9780534601669

Cengage Advantage Books: The Irony of Democracy An Uncommon Introduction to American Politics

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  • ISBN13:

    9780534601669

  • ISBN10:

    0534601669

  • Edition: 13th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 7/11/2005
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Summary

1. The Irony of Democracy. 2. The Founding Fathers: The Nation's First Elite. 3. The Evolution of American Elites. 4. Elites in America. 5. Masses in America. 6. Elite-Mass Communication. 7. Political Parties and Ideologies. 8. Elections, Money, and the Myths of Democracy. 9. Organized Interests: Defenders of the Status Quo. 10. The Presidency. 11. The Bureaucratic Elite. 12. Congress: The Legislative Elite. 13. Courts: Elites in Black Robes. 14. American Federalism: Elites in States and Communities. 15. Elite Response to Mass Protest. 16. Public Policy: How Elites Make Decisions. Epilogue: What Can Students Do? Appendix: The Constitution of the United States of America. Index.

Table of Contents

To the Student xv
To the Instructor xvii
The Irony of Democracy
1(22)
The Meaning of Elitism
2(3)
The Meaning of Democracy
5(1)
Elitism in a Democracy
6(5)
Focus: Mass Distrust of America's Elite
8(3)
The Meaning of Pluralism
11(2)
How Elitism and Pluralism Differ
13(1)
Elite and Mass Threats to Democracy
14(6)
Focus: Mass Views of Elite Governance
17(1)
Focus: Terrorism's Threat to Democracy
18(2)
An Elitist Theory of Democracy
20(3)
Notes
21(1)
Selected Readings
22(1)
The Founding Fathers: The Nation's First Elite
23(34)
Elites and Masses in the New Nation
24(1)
Elite Preferences: Inspiration for a New Constitution
25(4)
Formation of a National Elite
29(4)
Elite Consensus in 1787
33(2)
An Elite in Operation: Conciliation and Compromise
35(4)
The Constitution as Elitist Document
39(5)
Elitism and the Structure of the National Government
44(6)
Focus: James Madison: Suppressing Majority ``Factions''
48(2)
Ratification: An Exercise in Elite Political Skills
50(7)
Summary
53(1)
Notes
54(1)
Selected Readings
54(3)
The Evolution of American Elites
57(32)
Hamilton and the Nation's First Public Policies
58(2)
Focus: Mass Ignorance of American Political History
59(1)
Rise of the Jeffersonians
60(2)
Republicans in Power: The Stability of Public Policy
62(2)
Rise of the Western Elites
64(1)
Elite Cleavage: The Civil War
65(4)
Rise of the New Industrial Elite
69(5)
Liberal Establishment: Reform as Elite Self-Interest
74(2)
Vietnam: Elite Failure to Lead
76(4)
The Gulf War: Elite Leadership Restored
80(2)
Iraq: Elite Objectives Unclear
82(7)
Summary
84(2)
Notes
86(1)
Selected Readings
86(3)
Elites in America
89(30)
The Concentration of Corporate Power
90(3)
The Global Elites
93(7)
Focus: Corporate Merger Mania
94(6)
Corporate Elites
100(1)
Government Elites
101(6)
Focus: Greed in the Boardroom
102(2)
Focus: The Bush Restoration
104(3)
Elite Policy-Making Institutions
107(1)
Elite Recruitment: Getting to the Top
107(4)
The Liberal Establishment
111(1)
Conservative Restraint
112(7)
Focus: Elite Attitudes Toward Mass Governance
113(1)
Summary
114(1)
Notes
115(1)
Selected Readings
116(3)
Masses in America
119(32)
Elite Gains, Mass Losses
120(6)
Inequality in America
126(2)
Mass Disaffection from Politics
128(3)
Antidemocratic Attitudes Among the Masses
131(4)
Focus: Rally 'Round the Flag, 9/11
131(4)
Are the Masses Becoming More Democratic?
135(2)
Mass Political Ignorance
137(4)
Focus: Mass Confidence in American Institutions
138(3)
Mass Political Apathy
141(1)
The Dangers of Mass Activism
142(3)
Elite Repression
145(6)
Summary
148(1)
Notes
149(1)
Selected Readings
150(1)
Elite-Mass Communication
151(28)
The News Makers
151(4)
The Media's Political Functions
155(3)
Bashing America for Fun and Profit
158(3)
Liberal Bias in Television News
161(3)
Focus: The Hollywood Liberals
161(3)
Focus: Cracks in the Media Elite?
164(1)
Bias and Slander: Freedoms of the Press
164(2)
Media Campaigns
166(4)
Media Coverage of Presidential Elections
170(1)
Assessing Media Impact
171(8)
Summary
175(1)
Notes
176(1)
Selected Readings
176(3)
Political Parties and Ideologies
179(24)
The Responsible Party Model in Disarray
180(1)
Democratic and Republican Parties: What's the Difference?
181(3)
Liberal and Conservative Labels
184(3)
Declining Mass Attachments to Parties
187(1)
Realignment or Dealignment?
187(4)
Focus: Mass Perceptions of the Parties
190(1)
Presidential Primaries and the Deterioration of Parties
191(4)
Focus: The Democratic Presidential Primaries, 2004
194(1)
Political Parties as Oligarchies
195(3)
Focus: Where the Parties Get Their Money
197(1)
Independent and Third-Party Politics
198(5)
Summary
201(1)
Notes
202(1)
Selected Readings
202(1)
Elections, Money, and the Myths of Democracy
203(30)
The Myth of the Policy Mandate
204(1)
The Myth of the Policy-Oriented Voter
205(1)
The Group Basis of Voting
206(2)
The Economic Basis of Voting
208(1)
Candidate Image Voting
209(1)
Focus: Images of Bush and Kerry, 2004
210(1)
Money Drives Elections
210(9)
Focus: Dirty Politics
211(7)
Focus: How Fat Cats Evade Campaign Finance Reform
218(1)
Democracy Versus the Electoral College
219(5)
Focus: Bush Versus Kerry, 2004
220(3)
Focus: Values and the Vote
223(1)
Staying Home on Election Day
224(2)
Elections as Symbolic Reassurance
226(7)
Summary
230(1)
Notes
231(1)
Selected Readings
232(1)
Organized Interests: Defenders of the Status Quo
233(20)
Interest Groups: Democratic or Elitist?
234(1)
The Business, Professional, and Class Bias of Interest Groups
235(4)
How Well Do Groups Represent Members?
239(4)
Focus: Leaders and Followers---The American Association of Retired Persons
241(2)
Lobbying: How Organized Interests Influence Government
243(4)
Focus: Washington's Most Powerful Lobbies
246(1)
PAC Power
247(1)
Conservative Influence of Organizations
248(5)
Focus: Payback: Money and Prescription Drugs
250(1)
Summary
250(1)
Notes
251(1)
Selected Readings
252(1)
The Presidency
253(36)
The President as Symbolic Leader
253(3)
The Presidency and the Masses
256(4)
Focus: Rating Presidents
259(1)
The President's Formal Powers
260(6)
Commander in Chief
266(5)
Intelligence and the Presidency
271(3)
The Clinton Legacy
274(6)
Focus: Sex, Lies, and Impeachment
279(1)
George W., in His Father's Footsteps
280(4)
Watergate and the Limits of Presidential Power
284(5)
Summary
286(1)
Notes
287(1)
Selected Readings
287(2)
The Bureaucratic Elite
289(34)
Sources of Bureaucratic Power
290(2)
Focus: Mass Attitudes Toward Washington Bureaucracies
292(1)
Organization of the Washington Bureaucracy
292(3)
Presidential Control of the Bureaucracy
295(4)
Focus: Bureaucratic Maneuvers
298(1)
The Budget Maze
299(4)
Elite Fiscal Responsibility?
303(4)
Tax Politics
307(1)
Bureaucratic Power, Iron Triangles, and Revolving Doors
308(4)
The Regulatory Quagmire
312(5)
Focus: The Fed: Money Is Too Important to Be Left to Elected Officials
312(5)
Controlling the Bureaucracy: Congress and the Courts
317(6)
Summary
319(1)
Notes
320(1)
Selected Readings
320(3)
Congress: The Legislative Elite
323(36)
The Elite Bias of Congressional Recruitment
324(7)
Focus: Nancy Pelosi, House Democratic Leader
328(3)
Whom Does Congress Really Represent?
331(2)
Congress in Disrepute
333(4)
The Elaborate Procedures of Legislative Elites
337(7)
Elites Within Elites: The Congressional Establishment
344(4)
Conflict and Consensus: Voting in Congress
348(4)
Focus: Bill Frist, M.D., Leading the Senate
351(1)
Congress and the President: An Unstable Balance of Power
352(7)
Focus: Is ``Congressional Ethics'' an Oxymoron?
353(4)
Summary
357(1)
Notes
357(1)
Selected Readings
358(1)
Courts: Elites in Black Robes
359(26)
Judicial Review as an Elitist Principle
360(1)
The Making of a Supreme Court Justice
361(3)
Focus: Senate Confirmation as Sleazy Spectacle
364(1)
The Special Style of Judicial Policy Making
364(3)
The Structure of the Federal Court System
367(3)
The Jurisdiction of the Federal Court System
370(1)
Judicial Power: Activism versus Self-Restraint
371(4)
Focus: ``Make It a Federal Crime!''
372(3)
Supreme Court Politics
375(5)
Focus: The Supreme Court Chooses a President
376(2)
Focus: The Supreme Court and Abortion
378(2)
Do the Courts Rule the Nation?
380(5)
Summary
381(1)
Notes
382(1)
Selected Readings
383(2)
American Federalism: Elites in States and Communities
385(26)
Federalism: The Original Division of Power Between Nation and States
386(3)
Power Flows to the National Elite
389(2)
Money and Power
391(1)
The Evolution of American Federalism
391(4)
Devolution: Federalism Revived?
395(2)
Mass Influence in the States
397(4)
Focus: Arnold: From Bodybuilder to Superstar to Governor
400(1)
Elite Structures in the States
401(3)
Focus: Corporate Elite Structures in the States
403(1)
The Old-Community Economic Elites
404(1)
The New-Community Political Elites
405(6)
Summary
407(1)
Notes
408(1)
Selected Readings
409(2)
Elite Response to Mass Protest
411(28)
The History of Black Subjugation
412(2)
Twentieth-Century Elite Attitude Change
414(3)
Creative Disorder
417(2)
Racial Inequality and Affirmative Action
419(6)
Focus: ``Diversity'' in Higher Education
423(2)
Elite Versus Mass Response to Civil Rights
425(1)
Feminism in America
426(3)
Women and Work
429(3)
Feminism and Elitism
432(7)
Focus: Elites, Masses, and Sexual Harassment
434(2)
Summary
436(1)
Notes
437(1)
Selected Readings
437(2)
Public Policy: How Elites Make Decisions
439(10)
Public Policy as Elite Preference
439(7)
Focus: The Elite Think Tanks
444(2)
Agenda Setting and ``Nondecisions''
446(3)
Summary
447(1)
Selected Readings
448(1)
Epilogue What Can Students Do? 449(4)
Appendix The Constitution of the United States of America 453(22)
Index 475

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