Making
49(9)
Organization of the State
49(1)
The Executive
50(1)
Cabinet Government
50(1)
Bureaucracy and Civil Service
52(1)
Public and Semipublic Institutions
54(1)
Nationalized Industries
54(1)
Nondepartmental Public Bodies
54(1)
Other State Institutions
55(1)
The Military and the Police
55(1)
The Judiciary
56(1)
Subnational Government
56(1)
The Policy-Making Process
57(1)
4 Representation and Participation
58(13)
The Legislature
58(1)
House of Commons
58(1)
Institutional Intricacies: The Legislative Process
59(1)
House of Lords
60(1)
Reforms in Behavior and Structure
60(1)
Behavioral Changes: Backbench Dissent
60(1)
Structural Changes: Parliamentary Committees
60(1)
Political Parties and the Party System
61(1)
Labour Party
61(1)
Conservative Party
62(1)
Liberal Democrats and Other Parties
63(1)
Elections
64(1)
Electoral System
64(1)
Trends in Electoral Behavior
66(1)
Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity
66(1)
Citizenship and National Identity
68(1)
Ethnicity
68(1)
Gender
69(1)
Interests, Social Movements, and Protests
69(1)
Current Challenges: The Gender-Generation Gap
70(1)
5 British Politics in Transition
71(12)
Citizen Action: The Fuel Crisis
72(1)
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas
73(1)
Constitutional Reform
73(1)
Identities in Flux
74(1)
European Integration
75(1)
Post-9/11: Britain's Special Relationship with the United States
76(1)
British Politics in Comparative Perspective
76(5)
3 France
81(54)
Mark Kesselman
1 The Making of the Modern French State
83(12)
Politics in Action
83(1)
Geographic Setting
84(1)
Critical Junctures
85(1)
Creating Modern France
85(1)
The Ancien Régime
86(1)
The Two Faces of the French Revolution, 1789-1815
86(1)
Many Regimes, Slow Industrialization: 1815-1940
87(1)
Vichy France (1940-1944) and the Fourth Republic (1946-1958)
88(1)
The Fifth Republic (1958 to the Present)
89(1)
The Le Pen Bombshell
90(1)
Leaders: Jean-Marie Le Pen
91(1)
France in the Euro Era
92(1)
Themes and Implications
93(1)
Historical Junctures and Political Themes
93(1)
France in a Globalized World
93(1)
Governing the Economy
94(1)
The Democratic Idea
94(1)
Politics of Collective Identity
94(1)
Implications for Comparative Politics
95(1)
2 Political Economy and Development
95(10)
State and Economy
95(1)
The New French Revolution
96(1)
Planning
96(1)
Dirigisme Under de Gaulle
96(1)
France's Economic Miracle
97(1)
May 1968 and Beyond: Economic Crisis and Political Conflict
97(1)
Economic Instability
97(1)
French Socialism in Practice-and Conservative Aftermath
98(1)
France's Neoliberal Modernization Strategy
100(1)
Privatization
100(1)
Deregulation and Liberalization
100(1)
Global Connection: France and the European Union
101(1)
The End of Dirigisme or Dirigiste Disengagement?
101(1)
Society and Economy
102(1)
Welfare State
102(1)
Inequality and Ethnic Minorities
103(1)
Inequality and Women
103(1)
The Generation Gap
103(1)
France and the International Political Economy
103(1)
Impact of the European Union
103(1)
France in the Global Economy
104(1)
3 Governance and Policy-Making
105(10)
Organization of the State
105(1)
The Executive
106(1)
The President
106(1)
Presidential Personalities
106(1)
The Constitutional Presidency
107(1)
The Political President
108(1)
The Prime Minister and Government
109(1)
Institutional Intricacies: Of Presidents and Prime Ministers
110(1)
Bureaucracy and Civil Service
111(1)
Semipublic Agencies
111(1)
Other State Institutions
112(1)
The Military and the Police
112(1)
The Judiciary and the Constitutional Council
112(1)
State Council
113(1)
The Economic and Social Council
113(1)
Subnational Government
113(1)
The European Dimension
114(1)
The Policy-Making Process
114(1)
4 Representation and Participation
115(11)
The Legislature
115(2)
Political Parties and the Party System
117(1)
The Major Parties
118(1)
Union pour un mouvement populaire
118(1)
Parti socialiste
118(1)
Small Parties
118(1)
Parti communiste français (PCF)
119(1)
Front national (FN)
119(1)
Les Verts (Greens)
119(1)
Union des démocrates pour la France
119(1)
Elections
120(2)
Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity
122(1)
Citizenship and National Identity
123(1)
Ethnicity and Immigration
123(1)
Social Class
124(1)
Gender
124(1)
Interests, Social Movements, and Protests
124(1)
Organized Interests
124(1)
Social Movements and Protest
125(1)
Citizen Action: French Trade Unions
125(1)
5 French Politics in Transition
126(5)
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas
126(1)
The Strikes of December 1995: May 1968 Redux?
127(1)
Oui to Roquefort Cheese, Non to Genetically Engineered Products
128(1)
The Challenge of Le Pen
129(1)
Muslim-Jewish Tensions
129(1)
Institutional Strains and New Issues and Sources of Partisan Conflict: Economy and Identity
130(1)
"It's the Economy, Stupid"
130(1)
The Challenge of European and Global Integration
131(1)
French Politics in Comparative Perspective
131(4)
4 Germany
135(58)
Christopher S. Allen
1 The Making of the Modern German State
131(18)
Politics in Action
137(1)
Geographic Setting
138(1)
Critical Junctures
139(1)
Nationalism and German Unification (1806-1871)
139(1)
The Second Reich (1871-1918)
140(1)
The Weimar Republic (1918-1933)
141(1)
The Third Reich (1933-1945)
141(1)
A Divided Germany (1945-1994)
143(1)
The Challenge of German Unification (1990-1998)
144(1)
Germany in the Euro Era (1998- )
145(2)
Themes and Implications
147(1)
Historical Junctures and Political Themes
147(1)
Implications for Comparative Politics
148(1)
2 Political Economy and Development
149(10)
State and Economy
149(1)
The Role of the State Before 1945
149(1)
The Social Market Economy
150(1)
Welfare Provision
153(1)
Current Strains on the Social Market Economy
154(1)
Society and Economy
155(3)
Germany and the International Political Economy
158(1)
The European Union
158(1)
Germany in a Globalizing World
159(1)
3 Governance and Policy-Making
159(11)
Organization of the State
160(1)
The Basic Law and Promoting Stability
160(1)
Government Institutions
161(1)
The Executive
162(1)
The Bureaucracy
163(1)
Semipublic Institutions
164(1)
Citizen Action: Co-Determination
165(1)
Other State Institutions
166(1)
The Military and Police
166(1)
The Judiciary
167(1)
Subnational Government
168(1)
The Policy-Making Process
169(1)
4 Representation and Participation
170(14)
The Legislature
170(1)
The Bundestag
172(1)
The Bundesrat
172(1)
Political Parties and the Party System
173(1)
The Social Democratic Party
173(1)
The Greens
175(1)
Leaders: Gerhard Schröder
176(1)
The Christian Democrats
177(1)
The Free Democratic Party
177(1)
The Party of Democratic Socialism
178(1)
Elections
178(1)
Institutional Intricacies: Proportional Representation and the Story of the German "Double Ballot"
179(1)
Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity
180(1)
Interests, Social Movements, and Protest
181(1)
Current Challenges: The Complicated Politics of Immigration
181(3)
5 German Politics in Transition
184(11)
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas
184(4)
Global Connection: The EU and the Euro
188(1)
German Politics in Comparative Perspective
188(5)
5 Japan
193(54)
Shigeko N. Fukai and Haruhiro Fukui
1 The Making of the Modern Japanese State
195(13)
Politics in Action
195(1)
Geographic Setting
195(2)
Critical Junctures
197(1)
Ancient and Medieval Japan
197(1)
The Tokugawa Shogunate (1603-1867)
198(1)
Japan in the Meiji-Taisho Era (1868-1925)
198(1)
Japan Under Military Rule and in War
201(1)
The Allied Occupation (1945-1952)
203(1)
Contemporary Japan (1952 to the Present)
203(3)
Themes and Implications
206(1)
Historical Junctures and Political Themes
206(1)
Implications for Comparative Politics
207(1)
2 Political Economy and Development
208(8)
State and Economy
208(1)
Wars and Japanese Economic Development
208(1)
The State's Role in the Economy
209(2)
Society and Economy
211(1)
The Private Sector
211(1)
Employment, Social Security, and Taxation
212(1)
Current Challenges: The Protracted Recession
213(1)
Japan and the International Political Economy
214(1)
The Trading State
214(1)
Japan in International Organizations
216(1)
3 Governance and Policy-Making
216(13)
Organization of the State
216(1)
The Japanese Monarchy and the Royal Family
217(1)
The Executive
218(1)
The Cabinet
218(1)
Leaders: Japan's Royal Family
218(1)
The National Bureaucracy
220(1)
Institutional Intricacies: Vicissitudes of Bureaucratic Power and Pride
221(1)
Public and Semipublic Agencies
223(1)
Other State Institutions
224(1)
The Military
224
Institutional Intricacies: Japan's Self Defense Forces
125(1)
The Judiciary
226(1)
Subnational Government
227(1)
The Policy-Making Process
227(2)
4 Representation and Participation
229(11)
The Legislature
229(2)
Political Parties and the Party System
231(2)
Elections
233(2)
Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity
235(2)
Interests, Social Movements, and Protest
237(1)
Energy and Environmental Issues
237(1)
Ethnic Minorities: Ainu, Outcastes, Koreans, and Immigrants
237(1)
Women's Movement
239(1)
Japan: A Classless Society?
239(1)
5 Japanese Politics in Transition
240(9)
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas
241(2)
Japanese Politics in Comparative Perspective
243(4)
6 India
247(50)
Atut Kohl and Amrita Basu
1 The Making of the Modern Indian State
249(12)
Politics in Action
249(2)
Geographic Setting
251(1)
Critical Junctures
251(1)
The Colonial Legacy (1757-1947)
251(1)
The Nationalist Movement (1885-1947)
253(1)
Leaders: Mahatma Gandhi
254(1)
The Nehru Era (1947-1964)
255(1)
Leaders: The Nehru-Gandhi Dynasty
256(1)
The Indira Gandhi Era (1966-1984)
257(1)
Coalition Governments and the Growth of the BJP (1989 to the Present)
259(1)
Themes and Implications
259(1)
Historical Junctures and Political Themes
259(1)
India in a World of States
259(1)
Governing the Economy
259(1)
The Democratic Idea
260(1)
The Politics of Collective Identity
260(1)
Implications for Comparative Politics
260(1)
2 Political Economy and Development
261
State and Economy
261(1)
The Economy Under British Rule
261(1)
The Economy After Independence
262(1)
Economic liberalization
263(1)
Reforms in Agriculture
265(1)
Social Welfare Policy
266(1)
Society and Economy
267(2)
India and the International Political Economy
269(1)
Institutional Intricacies: The Caste System
269
3 Governance and Policy-Making
210(68)
Organization of the State
270(1)
The Executive
271(1)
The President and the Prime Minister
271(1)
The Cabinet
272(1)
The Bureaucracy
272(1)
Other State Institutions
273(1)
The Military and the Police
273(1)
The Judiciary
273(1)
Subnational Government
274
Institutional Intricacies: The Executive Versus the Judiciary
215(62)
The Policy-Making Process
277(1)
4 Representation and Participation
278(11)
The Legislature
278(2)
Political Parties and the Party System
280(1)
The Congress Party
280(1)
The Janata Party
281(1)
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
282(1)
The Communist Parly of India (CPM)
284(1)
Elections
284(1)
Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity
285(1)
Interests, Social Movements, and Protest
286(3)
5 Indian Politics in Transition
289(10)
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas
289(1)
Kashmir Within a World of States
289(1)
The Effects of September 11
290(1)
Nuclear Power Status
291(1)
Civil Liberties
291(1)
The Challenge of Ethnic Diversity
292(1)
Economic Performance
292(1)
Indian Politics in Comparative Perspective
293(4)
7 The United States
297(47)
Louis DeSipio
1 The Making of the Modern American State
299(11)
Politics in Action
299(2)
Leaders: George Walker Bush
301(1)
Geographic Setting
302(1)
Critical Junctures
303(1)
The Revolutionary Era (1773-1789)
304(1)
The Civil War and Reconstruction (1861-1876)
304(1)
Institutional Intricacies: The Electoral College
305(1)
The New Deal Era (1933-1940)
306(1)
Divided Government and Political Contestation of the Scope of Government (1968 to the Present)
307(1)
Themes and Implications
308(1)
Historical Junctures and Political Themes
308(1)
Implications for Comparative Politics
310(1)
2 Political Economy and Development
310(10)
State and Economy
310(4)
Society and Economy
314(3)
The United States and the International Political Economy
317(3)
3 Governance and Policy-Making
320(8)
Organization of the State
320(1)
The Executive
321(1)
The Presidency
321(1)
The Cabinet and the Bureaucracy
323(1)
Other State Institutions
324(1)
The Military
324(1)
The Judiciary
325(1)
Subnational Government
326(1)
The Policy-Making Process
327(1)
4 Representation and Participation
328(10)
The Legislature
328(2)
Political Parties and the Party System
330(2)
Elections
332(1)
Citizen Action: The Green Party
333(3)
Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity
336(1)
Interests, Social Movements, and Protest
337(1)
5 United States Politics in Transition
338(3)
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas
338(2)
United States Politics in Comparative Perspective
340(1)
Current Challenges: Incorporating Immigrants
341(3)
PART 3 Developing Democracies 344(226)
8 Russia
345(62)
Joan DeBardeleben
1 The Making of the Modern Russian State
341(19)
Politics in Action
347(1)
Geographic Setting
347(2)
Critical Junctures
349(1)
The Decline of the Russian Tsarist State
349(1)
The Bolshevik Revolution and the Establishment of Soviet Power (1917-1929)
350(1)
The Stalin Revolution (1929-1953)
351(1)
Attempts at De-Stalinization (1953-1985)
353(1)
Perestroika and Glasnost (1985-1991)
354(1)
Collapse of the USSR and the Emergence of the Russian Federation (1991 to the Present)
355
Leaders: Boris Nikolaevich Yeltsin
351(7)
Themes and Implications
358(1)
Historical Junctures and Political Themes
358(1)
Implications for Comparative Politics
359(1)
2 Political Economy and Development
360(11)
State and Economy
360(1)
The Soviet Economic System
360(1)
State and Economy in the Russian Federation
362(5)
Society and Economy
367(1)
Soviet Social Policy
367(1)
Economic Reform and Russian Society
368(1)
Russian Political Culture and Economic Change
369(1)
Russia and the International Political Economy
370(1)
3 Governance and Policy-Making
371(14)
Organization of the State
372(1)
The Soviet State
372(1)
Current Challenges: The Chechnya Crisis
373(1)
The New Russian State
374(1)
The Executive
374(1)
The National Bureaucracy
376(1)
Other State Institutions
377(1)
The Military and Security Organs
377(1)
The Judiciary
378(1)
Subnational Government
379(2)
The Policy-Making Process
381(2)
Current Challenges: Russian Oligarchs: A New Ruling Class?
383(2)
4 Representation and Participation
385(11)
The Legislature
385(1)
Political Parties and the Party System
386(1)
The Russian Left: The Communist Party of the Russian Federation
389(1)
Centrist Parties: Unity and the Fatherland-All Russia
390(1)
Yabloko and Other Liberal/Reform Parties
390(1)
Nationalist/Patriotic Parties
391(1)
Elections
392(1)
Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity
393(1)
Interests, Social Movements, and Protests
394(2)
5 Russian Politics in Transition
396(13)
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas
396(1)
Russia in the World of States
396(1)
Governing the Economy
397(1)
The Democratic Idea
397(1)
The Politics of Collective Identities
398(1)
Russian Politics in Comparative Perspective
398(3)
Global Connection: Joining the West or Aid Recipient?
401(6)
9 Brazil
407(56)
Alfred P. Montero
1 The Making of the Modern Brazilian State
409(12)
Politics in Action
409(1)
Geographic Setting
409(2)
Critical Junctures
411(1)
The Brazilian Empire (1822-1889)
411(1)
The Old Republic (1889-1930)
412(1)
The 1930 Revolution
413(1)
Leaders: Getúlio Dornelles Vargas
414(1)
The Populist Republic (1945-1964)
415(1)
The Rise of Bureaucratic Authoritarianism (1964-1985)
417(1)
The Transition to Democracy and the First Civilian Governments (1974-2002)
417(2)
Themes and Implications
419(1)
Historical Junctures and Political Themes
419(1)
Implications for Comparative Politics
421(1)
2 Political Economy and Development
421(13)
State and Economy
422(1)
The Environmental Costs of State-Led Growth
424(1)
The Fiscal System
425(1)
The Problem of Inflation
426(1)
Society and Economy
427(1)
The Welfare System
428(1)
Agrarian Reform
429(1)
Brazil and the International Political Economy
430(3)
Global Connection: Governing the Economy in a World of States: MERCOSUL
433(1)
3 Governance and Policy-Making
434(8)
Organization of the State
434(1)
The Executive
435(1)
The Bureaucracy: State and Semipublic Firms
436(1)
The Military and the Police
438(1)
Other State Institutions
439(1)
The Judiciary
439(1)
Subnational Government
440(1)
The Policy-Making Process
441(1)
4 Representation and Participation
442(12)
The Legislature
443(1)
Political Parties and the Party System
444(1)
Institutional Intricacies: Proportional Representation
445
Citizen Action: the Workers' Party
441(7)
Elections
448(1)
Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity
449(3)
Interests, Social Movements, and Protest
452(2)
5 Brazilian Politics in Transition
454(11)
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas
454(3)
Brazilian Politics in Comparative Perspective
457(6)
10 Mexico
463(50)
Merilee S. Grindle
1 The Making of the Modern Mexican State
465(12)
Politics in Action
465(1)
Geographic Setting
466(1)
Critical Junctures
466(1)
Independence and Instability (1810-1876)
467(1)
The Porfiriato (1876-1911)
468(1)
Global Connection: Conquest or Encounter?
469(1)
The Revolution of 1910 and the Sonoran Dynasty (1910-1934)
470(1)
Lázaro Cárdenas, Agrarian Reform, and the Workers (1934-1940)
471(1)
The Politics of Rapid Development (1940-1982)
472(1)
Crisis and Reform (1982 to the Present)
473(1)
Citizen Action: Rebellion in Chiapas
474(1)
Themes and Implications
475(1)
Historical Junctures and Political Themes
475(1)
Implications for Comparative Politics
476(1)
2 Political Economy and Development
477(10)
State and Economy
477(1)
Import Substitution and Its Consequences
477(1)
Sowing the Oil and Reaping a Crisis
481(1)
New Strategies and Democratic Institutions
483(1)
Society and Economy
483(2)
Mexico and the International Political Economy
485(1)
Global Connection: NAFTA and Beyond
486(1)
3 Governance and Policy-Making
487(7)
Organization of the State
487(1)
The Executive
488(1)
The President and the Cabinet
488(1)
Leaders: Vicente Fox Quesada
489(1)
The Bureaucracy
491(1)
The Para-Statal Sector
491(1)
Other State Institutions
492(1)
The Military
492(1)
The Judiciary
492(1)
Subnational Government
493(1)
The Policy-Making Process
494(1)
4 Representation and Participation
494(12)
The Legislature
495(1)
Political Parties and the Party System
496(1)
The PRI
497(1)
The PAN
498(1)
The PRD
500(1)
Other Parties
501(1)
Elections
501(1)
Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity
502(1)
Interests, Social Movements, and Protests
503(2)
Citizen Action: Urban Popular Movements
505(1)
5 Mexican Politics in Transition
506(9)
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas
506(2)
Current Challenges: Human Rights in Mexico
508(1)
Mexican Politics in Comparative Perspective
509(4)
11 Nigeria
513(57)
Darren Kew and Peter Lewis
1 The Making of the Modern Nigerian State
515(13)
Politics in Action
515(1)
Geographic Setting
516(1)
Critical Junctures
516(1)
The Precolonial Period (800-1900)
517(1)
Colonial Rule and Its Impact (1860-1945)
520(1)
Divisive Identities: Ethnic Politics Under Colonialism (1945-1960)
520(1)
The First Republic (1960-1966)
521(1)
Civil War and Military Rule (1966-1979)
522(1)
The Second and Third Republics, and Predatory Military Rule (1979-1999)
522(1)
The Fourth Republic (1999 to the Present)
523(2)
Themes and Implications
525(1)
Historical Junctures and Political Themes
525(1)
Nigeria in the World of States: Oil Dependence and Decline
525(1)
Governing Nigeria's Economy
525(1)
Democratic Ideas Amid Colonialism and Military Rule
526(1)
Nigeria's Fragile Collective Identity
526(1)
Implications for Comparative Politics
527(1)
2 Political Economy and Development
528(12)
State and Economy
528(1)
Origins of Economic Decline
528(1)
From 1985 to the Present: Deepening Economic Crisis and the Search for Solutions
529(1)
Structural Adjustment
529(2)
Global Connection: Structural Adjustment Programs
531(1)
Economic Planning
532(1)
Social Welfare
532(1)
Current Challenges: Vision 2010
533(2)
Society and Economy
535(1)
Ethnic and Religious Cleavages
535(1)
Gender Differences
537(1)
Nigeria and the International Political Economy
537(1)
Nigeria and the Regional Political Economy
538(1)
Nigeria and the Political Economy of the West
538(2)
3 Governance and Policy-Making
540(12)
Organization of the State
540(1)
The National Question and Constitutional Governance
540(1)
Federalism and State Structure
541(1)
The Executive
541(1)
Evolution of the Executive Function
541(1)
Current Challenges: Nigeria's Federal Character
542(1)
The Executive Under Military Rule
542(1)
Current Challenges: Federalism in Nigeria
543(1)
The Obasanjo Administration
544(1)
The Bureaucracy
545(1)
Para-statals
545(1)
Current Challenges: Prebendalism
545(1)
Other State Institutions
546(1)
The Judiciary
546(1)
State and Local Judiciaries
547(1)
State and Local Government
547(3)
The Policy-Making Process
550(2)
4 Representation and Participation
552(10)
The Legislature
552(2)
The Party System and Elections
554(1)
New Alignments: Abacha's Ambition and Abubakar's Promise
555(4)
Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity
559(1)
Modernity Versus Traditionalism
559(1)
Religion
559(1)
The Press
560(1)
Interests, Social Movements, and Protests
560(1)
Labor
560(1)
The Business Community
561(1)
Other Social Groups
561(1)
5 Nigerian Politics in transition
562(11)
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas
563(2)
Nigerian Politics in Comparative Perspective
565(1)
A World of States
565(1)
Governing the Economy
566(1)
The Democratic Idea
566(1)
Collective Identities
567(3)
PART 4 Non-Democracies 570
12 Iran
571(48)
Ervand Abrahamian
1 The Making of the Modern Iranian State
573(15)
Politics in Action
573(1)
Geographic Setting
574(1)
Critical Junctures
575(1)
The Safavids (1501-1722)
575(1)
Background: Islam and Shi'ism
576(1)
The Qajars (1794-1925)
577(1)
The Pahlavis (1925-1979)
579(1)
The Islamic Revolution (1979)
581(1)
Leaders: Ayatollah Ruholiah Khomeini
582(1)
The Islamic Republic (1979 to the Present)
583(2)
Themes and Implications
585(1)
Historical Junctures and Political Themes
585(1)
Implications for Comparative Politics
587(1)
2 Political Economy and Development
588(1)
State and Economy
588(1)
The Economy in the Nineteenth Century
588(1)
The Oil Economy
589(1)
Society and Economy
589(4)
Iran and the International Political Economy
593(1)
Under the Shah
593(1)
The Islamic Republic
593(2)
3 Governance and Policy-Making
595(9)
Organization of the State
596(1)
The Supreme Leader
596(1)
The Executive
597(1)
The President and the Cabinet
597(2)
Leaders: Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
599(1)
The Bureaucracy
599(1)
Semipublic Institutions
599(1)
Leaders: Sayyid Muhammad Khatami
600(1)
Other State Institutions
600(1)
The Military
600(1)
The Judiciary
600(1)
Leaders: Hojjat al-Islam Ali-Akbar Hashetui Rafsanjani Ali-Akbar
601(1)
Subnational Government
601(1)
The Policy-Making Process
602(2)
4 Representation and Participation
604(10)
The Legislature
604(1)
Political Parties and the Party System
605(1)
Elections
605(1)
The First Majles (1980)
606(1)
The Second Majles (1984)
607(1)
The Third (1988), Fourth (1992), and Fifth (1996) Majteses
608(1)
The Sixth Majles (2000)
610(1)
Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity
611(1)
Interests, Social Movements, and Protests
612(2)
5 Iranian Politics in Transition
614(7)
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas
614(2)
Iranian Politics in Comparative Perspective
616(3)
13 China
619
William A. Joseph
1 The Making of the Modern Chinese State
621(12)
Politics in Action
621(1)
Geographic Setting
621(2)
Critical Junctures
623(1)
From Empire to Republic (221 B.C.-1911 A.D)
623(1)
Warlords, Nationalists, and Communists (1912-1949)
624(1)
Mao in Power (1949-1976)
625(1)
Global Connection: The Republic of China on Taiwan
626(1)
Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of Chinese Communism (1977-1997)
627(1)
From Revolutionary leaders to Technocrats (1997 to the Present)
628(1)
Themes and Implications
629(1)
Historical Junctures and Political Themes
629(1)
The World of States
629(1)
Governing the Economy
631(1)
The Democratic Idea
631(1)
The Politics of Collective Identity 631
Implications for Comparative Politics
632(1)
2 Political Economy and Development
633(10)
State and Economy
633(1)
The Maoist Economy
633(1)
China Goes to Market
634(1)
Remaking the Chinese Countryside
635(1)
The Political Impact of Economic Reform
637(1)
Current Challenges: China's One-Child Policy
638(1)
Society and Economy
639(1)
China and the International Political Economy
640(2)
Global Connection: Hong Kong: From China to Britain-and Back Again
642(1)
3 Governance and Policy-Making
643(11)
Organization of the State
643(1)
The Executive
644(1)
The Chinese Communist Party
646(1)
The Government of the PRC
648(1)
The Bureaucracy
649(1)
Other State Institutions
650(1)
The Military and the Police
650(1)
The Judiciary
652(1)
Subnational Government
653(1)
The Policy-Making Process
653(1)
4 Representation and Participation
654(10)
The Legislature
655(1)
Political Parties and the Party System
655(1)
The Chinese Communist Party
655(1)
China's Noncommunist Parties
656(1)
Elections
656(1)
Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity
657(1)
From Communism to Consumerism
657(1)
Citizenship and National Identity
659(1)
China's Non-Chinese Citizens
659(1)
Interests, Social Movements, and Protests
660(1)
Current Challenges: Tibet and China
661(1)
Mechanisms of Social Control
662(1)
Protest and the Party-State
662(2)
5 Chinese Politics in Transition
664
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas
664(1)
Scenes from the Chinese Countryside
664(1)
Economic Management, Social Tension, and Political Legitimacy
665(1)
China and the Democratic Idea
666(1)
Chinese Politics in Comparative Perspective
667(1)
China as a Communist Party-State
667(1)
China as a Third World State
668
Glossary A-1
About the Editors and Contributors A-11
Index A-19


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