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Introductory Chemistry: An Active Learning Approach,9780495013327
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Introductory Chemistry: An Active Learning Approach

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780495013327

ISBN10:
0495013323
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/10/2006
Publisher(s):
Brooks Cole
List Price: $246.95

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Summary

The new Third Edition of INTRODUCTORY CHEMISTRY: AN ACTIVE LEARNING APPROACH gives you the tools you need to teach the course your way. As the book's "Active Learning Approach" subtitle suggests, the authors provide a question-and-answer presentation that allows students to actively learn chemistry while studying an assignment. This approach is reflected in three words of advice and encouragement that are repeated throughout the book: Learn It Now! When students encounter the Learn It Now! icon, an example leads them through a series of steps where they "listen" to the authors guide them step by step to the solution. As they solve the problem, they actively write each step, covering the answer with the shield provided in the book. This feature turns the common passive "read the author's solution" approach to examples into an active "work the problem while guided by the authors" methodology. As with previous editions, this text allows professors to tailor the order of chapters to accommodate their particular needs through two flexible formats--a standard paperbound edition and loose-leaf edition. This flexibility is achieved not only by carefully writing each topic so it never assumes prior knowledge, but also by including any and all necessary preview or review information needed to learn that topic. The new Third Edition has been streamlined and now integrates new features such as helpful technological resources, coached problems, and enhanced art and photography, all of which dovetail with the text's active learning approach.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Introduction to Chemistry; Introduction to Active Learning
1(14)
Lavoisier and the Beginning of Experimental Chemistry
3(2)
Science and the Scientific Method
5(1)
The Science of Chemistry Today
6(1)
Learning How to Learn Chemistry
7(2)
Your Textbook
9(5)
A Choice
14(1)
Matter and Energy
15(32)
Representations of Matter: Models and Symbols
16(3)
States of Matter
19(2)
Physical and Chemical Properties and Changes
21(3)
Pure Substances and Mixtures
24(4)
Everyday Chemistry: The Ultimate Physical Property?
25(3)
Separation of Mixtures
28(2)
Elements and Compounds
30(5)
The Electrical Character of Matter
35(1)
Characteristics of a Chemical Change
36(1)
Conservation Laws and Chemical Change
37(10)
Measurement and Chemical Calculations
47(48)
Introduction to Measurement
49(1)
Exponential (Scientific) Notation
49(4)
Dimensional Analysis
53(8)
Metric Units
61(6)
Significant Figures
67(8)
Metric--USCS Conversions
75(1)
Temperature
76(4)
Everyday Chemistry: Should the United States Convert to Metric Units? An Editorial
78(2)
Proportionality and Density
80(5)
A Strategy for Solving Problems
85(1)
Thoughtful and Reflective Practice
86(9)
Introduction to Gases
95(24)
Properties of Gases
96(1)
The Kinetic Theory of Gases and the Ideal Gas Model
97(2)
Gas Measurements
99(5)
Everyday Chemistry: The Weather Machine
103(1)
Charles's Law
104(4)
Boyle's Law
108(3)
The Combined Gas Law
111(8)
Atomic Theory: The Nuclear Model of the Atom
119(22)
Dalton's Atomic Theory
120(1)
Subatomic Particles
121(1)
The Nuclear Atom
122(2)
Isotopes
124(3)
Atomic Mass
127(2)
The Periodic Table
129(4)
Everyday Chemistry: International Relations and the Periodic Table
132(1)
Elemental Symbols and the Periodic Table
133(8)
Chemical Nomenclature
141(32)
Introduction to Nomenclature
142(1)
Formulas of Elements
142(2)
Compounds Made from Two Nonmetals
144(2)
Names and Formulas of Ions Formed by One Element
146(3)
Acids and the Anions Derived from Their Total Ionization
149(7)
Names and Formulas of Acid Anions
156(1)
Names and Formulas of Other Acids and Ions
157(2)
Formulas of Ionic Compounds
159(2)
Names of Ionic Compounds
161(1)
Hydrates
162(1)
Summary of the Nomenclature System
163(1)
Common Names of Chemicals
163(10)
Everyday Chemistry: Common Names of Chemicals
166(7)
Chemical Formula Relationships
173(28)
The Number of Atoms in a Formula
174(1)
Molecular Mass and Formula Mass
175(4)
The Mole Concept
179(1)
Molar Mass
180(2)
Conversion Among Mass, Number of Moles, and Number of Units
182(2)
Mass Relationships Among Elements in a Compound: Percentage Composition
184(3)
Empirical Formula of a Compound
187(6)
Everyday Chemistry: How to Read a Food Label
192(1)
Determination of a Molecular Formula
193(8)
Chemical Reactions
201(30)
Evidence of a Chemical Change
202(2)
Evolution of a Chemical Equation
204(2)
Balancing Chemical Equations
206(5)
Interpreting Chemical Equations
211(1)
Writing Chemical Equations
212(1)
Combination Reactions
213(1)
Decomposition Reactions
214(4)
Everyday Chemistry: Femtochemistry
217(1)
Single-Replacement Reactions
218(2)
Double-Replacement Reactions
220(3)
Summary of Reactions and Equations
223(8)
Chemical Change
231(36)
Electrolytes and Solution Conductivity
323
Solutions of Ionic Compounds
234(3)
Strong and Weak Acids
237(3)
Net Ionic Equations: What They Are and How to Write Them
240(3)
Single-Replacement Oxidation--Reduction (Redox) Reactions
243(5)
Oxidation--Reduction Reactions of Some Common Organic Compounds
248(1)
Everyday Chemistry: An Every-Moment Type of Chemical Reaction
249(1)
Double-Replacement Precipitation Reactions
249(6)
Everyday Chemistry: Green Chemistry
255(1)
Double-Replacement Molecule-Formation Reactions
255(3)
Double-Replacement Reactions That Form Unstable Products
258(1)
Double-Replacement Reactions with Undissolved Reactants
259(1)
Other Double-Replacement Reactions
260(1)
Summary of Net Ionic Equations
261(6)
Quantity Relationships in Chemical Reactions
267(36)
Conversion Factors from a Chemical Equation
268(3)
Mass--Mass Stoichiometry
271(4)
Percent Yield
275(6)
Everyday Chemistry: The Stoichiometry of CO2 Emissions in Automobile Exhaust
276(5)
Limiting Reactants: The Problem
281(1)
Limiting Reactants: Comparison-of-Moles Method
282(4)
Limiting Reactants: Smaller-Amount Method
286(3)
Energy
289(1)
Thermochemical Equations
290(2)
Thermochemical Stoichiometry
292(11)
Atomic Theory: The Quantum Model of the Atom
303(34)
Electromagnetic Radiation
304(3)
The Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom
307(2)
The Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom
309(6)
Everyday Chemistry: Simply Pure Darn Foolishness?
314(1)
Electron Configuration
315(6)
Valence Electrons
321(1)
Trends in the Periodic Table
322(15)
Chemical Bonding
337(22)
Monatomic Ions with Noble-Gas Electron Configurations
338(3)
Ionic Bonds
341(2)
Covalent Bonds
343(3)
Polar and Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
346(2)
Multiple Bonds
348(1)
Atoms That Are Bonded to Two or More Other Atoms
349(1)
Exceptions to the Octet Rule
350(1)
Metallic Bonds
351(8)
Everyday Chemistry: The Influence of Bonding on Macroscopic Properties
352(7)
Structure and Shape
359(32)
Drawing Lewis Diagrams
360(8)
Electron-Pair Repulsion: Electron-Pair Geometry
368(2)
Molecular Geometry
370(7)
Everyday Chemistry: Chirality
376(1)
The Geometry of Multiple Bonds
377(1)
Polarity of Molecules
378(3)
The Structure of Some Organic Compounds (Optional)
381(10)
The Ideal Gas Law and Its Applications
391(28)
Gases Revisited
392(1)
Avogadro's Law
393(2)
The Ideal Gas Law
395(2)
The Ideal Gas Equation: Determination of a Single Variable
397(2)
Gas Density and Molar Volume
399(4)
Gas Stoichiometry at Standard Temperature and Pressure
403(2)
Gas Stoichiometry: Molar Volume Method
405(3)
Gas Stoichiometry: Ideal Gas Equation Method
408(2)
Volume--Volume Gas Stoichiometry
410(9)
Everyday Chemistry: Automobile Air Bags
411(8)
Gases, Liquids, and Solids
419(38)
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
420(2)
Properties of Liquids
422(4)
Types of Intermolecular Forces
426(4)
Liquid--Vapor Equilibrium
430(4)
The Boiling Process
434(1)
Water---An ``Unusual'' Compound
435(1)
The Solid State
436(2)
Types of Crystalline Solids
438(4)
Everyday Chemistry: Buckyballs
440(2)
Energy and Change of State
442(2)
Energy and Change of Temperature: Specific Heat
444(3)
Change in Temperature Plus Change of State
447(10)
Solutions
457(44)
The Characteristics of a Solution
458(1)
Solution Terminology
458(3)
The Formation of a Solution
461(2)
Factors That Determine Solubility
463(3)
Solution Concentration: Percentage by Mass
466(3)
Everyday Chemistry: The World's Oceans: The Most Abundant Solution
468(1)
Solution Concentration: Molarity
469(4)
Solution Concentration: Molality (Optional)
473(1)
Solution Concentration: Normality (Optional)
474(5)
Solution Concentration: A Summary
479(1)
Dilution of Concentrated Solutions
480(2)
Solution Stoichiometry
482(3)
Titration Using Molarity
485(3)
Titration Using Normality (Optional)
488(2)
Colligative Properties of Solutions (Optional)
490(11)
Acid--Base (Proton-Transfer) Reactions
501(26)
The Arrhenius Theory of Acids and Bases (Optional)
502(1)
The Bronsted--Lowry Theory of Acids and Bases
503(3)
The Lewis Theory of Acids and Bases (Optional)
506(1)
Conjugate Acid--Base Pairs
507(2)
Relative Strengths of Acids and Bases
509(2)
Predicting Acid--Base Reactions
511(2)
Acid--Base Reactions and Redox Reactions Compared
513(1)
The Water Equilibrium
513(2)
pH and pOH (Integer Values Only)
515(6)
Everyday Chemistry: Acid--Base Reactions
520(1)
Noninteger pH--[H+] and pOH--[OH-] Conversions (Optional)
521(6)
Chemical Equilibrium
527(38)
The Character of an Equilibrium
528(1)
The Collision Theory of Chemical Reactions
528(2)
Energy Changes During a Molecular Collision
530(2)
Conditions That Affect the Rate of a Chemical Reaction
532(3)
The Development of a Chemical Equilibrium
535(1)
Le Chatelier's Principle
536(7)
Everyday Chemistry: Fertilization of the World's Crops
542(1)
The Equilibrium Constant
543(3)
The Significance of the Value of K
546(1)
Equilibrium Calculations (Optional)
547(18)
Oxidation-Reduction (Redox) Reactions
565(26)
Electrolytic and Voltaic Cells
566(2)
Electron-Transfer Reactions
568(5)
Oxidation Numbers and Redox Reactions
573(3)
Oxidizing Agents (Oxidizers) and Reducing Agents (Reducers)
576(1)
Strengths of Oxidizing Agents and Reducing Agents
577(2)
Predicting Redox Reactions
579(4)
Everyday Chemistry: Batteries
582(1)
Redox Reactions and Acid--Base Reactions Compared
583(1)
Writing Redox Equations (Optional)
583(8)
Nuclear Chemistry
591(28)
The Dawn of Nuclear Chemistry
592(1)
Radioactivity
592(2)
The Detection and Measurement of Radioactivity
594(2)
The Effects of Radiation on Living Systems
596(1)
Half-Life
597(5)
Natural Radioactive Decay Series---Nuclear Equations
602(2)
Nuclear Reactions and Ordinary Chemical Reactions Compared
604(1)
Nuclear Bombardment and Induced Radioactivity
605(2)
Uses of Radionuclides
607(1)
Nuclear Fission
608(2)
Electrical Energy from Nuclear Fission
610(3)
Everyday Chemistry: Medicine and Radionuclides
612(1)
Nuclear Fusion
613(6)
Organic Chemistry
619(44)
The Nature of Organic Chemistry
620(1)
The Molecular Structure of Organic Compounds
621(2)
Saturated Hydrocarbons: The Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
623(5)
Unsaturated Hydrocarbons: The Alkenes and Alkynes
628(4)
Aromatic Hydrocarbons
632(1)
Summary of the Hydrocarbons
633(1)
Sources and Preparation of Hydrocarbons
633(2)
Chemical Reactions of Hydrocarbons
635(2)
Uses of Hydrocarbons
637(1)
Alcohols and Ethers
638(3)
Aldehydes and Ketones
641(4)
Carboxylic Acids and Esters
645(2)
Amines and Amides
647(2)
Summary of the Organic Compounds of Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen
649(2)
Everyday Chemistry: ``In Which the Shape's the Thing ...''
651(1)
Addition Polymers
651(3)
Condensation Polymers
654(9)
Biochemistry
663(30)
Amino Acids and Proteins
665(7)
Enzymes
672(2)
Carbohydrates
674(6)
Lipids
680(4)
Nucleic Acids
684(9)
Everyday Chemistry: Designer Genes
688(5)
Appendix I Chemical Calculations
693(10)
Part A The Hand Calculator
693(4)
Part B Arithmetic and Algebra
697(3)
Part C Logarithms
700(1)
Part D Estimating Calculation Results
701(1)
Answers to Practice Problems in Appendix 1
701(2)
Appendix II The SI System of Units
703(2)
Base Units
703(1)
Derived Units
703(1)
Some Choices
703(2)
Answers 705
Glossary 1(1)
Index 1


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