9781892132505

Introduction To Outdoor Recreation: Providing And Managing Natural Resource Based Opportunities

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781892132505

  • ISBN10:

    1892132508

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 6/30/2005
  • Publisher: Venture Pub

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Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures
xi
Acknowledgments xiii
Preface xv
Part I Foundations and Background
Key Concepts
3(18)
Learning Objectives
3(1)
Natural Resource Dimensions of Outdoor Recreation
4(1)
Human Dimensions of Outdoor Recreation
5(6)
Outdoor Recreation and Related Concepts
11(7)
Summary
18(1)
Literature Cited
18(3)
Benefits of Leisure and Its Roles in Society
21(20)
Learning Objectives
21(1)
Review of Definitions of Leisure and Recreation
21(1)
What Is a Leisure Profession or a Recreation Profession?
22(1)
Benefits of Leisure
23(1)
Evolution of Scientific Knowledge About Benefits of Leisure
24(1)
Nature, Scope, and Magnitude of the Benefits of Leisure
25(1)
Benefits of Leisure in General
26(7)
Benefits of Outdoor Recreation
33(4)
The Role of Leisure in Society
37(1)
Summary
37(1)
Literature Cited
38(3)
Historical Context
41(14)
Learning Objectives
41(1)
Outdoor Recreation History as Our Context
41(1)
Periods of Outdoor Recreation History
42(7)
Significant Events in the History of Outdoor Recreation
49(2)
Historical Perspectives on Outdoor Recreation Participation
51(2)
Summary
53(1)
Literature Cited
53(2)
Social and Technological Forces Affecting Outdoor Recreation
55(18)
Learning Objectives
55(1)
Social and Technological Trends and Forces
55(1)
Population Changes
55(3)
Technological Innovations
58(1)
Shifts in Economic Strengths and Weaknesses
59(1)
Increased Accountability of Institutions and Leaders
59(1)
Changes in Transportation
60(1)
Concern for the Environment and Its Effects on Health
61(1)
Greater Emphasis on Partnerships
62(1)
Increasing Pressure on Public Recreational Resources
63(1)
Changes in Recreation and Leisure in General
64(2)
Changes in Outdoor Recreation Participation in Particular
66(2)
Summary
68(1)
Literature Cited
68(5)
Part II Outdoor Recreation Resources and Providers of Outdoor Recreation Opportunities
Land and Water Resources for Outdoor Recreation
73(10)
Learning Objectives
73(1)
Types of Outdoor Recreation Resources
73(3)
Scope of Outdoor Recreation Resources
76(4)
Summary
80(1)
Literature Cited
81(2)
Public Sector Providers
83(26)
Learning Objectives
83(1)
Public Sector Providers of Outdoor Recreation Opportunities
83(1)
Federal Recreation Providing Agencies
84(2)
Federal Land Management Agencies
86(12)
Federal Water Project Agencies
98(3)
Other Federal Agencies Involved in Outdoor Recreation
101(1)
State Outdoor Recreation Providing Agencies
101(2)
Regional and County Outdoor Recreation Providing Agencies
103(1)
Municipal Outdoor Recreation Providing Agencies
104(1)
Summary
105(1)
Literature Cited
106(1)
Endnote
107(2)
Private Sector Providers
109(8)
Learning Objectives
109(1)
Providing Private Land and Facilities for Public Outdoor Recreation
109(2)
Providing Outdoor Recreation Equipment and Supplies
111(1)
Providing Guiding, Outfitting, and Information
112(2)
Providing Support Services
114(1)
Operating Commercial Ventures on Public Lands
115(1)
Providing Donations and Other Support
115(1)
Summary
116(1)
Literature Cited
116(1)
Nonprofit Sector Providers
117(6)
Learning Objectives
117(1)
Overview of the Nonprofit Sector
117(1)
Scope and Types of Nonprofit Organizations Involved in Outdoor Recreation
117(4)
Summary
121(1)
Literature Cited
122(1)
Endnote
122(1)
Partnerships Among Outdoor Recreation Providers
123(10)
Learning Objectives
123(1)
What Are Partnerships?
123(3)
Why Form Partnerships?
126(1)
Team Up With Whom?
126(1)
How to Create and Nurture Partnerships
127(2)
Creating and Nurturing Nonprofit Groups for Partnerships
129(1)
Summary
130(1)
Literature Cited
130(3)
Outdoor Recreation Opportunities From Selected Countries Around the World
133(12)
Learning Objectives
133(1)
Canada
134(1)
Latin America
134(1)
The British Isles and Western Europe
135(1)
Scandinavian Countries
136(2)
Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan
138(1)
Africa
139(1)
New Zealand and Australia
139(2)
Summary
141(1)
Literature Cited
141(1)
Endnote
141(4)
Part III Managing Outdoor Recreation Opportunities
Policy Development, Management, Administration, and Planning
145(10)
Learning Objectives
145(1)
Definitions of the Four Decision Processes
146(1)
Descriptions of the Four Decision Processes
147(6)
Summary
153(1)
Literature Cited
154(1)
Evolution of Science-Based Management of Outdoor Recreation Resources
155(30)
Learning Objectives
155(1)
Different Periods of Management and the Approaches Used Therein
156(3)
Significant Legislation
159(2)
How Advancements in Knowledge Have Facilitated Better Management Practice
161(3)
Science-Based Approaches for Overtly Managing for Outdoor Recreation
164(18)
Summary
182(1)
Literature Cited
182(2)
Endnote
184(1)
The Beneficial Outcomes Approach to Leisure
185(24)
Learning Objectives
185(1)
Changing Public Values and Recreation Agency Responses to Them
186(2)
Evolution of the BOAL
188(2)
Essential Characteristics of the BOAL
190(8)
Applying the BOAL Paradigm
198(6)
Advantages of the BOAL
204(1)
Summary
205(1)
Literature Cited
206(2)
Endnotes
208(1)
Negative Impacts of Recreation Use
209(14)
Learning Objectives
209(1)
Negative Recreation Impacts
209(1)
Categories of Recreation Impacts
210(4)
General Characteristics of Negative Recreation Impacts
214(1)
What Factors Influence Levels of Recreation Impacts?
214(2)
Systems for Managing Negative Recreation Impacts
216(5)
Summary
221(1)
Literature Cited
221(2)
Gathering Data for Managing Outdoor Recreation
223(10)
Learning Objectives
223(1)
Estimating Recreation Use
224(3)
Forecasting Future Recreation Use
227(1)
Gathering User Information
228(2)
Techniques for Measuring Impacts to Recreation Resources
230(1)
Summary
231(1)
Literature Cited
232(1)
Influencing and Managing Visitor Behavior
233(16)
Learning Objectives
233(1)
Understanding Why Visitors Behave the Way They Do
234(2)
Strategies for Managing Outdoor Recreation Settings and Influencing Visitor Behavior
236(10)
Summary
246(1)
Literature Cited
247(2)
Collaborative Planning and Management
249(8)
Learning Objectives
249(1)
Brief History of Collaborative Planning and Management
250(2)
Reasons Why Collaborative Planning and Management Was Needed
252(1)
Characteristics of Collaborative Planning and Management
253(1)
Essential Ingredients of Collaborative Planning and Management
253(1)
Hard-to-Remove Barriers of Collaborative Planning and Management
254(1)
Summary
255(1)
Literature Cited
255(2)
Management of Special Outdoor Recreation Resources: Wilderness and Trails
257(16)
Learning Objectives
257(1)
Wilderness Areas
258(6)
Trails and Greenways
264(6)
Summary
270(1)
Literature Cited
271(2)
Economics of Outdoor Recreation
273(28)
Learning Objectives
273(1)
General Characteristics of Economics
273(2)
Economic Concepts of Value and Benefit
275(5)
Public, Merit, and Nonmarketed Goods and Services
280(2)
Measuring Economic Values
282(11)
Recreation Entrance and Use Fees
293(5)
Summary
298(1)
Literature Cited
298(2)
Endnotes
300(1)
The Future of Outdoor Recreation
301(14)
Learning Objectives
301(1)
Visions of Our Future
301(1)
Emerging Issues
302(6)
Outdoor Recreation Professionalism
308(2)
Conclusions
310(2)
Literature Cited
312(3)
Appendix A Domains, Scales, and Scale Items for the Recreation Experience Preference (REP) Scales
315(6)
What Do the Scales Measure?
315(1)
Description of How the REP Scales Are Presented
315(6)
Appendix B Providers of Outdoor Recreation Opportunities
321(6)
Public Sector
321(2)
Private Sector
323(1)
Nonprofit Sector Organizations
323(1)
Selected International Providers and Information Sources
324(3)
Glossary
327(8)
Literature Cited
333(1)
Commonly Used Acronyms in Outdoor Recreation
334(1)
Index 335

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