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The Language of Argument,9780321245113
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The Language of Argument

by ;
Edition:
11th
ISBN13:

9780321245113

ISBN10:
0321245113
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Longman

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Summary

The brevity of the arguments offers instructors the opportunity to have students read an argument and write about it in a single class period. Contains readings chosen to create excitement, controversy, and powerful classroom discussions, including topics on Prozac, the Internet, cancer-causing power lines, Powerball, AIDS Research, the embargo on Cuba, impotence, adultery, Cultural literacy, euthanasia, and bilingual education.

Table of Contents

Thematic Contents xvii
Preface xxvii
PART ONE FORMS OF ARGUMENT 1(180)
Persuasive Writing
3(24)
WIN YOUR AUDIENCE
3(1)
DEFINE THE ISSUE
4(2)
MAKE YOUR CASE
6(1)
EXERCISES
7(20)
Identifying Jack the Ripper
8(5)
Caleb Carr
Help Wanted Immediately!
13(3)
Can't Read? Can't Write? Break Education Monopoly
16(3)
Cal Thomas
Dr. Durant Demonstrates Psychokinesis
19(2)
Redstone Wire Service
19(2)
Color Me Pro-Choice
21(2)
Mitchell Farnum
Of Paul De Man and Deconstruction
23(11)
Alice Krache
Induction
27(22)
IS THE SAMPLE KNOWN?
28(1)
IS THE SAMPLE SUFFICIENT?
29(1)
IS THE SAMPLE REPRESENTATIVE?
29(2)
POLLING
31(1)
OCCAM'S RAZOR
32(1)
EXERCISES
33(1)
ESSAY ASSIGNMENTS
34(15)
I'm Proof: The War on Drugs Is Working
35(3)
Charles Van Deventer
Capital Punishment? Not in a Just America
38(2)
Cynthia Tucker
We Don't Need Immigrants
40(2)
Dan Stein
Ban Boxing
42(2)
Robert E. McAfee
Smoking Is Very Glamorous
44(2)
American Cancer Society
Fast Food Terror: A Tale of Two Cities
46(9)
Timothy Wheeler, M.D.
Deduction
49(23)
ARE THE PREMISES TRUE?
50(1)
IS THE LANGUAGE UNAMBIGUOUS?
50(1)
IS THE SYLLOGISM VALID?
51(2)
INDUCTION OR DEDUCTION?
53(1)
EXERCISES
54(1)
ESSAY ASSIGNMENTS
55(17)
Ebonics Be a Complex Issue
56(3)
Bill Cosby
Death Penalty Deters Violent Crime
59(3)
Senator Strom Thurmond
Justice Department Detects Discrimination Against Native Americans
62(3)
John Leo
All in Favor of "Gun Control," Raise Your Right Hand
65(2)
A Broader Approach to Respect for Life
67(2)
Jerry Darring
The Case Against Funding Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research
69(10)
Anton-Lewis Usala, M.D.
Fallacies
72(25)
FALSE ANALOGY
72(1)
PRESUMED CAUSE-EFFECT
73(3)
BEGGING THE QUESTION
76(1)
IGNORING THE QUESTION
76(2)
FALLACIES IN OTHER FORMS
78(1)
EXERCISES
78(1)
ESSAY ASSIGNMENTS
79(18)
Left-Handers (Those Sickos) Got No Reason To Live!
81(2)
Roger L. Guffey
The Campaign Trail: Onward, Christian Soldiers
83(3)
Quin Hillyer
How Would You Like the Police to Investigate Your Miscarriage?
86(2)
Planned Parenthood
Sizism-One of the Last "Safe" Prejudices
88(4)
Sally E. Smith
Pave the Stupid Rainforests!
92(2)
Ed Anger
Women Priests? Never!
94(13)
S.L. Varnado
Argument by Authority
97(29)
EXPERT TESTIMONY
97(4)
BIASED TESTIMONY
101(2)
DISTORTING QUOTATIONS
103(2)
EXERCISES
105(2)
ESSAY ASSIGNMENTS
107(19)
America's Founding Fathers on the Right to Keep and Bear Arms
108(4)
National Rifle Association
Tracking the Werewolf
112(3)
Fred A. Dobson
How Prozac Saved My Marriage
115(3)
Tanya Kowalsy
What Jesus Said About Homosexuality
118(2)
Dignity/USA
Who Killed Martin Luther King, Jr.?
120(3)
Jim Aucoin
There Is No Safe Sex
123(10)
Robert C. Noble
Semantic Argument
126(29)
SNARL AND PURR WORDS
126(4)
INDIRECT STATEMENT
130(1)
PERSUASIVE STYLE
131(1)
EXERCISES
132(1)
ESSAY ASSIGNMENTS
133(22)
How to Win Arguments
135(3)
Dave Barry
Psychometry: Getting the Vibrations
138(7)
David St. Clair
How I Learned Not to Worry and Love the NCAA
145(2)
Jud Blakely
Which Would You Rather Put on Your Kids' Cereal?
147(2)
Sugar Association
Greed and Overconsumption Are Killing the Rainforest
149(3)
Randall Hayes
Women Can Dump Jerks Without Help of Lawyers
152(10)
Judy Jarvis
Statistics
155(26)
AVERAGES
155(1)
QUESTIONABLE FIGURES
155(2)
IRRELEVANT NUMBERS
157(1)
HOMEMADE STATISTICS
158(2)
ENHANCING A STATISTIC
160(1)
EXERCISES
161(1)
ESSAY ASSIGNMENTS
162(21)
Terrorism and You-The Real Odds
163(3)
Michael L. Rothschild
100,000 Beer Commercials?
166(5)
Anheuser-Busch
Is It Sports, the Weather or Love of God That Keeps Us Married?
171(3)
William R. Mattox, Jr.
The Growing Inmate Population
174(2)
New York Times
God Bless America
176(2)
Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence
No, Virginia, There Isn't a Santa Claus!
178(3)
Bruce Handy
PART TWO ARGUMENT FOR ANALYSIS 181(86)
Here She Is: Miss Divorced America
183(2)
Mona Charen
Would You Take a House Call From Dr. Kevorkian?
185(4)
Faye Girsh, Ed. D.
Supersizing of America
189(2)
Ellen Goodman
I Had Liposuction Instead
191(1)
American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons
Bilingual Education Fails Test, Exposing Deeper Problem
192(2)
USA Today
The Baby Grew Up to Be a Monster
194(1)
John DeRosier
Give Hotel Guests a Bible-Free Room
195(2)
Annie Laurie Gaylor
One Nation 'Under God'
197(1)
Sverre Tinglum
Let's Not Blame Wrestling for All the Violence
198(1)
R.W. Peterson
The Supreme Court Also Legalized Slavery
199(1)
Breen
Entrance to High School Should Not Be Automatic
200(2)
Carol Jago
Women Don't Belong in the Cockpit!
202(2)
Ed Anger
Federal Foolishness and Marijuana
204(2)
Jerome P. Kassirer, M.D.
A Lot of Campus Rapes Start Here
206(1)
Santa Monica Hospital
Making Sheep: Possible, but Right?
207(2)
Timothy Backous
The Whole Scoop on Coffee
209(3)
Health After
50(162)
Impotence: Ever Since Brad Went Vegetarian
212(1)
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA)
Let's Do Away With Safety
213(1)
Lawrence A. Bullis
In Defense of Lies
214(2)
John Leo
Asking God to Cheat in Sports
216(2)
Dexter Martin
Young Children Need Moral Instruction in School
218(2)
Jack Valenti
They're Forgetting Someone
220(1)
Media: Right to Life of Michigan Educational Fund
School Vouchers Okay
221(2)
Rod Paige
Dying Is Not A Solely Private Decision
223(2)
Our Sunday Visitor
So I Have a Vitamin Gap, Big Deal
225(1)
Council for Responsible Nutrition
Vitamin C Can Help You Win the Lottery
226(2)
Ann Victoria
Our Youth Aren't Learning Our History
228(2)
Herbert London
Little Girls Shouldn't Count Calories
230(2)
Deborah Mathis
Handgun Freedom: Where Have All the Feminists Gone?
232(2)
Michael S. Brown, M.D.
Butter: Now More Than Ever the Natural Choice
234(1)
National Dairy Board
Equal Treatment Is Real Issue-Not Same-Sex Marriage
235(2)
USA Today
For a Better Life, Don't Eat Any Beef
237(2)
Dean Ornish
Chief Justice Should Obey Federal Court
239(2)
Mobile Register
That's Racial Profiling
241(1)
Mike Ramirez
Step 1 Toward Greatness: Win Powerball
242(3)
Jim Watts
Simple Trade-Off Is Key to Finding Time to Read
245(2)
John Sledge
Diary of an Unborn Child
247(2)
Roswell: A Little Less Balance, Please
249(2)
Art Levine
When You Give Blood...
251(1)
American Red Cross
America Needs a Flag-Protection Amendment
252(2)
Senator Bob Dole
Blame It on Dr. Jekyll
254(1)
Luke Thompson
Biologist: Creationism Is 'Bad Religion'
255(2)
Brian J. Axsmith
Does Hollywood Market Violence to Children?
257(3)
Mitch Albom
Should Priests Marry?
260(2)
Martin Ridgeway
NAACP Should Back Less TV Viewing
262(2)
Cynthia Tucker
Is It Any Wonder the Prisons Are Full?
264(1)
Dakin
Reasonable Rate of Divorce Can Be Good for Society
265(2)
Philip D. Harvey
PART THREE LITERARY ARGUMENT 267(36)
My Mistress' Eyes-Sonnet CXXX
269(1)
William Shakespeare
From Henry V St. Crispin's Day
270(2)
William Shakespeare
To His Coy Mistress
272(2)
Andrew Marvell
Death, Be Not Proud
274(1)
John Donne
From Paradise Lost, Book IX
275(2)
John Milton
A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
277(4)
Mary Wollstonecraft
A Modest Proposal
281(7)
Jonathan Swift
From Northanger Abbey-"Oh! It Is Only a Novel!"
288(1)
Jane Austen
My Last Duchess
289(2)
Robert Browning
I Am the Very Model of a Modern Major-General
291(1)
W.S. Gilbert
The Declaration of Independence as Adopted by Congress
292(3)
Do We Really Need Another Biography of Jane Austen?
295(8)
Irene B. McDonald
PART FOUR EIGHT RULES FOR GOOD WRITING 303(62)
Rule 1: Find a Subject You Can work-with
305(3)
EXERCISES
306(2)
Rule 2: Get Your Facts
308(8)
VISIT THE LIBRARY
308(2)
USE YOUR TELEPHONE
310(1)
USE NEW TECHNOLOGY
311(1)
WRITE FOR FACTS YOU NEED
312(1)
EXERCISES
313(1)
ALTERNATE EXERCISES
314(2)
Rule 3: Limit Your Topic to Manageable Size
316(2)
EXERCISES
317(1)
Rule 4: Organize Your Material
318(5)
THE INTRODUCTION
318(1)
THE BODY
319(1)
THE CONCLUSION
320(2)
EXERCISES
322(1)
Rule 5: Make Your Writing Interesting
323(5)
TRUISMS
323(1)
CLICHES
323(2)
GENERALIZED LANGUAGE
325(1)
INFLATED LANGUAGE
326(1)
EXERCISES
327(1)
Rule 6: Make Your Writing Emphatic
328(5)
AVOID WORDINESS
328(1)
WRITE IN THE ACTIVE VOICE
329(1)
EXPRESS YOUR MAIN IDEA IN THE SUBJECT-VERB OF YOUR SENTENCE
330(1)
DO NOT WASTE THE ENDS OF YOUR SENTENCES
330(1)
KEEP YOUR SENTENCES RELATIVELY SHORT
331(1)
KEEP YOUR DOCUMENT AS SHORT AS POSSIBLE
331(1)
EXERCISES
332(1)
Rule 7: Avoid Language That Draws Attention to Itself
333(5)
SEXIST LANGUAGE
333(1)
REPETITION
334(1)
DANGLING AND MISPLACED MODIFIERS
334(1)
ELABORATE FIGURES OF SPEECH
335(1)
FAULTY PARALLELISM
335(1)
AWKWARD CONSTRUCTIONS
336(1)
ABRUPT CHANGES IN TONE
336(1)
EXERCISES
337(1)
Rule 8: Avoid Mechanical Errors
338(19)
PUNCTUATION
338(5)
APOSTROPHES, QUOTATION MARKS, ITALICS, AND CAPITAL LETTERS
343(7)
ABBREVIATIONS
350(1)
NUMBERS
351(1)
SPELLING
352(2)
EXERCISES
354(3)
Final Reminders
357(8)
CREDIT YOUR SOURCES
357(1)
USE YOUR SPEAKING VOICE
357(1)
GET HELP FROM FRIENDS
358(1)
MAKE IT NEAT
359(1)
REMEMBER YOUR AUDIENCE
359(1)
REMEMBER YOUR PURPOSE
360(2)
BE SMART
362(3)
Appendixes 365(44)
EXERCISES FOR REVIEW
366(8)
SUBJECTS FOR ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAYS
374(8)
GOOD WORDS, BAD WORDS, AND PERSUASIVE WORDS
382(5)
WRITING A BUSINESS LETTER
387(6)
MAKING A SPEECH
393(5)
THE MLA SYSTEM FOR CITING SOURCES
398(11)
Index 409


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