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Legal Environment of Business : A Critical Thinking Approach

by ; ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780131498563

ISBN10:
0131498568
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2009
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $186.66

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Summary

A book that readers new to the subject can actuallyunderstand, this non-intimidating treatment about very complex subject matter contains cases that are extremely topical and interesting. The emphasis is on ethics, allowing readers to identify the values that influence how cases are decided. Authored by experts in the field, this exciting compilation of todayrs"s hot-button issues will prove an excellent introduction to business and legal issues.The legal environment of business is thoroughly treated in an extremely reader-friendly manner; various topics include: the American legal system, dispute resolution, constitutional principles, cyberlaw, white-collar crime, contracts, sales, product and service liability, the law of property, agency law, labor-management relations, environmental law, securities trading and issuance, antitrust laws, and debtor-creditor relations.An excellent desk reference for the legal departments of any business, this book also provides an interesting read for anyone interested in business and ethics.

Table of Contents

Preface xxix
About the Authors xli
Part One An Introduction to the Law and the Legal Environment of Business
1(260)
Critical Thinking and Legal Reasoning
2(16)
The Importance of Critical Thinking
3(1)
A Critical Thinking Model
4(3)
United States of America v. Martha Stewart and Peter Bacanovic
4(3)
The Critical Thinking Steps
7(5)
Facts
7(1)
Issue
7(1)
Reasons and Conclusion
7(1)
Rules of Law
8(1)
Ambiguity
8(1)
Ethical Norms
9(1)
Analogies
10(1)
Missing Information
10(2)
Using Critical Thinking to Make Legal Reasoning Come Alive
12(5)
Legal Reasoning
12(5)
Applying the Critical Thinking Approach
17(1)
Assignment on the Internet
17(1)
On the Internet
17(1)
Introduction to Law and the Legal Environment of Business
18(18)
Definition of the Legal Environment of Business
19(2)
Definition of Law and Jurisprudence
21(4)
Natural Law School
21(1)
Positivist School
22(1)
Sociological School
23(1)
American Realist School
23(1)
Critical Legal Studies School
24(1)
Feminist School
24(1)
Law and Economics School
25(1)
Sources of Law
25(5)
The Legislature as a Source of Statutory Law
25(3)
The Judicial Branch as a Source of Case Law
28(1)
The Executive Branch as a Source of Law
29(1)
Administrative Agencies as a Source of Law
29(1)
Classifications of Law
30(2)
Criminal Law and Civil Law
30(1)
Public and Private Law
31(1)
Substantive and Procedural Law
31(1)
Global Dimensions of the Legal Environment of Business
32(1)
Summary
32(1)
Review Questions
33(1)
Review Problems
33(1)
Case Problems
34(1)
Assignment on the Internet
35(1)
On the Internet
35(1)
The American Legal System
36(37)
Jurisdiction
37(8)
Original Versus Appellate Jurisdiction
37(1)
Jurisdiction Over Persons and Property
37(1)
World-Wide Volkswagen Corporation v. Woodson, District Judge of Cook County
38(2)
Subject Matter Jurisdiction
40(3)
Gafford v. General Electric Company
43(2)
Venue
45(1)
The Structure of the Court System
45(3)
The Federal Court System
45(1)
State Court Systems
46(2)
Courts of Last Resort
48(1)
The Actors in the Legal System and Their Relationship to the Business Community
48(5)
The Attorney
48(2)
The Judge
50(2)
The Jury
52(1)
Petit Juries
52(1)
The Adversary Process
53(1)
Criticisms of the Adversary System
53(1)
Steps in Civil Litigation and the Role of Businesspersons
54(14)
The Pretrial Stage
54(6)
The Trial
60(1)
J.E.B. v. Alabama, EX REL. T.B.
61(4)
Appellate Procedure
65(2)
Class Actions
67(1)
Global Dimensions of the American Legal System
68(1)
Summary
69(1)
Review Questions
69(1)
Review Problems
70(1)
Case Problems
70(1)
Assignment on the Internet
71(1)
On the Internet
72(1)
Alternative Tools of Dispute Resolution
73(32)
Negotiation and Settlement
75(1)
Arbitration
75(17)
Trailmobile Trailer, LLC v. International Union of Electronic, Electrical, Salaried, Machine and Furniture Workers, AFL-CIO, Local Union No. 1149
76(2)
Methods of Securing Arbitration
78(2)
Southland Corporation v. Keating
80(2)
Marybeth Armendariz et al. v. Foundation Health Psychcare Services, Inc.
82(6)
Selection of an Arbitrator
88(1)
Common Uses of Arbitration
88(2)
Problems with Arbitration
90(2)
Mediation
92(3)
Selection of a Mediator
92(1)
Common Uses of Mediation
93(1)
Advantages of Mediation
93(1)
Criticisms of Mediation
94(1)
Minitrials
95(1)
Early Neutral Case Evaluation
95(1)
Private Trials
95(1)
Summary Jury Trials
96(1)
Court-Annexed Alternative Dispute Resolution
96(3)
Use of Court-Annexed ADR in the State and Federal Systems
96(2)
Differences Between Court-Annexed and Voluntary ADR
98(1)
The Future of Alternative Dispute Resolution
99(1)
Global Dimensions of Alternative Dispute Resolution
99(2)
Mitsubishi Motors Corporation v. Soler Chrysler-Plymouth
100(1)
Summary
101(1)
Review Questions
101(1)
Review Problems
101(1)
Case Problems
102(2)
Assignment on the Internet
104(1)
On the Internet
104(1)
Constitutional Principles
105(33)
The Constitution
106(1)
Federalism
106(2)
Supremacy Clause
107(1)
Federal Preemption
107(1)
Separation of Powers
108(3)
William Jefferson Clinton v. Paula Corbin Jones
109(2)
The Impact of the Commerce Clause on Business
111(8)
The Commerce Clause as a Source of Federal Authority
111(2)
Christy Brzonkala v. Antonio J. Morrison et al.
113(4)
The Commerce Clause as a Restriction on State Authority
117(1)
Oregon Waste Systems, Inc. v. Department of Environmental Quality of the State of Oregon
117(2)
The Taxing and Spending Powers of the Federal Government
119(1)
The Impact of the Amendments on Business
120(14)
The First Amendment
120(2)
Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corporation v. Public Service Commission of New York
122(4)
The Fourth Amendment
126(2)
The Fifth Amendment
128(2)
David Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Commission
130(3)
The Fourteenth Amendment
133(1)
Summary
134(1)
Review Questions
134(1)
Review Problems
135(1)
Case Problems
135(2)
Assignment on the Internet
137(1)
On the Internet
137(1)
Cyberlaw and Business
138(25)
Cyberlaw and Business: How Law Changes as Society Changes
139(6)
The Flexibility of Law
139(1)
Changes in the Ways Courts Function
140(1)
Challenges to the Limits and Powers of Government
141(1)
Janet RENO, Attorney General of the United States, et al., Appellants v. American Civil Liberties Union, et al., Appellee
142(3)
Intellectual Property Issues in Cyberspace
145(5)
Patents
145(1)
Trademarks
145(2)
Copyrights
147(1)
A & M Records, Inc. v. Napster, Inc.
147(3)
E-Commerce Issues
150(4)
Privacy
150(1)
Online Marketing
151(1)
Saray Perez, (Plaintiff-Appellant) v. Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., (Respondent)
152(1)
Cybersignatures
153(1)
Employment Law Issues in Cyberspace
154(3)
Privacy Versus Employment-at-Will
154(1)
Michael A. Smyth v. The Pillsbury Company
154(1)
Online Harassment
155(2)
The War Against Cybercrime
157(3)
Denial-of-Service Attacks
157(1)
Identity Theft
158(1)
Insider Trading
159(1)
Internet Gambling
159(1)
Summary
160(1)
Review Questions
160(1)
Review Problems
161(1)
Case Problems
161(1)
Assignment on the Internet
162(1)
On the Internet
162(1)
White-Collar Crime and the Business Community
163(41)
Crime and Criminal Procedure
166(6)
Crime
166(1)
Criminal Procedure
167(5)
Distinguishing Features of White-Collar Crime
172(11)
The Corporation as a Criminal
173(1)
Arguments in Support of Corporate Liability
174(1)
Arguments in Opposition to Corporate Liability
175(1)
Imposition of Liability on Corporate Executives
175(1)
United States v. Park
176(3)
Imposition of Liability on Lower-Level Corporate Criminals
179(1)
Factors Encouraging the Commission of White-Collar Crime
179(1)
Sentencing of White-Collar Criminals
180(3)
Common White-Collar Crimes
183(9)
Bribery
183(1)
Violations of Federal Regulations
183(1)
Criminal Fraud
184(1)
United States v. Gray
185(2)
Larceny
187(1)
Embezzlement
187(1)
Computer Crimes
188(2)
United States v. Robert Tappan Morris
190(2)
Prevention of White-Collar Crime
192(2)
Federal Laws Used in the Fight Against White-Collar Crime
194(3)
The Racketeer Influenced Corrupt Organizations Act (Rico)
194(1)
False Claims Act
195(1)
Sarbanes-Oxley Act
196(1)
State Laws Used in the Fight Against White-Collar Crime
197(1)
Texas Department of Human Services v. George Green
197(1)
Global Dimensions of White-Collar Crime
198(2)
Summary
200(1)
Review Questions
200(1)
Review Problems
201(1)
Case Problems
201(2)
Assignment on the Internet
203(1)
On the Internet
203(1)
Ethics, Social Responsibility, and the Business Manager
204(24)
Definition of Business Ethics and Social Responsibility
206(2)
Business Ethics
206(1)
The Social Responsibility of Business
207(1)
Theories of Ethical Thought
208(3)
Consequential Theories
208(1)
Deontological Theories
209(1)
Humanist Theories
210(1)
Pavlik v. Lane
210(1)
Codes of Ethics
211(8)
Individual Codes of Ethics
211(1)
Corporate Codes of Ethics
212(1)
Industry Codes of Ethics
213(1)
Professional Codes of Ethics
214(2)
Bates v. State Bar of Arizona
216(3)
Schools of Social Responsibility
219(5)
Profit-Oriented School
219(3)
Managerial School
222(1)
Cooper Industries v. Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.
222(1)
Institutional School
223(1)
Professional Obligation School
223(1)
Regulation School
224(1)
Global Dimensions of Ethics and Social Responsibility
224(1)
Summary
225(1)
Review Questions
225(1)
Review Problems
225(1)
Case Problems
226(1)
Assignment on the Internet
227(1)
On the Internet
227(1)
The International Legal Environment of Business
228(33)
Dimensions of the International Environment of Business
229(5)
Political Dimensions
229(1)
Economic Dimensions
230(1)
Cultural Dimensions
231(1)
Legal Dimensions
232(2)
Methods of Engaging in International Business
234(5)
Trade
234(1)
International Licensing and Franchising
235(1)
Foreign Direct Investment
236(1)
In Re Union Carbide Corporation Gas Plant Disaster at Bhopal, India, in December, 1984 v. Union Carbide Corporation
237(2)
Risks of Engaging in International Business
239(7)
Expropriation of Private Property
239(1)
Sovereign Immunity Doctrine
240(1)
Keller v. Central Bank of Nigeria
240(1)
Act-of-State Doctrine
241(1)
Republic of the Philippines v. Ferdinand E. Marcos
242(1)
Export and Import Controls
243(1)
Currency Controls and Fluctuations in Currency Values
244(1)
United States v. Haggar Apparel Company
244(2)
Legal and Economic Integration as a Means of Encouraging International Business Activity
246(9)
The World Trade Organization
248(2)
The European Union
250(4)
North American Free Trade Agreement
254(1)
Global Dispute Resolution
255(3)
Arbitration
255(1)
Republic of Nicaragua v. Standard Fruit Company and Steamship Company
256(1)
Litigation
257(1)
Summary
258(1)
Review Questions
258(1)
Review Problems
258(1)
Case Problems
259(1)
Assignment on the Internet
260(1)
On the Internet
260(1)
Part Two Private Law and the Legal Environment of Business
261(208)
The Law of Contracts and Sales---I
262(24)
Definition, Sources, and Classifications of Contract Law
263(3)
Definition
263(1)
Sources of Contract Law
264(1)
Classifications of Contracts
264(2)
Elements of a Legal Contract
266(13)
Legal Offer
266(1)
Satellite Entertainment Center v. Keaton
267(1)
Legal Acceptance
268(1)
The Private Movie Company, Inc. v. Pamela Lee Anderson et al.
269(2)
Consideration
271(2)
Genuine Assent
273(1)
Stambovsky v. Ackley and Ellis Realty
273(3)
Competent Parties
276(1)
Mitchell v. Mitchell
276(1)
Legal Object
277(1)
Moore v. Midwest Distribution, Inc.
278(1)
Contracts That Must Be in Writing
279(1)
Contracts for the Sale of an Interest in Land
279(1)
Contracts to Pay the Debts of Another
279(1)
Contracts Not Performable in One Year
280(1)
Sale of Goods of $500 or More
280(1)
Nonbusiness Contracts
280(1)
Parol Evidence Rule
280(1)
Third-Party Beneficiary Contracts and Assignment of Rights
281(1)
Types of Third-Party Beneficiary Contracts
281(1)
Assignment of Rights
282(1)
Summary
282(1)
Review Questions
283(1)
Review Problems
283(1)
Case Problems
284(1)
Assignment on the Internet
285(1)
On the Internet
285(1)
The Law of Contracts and Sales---II
286(21)
Methods of Discharging a Contract
287(6)
Discharge by Performance
287(1)
Plante v. Jacobs
288(2)
Discharge by Mutual Agreement
290(1)
Architectural Systems, Inc. v. Gilbane Building Company
291(1)
Discharge by Conditions Precedent and Subsequent
291(1)
Discharge by Impossibility of Performance
291(1)
Norcon Power v. Niagara Mohawk Power Corp.
292(1)
Remedies for a Breach of Contract
293(7)
Monetary Damages (``Legal'' Remedies)
294(1)
Shirley Parker v. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation
294(2)
Equitable Remedies
296(1)
California and Hawaiian Sugar Company v. Sun Ship, Inc.
296(2)
Potter v. Oster
298(1)
Remedies for Breach of a Sales Contract (Goods)
299(1)
Yates v. Pitman Manufacturing, Inc.
300(1)
E-Contracts
300(2)
E-Signatures
301(1)
The Uniform Computer Information Transaction Act (UCITA)
301(1)
Scope of the UCITA
302(1)
The Business Community: Criticisms of the UCITA
302(1)
Global Dimensions of Contract and Sales Law
302(1)
Summary
303(1)
Review Questions
304(1)
Review Problems
304(1)
Case Problems
305(1)
Assignment on the Internet
306(1)
On the Internet
306(1)
The Law of Torts
307(31)
The Goals of Tort Law
308(1)
Damages Available in Tort Cases
309(7)
Compensatory Damages
309(1)
Nominal Damages
309(1)
Punitive Damages
310(1)
BMW of North America, Inc. v. Ira Gore, Jr.
311(5)
Classifications of Torts
316(18)
Intentional Torts
316(4)
Optinrealbig.com v. Ironport Systems (SpamCop.net)
320(4)
Nellie Mitchell v. Globe Inc. D/B/A ``Sun''
324(2)
Shirley Gordon v. May Department Store Company
326(3)
Negligent Torts
329(4)
Strict Liability Torts
333(1)
Global Dimensions of Tort Law
334(1)
Summary
334(1)
Review Questions
335(1)
Review Problems
335(1)
Case Problems
336(1)
Assignment on the Internet
337(1)
On the Internet
337(1)
Product and Service Liability Law
338(34)
Theories of Recovery in Product Liability Cases
340(21)
Negligence
340(6)
Irene M. Green and Martin Green, Appellants v. Richard L. Dolsky, M.D., and Collagen Corporation
346(2)
Strict Liability in Contract for Breach of Warranty
348(1)
Williams v. Braum Ice Cream Stores, Incorporated
349(3)
Strict Liability in Tort
352(1)
Welge v. Planters Lifesavers Company
353(3)
Sperry-New Holland, a Division of Sperry Corporation v. John Paul Prestage and Pam Prestage
356(3)
Liability to Bystanders
359(1)
James A. Peterson, Administrator of the Estate of Maradean Peterson, et al. v. Lou Backrodt Chevrolet Company
360(1)
Market Share Liability
361(1)
Service Liability
362(4)
Accountants' Liability
362(2)
First Florida Bank v. Max Mitchell and Company
364(2)
Global Dimensions of Product Liability Law
366(2)
Summary
368(1)
Review Questions
368(1)
Review Problems
368(1)
Case Problems
369(2)
Assignment on the Internet
371(1)
On the Internet
371(1)
Law of Property: Real, Personal, and Intellectual
372(39)
Real Property
374(1)
Definition of Real Property
374(1)
Extent of Ownership
375(1)
Interests in Real Property
375(6)
Fee Simple Absolute
375(1)
Conditional Estate
376(1)
Life Estate
376(1)
Sauls v. Crosby
377(1)
Leasehold Estate
378(1)
Easements
378(1)
License
379(1)
Co-Ownership
379(1)
Condominiums and Cooperatives
379(1)
Natore A. Nahrstedt v. Lakeside Village Condominium Association, Inc. et al., and Respondents
380(1)
Voluntary Transfer of Real Property
381(3)
Execution
382(2)
Delivery
384(1)
Acceptance
384(1)
Recording
384(1)
Involuntary Transfer of Real Property
384(5)
Adverse Possession
384(1)
Condemnation
385(2)
County of Wayne, Plaintiff-Appellee v. Edward Hathcock, et al., Defendant-Appellant
387(2)
Restrictions on Land Use
389(3)
Restrictive Covenants
389(1)
Zoning
389(1)
Other Statutory Restrictions on Land Use
390(1)
Dolan v. City of Tigard
390(2)
Personal Property
392(2)
Voluntary Transfer of Personal Property
392(1)
Involuntary Transfers of Personal Property
393(1)
Bailments
394(1)
Intellectual Property
394(12)
Trademarks
394(1)
Qualitex Company v. Jacobson Products Company
395(2)
Toys' R Us, Inc. v. Canarsie Kiddie Shop, Inc.
397(3)
Trade Dress
400(1)
Federal Trademark Dilution Act of 1995
400(2)
Victor Moseley and Kathy Moseley et al., dba Victor's Little Secret v. V Secret Catalogue, Inc. et al.
402(1)
Trade Secrets
403(1)
Patents
403(1)
Copyrights
404(2)
Global Dimensions of Property Law
406(2)
The Berne Convention of 1886
406(1)
Universal Copyright Convention
407(1)
The Paris Convention of 1883
407(1)
Patent Cooperation Treaty
407(1)
Summary
408(1)
Review Questions
408(1)
Review Problems
408(1)
Case Problems
409(1)
Assignment on the Internet
410(1)
On the Internet
410(1)
Agency Law
411(22)
Definition and Types of Agency Relationships
412(5)
Definition of Agency
412(1)
Types of Agency Relationships
412(3)
Daws Critical Care Registry, Inc. v. Department of Labor, Employment Security Division
415(2)
Creation of an Agency Relationship
417(1)
Expressed Agency or Agency by Agreement
417(5)
Agency by Implied Authority
418(1)
Penthouse International v. Barnes
418(2)
Agency Through Ratification by Principal
420(1)
Agency by Estoppel, or Apparent Authority
421(1)
Miller v. McDonald's Corporation
421(1)
Duties of Agents and Principals
422(2)
Principal's Duties to Agent
422(1)
Agent's Duties to Principal
423(1)
Bias v. Advantage International, Inc.
423(1)
Principal's and Agent's Liability to Third Parties
424(4)
Contractual Liability
424(2)
Liability of Disclosed, Partially Disclosed Principals, and Undisclosed Principals
426(1)
Liability of Undisclosed Principal
426(1)
Tort Liability
426(1)
Sussman v. Florida East Coast Properties, Inc.
427(1)
Criminal Liability
427(1)
Termination of the Principal--Agent Relationship
428(1)
Termination by Agreement
428(1)
Termination by Law
428(1)
Global Dimensions of Agency Law
428(1)
Japan
429(1)
European Union (EU)
429(1)
U.S. Agents Abroad
429(1)
Summary
429(1)
Review Questions
430(1)
Review Problems
430(1)
Case Problems
431(1)
Assignment on the Internet
432(1)
On the Internet
432(1)
Law and Business Associations
433(36)
The Most Common Forms of Business Organization in the United States
434(21)
The Sole Proprietorship
434(1)
The Partnership
435(1)
Tarnausky v. Tarnausky
436(2)
The Corporation
438(13)
Irving Trust Company v. Deutsch
451(1)
Smith v. Van Gorkom
452(3)
Limited Liability Companies
455(3)
Background
455(1)
The Uniform Limited Liability Act
455(1)
LLC Characteristics
455(1)
Creative Resource Management Inc. v. Soskin
456(1)
Creating a Limited Liability Company
456(1)
Duration of the LLC
457(1)
Financing of the LLC
457(1)
Control Considerations
457(1)
Tax Ramifications
457(1)
Factors Influencing a Business Manager's Choice of Organizational Form
458(1)
Specialized Forms of Business Associations
459(3)
Cooperative
460(1)
Joint Stock Company
460(1)
Syndicate
460(1)
Joint Venture
460(1)
Franchising
461(1)
Laws Governing Franchising
461(1)
Federal and State Laws
462(1)
Global Dimensions of Business Associations
462(2)
Summary
464(1)
Review Questions
464(1)
Review Problems
464(1)
Case Problems
465(2)
Assignment on the Internet
467(1)
On the Internet
467(2)
Part Three Public Law and the Legal Environment of Business
469(310)
The Law of Administrative Agencies
470(24)
Introduction to Administrative Law and Administrative Agencies
472(2)
Administrative Law
472(1)
Administrative Agencies
472(2)
Creation of Administrative Agencies
474(1)
Functions of Administrative Agencies
475(12)
Rule Making
476(1)
American Dental Association v. Martin
477(3)
Food and Drug Administration v. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation
480(1)
Adjudication
481(4)
Warner Lambert v. Federal Trade Commission
485(2)
Agency Administrative Activities
487(1)
Limitations on Administrative Agencies' Powers
487(2)
Statutory Limitations
487(1)
Institutional Limitations
488(1)
State and Local Administrative Agencies
489(1)
Global Dimensions of Administrative Agencies
490(1)
Summary
490(1)
Review Questions
491(1)
Review Problems
491(1)
Case Problems
492(1)
Assignment on the Internet
493(1)
On the Internet
493(1)
The Employment Relationship
494(31)
Wage and Hour Laws
495(2)
Unemployment Compensation
497(2)
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (COBRA)
499(1)
Workers' Compensation Laws
499(3)
Coverage
499(1)
Recoverable Benefits
500(1)
The Claims Process
501(1)
Benefits of the Workers' Compensation System
501(1)
The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993
502(6)
Major Provisions
502(2)
Reich, Secretary of Labor v. Midwest Plastic Engineering
504(1)
Serious Medical Condition
505(1)
Kimberly Miller v. AT&T Corporation
505(2)
Remedies for Violations of FMLA
507(1)
The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
508(5)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
508(3)
Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC)
511(1)
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
511(2)
Employee Privacy Rights
513(7)
Electronic Monitoring and Communication
513(1)
Fraser v. Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company
514(1)
Drug Testing
515(2)
Chandler v. Miller et al.
517(2)
Other Testing
519(1)
Global Dimensions of the Employment Relationship
520(1)
Summary
521(1)
Review Questions
521(1)
Review Problems
521(1)
Case Problems
522(2)
Assignment on the Internet
524(1)
On the Internet
524(1)
Laws Governing Labor-Management Relations
525(35)
Structure of the Primary U.S. Labor Legislation and the Mechanisms for Its Enforcement
527(11)
The Wagner Act of 1935
528(1)
The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947
528(1)
The Landrum-Griffith Act of 1959
529(1)
The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
530(1)
National Labor Relations Board v. Kentucky River Community Care, Inc. et al.
531(7)
Labor Organizing
538(12)
Board Rules
539(1)
Unfair Labor Practices by Employers
539(1)
Frazier Industrial Company, Inc. v. National Labor Relations Board
540(2)
Lechmere, Inc. v. NLRB
542(5)
Unfair Labor Practices by Employees
547(1)
Organizing the Appropriate Unit
547(1)
Brown University and International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America, UAW AFL-CIO, Petitioner
548(2)
The Collective Bargaining Process
550(3)
Subjects of Bargaining
550(1)
Ford Motor Company v. NLRB
551(2)
Strikes, Picketing, and Boycotts
553(2)
Strikes
553(1)
Boycotts
554(1)
Picketing
555(1)
Global Dimensions of Labor--Management Relations
555(1)
Summary
556(1)
Review Questions
556(1)
Review Problems
557(1)
Case Problems
557(2)
Assignment on the Internet
559(1)
On the Internet
559(1)
Employment Discrimination
560(45)
The Employment-at-Will Doctrine
561(2)
Constitutional Provisions
563(1)
The Civil Rights Acts of 1866 and 1871
563(2)
Applicability of the Acts
564(1)
The Equal Pay Act of 1963
565(2)
Equal Work
565(1)
Defenses
566(1)
Remedies
567(1)
The Civil Rights Act of 1964, as Amended (Title VII), and the Civil Rights Act of 1991
567(18)
Applicability of the Act
567(1)
Proof in Employment Discrimination Cases
568(3)
Fickling et al. v. New York State Department of Civil Service
571(2)
Teresa Harris v. Forklift Systems, Inc.
573(3)
Joseph Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services
576(1)
Statutory Defenses
577(1)
Protected Classes
578(4)
Enforcement Procedures
582(1)
Remedies
583(2)
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
585(7)
General Dynamics Land Systems, Inc. v. Dennis Cline et al.
586(1)
Applicability of the Statute
587(1)
Proving Age Discrimination
587(1)
Reeves v. Sanderson Plumbing Products, Inc.
588(2)
Statutory Defenses
590(1)
Enforcement Procedures
591(1)
Remedies Under ADEA
591(1)
The Rehabilitation Act of 1973
592(1)
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1991
593(3)
Covered Individuals
593(2)
Enforcement Procedures
595(1)
Remedies
595(1)
Affirmative Action
596(3)
Grutter v. Bollinger
598(1)
Global Dimensions of Employment Discrimination Legislation
599(1)
Summary
600(1)
Review Questions
601(1)
Review Problems
601(1)
Case Problems
602(2)
Assignment on the Internet
604(1)
On the Internet
604(1)
Environmental Law
605(35)
Alternative Approaches to Environmental Protection
607(4)
Tort Law
607(1)
Boomer et al. v. Atlantic Cement Company
607(3)
Government Subsidies Approach
610(1)
Emission Charges Approach
610(1)
Marketable Discharge Permits Approach
610(1)
Direct Regulation Approach
610(1)
The Environmental Protection Agency
611(3)
The National Environmental Policy Act of 1970 (NEPA)
614(3)
Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act
614(1)
Department of Transportation v. Public Citizen
615(2)
Regulating Water Quality
617(1)
The Federal Water Pollution Control Act
617(1)
The Safe Drinking Water Act
617(1)
Regulating Air Quality
618(4)
The National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQSs)
618(1)
New Source Review
619(1)
Hazardous Air Pollutants
620(1)
Indoor Air Pollution
620(2)
The Acid Rain Control Program
622(1)
Regulating Hazardous Waste and Toxic Substances
622(9)
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA)
623(2)
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), as Amended by the Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA)
625(1)
United States v. Harold B. Chapman, Jr.
626(2)
The Toxic Substances Control Act of 1979 (TSCA)
628(1)
The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act of 1972 (FIFRA)
629(1)
The Dow Chemical Company and Affordable Pest Control v. Ebling
630(1)
The Pollution Prevention Act of 1990
631(2)
Global Dimensions of Environmental Regulation
633(3)
The Need for International Cooperation
633(1)
The Transnational Nature of Pollution
633(1)
The Global Commons
634(1)
Primary Responses of the United States
634(2)
Summary
636(1)
Review Questions
636(1)
Review Problems
637(1)
Case Problems
637(2)
Assignment on the Internet
639(1)
On the Internet
639(1)
Rules Governing the Issuance and Trading of Securities
640(52)
Introduction to the Regulation of Securities
642(5)
Summary of Federal Securities Legislation
642(2)
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
644(3)
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
647(2)
Corporate Accountability
648(1)
New Accounting Regulations
648(1)
Criminal Penalties
648(1)
The Securities Act of 1933
649(12)
Definition of a Security
649(1)
SEC v. Alpha Telecom, Inc.
650(1)
Registration of Securities Under the 1933 Act
651(2)
Arthur Gustafson et al. v. Alloyd Company, Inc., et al.
653(2)
Securities and Transactions Exempt from Registration Under the 1933 Act
655(3)
Resale Restrictions
658(1)
Integration
658(1)
Liability, Remedies, and Defenses Under the 1933 Securities Act
658(3)
The Securities Exchange Act of 1934
661(23)
Registration of Securities Issuers, Brokers, and Dealers
661(5)
Securities Markets
666(2)
Proxy Solicitations
668(2)
Tender Offers and Takeover Bids
670(1)
Remedies and Defensive Strategies
671(1)
Barbara Schreiber v. Burlington Northern, Inc.
671(2)
Securities Fraud
673(1)
Central Bank of Denver, N.A. v. First Interstate Bank of Denver, N.A., and Jack K. Naber
674(4)
United States v. James O'Hagan
678(2)
Securities and Exchange Commission v. Texas Gulf Sulphur Company
680(2)
Liability and Remedies Under the 1934 Exchange Act
682(1)
The Wharf (Holdings) Limited v. United International Holdings, Inc.
683(1)
Short-Swing Profits
683(1)
Regulation of Investment Companies
684(1)
Reforms of Mutual Funds Under the 1940 Investments Company Act
684(1)
State Securities Laws
685(1)
E-Commerce, Online Securities Disclosure, and Fraud Regulation
685(1)
Marketplace of Securities
685(1)
E-Commerce and Fraud in the Marketplace
686(1)
Global Dimension of Rules Governing the Issuance and Trading of Securities
686(2)
Legislation Prohibiting Bribery and Money Laundering Overseas
686(2)
Legislation Governing Foreign Securities Sold in the United States
688(1)
Summary
688(1)
Review Questions
689(1)
Review Problems
689(1)
Case Problems
690(1)
Assignment on the Internet
691(1)
On the Internet
691(1)
Antitrust Laws
692(52)
Introduction to Antitrust Law
693(4)
A Definition of Antitrust
693(1)
Law and Economics: Setting and Enforcing Antitrust Policy
694(1)
Goals of the Antitrust Statutes
695(2)
Enforcement of and Exemptions From the Antitrust Laws
697(3)
Enforcement
697(2)
Paper Systems, Inc. v. Nippon Paper Industries
699(1)
Exemptions
699(1)
The Sherman Act of 1890
700(26)
Section 1: Combinations and Restraints of Trade
701(2)
Federal Trade Commission v. Superior Court Trial Lawyer's Association
703(3)
NYNEX Corporation v. Discon, Inc.
706(2)
State Oil Company v. Khan
708(2)
Continental TV, Inc. v. GTE Sylvania
710(4)
United States v. Microsoft Corporation
714(3)
Section 2: Monopolies
717(2)
United States v. Microsoft Corporation
719(7)
The Clayton Act of 1914
726(10)
Section 2: Price Discrimination
726(2)
Section 3: Tying Arrangements and Exclusive-Dealing Contracts
728(1)
Section 7: Mergers and Acquisitions
728(8)
Section 8: Interlocking Directorates
736(1)
Other Antitrust Statutes
736(2)
Federal Trade Commission Act (FTCA) of 1914
736(1)
California Dental Association v. Federal Trade Commission
737(1)
Bank Merger Act of 1966
737(1)
Global Dimensions of Antitrust Statutes
738(3)
Transnational Reach of U.S. Antitrust Legislation
738(2)
Global Dimensions of U.S. Antitrust Laws
740(1)
Enforcement
740(1)
Summary
741(1)
Review Questions
741(1)
Review Problems
741(1)
Case Problems
742(1)
Assignment on the Internet
743(1)
On the Internet
743(1)
Laws of Debtor--Creditor Relations and Consumer Protection
744(35)
Debtor--Creditor Relations
746(5)
Rights and Remedies for Creditors
746(1)
Shanks v. Lowe
747(1)
Rights and Remedies for Debtors
748(1)
The Bankruptcy Reform Act (BRA) of 1978
749(2)
The Evolution of Consumer Law
751(2)
Federal Regulation of Business Trade Practices and Consumer-Business Relationships
753(7)
The Federal Trade Commission: Functions, Structure, and Enforcement Powers
753(1)
Deceptive and Unfair Advertising
753(1)
Tashoff v. FTC
754(3)
Consumer Legislation
757(3)
Federal Laws Regulating Consumer Credit and Business Debt-Collection Practices
760(13)
Truth-in-Lending Act
760(3)
Purtle v. Eldridge Auto Sales, Inc.
763(1)
The Electronic Fund Transfer Act
764(2)
The Fair Credit Reporting Act
766(1)
Phillips v. Grendahl
767(1)
Equal Credit Opportunity Act
768(1)
The Fair Credit Billing Act
769(1)
The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act
770(1)
Miller v. McCalla, Raymer Padrick and Clark, L.L.C.
771(1)
The Consumer Leasing Act (CLA) of 1988
772(1)
State Consumer Legislation
773(1)
Uniform Consumer Credit Code
773(1)
Unfair and Deceptive Practices Statutes
774(1)
Arbitration of Disputes
774(1)
Global Dimensions of Consumer Protection Law
774(1)
Summary
775(1)
Review Questions
776(1)
Review Problems
776(1)
Case Problems
777(1)
Assignment on the Internet
778(1)
On the Internet
778(1)
Appendix A The Constitution of the United States 779(8)
Appendix B Uniform Commercial Code (2000 Official Text), Article 2 787(16)
Glossary 803(18)
Index 821


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