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Introduction to Law and the Legal System

by
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780618312023

ISBN10:
0618312021
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
7/21/2003
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $229.99
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Summary

Broad coverage, flexible organization, and an introductory level structure makeIntroduction to Lawsuitable for a variety of departments and. The text provides students with an overview of the U.S. legal system using real cases to illustrate the substance of the law, as well as major functions and procedures, promoting development of critical-thinking and problem-solving skills. Updated cases in almost every chapter keep students informed of the most current issues. AnInternet Tipfeature refers students to additional case material on the companion web site. The companion web site includes chapter outlines, useful links, and additional cases to help reinforce and illustrate concepts addressed in the text.

Table of Contents

Preface xxi
Introduction
1(73)
What is Law?
1(4)
Law as Power
1(1)
Natural Law
2(1)
Historical Jurisprudence
2(1)
Utilitarian Law
3(1)
Analytical Positivism
4(1)
Sociological Jurisprudence, Legal Realism, and Legal Sociology
5(2)
Legal Realists
6(1)
Legal Sociologists
7(1)
Objectives of Law
7(3)
Continuity and Stability
7(1)
Adaptability
8(1)
Justice, Speed, and Economy
8(1)
Determining Desirable Public Policy
9(1)
Origin of Law in the United States
10(5)
The Origins of English Common Law
10(1)
The Norman Invasion
11(1)
The Development of the Common Law
11(2)
The Origin of the English Equitable Court
13(2)
A Procedural Primer
15(2)
Reading Cases
17(5)
E. I. Du Point de Nemours & Co., Inc v. Christopher
18(4)
Case Analysis
22(2)
Sample Brief
23(1)
Constitutional Policymaking
24(7)
Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Dept. of Health
25(6)
Due Process
31(26)
Washington et al., Petitioners, v. Harold Glucksberg et al.
32(10)
The Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments
42(1)
The Meaning of Substantive Due Process
42(1)
Substantive Due Process and Economic and Social Regulation
43(1)
The Scope of Substantive Due Process
44(1)
City of Chicago v. Jesus Morales, et al.
45(6)
Procedural Due Process
51(1)
State v. Bani
52(5)
Criminal and Civil Law
57(6)
Katko v. Briney
59(4)
Equal Protection of the Law
63(1)
Tort and Contract Law
64(10)
Torts
64(1)
Contracts
64(1)
Suggs v. Norris
65(3)
Chapter Questions
68(3)
Notes
71(3)
Ethics and Law
74(44)
Gregg v. Georgia
75(7)
Ethics
82(36)
Karen, Keisha, & Kelly
82(2)
Law and Morality
84(1)
Positive Law Rules
85(1)
Aiding and Abetting, Misprision, Informing, and the Family
86(1)
State v. Mobbley
87(2)
Holland v. State of Florida
89(2)
Good Samaritan Laws
91(1)
Individual Choice Versus Social Control: Where is the line?
92(1)
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Bonadio
93(2)
Commonwealth of Kentucky v. Wasson
95(5)
Business Ethics
100(1)
Textile Workers v. Darlington Manufacturing Company
101(4)
Professional Ethics
105(1)
Ethics and Professional Responsibility Codes for Lawyers
105(1)
State of New Jersey in the Interest of S. G.
106(6)
DCH Health Services Corp. v. Waite
112(2)
Chapter Questions
114(2)
Notes
116(2)
The Judicial System
118(39)
Courts
118(1)
Trial Courts
119(1)
Appellate Courts
120(1)
State Court Systems
121(1)
Jurisdiction
122(14)
Subject Matter Jurisdiction in State Court
122(1)
In the Matter of the Application of Arthur Hyde Rice to Register and Confirm Title to Land Situated in Kailua, District of Koolaupoko, Oahu, City and County of Honolulu, State of Hawai'i
123(1)
Jurisdiction over the Person
124(2)
Case Excerpt
126(1)
Kerry Steel, Inc., v. Paragon Industries, Inc.
126(1)
David Mink v. AAAA Development LLC
127(3)
Long-Arm Statutes
130(1)
Cronin v. Sierra Medical Center
130(5)
In Personam Jurisdiction over Corporations
135(1)
Jurisdiction over Property---In Rem Jurisdiction
135(1)
Procedural Due Process Requirements
135(1)
Venue
136(1)
The Federal Court System
136(1)
The U.S. District Courts
137(13)
Marathon Oil Company v. A. G. Ruhrgas
137(4)
The Plaintiff's Choice of Forum
141(1)
Kopp v. Kopp
142(2)
In Rem and In Personam Jurisdiction
144(1)
Venue in Federal Courts
144(1)
Removal from State to Federal Courts (Removal Jurisdiction)
145(1)
Catherine Gebbia v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
145(2)
The Erie Doctrine
147(1)
Carson v. National Bank
148(2)
The Thirteen U.S. Courts of Appeals
150(1)
The U.S. Supreme Court
151(6)
Chapter Questions
153(3)
Notes
156(1)
Civil Procedure
157(41)
Proceedings Before a Civil Trial
158(15)
Hiring a Lawyer
158(2)
Olsen and Brown v. City of Englewood
160(3)
The Pleadings
163(2)
Methods of Service
165(2)
Dorsey v. Gregg
167(1)
Pretrial Motions
168(1)
Discovery and Pretrial Conference
169(1)
Debra Clark v. Frederick J. Klein
170(3)
Civil Trials
173(2)
Selection of the Jury
174(1)
Opening Statements and Examination of Witnesses
174(1)
Rules Of Evidence
175(23)
Relevance and Materiality
176(1)
Competency
177(1)
The Best Evidence Rule
178(1)
The Hearsay Rule
179(1)
Terry L. LaGuesse v. Storytown U.S.A.
179(2)
Privileges
181(1)
Raymond Binkley v. Georgette Allen
181(3)
Trial Motions
184(1)
Jury Verdict and Posttrial Motions
184(1)
Cody v. Atkins
185(3)
Additur and Remittitur
188(1)
Armon v. Griggs
188(2)
Judgment and Execution
190(3)
Chapter Questions
193(3)
Notes
196(2)
Institutional Sources of American Law
198(40)
Common Law and Civil Law Legal Systems
198(1)
Constitutions
199(1)
Legislation
200(12)
The Power to Legislate
201(1)
Federal Government
201(1)
United States v. Lopez
202(6)
State Government
208(1)
Federal Supremacy
208(1)
Constitutionality of Statutes
209(1)
Ex Post Facto Laws
210(1)
Statutory Construction
211(1)
Administrative Agencies
212(1)
Judicial Decision Making
212(15)
Following Precedent
213(1)
The Holding and Rule of the Case
213(1)
State v. Butler
214(3)
Requirements for a President
217(1)
The Retroactive Versus Prospective Application Question
217(1)
Adkins v. Sky Blue, Inc.
218(5)
Absence of Precedent
223(1)
Strunk v. Strunk
223(4)
Recognizing Laws of Other States
227(11)
Conflict of Laws
227(1)
Tort Cases
228(1)
Hubbard Manufacturing Co., Inc., v. Greeson
228(2)
Contract Cases
230(1)
Full Faith and Credit
231(1)
Baker et al. v. General Motors
232(3)
Chapter Questions
235(2)
Notes
237(1)
Limitations in Seeking Relief
238(39)
Case or Controversy Requirement
238(1)
Justiciability
239(5)
Thomas v. Anchorage Equal Rights Commission
240(4)
Mootness
244(3)
DeFunis v. Odegaard
245(2)
Political Questions
247(3)
Belk v. United States
248(2)
The Act of State Doctrine
250(1)
Statute of Limitations
251(6)
Marybeth Atkins v. Jiminy Peak, Inc.
254(3)
Res Judicata
257(2)
Henry B. Y. Shin v. Portals Confederation Corporation
257(2)
Immunity From Legal Action
259(2)
Sovereign Immunity
260(1)
Immunity of Governmental Officials
261(16)
Brent v. Ashley
261(6)
Charitable Immunity
267(1)
Thompson v. Mercy Hospital
267(2)
Immunity Among Family Members
269(1)
Juanita Boone v. Freddie Boone
269(3)
Immunity Through Contact
272(1)
Gimpel v. Host Enterprises, Inc.
272(2)
Chapter Questions
274(3)
Judicial Remedies
277(39)
Common Law Remedies
279(13)
Compensatory Damages
279(1)
Macomber v. Dillman
280(5)
Kansas City Southern Railway Co., Inc. v. J. C. Johnson and Kerry Lynn Johnson
285(3)
Punitive Damages
288(1)
Volz v. Coleman Co., Inc.
288(3)
Nominal Damages
291(1)
Liquidated Damages
292(1)
Equitable Remedies
292(24)
Injunctions
292(1)
Gano v. School District No. 411 of Twin Falls County, Idaho
293(2)
Reformation and Rescission
295(1)
Department of Transportation v. Ronlee, Inc.
296(3)
Court of Conscience
299(1)
Campbell Soup Company v. Wentz
300(2)
Equitable Maxims
302(1)
Isbell v. Brighton Area Schools
303(1)
Specific Performance
304(1)
Bloch v. Hillel Torah North Suburban Day School
305(1)
Restitution
306(1)
Iacomini v. Liberty Mutual Insurance Company
307(2)
Declaratory Judgment
309(1)
Jury Trial
310(1)
State v. Yelsen Land Company
310(1)
Chapter Questions
311(4)
Notes
315(1)
Criminal Law and Procedure
316(67)
Criminal Law
316(8)
Sources of American Criminal Law
317(1)
Classification of Crimes
318(1)
Constitutional Limitations on Criminalization
318(2)
Loving v. Commonwealth of Virginia
320(3)
The Imposition of Punishment
323(1)
The Basic Components of a Criminal Offense
324(19)
The Wrongful Act
324(1)
People v. Shaughnessy
324(3)
Special Rules
327(1)
Status Crimes
327(1)
The Criminal State of Mind
327(1)
State v. Gordon
328(5)
Strict Liability
333(1)
Vicarious Liability
333(1)
Causation
334(1)
Commonwealth v. Berggren
334(2)
Inchoate Crime
336(1)
The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act
337(1)
Defenses
337(2)
United States v. Scott
339(4)
Criminal Procedure
343(3)
Proceedings Prior to Trial
346(26)
Arrest
346(1)
Draper v. United States
347(2)
Custodial Interrogation
349(1)
Charles T. Dickerson v. United States
350(3)
Searches and Seizures
353(3)
Crystal M. Ferguson v. City of Charleston
356(4)
Investigatory Detentions (Stop and Frisk)
360(1)
Adams v. Williams
361(2)
Bail
363(1)
United States v. Salerno
364(5)
The Right to an Attorney
369(1)
Line-ups
370(1)
Preliminary Hearing and Grand Jury
370(1)
Arraignment
371(1)
The Criminal Trial
372(11)
Sullivan v. Louisiana
373(3)
Trial by Jury
376(1)
Fair and Public Trial
376(1)
Right to a Speedy Trial and Cross-Examination
376(1)
The Prosecutor's Role
377(1)
Sentencing
377(1)
Appeal
377(1)
Habeas Corpus
378(1)
Chapter Questions
378(4)
Notes
382(1)
Family Law
383(74)
Introduction
383(7)
What is a Family
384(2)
Moore v. City of East Cleveland, Ohio
386(4)
Creating Family Relationships
390(25)
Marriage
390(1)
Zablocki v. Redhail
391(4)
Marriage Solemnization Ceremonies
395(1)
Common Law Marriages
395(1)
Civil Unions and Domestic Partnerships
395(3)
Full Faith and Credit Clause Issues
398(1)
Burns v. Burns
398(3)
Adoption
401(1)
Matching
401(3)
Adoption of Tammy
404(4)
Voluntary/Involuntary Adoption
408(1)
The Adoption Petition
409(1)
Lehr v. Robertson
409(4)
Interim Order
413(1)
Foster Care
414(1)
Family Relations In Ongoing Families
415(20)
Spousal Considerations
415(1)
Decision Making Within Traditional Families
416(1)
Wisconsin v. Yoder
417(7)
The Parent-Child Relationship
424(1)
State ex rel. Hermesmann v. Seyer
425(4)
Nash v. Mulle
429(5)
Noneconomic Obligations
434(1)
Parental Immunity from Suit by Child
435(1)
Ending Spousal Relationships
435(22)
Annulment
435(1)
Legal Separations
436(1)
Divorce/Dissolution
436(1)
Jurisdictional and Procedural Considerations
437(1)
Jurisdiction
437(1)
Procedure
438(1)
Allocation of Financial Obligations
438(1)
Court-ordered Alimony
439(1)
Child Custody and Child Support
439(1)
In re Marriage of Riddle
440(2)
Preferred Custody Statutes
442(1)
Child Support
443(1)
Property Division
443(1)
Common Law/Equitable Distribution Approach
444(1)
O'Brien v. O'Brien
444(5)
Determining Fairness
449(1)
Community Property Approach
450(1)
Conclusion
450(1)
Chapter Questions
450(3)
Notes
453(4)
Contracts
457(60)
A Brief History of American Contract Law
457(2)
Nature and Classification of Contracts
459(1)
Valid, Void, Voidable, and Unenforceable Contracts
459(1)
Bilateral and Unilateral Contracts
460(1)
Agreement
460(8)
Offer
461(1)
Termination of an Offer
461(1)
Acceptance
462(2)
Cook's Pest Control, Inc. v. Robert and Margo Rebar
464(4)
Reality of Consent
468(4)
Duress
468(1)
Undue Influence
469(1)
Fraud
469(1)
Misrepresentation
470(1)
Mistake
470(1)
Carter v. Matthews
471(1)
Consideration
472(5)
Modern Laundry and Dry Cleaning v. Farrer
474(3)
Capacity
477(3)
Minors
477(1)
Transactions a Minor Cannot Avoid
477(1)
Disaffirmance of Contract
478(1)
Ratification
479(1)
Insane People
479(1)
Intoxication
480(1)
Illegality
480(7)
Contracts Against Public Policy
481(1)
Principal Casualty Insurance Company v. Blair
481(2)
Agreements to Commit Serious Crimes
483(1)
Agreements to Commit Civil Wrongs
483(1)
Redlee/SCS, Inc. v. Carl J. Pieper
484(3)
Writing
487(10)
Agreement by Executor or Administrator
488(1)
Agreement in Consideration of Marriage
488(1)
Agreement to Answer for the Debt of Another
488(1)
Douglas D. Owens v. Leonard Goldammer
489(3)
Agreements Not to Be Performed in One Year
492(1)
Agreement Conveying an Interest in Real Property
492(1)
Mulford v. Borg-Warner Acceptance
493(1)
Sale of Goods
494(1)
Parol Evidence Rule
494(1)
Ronald A. Yocca v. The Pittsburgh Steelers Sports, Inc.
495(2)
Aspects of Contract Performance
497(9)
Accord and Satisfaction
498(1)
Warranties
498(1)
Discharge, Rescission, and Novation
499(1)
Transfers of Duties and Rights
499(1)
Macke Company v. Pizza of Gaithersburg, Inc.
500(2)
Contracts for the Benefit of Third Parties
502(1)
Castorino v. Unifast Bldg. Products
502(2)
The Duty to Perform and Breach of Contract
504(1)
Clarkson v. Orkin Exterminating Co., Inc.
505(1)
Remedies For Breach of Contract
506(11)
Common Law Remedies
506(1)
Anuszewski v. Jurevic
507(1)
Punitive Damages
508(1)
Hibschman Pontiac, Inc. v. Batchelor
509(3)
Equitable Remedies
512(1)
UCC Remedies for Breach of Contract for the Sale of Goods
512(1)
Chapter Questions
512(4)
Notes
516(1)
The Law of Torts
517(61)
Historical Evolution of American Tort Law
518(1)
Functions of Tort Law
518(1)
Intentional Torts
518(16)
Assault
519(1)
Battery
519(1)
Estate of Bethiaume v. Pratt, M.D.
519(3)
Conversion
522(1)
Trespass to Land
523(1)
Ivanic v. Olmstead
523(2)
Malicious Prosecution
525(1)
False Imprisonment
525(1)
Debra McCann v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
526(3)
Defamation
529(1)
Interference with Contract Relations
530(1)
Infliction of Mental Distress
530(1)
Invasion of Privacy
530(1)
Elli Lake v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
531(3)
Negligence
534(17)
Malpractice
535(1)
Gilhooley v. Star Market Co., Inc.
536(2)
Duty of Care
538(1)
Weirum v. RKO General, Inc.
539(3)
Liability Rules for Specialized Activities
542(1)
Benejam v. Detroit Tigers, Inc.
543(3)
Proximate Cause
546(1)
Anglin v. Florida Department of Transportation
547(4)
Defenses to Negligence
551(14)
Contributory Negligence and Assumption of Risk Defenses
551(1)
Carolyn Alford v. Wanda E. Lowery
552(2)
Comparative Negligence
554(1)
Stein v. Langer
554(2)
Negligence and Product Liability
556(1)
Laaperi v. Sears Roebuck & Co., Inc.
557(4)
Imputed Negligence
561(1)
Todd Hillabrand v. Drypers Corporation
561(3)
No-Fault Liability Statutes
564(1)
Strict Liability
565(13)
Abnormally Dangerous Activities
565(1)
Westberry v. Blackwell
565(2)
Strict Liability and Product Liability
567(1)
Leichtamer v. American Motors Corp.
568(4)
Tort Reform
572(1)
Joint and Severable Liability
573(1)
Limitations on Venue Choice
573(1)
Caps on Noneconomic Damages
573(1)
Statutes of Limitations
573(1)
Caps on Punitive Damages
573(1)
Chapter Questions
574(3)
Notes
577(1)
Property
578(53)
Historical Development of the Regulation of Real Property
578(2)
Classifications of Property
580(1)
Trademarks, Patents, and Copyrights
580(13)
Trademarks
581(1)
In re The Boston Beer Company Ltd. Partnership
581(3)
Patents
584(1)
Copyrights
584(1)
Matthews v. Freedman
585(3)
Far West Modular Home Sales, Inc. v. Proaps
588(2)
Property Ownership
590(1)
In re Estate of Clayton Gulledge
591(2)
Community Property
593(1)
Title
593(1)
Government's Right to Regulate and Take Private Property
593(19)
Zoning
594(1)
Eminent Domain
594(3)
Dolan v. City of Tigard
597(9)
Taxation
606(1)
Nuisance
607(1)
Gloria B. Lane v. W. J. Curry & Sons
607(5)
Real Property
612(2)
Estates in Land
612(1)
Easements
612(1)
Licenses
613(1)
Covenants
613(1)
Adverse Possession
613(1)
The Recording System
614(1)
Personal Property
614(8)
Purchase
614(1)
Creation
614(1)
Capture
615(1)
Accession
615(1)
Finding
615(1)
Favorite v. Miller
615(3)
Confusion
618(1)
Gift
618(1)
Rick Kenyon v. Claude Abel
619(3)
Inheritance
622(1)
Bailments
622(9)
James W. Croskey v. Carl Leach
623(2)
Chapter Questions
625(4)
Notes
629(2)
Administrative Law and Administrative Agencies
631(42)
The Rise of Administrative Agencies
631(2)
Organization and Classification of Federal Agencies
633(6)
Functions of Administrative Agencies
633(3)
Askildson v. Commissioner of Public Safety
636(3)
Administrative Agency Powers
639(8)
Rule-making Power
639(1)
Ethyl Corporation v. Environmental Protection Agency
640(3)
Executive Power
643(1)
Inspector General of U.S. Department of Agriculture v. Glenn
644(2)
Adjudicative Power
646(1)
Judicial Review
647(9)
Timing of Review
648(1)
Sturm, Ruger & Co., Inc. v. Elaine Chao, Sec., U.S. Dept. of Labor
648(5)
Recognition of Administrative Competence and Scope of Review
653(1)
Maximum Home Health Care, Inc. v. Donna E. Shalala
654(2)
Administrative Agencies and the Regulation of Business
656(17)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
656(1)
Federal Trade Commission and Consumer Credit Protection
657(3)
Trans Union Corporation v. Federal Trade Commission
660(5)
Environmental Protection Agency
665(1)
History of Pollution Control
665(1)
Air Pollution
665(1)
Water Pollution
666(1)
Pesticide Control
666(1)
Hazardous Wastes Disposal
667(1)
Enforcement of Environmental Laws
667(1)
Chapter Questions
668(3)
Notes
671(2)
Alternative Dispute Resolution
673(40)
Voluntary ADR
674(2)
Court-Annexed ADR
676(6)
In Re Atlantic Pipe Corporation
677(5)
ADR Techniques
682(16)
Settlement Conferences
682(1)
Estate of John Skalka v. Mark Skalka
683(2)
Arbitration
685(1)
Voluntary Arbitration
686(1)
Sears Authorized Termite and Pest Control, Inc. v. Shelly J. Sullivan
687(2)
Judicial Review of Arbitration Awards
689(1)
Ronald Crowell v. Downey Community Hospital Foundation
689(4)
Court-Annexed Arbitration
693(1)
Allstate Insurance Company v. A. William Mottolese
694(4)
Jointly Used ADR Methods
698(6)
Mediation
698(1)
Team Design v. Anthony Gottlieb
699(5)
Mini-Trials
704(9)
Summary Jury Trials
705(1)
Private Trials
706(1)
Does ADR Really Work
706(1)
Chapter Questions
706(3)
Notes
709(4)
The Constitution of the United States 713(18)
Glossary of Selected Terms From the Law Dictionary 731(24)
Case Index 755(2)
Subject Index 757


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