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Preface | p. xiii |
Acknowledgments | p. xvii |
Introduction | p. 1 |
What Is the Value of Statistics? | p. 3 |
Brief Introduction to History of Statistics | p. 4 |
General Statistical Definitions | p. 5 |
Types of Variables | p. 7 |
Scales of Measurement | p. 8 |
Summary | p. 13 |
Problems | p. 14 |
Data Representation | p. 17 |
Tabular Display of Distributions | p. 18 |
Graphical Display of Distributions | p. 23 |
Percentiles | p. 29 |
SPSS | p. 33 |
Templates for Research Questions and APA-Style Paragraph | p. 41 |
Summary | p. 42 |
Problems | p. 43 |
Univariate Population Parameters and Sample Statistics | p. 49 |
Summation Notation | p. 50 |
Measures of Central Tendency | p. 51 |
Measures of Dispersion | p. 56 |
SPSS | p. 65 |
Templates for Research Questions and APA-Style Paragraph | p. 69 |
Summary | p. 70 |
Problems | p. 71 |
Normal Distribution and Standard Scores | p. 77 |
Normal Distribution | p. 78 |
Standard Scores | p. 84 |
Skewness and Kurtosis Statistics | p. 87 |
SPSS | p. 91 |
Templates for Research Questions and APA-Style Paragraph | p. 98 |
Summary | p. 99 |
Problems | p. 99 |
Introduction to Probability and Sample Statistics | p. 105 |
Brief Introduction to Probability | p. 106 |
Sampling and Estimation | p. 109 |
Summary | p. 117 |
Appendix: Probability That at Least Two Individuals Have the Same Birthday | p. 117 |
Problems | p. 118 |
Introduction to Hypothesis Testing: Inferences About a Single Mean | p. 121 |
Types of Hypotheses | p. 122 |
Types of Decision Errors | p. 124 |
Level of Significance (¿) | p. 127 |
Overview of Steps in Decision-Making Process | p. 129 |
Inferences About ¿ When ¿ Is Known | p. 130 |
Type II Error (ß) and Power (1-ß) | p. 134 |
Statistical Versus Practical Significance | p. 138 |
Inferences About ¿ When ¿ Is Unknown | p. 139 |
SPSS | p. 145 |
G*Power | p. 149 |
Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 155 |
Summary | p. 156 |
Problems | p. 157 |
Inferences About the Difference Between Two Means | p. 163 |
New Concepts | p. 164 |
Inferences About Two Independent Means | p. 166 |
Inferences About Two Dependent Means | p. 176 |
SPSS | p. 180 |
G&Power | p. 192 |
Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 195 |
Summary | p. 198 |
Problems | p. 198 |
Inferences About Proportions | p. 205 |
Inferences About Proportions Involving Normal Distribution | p. 206 |
Inferences About Proportions Involving Chi-Square Distribution | p. 217 |
SPSS | p. 224 |
G*Power | p. 231 |
Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 234 |
Summary | p. 236 |
Problems | p. 237 |
Inferences About Variances | p. 241 |
New Concepts | p. 242 |
Inferences About Single Variance | p. 244 |
Inferences About Two Dependent Variances | p. 246 |
Inferences About Two or More Independent Variances (Homogeneity of Variance Tests) | p. 248 |
SPSS | p. 252 |
Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 253 |
Summary | p. 253 |
Problems | p. 254 |
Bivariate Measures of Association | p. 259 |
Scatterplot | p. 260 |
Covariance | p. 263 |
Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient | p. 265 |
Inferences About Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient | p. 266 |
Assumptions and Issues Regarding Correlations | p. 269 |
Other Measures of Association | p. 272 |
SPSS | p. 276 |
G*Power | p. 283 |
Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 286 |
Summary | p. 287 |
Problems | p. 287 |
One-Factor Analysis of Variance: Fixed-Effects Model | p. 291 |
Characteristics of One-Factor ANOVA Model | p. 292 |
Layout of Data | p. 296 |
ANOVA Theory | p. 296 |
ANOVA Model | p. 302 |
Assumptions and Violation of Assumptions | p. 309 |
Unequal n's or Unbalanced Procedure | p. 312 |
Alternative ANOVA Procedures | p. 312 |
SPSS and G*Power | p. 313 |
Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 334 |
Summary | p. 336 |
Problems | p. 336 |
Multiple Comparison Procedures | p. 341 |
Concepts of Multiple Comparison Procedures | p. 342 |
Selected Multiple Comparison Procedures | p. 348 |
SPSS | p. 362 |
Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 366 |
Summary | p. 366 |
Problems | p. 367 |
Factorial Analysis of Variance: Fixed-Effects Model | p. 371 |
Two-Factor ANOVA Model | p. 372 |
Three-Factor and Higher-Order ANOVA | p. 390 |
Factorial ANOVA With Unequal n's | p. 393 |
SPSS and G*Power | p. 395 |
Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 417 |
Summary | p. 419 |
Problems | p. 420 |
Introduction to Analysis of Covariance: One-Factor Fixed-Effects Model With Single Covariate | p. 427 |
Characteristics of the Model | p. 428 |
Layout of Data | p. 431 |
ANCOVA Model | p. 431 |
ANCOVA Summary Table | p. 432 |
Partitioning the Sums of Squares | p. 433 |
Adjusted Means and Related Procedures | p. 434 |
Assumptions and Violation of Assumptions | p. 436 |
Example | p. 441 |
ANCOVA Without Randomization | p. 443 |
More Complex ANCOVA Models | p. 444 |
Nonparametric ANCOVA Procedures | p. 444 |
SPSS and G*Power | p. 445 |
Template and APA-Style Paragraph | p. 469 |
Summary | p. 471 |
Problems | p. 471 |
Random- and Mixed-Effects Analysis of Variance Models | p. 477 |
One-Factor Random-Effects Model | p. 478 |
Two-Factor Random-Effects Model | p. 483 |
Two-Factor Mixed-Effects Model | p. 488 |
One-Factor Repeated Measures Design | p. 493 |
Two-Factor Split-Plot or Mixed Design | p. 500 |
SPSS and G*Power | p. 508 |
Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 548 |
Summary | p. 551 |
Problems | p. 551 |
Hierarchical and Randomized Block Analysis of Variance Models | p. 557 |
Two-Factor Hierarchical Model | p. 558 |
Two-Factor Randomized Block Design for n = 1 | p. 566 |
Two-Factor Randomized Block Design for n > 1 | p. 574 |
Friedman Test | p. 574 |
Comparison of Various ANOVA Models | p. 575 |
SPSS | p. 576 |
Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 603 |
Summary | p. 605 |
Problems | p. 605 |
Simple Linear Regression | p. 611 |
Concepts of Simple Linear Regression | p. 612 |
Population Simple Linear Regression Model | p. 614 |
Sample Simple Linear Regression Model | p. 615 |
SPSS | p. 634 |
G*Power | p. 647 |
Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 650 |
Summary | p. 652 |
Problems | p. 652 |
Multiple Regression | p. 657 |
Partial and Semipartial Correlations | p. 658 |
Multiple Linear Regression | p. 661 |
Methods of Entering Predictors | p. 676 |
Nonlinear Relationships | p. 679 |
Interactions | p. 680 |
Categorical Predictors | p. 680 |
SPSS | p. 682 |
G*Power | p. 698 |
Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 701 |
Summary | p. 703 |
Problems | p. 704 |
Logistic Regression | p. 709 |
How Logistic Regression Works | p. 710 |
Logistic Regression Equation | p. 711 |
Estimation and Model Fit | p. 715 |
Significance Tests | p. 716 |
Assumptions and Conditions | p. 721 |
Effect Size | p. 725 |
Methods of Predictor Entry | p. 726 |
SPSS | p. 727 |
G*Power | p. 746 |
Template and APA-Style Write-Up | p. 749 |
What Is Next? | p. 751 |
Summary | p. 752 |
Problems | p. 752 |
Appendix: Tables | p. 783 |
References | p. 783 |
Odd-Numbered Answers to Problems | p. 793 |
Author Index | p. 809 |
Subject Index | p. 813 |
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