9780824707729

Libraries: the Internet, and Scholarship: Tools and Trends Converging

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780824707729

  • ISBN10:

    0824707729

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-03-22
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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Summary

This title analyzes contemporary trends and tools that affect how information is created, stored, discovered and used in a progressive technological environment. It presents a framework for librarians to tailor their services and resources, in-house expertise and organizational identities to provide an efficient and effective community of learning for their evolving clientele.

Table of Contents

Preface iii
Contributors xiii
Libraries and Digital Preservation: Who Is Providing Electronic Access for Tomorrow?
1(30)
Kelly Russell
Introduction
1(1)
Background and Context
2(2)
The Changing Face of Preservation
4(2)
A Context for Digital Preservation
6(1)
The Scale of the Problem
7(1)
What Is ``Digital Preservation?''
8(1)
Preservation Digitization
9(1)
Technology Dependence and Media Longevity
10(1)
Case Studies
11(1)
Storage Media
12(1)
Digital Archaeology
13(1)
Strategies for Digital Preservation
14(1)
Reliance on Hard Copy
15(2)
Technology Preservation
17(1)
Technology Emulation
17(2)
Migration
19(1)
Portable Data
20(1)
Collection Management and Digital Preservation
21(1)
Intellectual Property Rights and Digital Preservation
22(2)
Responsibility Issues
24(2)
Developing Preservation Policies
26(1)
Conclusion
27(1)
End Notes
28(3)
The Internet, Scholarly Communication, and Collaborative Research
31(14)
Rosemary L. Meszaros
Introduction
31(1)
The Crisis in Scholarly Publishing
32(1)
A Promising Forecast for Scholarship
33(2)
The Internet's Impact Explained
35(1)
Potential Pitfalls
36(1)
Intellectual Property
37(1)
Models of Scholarly Communication and Research Online
38(4)
Conclusion
42(1)
End Notes
42(3)
From Virtual Libraries to Digital Libraries: The Role of Digital Libraries in Information Communities
45(32)
David Robins
Introduction
46(2)
Conceptual Background
48(1)
Traditional Library
48(3)
Virtual Library
51(2)
Digital Libraries
53(1)
Digital Library Initiatives
54(1)
National Science Foundation's Digital Library Initiative
55(2)
Community
57(2)
Information Community
59(1)
Libraries and Information Communities: A Model that Worked
60(4)
Information Communities and Digital Libraries: New Directions
64(5)
A New Model for Digital Libraries and Information Communities
69(2)
Some Caveats Regarding the Role of Digital Libraries in Information Communities
71(1)
Conclusion
72(1)
End Notes
73(4)
Integrating Metadata Frameworks into Library Description
77(26)
William Fietzer
Introduction
77(2)
Facts and Figures
79(1)
What Is Metadata?
80(1)
Standards and Interoperability
81(1)
The Dublin Core and Warwick Framework
82(2)
Crosswalks and Associated Issues
84(3)
The Need for Thesauri
87(1)
Multilingual Environmental Thesauri
88(2)
Problems of Concept and Cost
90(1)
Production Costs and Concerns
91(1)
The Human Factor
91(4)
Limitations and Concerns of Each Method
95(1)
Limited Publics
96(1)
Knowing the Market
97(1)
Conclusion
98(2)
End Notes
100(3)
Technology's Impact on Research and Publication in the Natural Sciences
103(30)
David P. Atkins
Flora G. Shrode
Introduction
103(2)
Taxonomy and Related Disciplines
105(2)
Taxonomic and Systematics Data
107(2)
Taxonomic and Systematic Database Initiatives
109(2)
Taxonomic Databases: What's in a Name?
111(1)
Successful Initiatives
112(1)
Phylogenetics Initiatives
113(1)
NBII and the Integrated Taxonomic Information System
113(1)
NBII and the PLANTS National Database
114(1)
Biological or Nonspatial Metadata Standards
115(1)
International Initiatives: Global Plants Checklist and Species2000
116(1)
Integrating Databases: Some Cases
117(1)
Bioinformatics and Genomics
118(2)
Genetic and Protein Sequence Databases
120(1)
Journals: Communicating the Research
121(2)
Discussion: What Really Works?
123(3)
Conclusion
126(1)
End Notes
127(6)
Electronic Text Encoding in the Humanities
133(22)
Perry Willett
Introduction
133(2)
Moving from Print to Digital
135(2)
What Is Encoding?
137(1)
Encoding Characters
138(1)
Encoding Documents
139(5)
Differences Between HTML and TEI Encoding
144(5)
Bringing SGML to the Masses: XML
149(1)
Issues in Encoding Literary Works
150(2)
References
152(1)
End Notes
153(2)
Visual Resources Collections and Technology
155(14)
Paula Hardin
Introduction
155(1)
Working with Data
156(1)
The Power of Databases
157(1)
The Internet and World Wide Web
158(2)
Digitization Projects
160(2)
An Example of a Digital Visual Resources Project
162(4)
Technology as a Learning and Growth Tool for VR Professionals
166(1)
Conclusion
166(3)
An Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
169(22)
Farrell W. Jones
What Is GIS?
169(2)
What Is Not a GIS?
171(1)
GIS: A Discipline or Just a Tool?
172(1)
The Classifications of GIS
173(4)
The Components of a GIS
177(11)
Conclusion
188(3)
Social Science Data and the Digital Library
191(14)
Wendy L. Thomas
Introduction
191(1)
History of Digital Data
192(1)
Issues in Creating a Virtual Data Library
193(3)
Preservation
196(2)
The Data Documentation Initiative
198(3)
Conclusion
201(1)
End Notes
202(3)
Index 205

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