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Introduction to Cultural Ecology provides a thorough discussion of the history and theoretical basis behind cultural ecology, starting with the basic principles of cultural anthropology, environmental studies, and human biological adaptations to the environment. It features nine case studies from around the world and highlights and defines key terms for the introductory-level student.
Mark Q. Sutton is professor emeritus of anthropology at California State University, Bakersfield, and is principal investigator at Statistical Research, Inc., a cultural resource management and heritage preservation firm. E. N. Anderson is professor emeritus of anthropology at the University of California, Riverside.
Table of Contents
|List of Figures and Tables||p. xi|
|What Is Cultural Ecology?||p. 3|
|The Study of Human Ecology||p. 8|
|A History of Thought on Culture and Environment||p. 13|
|The Rise of Cultural Ecology||p. 21|
|Chapter Summary||p. 32|
|Key Terms||p. 32|
|Fundamentals of Ecology||p. 35|
|The Environment||p. 35|
|Niche and Habitat||p. 46|
|Chapter Summary||p. 55|
|Key Terms||p. 56|
|Human Biological Ecology||p. 59|
|Humans as Animals||p. 59|
|Biological Adaptations||p. 60|
|Human Population Regulation||p. 63|
|Evolutionary Ecology||p. 73|
|Chapter Summary||p. 89|
|Key Terms||p. 89|
|Cultural Ecology||p. 91|
|Human Capabilities||p. 91|
|Culture as an Adaptive Mechanism||p. 97|
|Traditional Knowledge Systems||p. 102|
|Human Control of the Environment||p. 116|
|Decision Making||p. 125|
|A Concluding Thought on Management||p. 131|
|Chapter Summary||p. 131|
|Key Terms||p. 132|
|Hunting and Gathering||p. 133|
|Hunter-Gatherer Classification||p. 135|
|The Hunter-Gatherer Stereotype||p. 138|
|Bias in Hunter-Gatherer Studies||p. 140|
|Settlement and Subsistence||p. 143|
|Environmental Manipulation and Resource Management||p. 152|
|Relations with other Groups||p. 153|
|Chapter Summary||p. 154|
|Key Terms||p. 155|
|Case Study 5.1: The Nuu-chah-nulth of British Columbia||p. 155|
|Case Study 5.2: The Mbuti of the Ituri Forest||p. 165|
|The Origins of Food Production||p. 177|
|Agricultural Domestication||p. 180|
|The Transition to Farming||p. 181|
|On the Origin of Agriculture||p. 183|
|Types of Agriculture||p. 188|
|The Impact of Agriculture||p. 189|
|Chapter Summary||p. 194|
|Key Terms||p. 194|
|Horticultral Techniques||p. 195|
|Use of Wild Resources||p. 206|
|Environmental Manipulation and Resource Management||p. 207|
|Relations with Other Groups||p. 207|
|Chapter Summary||p. 208|
|Key Terms||p. 208|
|Case Study 7.1: The Grand Valley Dani of Highland New Guinea||p. 209|
|Case Study 7.2: The Lozi of Western Zambia||p. 215|
|General Sociopolitical Organization||p. 226|
|Types of Pastoralism||p. 227|
|The Geography of Pastoralism||p. 228|
|The Origin of Pastoralism||p. 230|
|Some Parameters of Pastoralism||p. 230|
|Use of Nonpastoral Products||p. 236|
|Environmental Manipulation and Resource Management||p. 237|
|Relations with Other Groups||p. 238|
|A Note on the Impact of Grazing||p. 238|
|Chapter Summary||p. 240|
|Key Terms||p. 241|
|Case Study 8.1: The Maasai: Pastoralists in East Africa||p. 241|
|Case Study 8.2: The Navajo: Pastoralists of the American Southwest||p. 248|
|Case Study 8.3: Cattle Ranchers in the American West, by Kimberly Hedrick||p. 256|
|Intensive Agriculture||p. 267|
|Changes in Scale||p. 268|
|Techniques of Intensive Agriculture||p. 273|
|Contemporary Industrialized Agriculture||p. 275|
|Environmental Manipulation and Resource Management||p. 277|
|Relations with Other Groups||p. 277|
|Chapter Summary||p. 277|
|Key Terms||p. 278|
|Case Study 9.1: Mountains and Water: The Traditional Agricultural System along South Coastal China||p. 278|
|Case Study 9.2: The Maya Agricultural System||p. 294|
|Current Issues and Problems||p. 305|
|The Tragedy of the Commons||p. 307|
|Agricultural Involution||p. 308|
|Agricultural Development and Intensification||p. 309|
|The Rainforest Dilemma||p. 312|
|The General Problem||p. 318|
|Chapter Summary||p. 320|
|Key Terms||p. 321|
|About the Authors||p. 399|
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