Preface | p. xiii |

Acknowledgments | p. xvii |

Introduction | p. 1 |

What Is the Value of Statistics? | p. 3 |

Brief Introduction to History of Statistics | p. 4 |

General Statistical Definitions | p. 5 |

Types of Variables | p. 7 |

Scales of Measurement | p. 8 |

Summary | p. 13 |

Problems | p. 14 |

Data Representation | p. 17 |

Tabular Display of Distributions | p. 18 |

Graphical Display of Distributions | p. 23 |

Percentiles | p. 29 |

SPSS | p. 33 |

Templates for Research Questions and APA-Style Paragraph | p. 41 |

Summary | p. 42 |

Problems | p. 43 |

Univariate Population Parameters and Sample Statistics | p. 49 |

Summation Notation | p. 50 |

Measures of Central Tendency | p. 51 |

Measures of Dispersion | p. 56 |

SPSS | p. 65 |

Templates for Research Questions and APA-Style Paragraph | p. 69 |

Summary | p. 70 |

Problems | p. 71 |

Normal Distribution and Standard Scores | p. 77 |

Normal Distribution | p. 78 |

Standard Scores | p. 84 |

Skewness and Kurtosis Statistics | p. 87 |

SPSS | p. 91 |

Templates for Research Questions and APA-Style Paragraph | p. 98 |

Summary | p. 99 |

Problems | p. 99 |

Introduction to Probability and Sample Statistics | p. 105 |

Brief Introduction to Probability | p. 106 |

Sampling and Estimation | p. 109 |

Summary | p. 117 |

Appendix: Probability That at Least Two Individuals Have the Same Birthday | p. 117 |

Problems | p. 118 |

Introduction to Hypothesis Testing: Inferences About a Single Mean | p. 121 |

Types of Hypotheses | p. 122 |

Types of Decision Errors | p. 124 |

Level of Significance (¿) | p. 127 |

Overview of Steps in Decision-Making Process | p. 129 |

Inferences About ¿ When ¿ Is Known | p. 130 |

Type II Error (ß) and Power (1-ß) | p. 134 |

Statistical Versus Practical Significance | p. 138 |

Inferences About ¿ When ¿ Is Unknown | p. 139 |

SPSS | p. 145 |

G*Power | p. 149 |

Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 155 |

Summary | p. 156 |

Problems | p. 157 |

Inferences About the Difference Between Two Means | p. 163 |

New Concepts | p. 164 |

Inferences About Two Independent Means | p. 166 |

Inferences About Two Dependent Means | p. 176 |

SPSS | p. 180 |

G&Power | p. 192 |

Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 195 |

Summary | p. 198 |

Problems | p. 198 |

Inferences About Proportions | p. 205 |

Inferences About Proportions Involving Normal Distribution | p. 206 |

Inferences About Proportions Involving Chi-Square Distribution | p. 217 |

SPSS | p. 224 |

G*Power | p. 231 |

Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 234 |

Summary | p. 236 |

Problems | p. 237 |

Inferences About Variances | p. 241 |

New Concepts | p. 242 |

Inferences About Single Variance | p. 244 |

Inferences About Two Dependent Variances | p. 246 |

Inferences About Two or More Independent Variances (Homogeneity of Variance Tests) | p. 248 |

SPSS | p. 252 |

Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 253 |

Summary | p. 253 |

Problems | p. 254 |

Bivariate Measures of Association | p. 259 |

Scatterplot | p. 260 |

Covariance | p. 263 |

Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient | p. 265 |

Inferences About Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient | p. 266 |

Assumptions and Issues Regarding Correlations | p. 269 |

Other Measures of Association | p. 272 |

SPSS | p. 276 |

G*Power | p. 283 |

Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 286 |

Summary | p. 287 |

Problems | p. 287 |

One-Factor Analysis of Variance: Fixed-Effects Model | p. 291 |

Characteristics of One-Factor ANOVA Model | p. 292 |

Layout of Data | p. 296 |

ANOVA Theory | p. 296 |

ANOVA Model | p. 302 |

Assumptions and Violation of Assumptions | p. 309 |

Unequal n's or Unbalanced Procedure | p. 312 |

Alternative ANOVA Procedures | p. 312 |

SPSS and G*Power | p. 313 |

Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 334 |

Summary | p. 336 |

Problems | p. 336 |

Multiple Comparison Procedures | p. 341 |

Concepts of Multiple Comparison Procedures | p. 342 |

Selected Multiple Comparison Procedures | p. 348 |

SPSS | p. 362 |

Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 366 |

Summary | p. 366 |

Problems | p. 367 |

Factorial Analysis of Variance: Fixed-Effects Model | p. 371 |

Two-Factor ANOVA Model | p. 372 |

Three-Factor and Higher-Order ANOVA | p. 390 |

Factorial ANOVA With Unequal n's | p. 393 |

SPSS and G*Power | p. 395 |

Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 417 |

Summary | p. 419 |

Problems | p. 420 |

Introduction to Analysis of Covariance: One-Factor Fixed-Effects Model With Single Covariate | p. 427 |

Characteristics of the Model | p. 428 |

Layout of Data | p. 431 |

ANCOVA Model | p. 431 |

ANCOVA Summary Table | p. 432 |

Partitioning the Sums of Squares | p. 433 |

Adjusted Means and Related Procedures | p. 434 |

Assumptions and Violation of Assumptions | p. 436 |

Example | p. 441 |

ANCOVA Without Randomization | p. 443 |

More Complex ANCOVA Models | p. 444 |

Nonparametric ANCOVA Procedures | p. 444 |

SPSS and G*Power | p. 445 |

Template and APA-Style Paragraph | p. 469 |

Summary | p. 471 |

Problems | p. 471 |

Random- and Mixed-Effects Analysis of Variance Models | p. 477 |

One-Factor Random-Effects Model | p. 478 |

Two-Factor Random-Effects Model | p. 483 |

Two-Factor Mixed-Effects Model | p. 488 |

One-Factor Repeated Measures Design | p. 493 |

Two-Factor Split-Plot or Mixed Design | p. 500 |

SPSS and G*Power | p. 508 |

Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 548 |

Summary | p. 551 |

Problems | p. 551 |

Hierarchical and Randomized Block Analysis of Variance Models | p. 557 |

Two-Factor Hierarchical Model | p. 558 |

Two-Factor Randomized Block Design for n = 1 | p. 566 |

Two-Factor Randomized Block Design for n > 1 | p. 574 |

Friedman Test | p. 574 |

Comparison of Various ANOVA Models | p. 575 |

SPSS | p. 576 |

Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 603 |

Summary | p. 605 |

Problems | p. 605 |

Simple Linear Regression | p. 611 |

Concepts of Simple Linear Regression | p. 612 |

Population Simple Linear Regression Model | p. 614 |

Sample Simple Linear Regression Model | p. 615 |

SPSS | p. 634 |

G*Power | p. 647 |

Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 650 |

Summary | p. 652 |

Problems | p. 652 |

Multiple Regression | p. 657 |

Partial and Semipartial Correlations | p. 658 |

Multiple Linear Regression | p. 661 |

Methods of Entering Predictors | p. 676 |

Nonlinear Relationships | p. 679 |

Interactions | p. 680 |

Categorical Predictors | p. 680 |

SPSS | p. 682 |

G*Power | p. 698 |

Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 701 |

Summary | p. 703 |

Problems | p. 704 |

Logistic Regression | p. 709 |

How Logistic Regression Works | p. 710 |

Logistic Regression Equation | p. 711 |

Estimation and Model Fit | p. 715 |

Significance Tests | p. 716 |

Assumptions and Conditions | p. 721 |

Effect Size | p. 725 |

Methods of Predictor Entry | p. 726 |

SPSS | p. 727 |

G*Power | p. 746 |

Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 749 |

What Is Next? | p. 751 |

Summary | p. 752 |

Problems | p. 752 |

Appendix: Tables | p. 783 |

References | p. 783 |

Odd-Numbered Answers to Problems | p. 793 |

Author Index | p. 809 |

Subject Index | p. 813 |

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