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Literature : An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing

by ;
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780321428493

ISBN10:
0321428498
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Longman

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Summary

The most popular introductory anthology of its kind, Kennedy/Gioiars"sLiteraturecontinues to inspire students with engaging insights on reading and writing about stories, poems, and plays. Poets in their own right, editors X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia bring personal warmth and a human perspective to this comprehensive anthology. Organized into three genres-Literature,Tenth Edition, presents readable discussions of the literary devices, illustrated by apt works, supported by useful writing tips, and followed by (now) seven full chapters devoted to writing. A broad scope of traditional and contemporary works is provided, most headed by author images and richly detailed biographical notes and some followed by author commentary. While maintaining the characteristics of its previous editionsaccessible apparatus, expansive author representationthis tenth edition ofLiteraturehas been re-imagined to include new casebooks, a lively new design, and more writing coverage than ever before. New students of literature.

Table of Contents

Preface xlvii
To the Instructor li
About the Authors lxiii
FICTION
1 Reading a Story
3(20)
Fable, Parable, and Tale
4(9)
W. Somerset Maugham
THE APPOINTMENT IN SAMARRA
4(1)
A servant tries to gallop away from Death in this brief sardonic fable retold in memorable form by a popular storyteller.
Aesop
THE NORTH WIND AND THE SUN
5(1)
The North Wind and the Sun argue who is stronger and decide to try their powers on an unsuspecting traveler.
Bidpai
THE CAMEL AND HIS FRIENDS
6(1)
With friends like these, you can guess what the camel doesn't need.
Chuang Tzu
INDEPENDENCE
8(1)
The Prince of Ch'u asks the philosopher Chuang Tzu to become his advisor and gets a surprising reply in this classic Chinese fable.
Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm
GODFATHER DEATH
9(1)
Neither God nor the Devil came to the christening. In this stark folktale, a young man receives magical powers with a string attached.
Plot
The Short Story
13(7)
John Updike
A&P
14(1)
In walk three girls in nothing but bathing suits, and Sammy finds himself no longer an aproned checkout clerk but an armored knight.
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
John Updike
WHY WRITE?
20(1)
WRITING ABOUT PLOT
Paying Attention to Plot
20(1)
CHECKLIST
Analyzing Plot
21(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON PLOT
22(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
22(1)
2 Point of View
23(50)
William Faulkner
A ROSE FOR EMILY
28(7)
Proud, imperious Emily Grierson defied the town from the fortress of her mansion. Who could have guessed the secret that lay within?
Anne Tyler
TEENAGE WASTELAND
35(8)
With her troubled son, his teachers, and a peculiar tutor all giving her their own versions of what's going on with him, what's a mother to do?
James Baldwin
SONNY'S BLUES
43(21)
Two brothers in Harlem see life differently. The older brother is the sensible family man, but Sonny wants to be a jazz musician.
Eudora Welty
A WORN PATH
64(6)
When the man said to old Phoenix, "you must be a hundred years old, and scared of nothing," he might have been exaggerating, but not by much.
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
James Baldwin
RACE AND THE AFRICAN AMERICAN WRITER
70(1)
WRITING ABOUT POINT OF VIEW
How Point of View Shapes a Story
71(1)
CHECKLIST
Understanding Point of View
71(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON POINT OF VIEW
72(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
72(1)
3 Character
73(39)
Katherine Anne Porter
THE JILTING OF GRANNY WEATHERALL
76(7)
For sixty years Ellen Weatherall has fought back the memory of that terrible day, but now once more the priest waits in the house.
Katherine Mansfield
MISS BRILL
83(3)
Sundays had long brought joy to solitary Miss Brill, until one fateful day when she happened to share a bench with two lovers in the park.
Tobias Wolff
THE RICH BROTHER
86(12)
Blood may be thicker than water, but sometimes the tension between brothers is thicker than blood.
Raymond Carver
CATHEDRAL
98(11)
He had never expected to find himself trying to describe a cathedral to a blind man. He hadn't even wanted to meet this odd, old friend of his wife.
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Raymond Carver
COMMONPLACE BUT PRECISE LANGUAGE
109(1)
WRITING ABOUT CHARACTER
How Character Creates Action
110(1)
CHECKLIST
Writing About Character
110(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON CHARACTER
110(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
111(1)
4 Setting
112(41)
Kate Chopin
THE STORM
115(4)
Even with her husband away, Calixta feels happily, securely married. Why then should she not shelter an old admirer from the rain?
Jack London
TO BUILD A FIRE
119(11)
Seventy-five degrees below zero. Alone except for one mistrustful wolf dog, a man finds himself battling a relentless force.
T. Coraghessan Boyle
GREASY LAKE
130(7)
Murky and strewn with beer cans, the lake appears a wasteland. On its shore three "dangerous characters" learn a lesson one grim night.
Amy Tan
A PAIR OF TICKETS
137(13)
A young woman flies with her father to China to meet two half sisters she never knew existed.
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Amy Tan
SETTING THE VOICE
150(1)
WRITING ABOUT SETTING
The Importance of Setting
151(1)
CHECKLIST
Analyzing Setting
152(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON SETTING
152(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
152(1)
5 Tone and Style
153(36)
Ernest Hemingway
A CLEAN, WELL-LIGHTED PLACE
156(4)
All by himself each night, the old man lingers in the bright café. What does he need more than brandy?
William Faulkner
BARN BURNING
160(12)
This time when Ab Snopes wields his blazing torch, his son Sarty faces a dilemma: whether to obey or defy the vengeful old man.
Irony
172(14)
O. Henry
THE GIFT OF THE MAGI
174(1)
A young husband and wife find ingenious ways to buy each other Christmas presents, in the classic story that defines the word "irony."
Ha Jin
SABOTEUR
178(8)
When the police unfairly arrest Mr. Chiu, he hopes for justice. After witnessing their brutality, he quietly plans revenge.
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Ernest Hemingway
THE DIRECT STYLE
186(1)
WRITING ABOUT TONE AND STYLE
Be Style-Conscious
186(1)
CHECKLIST
Thinking About Tone and Style
187(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON TONE AND STYLE
187(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
188(1)
6 Theme
189(40)
Stephen Crane
THE OPEN BOAT
191(17)
In a lifeboat circled by sharks, tantalized by glimpses of land, a reporter scrutinizes Fate and learns about comradeship.
Alice Munro
HOW I MET MY HUSBAND
208(12)
When Edie meets the carnival pilot, her life gets more complicated than she expects.
Luke 15:11-32
THE PARABLE OF THE PRODIGAL SON
220(1)
A father has two sons. One demands his inheritance now and leaves to spend it with ruinous results.
Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.
HARRISON BERGERON
221(5)
Are you handsome? Off with your eyebrows! Are you brainy? Let a transmitter sound thought-shattering beeps inside your ear.
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.
THE THEMES OF SCIENCE FICTION
226(1)
WRITING ABOUT THEME
Stating the Theme
227(1)
CHECKLIST
Determining a Story's Theme
228(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON THEME
228(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
228(1)
7 Symbol
229(31)
John Steinbeck
THE CHRYSANTHEMUMS
231(8)
Fenced-in Elisa feels emotionally starved—then her life promises to blossom with the arrival of the scissors-grinding man.
Shirley Jackson
THE LOTTERY
239(6)
Splintered and faded, the sinister black box had worked its annual terror for longer than anyone in town could remember.
Elizabeth Tallent
NO ONE'S A MYSTERY
245(3)
A two-page story speaks volumes about an open-hearted girl and her married lover.
Ursula K. Le Guin
THE ONES WHO WALK AWAY FROM OMELAS
248(5)
Omelas is the perfect city. All of its inhabitants are happy. But everyone's prosperity depends on a hidden evil.
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Shirley Jackson
BIOGRAPHY OF A STORY
253(2)
WRITING ABOUT SYMBOLS
Recognizing Symbols
255(1)
CHECKLIST
Thinking About Symbols
256(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON SYMBOLS
256(1)
Student Paper
AN ANALYSIS OF THE SYMBOLISM IN STEINBECK'S "THE CHRYSANTHEMUMS"
256(2)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
258(2)
8 Evaluating a Story
260(15)
Yiyun Li
A THOUSAND YEARS OF GOOD PRAYERS
262(9)
An elderly Chinese man wants to help his Americanized daughter find happiness, but are there too many secrets standing in the way?
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Yiyun Li
WHAT I COULD NOT WRITE ABOUT WAS WHY I WAS WRITING
271(1)
WRITING AN EVALUATION
Judging a Story's Value
272(1)
CHECKLIST
Evaluating a Story
273(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON EVALUATING A STORY
273(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
274(1)
9 Reading Long Stories and Novels
275(82)
Leo Tolstoy
THE DEATH OF IVAN ILYCH
280(37)
The supreme Russian novelist tells how a petty, ambitious judge, near the end of his wasted life, discovers a harrowing truth.
Franz Kafka
THE METAMORPHOSIS
317(31)
"When Gregor Samsa awoke one morning from troubled dreams, he found himself transformed in his bed into a monstrous insect." Kafka' s famous opening sentence introduces one of the most chilling stories in world literature.
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Franz Kafka
DISCUSSING THE METAMORPHOSIS
348(1)
WRITING ABOUT LONG STORIES AND NOVELS
Knowing What to Leave Out
349(1)
CHECKLIST
Organizing Your Ideas for a Research Paper
349(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT FOR A RESEARCH PAPER
349(7)
Student Research Paper
KAFKA'S GREATNESS
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
356(1)
10 Critical Casebook: Flannery O'Connor
357(1)
Flannery O'Connor
A GOOD MAN IS HARD TO FIND
358(10)
Wanted: The Misfit, a cold-blooded killer. An ordinary family vacation leads to horror—and one moment of redeeming grace.
Flannery O'Connor
REVELATION
368(14)
Mrs. Turpin thinks herself Jesus' favorite child, until she meets a troubled college girl. Soon violence flares in a doctor's waiting room.
Flannery O'Connor
PARKER'S BACK
382(14)
A tormented man tries to find his way to God and to his wife—by having himself tattooed.
Flannery O'Connor ON Writing
FROM "ON HER OWN WORK"
396(2)
ON HER CATHOLIC FAITH
398(1)
FROM "THE GROTESQUE IN SOUTHERN FICTION"
399(2)
YEARBOOK CARTOONS
401(1)
Critics ON Flannery O'Connor
Robert H. Brinkmeyer, Jr.
FLANNERY O'CONNOR AND HER READERS
402(2)
J.O. Tate
A GOOD SOURCE IS NOT SO HARD TO FIND: THE REAL LIFE MISFIT
404(3)
Mary Jane Schenck
DECONSTRUCTING "A GOOD MAN IS HARD TO FIND"
407(1)
Kathleen Feeley
THE MYSTERY OF DIVINE DIRECTION: "PARKER'S BACK"
408(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITING ABOUT AN AUTHOR
How One Story Illuminates Another
409(1)
CHECKLIST
Reading an Author in Depth
410(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON AN AUTHOR
410(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
410(2)
11 Critical Casebook: Three Stories in Depth
412(1)
Edgar Allan Poe
412(12)
THE TELL-TALE HEART
413(11)
The smoldering eye at last extinguished, a murderer finds that, despite all his attempts at a cover-up, his victim will be heard.
Edgar Allan Poe ON Writing
THE TALE AND ITS EFFECT
417(1)
ON IMAGINATION
418(1)
THE PHILOSOPHY OF COMPOSITION
418(1)
Critics ON "The Tell-Tale Heart"
Daniel Hoffman
THE FATHER-FIGURE IN "THE TELL-TALE HEART"
419(2)
Scott Peeples
"THE TELL-TALE HEART" AS A LOVE STORY
421(1)
John Chua
THE FIGURE OF THE DOUBLE IN POE
422(2)
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
424(19)
THE YELLOW WALLPAPER
424(19)
A doctor prescribes a "rest cure" for his wife after the birth of their child. The new mother tries to settle in to life in the isolated and mysterious country house they have rented for the summer. The cure proves worse than the disease in this Gothic classic.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman ON Writing
WHY I WROTE "THE YELLOW WALLPAPER"
435(1)
WHATEVER IS
436(1)
THE NERVOUS BREAKDOWN OF WOMEN
437(1)
Critics ON "The Yellow Wallpaper"
Juliann Fleenor
GENDER AND PATHOLOGY IN "THE YELLOW WALLPAPER"
438(1)
Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar
IMPRISONMENT AND ESCAPE: THE PSYCHOLOGY OF CONFINEMENT
439(2)
Elizabeth Ammons
BIOGRAPHICAL ECHOES IN "THE YELLOW WALLPAPER"
441(2)
Alice Walker
443(19)
EVERYDAY USE
443(18)
When successful Dee visits from the city, she has changed her name to reflect her African roots. Her mother and sister notice other things have changed, too.
Alice Walker ON Writing
THE BLACK WOMAN WRITER IN AMERICA
449(1)
REFLECTIONS ON WRITING
451(2)
Critics ON "Everyday Use"
Barbara T. Christians
"EVERYDAY USE" AND THE BLACK POWER MOVEMENT
453(2)
Houston A. Baker and Charlotte Pierce-Bakers
STYLISH VS. SACRED IN "EVERYDAY USE"
455(4)
Elaine Showalter
QUILT AS METAPHOR IN "EVERYDAY USE"
459(2)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
TOPICS FOR WRITING ON "THE TELL-TALE HEART"
461(1)
TOPICS FOR WRITING ON "THE YELLOW WALLPAPER"
461(1)
TOPICS FOR WRITING ON "EVERYDAY USE"
461(1)
12 Stories for Further Reading
462(1)
Chinua Achebe
DEAD MEN'S PATH
462(3)
The new headmaster of the village school was determined to fight superstition, but the villagers did not agree.
Anjana Appachana
THE PROPHECY
465(11)
Seventeen years old and pregnant, Amrita doesn't know what to do, but before she visits the gynecologist, she consults a fortune teller.
Margaret Atwood
HAPPY ENDINGS
476(3)
John and Mary meet. What happens next? This witty experimental story offers five different outcomes.
Ambrose Bierce
AN OCCURRENCE AT OWL CREEK BRIDGE
479(6)
At last, Peyton Farquhar' s neck is in the noose. Reality mingles with dream in this classic story of the American Civil War.
Jorge Luis Borges
THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MARK
485(4)
A young man from Buenos Aires is trapped by a flood on an isolated ranch. To pass the time he reads the Gospel to a family with unforeseen results.
Willa Cather
PAUL'S CASE
489(14)
Paul's teachers can't understand the boy. Then one day, with stolen cash, he boards a train for New York and the life of his dreams.
John Cheever
THE FIVE-FORTY-EIGHT
503(20)
After their brief affair, Blake fired his secretary. He never expected she would seek revenge.
Anton Chekhov
THE LADY WITH THE PET DOG
512(11)
Lonely and bored at a seaside resort, a couple seeks a merely casual affair. How could they know it might deepen and trouble their separate marriages?
Kate Chopin
THE STORY OF AN HOUR
523(2)
"There was something coming to her and she was waiting for it, fearfully. What was it? She did not know; it was too subtle and elusive to name."
Sandra Cisneros
THE HOUSE ON MANGO STREET
525(1)
Does where we live tell what we are? A little girl dreams of a new house, but things don't always turn out the way we want them to.
Ralph Ellison
BATTLE ROYAL
526(10)
A young black man is invited to deliver his high school graduation speech to a gathering of a Southern town's leading white citizens. What promises to be an honor turns into a nightmare of violence, humiliation, and painful self-discovery.
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
THE HANDSOMEST DROWNED MAN IN THE WORLD
536(4)
Even in death, a mysterious stranger has a profound effect on all of the people in the village.
Dagoberto Glib
LOOK ON THE BRIGHT SIDE
540(8)
"You have to look on the bright side" is the motto of this story's narrator, but that gets harder and harder to do as things just keep on getting worse.
Nathaniel Hawthorne
YOUNG GOODMAN BROWN
548(10)
Urged on through deepening woods, a young Puritan sees—or dreams he sees—good villagers hasten toward a diabolic rite.
Zora Neale Hurston
SWEAT
558(8)
Delia's hard work paid for her small house. Now her drunken husband Sykes has promised it to another woman.
Kazuo Ishiguro
A FAMILY SUPPER
566(7)
Something very odd lurks beneath the surface of this family supper, and it might prove fatal.
James Joyce
ARABY
573(5)
If only he can find her a token, she might love him in return. As night falls, a Dublin boy hurries to make his dream come true.
Jamaica Kincaid
GIRL
578(1)
"Try to walk like a lady, and not like the slut you are so bent on becoming." An old-fashioned mother tells her daughter how to live.
Jhumpa Lahiri
INTERPRETER OF MALADIES
579(14)
Mr. Kapasi's life had settled into a quiet pattern—and then Mrs. Das and her family came into it.
D.H. Lawrence
THE ROCKING-HORSE WINNER
593(11)
Wild-eyed "as if something were going to explode in him," the boy predicts each winning horse, and gamblers rush to bet a thousand pounds.
Bobbie Ann Mason
SHILOH
604(9)
After the accident Leroy could no longer work as a truck driver. He hoped to make a new life with his wife, but she seemed strangely different.
Joyce Carol Oates
WHERE ARE YOU GOING, WHERE HAVE YOU BEEN?
613(12)
Alone in the house, Connie finds herself helpless before the advances of a spellbinding imitation teenager, Arnold Friend.
Tim O'Brien
THE THINGS THEY CARRIED
625(12)
What each soldier carried into the combat zone was largely determined by necessity, but each man's necessities differed.
Tillie Olsen
STAND HERE IRONING
637(5)
Deserted by her husband, forced to send away her child, a woman remembers how both she and her daughter managed to survive.
Octavio Paz
MY LIFE WITH THE WAVE
642(4)
Meet the oddest couple ever, in this story by a Nobel Prize-winning poet.
Leslie Marmon Silko
THE MAN TO SEND RAIN CLOUDS
646(3)
When old Teofilo dies, his friends give him a tribal burial to ensure that the rains will come for the pueblo. But can they also convince Father Paul to take part in the pagan ceremony?
Helena Maria Viramontes
THE MOTHS
649(12)
An angry adolescent performs a final act of love for the grandmother who made her feel "safe and guarded and not alone."
POETRY
13 Reading a Poem
659(564)
William Butler Yeats
THE LAKE ISLE OF INNISFREE
661(2)
Lyric Poetry
663(2)
D.H. Lawrence
PIANO
664(1)
Adrienne Rich
AUNT JENNIFER'S TIGERS
664(1)
Narrative Poetry
665(3)
Anonymous
SIR PATRICK SPENCE
665(2)
Robert Frost
"OUT, OUT—"
667(1)
Dramatic Poetry
668(3)
Robert Browning
MY LAST DUCHESS
668(3)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Adrienne Rich
RECALLING "AUNT JENNIFER'S TIGERS"
671(1)
WRITING A PARAPHRASE
Can a Poem Be Paraphrased?
671(1)
William Stafford
ASK ME
671(1)
William Stafford
A PARAPHRASE OF "ASK ME"
672(1)
CHECKLIST
Paraphrasing a Poem
673(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON PARAPHRASING
673(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
673(1)
14 Listening to a Voice
674(1)
Tone
674(6)
Theodore Roethke
MY PAPA'S WALTZ
674(1)
Countee Cullen
FOR A LADY I KNOW
675(1)
Anne Bradstreet
THE AUTHOR TO HER BOOK
676(1)
Walt Whitman
TO A LOCOMOTIVE IN WINTER
677(1)
Emily Dickinson
I LIKE TO SEE IT LAP THE MILES
678(1)
Benjamin Alire Sáenz
TO THE DESERT
679(1)
Weldon Kees
FOR MY DAUGHTER
679(1)
The Person in the Poem
680(8)
Natasha Trethewey
A WHITE LIES
680(2)
Edwin Arlington Robinson
LUKE HAVERGAL
682(1)
Ted Hughes
HAWK ROOSTING
683(1)
Suji Kwock Kim
MONOLOGUE FOR AN ONION
684(1)
William Wordsworth
I WANDERED LONELY AS A CLOUD
685(1)
Dorothy Wordsworth
JOURNAL ENTRY
686(1)
James Stephens
A GLASS OF BEER
686(1)
Anne Sexton
HER KIND
687(1)
William Carlos Williams
THE RED WHEELBARROW
688(1)
Irony
688(7)
Robert Creeley
OH NO
688(2)
W.H. Auden
THE UNKNOWN CITIZEN
690(1)
Sharon Olds
RITES OF PASSAGE
691(1)
John Betjeman
IN WESTMINSTER ABBEY
692(1)
Sarah N. Cleghorn
THE GOLF LINKS
693(1)
Edna St. Vincent Millay
SECOND FIG
693(1)
Joseph Stroud
MISSING
694(1)
Thomas Hardy
THE WORKBOX
694(1)
For Review and Further Study
William Blake
THE CHIMNEY SWEEPER
695(1)
David Lehman
REJECTION SLIP
696(1)
William Stafford
AT THE UN-NATIONAL MONUMENT ALONG THE CANADIAN BORDER
697(1)
H.L. Hix
I LOVE THE WORLD, AS DOES ANY DANCER
697(1)
Richard Lovelace
TO LUCASTA
698(1)
Wilfred Owen
DULCE ET DECORUM EST
698(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Wilfred Owen
WAR POETRY
699(1)
WRITING ABOUT VOICE
Listening to Tone
700(1)
CHECKLIST
Analyzing Tone
701(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON TONE
701(4)
Student Paper
WORD CHOICE, TONE, AND POINT OF VIEW IN ROETHKE'S "MY PAPA'S WALTZ"
702(3)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
705(1)
15 Words
706(1)
Literal Meaning: What a Poem Says First
706(4)
William Carlos Williams
THIS IS JUST TO SAY
707(1)
Marianne Moore
SILENCE
708(1)
Robert Graves
DOWN, WANTON, DOWN!
709(1)
John Donne
BATTER MY HEART, THREE-PERSONED GOD, FOR YOU
709(1)
The Value of a Dictionary
710(4)
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
AFTERMATH
711(1)
John Clare
MOUSE'S NEST
712(1)
J.V. Cunningham
FRIEND, ON THIS SCAFFOLD THOMAS MORE LIES DEAD
713(1)
Kelly Cherry
ADVICE TO A FRIEND WHO PAINTS
714(1)
Carl Sandburg
GRASS
714(1)
Word Choice and Word Order
714(8)
Robert Herrick
UPON JULIA'S CLOTHES
716(2)
Kay Ryan
BLANDEUR
718(1)
Thomas Hardy
THE RUINED MAID
719(1)
Richard Eberhart
THE FURY OF AERIAL BOMBARDMENT
720(1)
Wendy Cope
LONELY HEARTS
721(1)
For Review and Further Study
E.E. Cummings
ANYONE LIVED IN A PRETTY HOW TOWN
722
Billy Collins
61(663)
THE NAMES
723(1)
Anonymous
CARNATION MILK
724(1)
Kenneth Rexroth
VITAMINS AND ROUGHAGE
725(1)
Gina Valdes
ENGLISH CON SALSA
725(1)
Lewis Carroll
JABBERWOCKY
726(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Lewis Carroll
HUMPTY DUMPTY EXPLICATES "JABBERWOCKY"
727(1)
WRITING ABOUT DICTION
Every Word Counts
728(1)
CHECKLIST
Thinking About Word Choice
729(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON WORD CHOICE
729(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
730(1)
16 Saying and Suggesting
731(1)
John Masefield
CARGOES
732(1)
William Blake
LONDON
733(2)
Wallace Stevens
DISILLUSIONMENT OF TEN O'CLOCK
735(1)
Gwendolyn Brooks
SOUTHEAST CORNER
735(1)
Timothy Steele
EPITAPH
736(1)
E.E. Cummings
NEXT TO OF COURSE GOD AMERICA I
736(1)
Robert Frost
FIRE AND ICE
737(1)
Clare Rossini
FINAL LOVE NOTE
737(1)
Jennifer Reeser
WINTER-PROOF
738(1)
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
TEARS, IDLE TEARS
738(1)
Richard Wilbur
LOVE CALLS US TO THE THINGS OF THIS WORLD
739(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Richard Wilbur
CONCERNING "LOVE CALLS US TO THE THINGS OF THIS WORLD"
740(1)
WRITING ABOUT DENOTATION AND CONNOTATION
The Ways a Poem Suggests
741(1)
CHECKLIST
Analyzing What a Poem Says and Suggests
742(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON DENOTATION AND CONNOTATION
742(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
742(1)
17 Imagery
743(1)
Ezra Pound
IN A STATION OF THE METRO
743(1)
Taniguchi Buson
THE PIERCING CHILL I FEEL
743(2)
T.S. Eliot
THE WINTER EVENING SETTLES DOWN
745(1)
Theodore Roethke
ROOT CELLAR
745(1)
Elizabeth Bishop
THE FISH
746(2)
Anne Stevenson
THE VICTORY
748(1)
Charles Simic
FORK
748(1)
Emily Dickinson
A ROUTE OF EVANESCENCE
749(1)
Jean Toomer
REAPERS
749(1)
Gerard Manley Hopkins
PIED BEAUTY
750(1)
About Haiku
750(2)
Arakida Moritake
THE FALLING FLOWER
750(1)
Matsuo Basho
HEAT-LIGHTNING STREAK
751(1)
Matsuo Basho
IN THE OLD STONE POOL
751(1)
Taniguchi Buson
ON THE ONE-TON TEMPLE BELL
751(1)
Taniguchi Buson
I GO
751(1)
Kobayashi Issa
ONLY ONE GUY
752(1)
Kobayashi Issa
CRICKET
752(1)
Haiku from Japanese Internment Camps
752(1)
Suiko Matsushita
RAIN SHOWER FROM MOUNTAIN
752(1)
Neiji Ozawa
WAR FORCED US FROM CALIFORNIA
752(1)
Hakuro Wada
EVEN THE CROAKING OF FROGS
752(1)
Contemporary Haiku
753(1)
Etheridge Knight, Lee Gurga, Penny Harter, Jennifer Brutschy, John Ridland, Connie Bensley, Adelle Foley, Garry Gay
754(1)
For Review and Further Study
John Keats
BRIGHT STAR! WOULD I WERE STEADFAST AS THOU ART
754(1)
Walt Whitman
THE RUNNER
754(1)
T.E. Hulme
IMAGE
754(1)
William Carlos Williams
EL HOMBRE
755(1)
Chana Bloch
TIRED SEX
755(1)
Robert Bly
DRIVING TO TOWN LATE TO MAIL A LETTER
755(1)
Rita Dove
SILOS
755(1)
Louise Glück
MOCK ORANGE
756(1)
Billy Collins
EMBRACE
756(1)
John Haines
WINTER NEWS
757(1)
Stevie Smith
NOT WAVING BUT DROWNING
757(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Ezra Pound
THE IMAGE
758(1)
WRITING ABOUT IMAGERY
Analyzing Images
758(1)
CHECKLIST
Thinking About Imagery
759(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON IMAGERY
760(1)
Student Paper
ELIZABETH BISHOP'S USE OF IMAGERY IN "THE FISH"
760(5)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
765(1)
18 Figures of Speech
766(1)
Why Speak Figuratively?
766(2)
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
THE EAGLE
767(1)
William Shakespeare
SHALL I COMPARE THEE TO A SUMMER'S DAY?
767(1)
Howard Moss
SHALL I COMPARE THEE TO A SUMMER'S DAY?
768(1)
Metaphor and Simile
768(7)
Emily Dickinson
MY LIFE HAD STOOD - A LOADED GUN
770(1)
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
FLOWER IN THE CRANNIED WALL
771(1)
William Blake
TO SEE A WORLD IN A GRAIN OF SAND
771(1)
Sylvia Plath
METAPHORS
771(1)
N. Scott Momaday
SIMILE
772(1)
Emily Dickinson
IT DROPPED SO LOW - IN MY REGARD
772(1)
Craig Raine
A MARTIAN SENDS A POSTCARD HOME
773(2)
Other Figures of Speech
775(5)
James Stephens
THE WIND
775(3)
Margaret Atwood
YOU FIT INTO ME
778(1)
John Ashbery
THE CATHEDRAL IS
778(1)
George Herbert
THE PULLEY
778(1)
Dana Gioia
MONEY
779(1)
Charles Simic
MY SHOES
779(1)
For Review and Further Study
Robert Frost
THE SILKEN TENT
780(1)
April Lindner
LOW TIDE
781(1)
Jane Kenyon
THE SUITOR
781(1)
Robert Frost
THE SECRET SITS
782(1)
A.R. Ammons
COWARD
782(1)
Kay Ryan
TURTLE
782(1)
Heather McHugh
LANGUAGE LESSON, 1976
782(1)
Robinson Jeffers
HANDS
783(1)
Robert Burns
OH, MY LOVE IS LIKE A RED, RED ROSE
784(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Robert Frost
THE IMPORTANCE OF POETIC METAPHOR
784(1)
WRITING ABOUT METAPHORS
How Metaphors Enlarge a Poem's Meaning
785(1)
CHECKLIST
Analyzing Metaphor
785(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON FIGURES OF SPEECH
785(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
786(1)
19 Song
787(1)
Singing and Saying
787(6)
Ben Jonson
TO CELIA
788(1)
Anonymous
THE CRUEL MOTHER
789(1)
William Shakespeare
MISTRESS MINE
790(2)
Edwin Arlington Robinson
RICHARD CORY
792(1)
Paul Simon
RICHARD CORY
792(1)
Ballads
793(4)
Anonymous
BONNY BARBARA ALLAN
793(3)
Dudley Randall
BALLAD OF BIRMINGHAM
796(1)
Blues
797(2)
Bessie Smith with Clarence Williams
JAILHOUSE BLUES
798(1)
W.H. Auden
FUNERAL BLUES
799(1)
Rap
799(2)
Run D.M.C.
FROM PETER PIPER
800(1)
For Review and Further Study
John Lennon and Paul McCartney
ELEANOR RIGBY
801(1)
Bob Dylan
THE TIMES THEY ARE A-CHANGIN'
802(2)
Aimee Mann
DEATHLY
804(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Paul McCartney
CREATING "ELEANOR RIGBY"
805(1)
WRITING ABOUT SONG LYRICS
Poetry's Close Kinship with Song
806(1)
CHECKLIST
Looking at Lyrics as Poetry
806(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON SONG LYRICS
807(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
807(1)
20 Sound
808(1)
Sound as Meaning
808(4)
Alexander Pope
TRUE EASE IN WRITING COMES FROM ART, NOT CHANCE
809(2)
William Butler Yeats
WHO GOES WITH FERGUS?
811(1)
John Updike
RECITAL
811(1)
William Wordsworth
A SLUMBER DID MY SPIRIT SEAL
812(1)
Emanuel di Pasquale
RAIN
812(1)
Aphra Behr
WHEN MAIDENS ARE YOUNG
812(1)
Alliteration and Assonance
812(3)
A.E. Housman
EIGHT O'CLOCK
814(1)
James Joyce
ALL DAY I HEAR
814(1)
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
THE SPLENDOR FALLS ON CASTLE WALLS
815(1)
Rime
815(8)
William Cole
ON MY BOAT ON LAKE CAYUGA
816(2)
James Reeves
ROUGH WEATHER
818(1)
Hilaire Belloc
THE HIPPOPOTAMUS
819(1)
Ogden Nash
THE PANTHER
819(1)
William Butler Yeats
LEDA AND THE SWAN
820(1)
Gerard Manley Hopkins
GOD'S GRANDEUR
820(1)
Fred Chappell
NARCISSUS AND ECHO
821(1)
Robert Frost
DESERT PLACES
822(1)
Reading and Hearing Poems Aloud
823(3)
Michael Stillman
IN MEMORIAM JOHN COLTRANE
824(1)
William Shakespeare
FULL FATHOM FIVE THY FATHER LIES
825(1)
Chryss Yost
LAI WITH SOUNDS OF SKIN
825(1)
T.S. Eliot
VIRGINIA
825(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
T.S. Eliot
THE MUSIC OF POETRY
826(1)
WRITING ABOUT SOUND
Listening to the Music
827(1)
CHECKLIST
Writing About a Poem's Sound
827(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON SOUND
828(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
828(1)
21 Rhythm
829(1)
Stresses and Pauses
829(7)
Gwendolyn Brooks
WE REAL COOL
833(1)
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
BREAK, BREAK, BREAK
834(1)
Ben Jonson
SLOW, SLOW, FRESH FOUNT, KEEP TIME WITH MY SALT TEARS
834(1)
Sir Thomas Wyatt
WITH SERVING STILL
835(1)
Dorothy Parker
RÉSUMÉ
836(1)
Meter
836(8)
Max Beerbohm
ON THE IMPRINT OF THE FIRST ENGLISH EDITION OF THE WORKS OF MAX BEERBOHM
836(6)
Thomas Campion
ROSE-CHEEKED LAURA, COME
842(1)
Edna St. Vincent Millay
COUNTING-OUT RHYME
843(1)
Jacqueline Osherow
SONG FOR THE MUSIC IN THE WARSAW
GHETTO
844(3)
A.E. Housman
WHEN I WAS ONE-AND-TWENTY
844(1)
William Carlos Williams
N SMELL!
845(1)
Walt Whitman
BEAT! BEAT! DRUMS!
845(1)
David Mason
SONG OF THE POWERS
846(1)
Langston Hughes
DREAM BOOGIE
846(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Gwendolyn Brooks
HEARING "WE REAL COOL"
847(1)
WRITING ABOUT RHYTHM
Freeze-Framing the Sound
848(1)
CHECKLIST
Scanning a Poem
848(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON RHYTHM
849(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
849(1)
22 Closed Form
850(1)
Formal Patterns
851(5)
John Keats
THIS LIVING HAND, NOW WARM AND CAPABLE
851(2)
Robert Graves
COUNTING THE BEATS
853(1)
John Donne
SONG ("GO AND CATCH A FALLING STAR")
854(2)
Phillis Levin
BRIEF BIO
856(1)
The Sonnet
856(6)
William Shakespeare
LET ME NOT TO THE MARRIAGE OF TRUE MINDS
857(1)
Michael Drayton
SINCE THERE'S NO HELP, COME LET US KISS AND PART
858(1)
Edna St. Vincent Millay
WHAT LIPS MY LIPS HAVE KISSED, AND WHERE, AND WHY
858(1)
Robert Frost
ACQUAINTED WITH THE NIGHT
859(1)
Kim Addonizio
FIRST POEM FOR YOU
860(1)
Mark Jarman
UNHOLY SONNET: HANDS FOLDED
860(1)
Timothy Steele
SUMMER
861(1)
A.E. Stallings
SINE QUA NON
861(1)
R.S. Gwynn
SHAKESPEAREAN SONNET
862(1)
The Epigram
862(4)
Alexander Pope, Sir John Harrington, Robert Herrick, William Blake, E.E. Cummings, Langston Hughes, J.V. Cunningham, John Frederick Nims, Stevie Smith, Brad Leithauser, Dick Davis, Anonymous, Hilaire Belloc, Wendy Cope
A SELECTION OF EPIGRAMS
863(2)
W.H. Auden, Edmund Clerihew Bentley, Cornelius J. Ter Maat
CLERIHEWS
865(1)
Other Forms
866(4)
Robert Pinsky
ABC
866(1)
Dylan Thomas
DO NOT GO GENTLE INTO THAT GOOD NIGHT
867(1)
Robert Bridges
TRIOLET
867(1)
Elizabeth Bishop
SESTINA
868(2)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
A.E. Stallings
ON FORM AND ARTIFICE
870(1)
WRITING ABOUT FORM
Turning Points
871(1)
CHECKLIST
Thinking About a Sonnet
871(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON A SONNET
872(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
872(1)
23 Open Form
873(1)
Denise Levertov
ANCIENT STAIRWAY
873(4)
E.E. Cummings
BUFFALO BILL 'S
877(1)
W.S. Mervin
FOR THE ANNIVERSARY OF MY DEATH
877(1)
William Carlos Williams
THE DANCE
878(1)
Stephen Crane
THE HEART
879(1)
Walt Whitman
CAVALRY CROSSING A FORD
879(1)
Ezra Pound
SALUTATION
880(1)
Wallace Stevens
THIRTEEN WAYS OF LOOKING AT A BLACKBIRD
880(2)
Prose Poetry
882(2)
Carolyn Forche
THE COLONEL
883(1)
Charles Simic
THE MAGIC STUDY OF HAPPINESS
883(1)
Visual Poetry
884(4)
George Herbert
EASTER WINGS
884(1)
John Hollander
SWAN AND SHADOW
885(1)
Terry Ehret
FROM PAPYRUS
886(1)
Dorthi Charles
CONCRETE CAT
887(1)
Found Poetry
888(1)
Ronald Gross
YIELD
888(1)
Seeing the Logic of Open Form Verse
889(2)
E.E. Cummings
IN JUST
889(1)
Carole Satyamurti
I SHALL PAINT MY NAILS RED
890(1)
Alice Fulton
FAILURE
890(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Walt Whitman
THE POETRY OF THE FUTURE
891(1)
WRITING ABOUT FREE VERSE
Lining Up for Free Verse
892(1)
CHECKLIST
Analyzing Line Breaks in Free Verse
892(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON OPEN FORM
893(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
893(1)
24 Symbol
894(1)
T.S. Eliot
THE BOSTON EVENING TRANSCRIPT
895(1)
Emily Dickinson
THE LIGHTNING IS A YELLOW FORK
896(1)
Thomas Hardy
NEUTRAL TONES
897(1)
Matthew 13:24-30
THE PARABLE OF THE GOOD SEED
898(1)
George Herbert
THE WORLD
899(1)
Edwin Markham
OUTWITTED
900(1)
John Ciardi
A BOX COMES HOME
900(1)
Robert Frost
THE ROAD NOT TAKEN
901(1)
Christina Rossetti
UPHILL
902(1)
Christian Wiman
POŠTOLKA
902(1)
For Review and Further Study
William Carlos Williams
THE TERM
903(1)
Ted Kooser
CARRIE
904(1)
Jane Hirshfield
TREE
904(1)
Jon Staliworthy
AN EVENING WALK
905(1)
Lorine Niedecker
POPCORN-CAN COVER
905(1)
Wallace Stevens
ANECDOTE OF THE JAR
905(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
William Butler Yeats
POETIC SYMBOLS
906(1)
WRITING ABOUT SYMBOLS
Reading a Symbol
907(1)
CHECKLIST
Analyzing a Symbol
907(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON SYMBOLISM
908(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
908(1)
25 Myth and Narrative
909(2)
Robert Frost
NOTHING GOLD CAN STAY
911(1)
D.H. Lawrence
BAVARIAN GENTIANS
911(1)
William Wordsworth
IF THE WORLD IS TOO MUCH WITH US
912(1)
H.D.
HELEN
913(1)
Archetype
913(4)
Louise Bogan
MEDUSA
914(1)
John Keats
LA BELLE DAME SANS MERCI
915(2)
Personal Myth
917(3)
William Butler Yeats
THE SECOND COMING
917(1)
Gregory Orr
TWO LINES FROM THE BROTHERS GRIMM
918(1)
Diane Thiel
MEMENTO MORI IN MIDDLE SCHOOL
918(2)
Myth and Popular Culture
920(3)
Charles Martin
TAKEN UP
921(1)
Andrea Hollander Budy
SNOW WHITE
922(1)
Anne Sexton
CINDERELLA
923(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Anne Sexton
TRANSFORMING FAIRY TALES
923(3)
WRITING ABOUT MYTH
Demystifying Myth
926(1)
CHECKLIST
Thinking About Myth
927(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON MYTH
927(5)
Student Paper
THE BONDS BETWEEN LOVE AND HATRED IN H.D.'S "HELEN"
928(4)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
932(1)
26 Poetry and Personal Identity
933(1)
Sylvia Plath
LADY LAZARUS
934(3)
Rhina Espaillat
BILINGUAL/BILINGÜE
937(1)
Culture, Race, and Ethnicity
938(5)
Claude McKay
AMERICA
938(1)
Samuel Menashe
THE SHRINE WHOSE SHAPE I AM
939(1)
Francisco X. Alarcón
THE X IN MY NAME
940(1)
Judith Ortiz Cofer
QUINCEAÑERA
940(1)
Amy Uyematsu
DELIBERATE
941(1)
Yusef Komunyakaa
FACING IT
942(1)
Gender
943(3)
Anne Stevenson
SOUS-ENTENDU
943(1)
Emily Grosholz
LISTENING
944(1)
Donald Justice
MEN AT FORTY
945(1)
Adrienne Rich
WOMEN
945(1)
For Review and Further Study
Shirley Geok-lin Lim
LEARNING TO LOVE AMERICA
946(1)
Andrew Hudgins
ELEGY FOR MY FATHER, WHO IS NOT DEAD
946(1)
Alastair Reid
SPEAKING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE
947(1)
Philip Larkin
AUBADE
948(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Rhina Espaillat
BEING A BILINGUAL WRITER
949(2)
WRITING ABOUT THE POETRY OF PERSONAL IDENTITY
Poetic Voice and Personal Identity
951(1)
CHECKLIST
Writing About Voice and Personal Identity
951(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON PERSONAL IDENTITY
952(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
952(1)
27 Translation
953(1)
Is Poetic Translation Possible?
953(1)
World Poetry
953(3)
Li Po
DRINKING ALONE BENEATH THE MOON
954(1)
(Chinese text)
Li Po
MOON-BENEATH ALONE DRINK
955(1)
(literal translation)
Translated by Arthur Waley
DRINKING ALONE BY MOONLIGHT
955(1)
Comparing Translations
956(4)
Horace
CARPE DIEM ODE (Latin text)
956(1)
Horace
SEIZE THE DAY (literal translation)
956(1)
Translated by Edwin Arlington Robinson
HORACE TO LEUCONOE
957(1)
Translated by James Michie
DON'T ASK
957(1)
Translated by A.E. Stallings
A NEW YEAR'S TOAST
958(1)
Omar Khayyam
RUBAI (Persian text)
958(1)
Omar Khayyam
RUBAI (literal translation)
958(1)
Translated by Edward FitzGerald
A BOOK OF VERSES UNDERNEATH THE BOUGH
959(1)
Translated by Robert Graves and Omar Ali-Shah
OUR DAY'S PORTION
959(1)
Translated by Dick Davis
I NEED A BARE SUFFICIENCY
959(1)
Parody
960(5)
Anonymous
WE FOUR LADS FROM LIVERPOOL ARE
961(1)
Wendy Cope
FROM STRUGNELL'S RUBAIYAT
961(1)
Hugh Kingsmill
WHAT, STILL ALIVE AT TWENTY-TWO?
962(1)
Bruce Bennett
THE LADY SPEAKS AGAIN
962(1)
Gene Fehler
IF RICHARD LOVELACE BECAME A FREE AGENT
962(1)
Aaron Abeyta
THIRTEEN WAYS OF LOOKING AT A TORTILLA
963(2)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Arthur Waley
THE METHOD OF TRANSLATION
965(1)
WRITING A PARODY
Parody Is the Sincerest Form of Flattery
966(1)
CHECKLIST
Writing a Parody
966(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON PARODY
967(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
967(1)
28 Poetry in Spanish: Literature of Latin America
968(2)
Sor Juana
ASEGURA LA CONFIANZA DE QUE OCULTURA DE TODO UN SECRETO
970(1)
Translated by Diane Thiel
SHE PROMISES TO HOLD A SECRET IN CONFIDENCE
970(1)
Sor Juana
PRESENTE EN QUE EL CARIÑO HACE REGALO LA LLANEZA
970(1)
Translated by Diane Thiel
A SIMPLE GIFT MADE RICH BY AFFECTION
970(1)
Pablo Neruda
MUCHOS SOMOS
971(2)
Translated by Alastair Reid
WE ARE MANY
971(2)
Pablo Neruda
CIEN SONETOS DE AMOR (V)
973(1)
Translated by Stephen Tapscott
ONE HUNDRED LOVE SONNETS (V)
973(1)
Jorge Luis Borges
AMOROSA ANTICIPACIÓN
974(1)
Translated by Robert Fitzgerald
ANTICIPATION OF LOVE
975(1)
Jorge Luis Borges
LOS ENIGMAS
975(2)
Translated by John Updike
THE ENIGMAS
976(1)
Octavio Paz
CON LOS OJOS CERRADOS
977(1)
Translated by Eliot Weinberger
WITH EYES CLOSED
977(1)
Octavio Paz
CERTEZA
977(1)
Translated by Charles Tomlinson
CERTAINTY
977(1)
Surrealism in Latin American Poetry
978(3)
Frida Kahlo
THE TWO FRIDAS
979(1)
César Vallejo
LA CÓLERA QUE QUIEBRA AL HOMBRE EN NIÑOS
979(1)
Translated by Thomas Merton
ANGER
980(1)
Contemporary Mexican Poetry
981(2)
José Emilio Pacheco
ALTA TRAICIÓN
981(1)
Translated by Alastair Reid
HIGH TREASON
981(1)
Francisco Hernández
BAJO CERO
981(1)
Translated by Carolyn Forché
BELOW ZERO
982(1)
Tedi López Mills
CONVALECENCIA
982(1)
Translated by Tedi López Mills
CONVALESCENCE
982(1)
WRITERS ON WRITING
Octavio Paz
IN SEARCH OF THE PRESENT
983(1)
WRITERS ON TRANSLATING
Alastair Reid
TRANSLATING NERUDA
983(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON SPANISH POETRY
984(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
984(1)
29 Recognizing Excellence
985(2)
Anonymous
O MOON, WHEN I GAZE ON THY BEAUTIFUL FACE
987(1)
Grace Treasone
LIFE
987(1)
Emily Dickinson
A DYING TIGER - MOANED FOR DRINK
987(3)
Rod McKuen
THOUGHTS ON CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
990(1)
William Stafford
TRAVELING THROUGH THE DARK
991(1)
Wallace McRae
REINCARNATION
992(1)
Recognizing Excellence
993(14)
William Butler Yeats
SAILING TO BYZANTIUM
994(2)
Arthur Guiterman
ON THE VANITY OF EARTHLY GREATNESS
996(1)
Percy Bysshe Shelley
OZYMANDIAS
996(1)
Robert Hayden
THE WHIPPING
997(1)
Elizabeth Bishop
ONE ART
998(1)
W.H. Auden
SEPTEMBER 1, 1939
999(3)
Walt Whitman
O CAPTAIN! MY CAPTAIN!
1002(2)
Paul Laurence Dunbar
WE WEAR THE MASK
1004(1)
Emma Lazarus
THE NEW COLOSSUS
1005(1)
Edgar Allan Poe
ANNABEL LEE
1006(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Edgar Allan Poem
A LONG POEM DOES NOT EXIST
1007(1)
WRITING AN EVALUATION
You Be the Judge
1007(1)
CHECKLIST
Evaluating a Poem
1007(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON EVALUATING A POEM
1008(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
1008(1)
30 What Is Poetry?
1009(1)
Archibald MacLeish
ARS POETICA
1009(1)
Dante, Samuel Johnson, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Hardy, Emily Dickinson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Robert Frost, Wallace Stevens, Mina Loy, T.S. Eliot, W.H. Auden, J.V. Cunningham, Elizabeth Bishop, Jorge Luis Borges, Octavio Paz, William Stafford, Robert Bly
SOME DEFINITIONS OF POETRY
1010(2)
Ha Jin
MISSED TIME
1012(1)
31 Two Critical Casebooks: Emily Dickinson and Langston Hughes
1013(1)
Emily Dickinson
1013(7)
SUCCESS IS COUNTED SWEETEST
1014(1)
I TASTE A LIQUOR NEVER BREWED
1014(1)
WILD NIGHTS - WILD NIGHTS!
1015(1)
I FELT A FUNERAL, IN MY BRAIN
1015(1)
I'M NOBODY! WHO ARE YOU?
1016(1)
I DWELL IN POSSIBILITY
1016(1)
THE SOUL SELECTS HER OWN SOCIETY
1016(1)
SOME KEEP THE SABBATH GOING TO CHURCH
1017(1)
AFTER GREAT PAIN, A FORMAL FEELING COMES
1017(1)
THIS IS MY LETTER TO THE WORLD
1017(1)
I HEARD A FLY BUZZ - WHEN I DIED
1018(1)
I STARTED EARLY - TOOK MY DOG
1018(1)
BECAUSE I COULD NOT STOP FOR DEATH
1019(1)
THE BUSTLE IN A HOUSE
1019(1)
TELL ALL THE TRUTH BUT TELL IT SLANT
1019(1)
Emily Dickinson ON Emily Dickinson
RECOGNIZING POETRY
1020(1)
SELF-DESCRIPTION
1021(2)
Critics ON Emily Dickinson
Thomas Wentworth Higginson
MEETING EMILY DICKINSON
1023(1)
Thomas H. Johnson
THE DISCOVERY OF EMILY DICKINSON'S MANUSCRIPTS
1024(1)
Richard Wilbur
THE THREE PRIVATIONS OF EMILY DICKINSON
1025(1)
Cynthia Griffin Wolff
DICKINSON AND DEATH (A READING OF "BECAUSE I COULD NOT STOP FOR DEATH")
1026(2)
Judith Farr
A READING OF "MY LIFE HAD STOOD - A LOADED GUN"
1028(2)
Langston Hughes
1030(8)
THE NEGRO SPEAKS OF RIVERS
1030(1)
MOTHER TO SON
1031(1)
DREAM VARIATIONS
1031(1)
I, TOO
1032(1)
THE WEARY BLUES
1032(1)
SONG FOR A DARK GIRL
1033(1)
PRAYER
1033(1)
BALLAD OF THE LANDLORD
1034(1)
KU KLUX
1034(1)
END
1035(1)
THEME FOR ENGLISH B
1035(1)
SUBWAY RUSH HOUR
1036(1)
SLIVER
1036(1)
HARLEM [DREAM DEFERRED]
1037(1)
AS BEFITS A MAN
1037(1)
Langston Hughes ON Langston Hughes
THE NEGRO ARTIST AND THE RACIAL MOUNTAIN
1038(1)
THE HARLEM RENAISSANCE
1039(2)
Critics ON Langston Hughes
Arnold Rampersad
HUGHES AS AN EXPERIMENTALIST
1041(1)
Rita Dove and Marilyn Nelson
LANGSTON HUGHES AND HARLEM
1042(2)
Darryl Pinckney
BLACK IDENTITY IN LANGSTON HUGHES
1044(1)
Peter Townsend
LANGSTON HUGHES AND JAZZ
1045(2)
Onwuchekwa Jemie
A READING OF "DREAM DEFERRED"
1047(1)
TOPICS FOR WRITING ABOUT EMILY DICKINSON
1048(1)
TOPICS FOR WRITING ABOUT LANGSTON HUGHES
1048(1)
32 Critical Casebook: T.S. Eliot's "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"
1049(1)
T.S. Eliot
1049(2)
THE LOVE SONG OF J. ALFRED PRUFROCK
1051(24)
Publishing "Prufrock"
The Reviewers on Prufrock
1058(3)
Unsigned
REVIEW FROM TIMES LITERARY SUPPLEMENT
1058(1)
Unsigned
REVIEW FROM LITERARY WORLD
1058(1)
Unsigned
REVIEW FROM NEW STATESMAN
1058(1)
Conrad Aiken
FROM "DIVERS REALISTS," THE DIAL
1059(1)
Babette Deutsch
FROM "ANOTHER IMPRESSIONIST," THE NEW REPUBLIC
1059(1)
Marianne Moore
FROM "A NOTE ON T.S. ELIOT'S BOOK," POETRY
1059(1)
May Sinclair
FROM "PRUFROCK AND OTHER OBSERVATIONS: A CRITICISM," THE LITTLE REVIEW
1060(1)
T.S. Eliot ON Writing
POETRY AND EMOTION
1061(1)
THE OBJECTIVE CORRELATIVE
1062(1)
THE DIFFICULTY OF POETRY
1062(2)
Critics ON "Prufrock"
Denis Donoghue
ONE OF THE IRREFUTABLE POETS
1064(1)
Christopher Ricks
WHAT'S IN A NAME?
1065(1)
Philip R. Headings
THE PRONOUNS IN THE POEM: "ONE," "YOU," AND "I"
1066(1)
Maud Ellmann
WILL THERE BE TIME?
1067(1)
Burton Raffel
"INDETERMINACY" IN ELIOT'S POETRY
1068(1)
John Berryman
PRUFROCK'S DILEMMA
1069(3)
M.L. Rosenthal
ADOLESCENTS SINGING
1072(1)
TOPICS FOR WRITING
1073(1)
33 Poems for Further Reading
1074(1)
Anonymous
LORD RANDALL
1075(1)
Anonymous
THE THREE RAVENS
1076(1)
Anonymous
THE TWA CORBIES
1077(1)
Anonymous
LAST WORDS OF THE PROPHET
1077(1)
Matthew Arnold
DOVER BEACH
1078(1)
John Ashbery
AT NORTH FARM
1079(1)
Margaret Atwood
SIREN SONG
1079(2)
W.H. Auden
AS I WALKED OUT ONE EVENING
1081(2)
W.H. Auden
MUSÉE DES BEAUX ARTS
1083(1)
Elizabeth Bishop
FILLING STATION
1084(2)
William Blake
THE TYGER
1086(1)
William Blake
THE SICK ROSE
1087(1)
Eavan Boland
ANOREXIC
1088(1)
Gwendolyn Brooks
THE MOTHER
1089(1)
Gwendolyn Brooks
THE PREACHER: RUMINATES BEHIND THE SERMON
1090(1)
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
HOW DO I LOVE THEE? LET ME COUNT THE WAYS
1091(1)
Robert Browning
SOLILOQUY OF THE SPANISH CLOISTER
1091(2)
Geoffrey Chaucer
MERCILESS BEAUTY
1093(1)
G.K. Chesterton
THE DONKEY
1094(1)
Lucille Clifton
HOMAGE TO MY HIPS
1095(1)
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
KUBLA KHAN
1096(1)
Billy Collins
CARE AND FEEDING
1097(1)
Hart Crane
MY GRANDMOTHER'S LOVE LETTERS
1098(1)
E.E. Cummings
SOMEWHERE I HAVE NEVER TRAVELLED, GLADLY BEYOND
1099(1)
Marisa de los Santos
PERFECT DRESS
1100(1)
John Donne
DEATH BE NOT PROUD
1101(1)
John Donne
THE FLEA
1102(1)
John Donne
A VALEDICTION: FORBIDDING MOURNING
1102(2)
John Dryden
TO THE MEMORY OF MR. OLDHAM
1104(1)
T.S. Eliot
JOURNEY OF THE MAGI
1104(2)
Louise Erdrich
INDIAN BOARDING SCHOOL: THE RUNAWAYS
1106(1)
B.H. Fairchild
STARLIT NIGHT
1107(1)
Robert Frost
BIRCHES
1107(2)
Robert Frost
MENDING WALL
1109(1)
Robert Frost
STOPPING BY WOODS ON A SNOWY EVENING
1110(1)
Allen Ginsberg
A SUPERMARKET IN CALIFORNIA
1110(1)
Thom Gunn
THE MAN WITH NIGHT SWEATS
1111(1)
Donald Hall
NAMES OF HORSES
1112(1)
Thomas Hardy
THE CONVERGENCE OF THE TWAIN
1113(2)
Thomas Hardy
THE DARKLING THRUSH
1115(1)
Thomas Hardy
HAP
1116(1)
Robert Hayden
THOSE WINTER SUNDAYS
1117(1)
Seamus Heaney
DIGGING
1118(1)
Anthony Hecht
ADAM
1119(2)
George Herbert
LOVE
1121(1)
Robert Herrick
TO THE VIRGINS, TO MAKE MUCH OF TIME
1122(1)
Gerard Manley Hopkins
SPRING AND FALL
1122(1)
Gerard Manley Hopkins
NO WORST, THERE IS NONE
1123(1)
Gerard Manley Hopkins
THE WINDHOVER
1123(1)
A.E. Housman
LOVELIEST OF TREES, THE CHERRY NOW
1124(1)
A.E. Housman
TO AN ATHLETE DYING YOUNG
1124(1)
Randall Jarrell
THE DEATH OF THE BALL TURRET GUNNER
1125(1)
Robinson Jeffers
TO THE STONE-CUTTERS
1126(1)
Ben Jonson
ON MY FIRST SON
1126(1)
Donald Justice
ON THE DEATH OF FRIENDS IN CHILDHOOD
1127(1)
John Keats
ODE ON A GRECIAN URN
1127(2)
John Keats
WHEN I HAVE FEARS THAT I MAY CEASE TO BE
1129(1)
John Keats
TO AUTUMN
1130(1)
Ted Kooser
ABANDONED FARMHOUSE
1131(1)
Philip Larkin
HOME IS SO SAD
1132(1)
Philip Larkin
POETRY OF DEPARTURES
1133(1)
Irving Layton
THE BULL CALF
1134(1)
Denise Levertov
THE ACHE OF MARRIAGE
1135(1)
Philip Levine
THEY FEED THEY LION
1136(1)
Shirley Geok-lin Lim
RIDING INTO CALIFORNIA
1137(1)
Robert Lowell
SKUNK HOUR
1138(1)
Andrew Marvell
TO HIS COY MISTRESS
1139(1)
Edna St. Vincent Millay
RECUERDO
1140(1)
John Milton
HOW SOON HATH TIME
1141(1)
John Milton
WHEN I CONSIDER HOW MY LIGHT IS SPENT
1142(1)
Marianne Moore
POETRY
1142(1)
Frederick Morgan
THE MASTER
1143(1)
Marilyn Nelson
A STRANGE BEAUTIFUL WOMAN
1144(1)
Howard Nemerov
THE WAR IN THE AIR
1145(1)
Lorine Niedecker
POET'S WORK
1145(1)
Yone Noguchi
A SELECTION OF HOKKU
1146(1)
Sharon Olds
THE ONE GIRL AT THE BOYS' PARTY
1147(1)
Wilfred Owen
ANTHEM FOR DOOMED YOUTH
1148(1)
Linda Pastan
ETHICS
1148(1)
Robert Phillips
RUNNING ON EMPTY
1149(1)
Sylvia Plath
DADDY
1150(3)
Edgar Allan Poe
A DREAM WITHIN A DREAM
1153(1)
Alexander Pope
A LITTLE LEARNING IS A DANG'ROUS THING
1153(1)
Ezra Pound
THE RIVER-MERCHANT'S WIFE: A LETTER
1154(1)
Dudley Randall
A DIFFERENT IMAGE
1155(1)
John Crowe Ransom
PIAllA PIECE
1155(1)
Henry Reed
NAMING OF PARTS
1156(1)
Adrienne Rich
LIVING IN SIN
1157(1)
Edwin Arlington Robinson
MINIVER CHEEVY
1158(1)
Theodore Roethke
ELEGY FOR JANE
1159(1)
Mary Jo Salter
WELCOME TO HIROSHIMA
1160(3)
William Shakespeare
WHEN, IN DISGRACE WITH FORTUNE AND MEN'S EYES
1163
William Shakespeare
NOT MARBLE NOR THE GILDED MONUMENTS
1162(1)
William Shakespeare
THAT TIME OF YEAR THOU MAYST IN ME BEHOLD
1163(1)
William Shakespeare
MY MISTRESS' EYES ARE NOTHING LIKE THE SUN
1164(1)
Louis Simpson
AMERICAN POETRY
1164(1)
David R. Slavitt
TITANIC
1164(1)
Christopher Smart
FOR I WILL CONSIDER MY CAT JEOFFRY
1165(2)
William Jay Smith
AMERICAN PRIMITIVE
1167(1)
Cathy Song
STAMP COLLECTING
1168(1)
William Stafford
THE FARM ON THE GREAT PLAINS
1169(1)
Wallace Stevens
THE EMPEROR OF ICE-CREAM
1170(1)
Jonathan Swift
A DESCRIPTION OF THE MORNING
1171(1)
Larissa Szporluk
VERTIGO
1172(1)
Sara Teasdale
THE FLIGHT
1173(1)
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
DARK HOUSE, BY WHICH ONCE MORE I STAND
1173(1)
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
ULYSSES
1174(2)
Dylan Thomas
FERN HILL
1176(1)
John Updike
EX-BASKETBALL PLAYER
1177(1)
Derek Walcott
THE VIRGINS
1178(1)
Edmund Waller
GO, LOVELY ROSE
1179(1)
Walt Whitman
FROM SONG OF THE OPEN ROAD
1180(1)
Walt Whitman
I HEAR AMERICA SINGING
1181(1)
Richard Wilbur
THE WRITER
1181(1)
C.K. Williams
ELMS
1182(1)
William Carlos Williams
SPRING AND ALL
1183(1)
William Carlos Williams
TO WAKEN AN OLD LADY
1184(1)
William Wordsworth
COMPOSED UPON WESTMINSTER BRIDGE
1185(1)
James Wright
A BLESSING
1186(1)
James Wright
AUTUMN BEGINS IN MARTINS FERRY, OHIO
1186(1)
Mary Sidney Wroth
IN THIS STRANGE LABYRINTH
1187(1)
Sir Thomas Wyatt
THEY FLEE FROM ME THAT SOMETIME DID ME SEKE
1188(1)
William Butler Yeats
CRAZY JANE TALKS WITH THE BISHOP
1189(1)
William Butler Yeats
THE MAGI
1190(1)
William Butler Yeats
WHEN YOU ARE OLD
1190(1)
Bernice Zamora
PENITENTS
1191(1)
34 Lives of the Poets
1192(31)
DRAMA
35 Reading a Play
1223(828)
A Play in Its Elements
1225(16)
Susan Glaspell
TRIFLES
1225(1)
Was Minnie Wright to blame for the death of her husband? While the menfolk try to unravel a mystery, two women in the kitchen turn up revealing clues.
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Susan Glaspell
CREATING TRIFLES
1241(1)
WRITING ABOUT CONFLICT
Conflict Resolution
1242(1)
CHECKLIST
Analyzing Conflict
1243(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON CONFLICT
1243(5)
Student Paper
OUTSIDE TRIFLES
1244(4)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
1248(1)
36 Modes of Drama: Tragedy and Comedy
1249(1)
Tragedy
1249(8)
Christopher Marlowe
SCENE FROM DOCTOR FAUSTUS (Act 2, Scene 1)
1251(1)
In this scene from the classic drama, a brilliant scholar sells his soul to the devil. How smart is that?
Comedy
1257(17)
David Ives
SURE THING
1259(1)
Bill wants to pick up Betty in a cafe, but he makes every mistake in the book. Luckily, he not only gets a second chance, but a third and a fourth as well.
Jane Martin
BEAUTY
1269(1)
We've all wanted to be someone else at one time or another. But what would happen if we got our wish?
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
David Ives
ON THE ONE-ACT PLAY
1274(1)
WRITING ABOUT COMEDY
Getting Serious About Comedy
1275(1)
CHECKLIST
Writing About a Comedy
1276(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON COMEDY
1276(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
1276(1)
37 Critical Casebook: Sophocles
1277(6)
The Theater of Sophocles
1277(1)
Staging
1278(2)
The Civic Role of Greek Drama
1280(2)
Aristotle's Concept of Tragedy
1282(1)
Sophocles
1283(78)
Plays
THE ORIGINS OF OEDIPUS THE KING
1284(1)
Sophocles
OEDIPUS THE KING (Translated by Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald)
1285(1)
"Who is the man proclaimed/by Delphi's prophetic rock/as the bloody handed murderer/the doer of deeds that none dare name?/I...Terrribly close on his heels are the Fates that never miss."
The Background of Antigonê
1323(30)
Sophocles
ANTIGONÊ (Translated by Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald)
1324(1)
In one of the great plays of classical Greek drama, a daughter of Oedipus strives to give the body of her slain brother a proper burial. Soon she finds herself in conflict with a king.
Critics ON Sophocles
Aristotle
DEFINING TRAGEDY
1353(1)
Sigmund Freud
THE DESTINY OF OEDIPUS
1354(1)
E.R. Dodds
ON MISUNDERSTANDING OEDIPUS
1355(1)
A.E. Haigh
THE IRONY OF SOPHOCLES
1356(2)
David Wiles
THE CHORUS AS DEMOCRAT
1358(1)
Patricia M. Lines
ANTIGONÊ'S FLAW
1358(3)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Robert Fitzgerald
TRANSLATING SOPHOCLES INTO ENGLISH
1361(1)
WRITING ABOUT GREEK TRAGEDY
Some Things Change, Some Things Don't
1362(1)
CHECKLIST
Analyzing Greek Tragedy
1362(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON SOPHOCLES
1362(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
1363(1)
38 Critical Casebook: Shakespeare
1364(1)
The Theater of Shakespeare
1365(2)
William Shakespeare
1366(1)
Plays
A Note on Othello
1367(103)
William Shakespeare
OTHELLO, THE MOOR OF VENICE
1368(1)
Here is a story of jealousy, that "green-eyed monster which doth mock/The meat it feeds on"—of a passionate, suspicious man and his blameless wife, of a serpent masked as a friend.
The Background of Hamlet
1470(120)
William Shakespeare
HAMLET, PRINCE OF DENMARK
1472(1)
In perhaps the most celebrated play in English, a ghost demands that young Prince Hamlet avenge his father's "most foul and unnatural murder." But how can Hamlet be sure that the apparition is indeed his father's spirit?
The Background of A Midsummer Night's Dream
1590(68)
William Shakespeare
A MIDSUMMER NIGHT'S DREAM
1592(1)
"The course of true love never did run smooth" is the right motto for this romantic comedy in which love, magic, and mistaken identity combine for madcap results.
Critics ON Shakespeare
Anthony Burgess
AN ASIAN CULTURE LOOKS AT SHAKESPEARE
1658(1)
A.C. Bradley
HAMLET'S MELANCHOLY
1659(1)
Rebecca West
HAMLET AND OPHELIA
1660(2)
Jan Katt
PRODUCING HAMLET
1662(1)
Joel Wingard
READER-RESPONSE ISSUES IN HAMLET
1663(1)
W.H. Auden
IAGO AS A TRIUMPHANT VILLAIN
1664(1)
Maud Bodkin
LUCIFER IN SHAKESPEARE'S OTHELLO
1665(1)
Virginia Mason Vaughan
BLACK AND WHITE IN OTHELLO
1665(1)
Clare Asquith
SHAKESPEARE'S LANGUAGE AS A HIDDEN POLITICAL CODE
1666(1)
Germaine Greer
SHAKESPEARE'S "HONEST MIRTH"
1667(1)
Linda Bamber
FEMALE POWER IN A MIDSUMMER NIGHT'S DREAM
1668(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITERS ON WRITING
Ben Jonson
ON HIS FRIEND AND RIVAL WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
1669(1)
WRITING ABOUT SHAKESPEARE
Breaking the Language Barrier
1670(1)
CHECKLIST
Reading a Shakespearean Play
1670(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON TRAGEDY
1671(5)
Student Paper
OTHELLO: TRAGEDY OR SOAP OPERA?
1671(5)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
1676(1)
39 The Modern Theater
1677(1)
Realism and Naturalism
1677(58)
Henrik Ibsen
A DOLL'S HOUSE (Translated by James McFarlane)
1679(1)
The founder of modern drama portrays a troubled marriage. Helmer, the bank manager, regards his wife Nora as a chuckleheaded pet—not knowing the truth may shatter his smug world.
WRITERS ON WRITING
Henrik Ibsen
CORRESPONDENCE ON THE FINAL SCENE OF A DOLL'S HOUSE
1735(1)
Tragicomedy and the Absurd
1736(16)
Milcha Sanchez-Scott
THE CUBAN SWIMMER
1739(1)
Nineteen-year-old Margarita Suarez wants to win a Southern California distance swimming race. Is her family behind her? Quite literally!
WRITERS ON WRITING
Milcha Sanchez-Scott
WRITING THE CUBAN SWIMMER
1752(1)
WRITING EFFECTIVELY
WRITING ABOUT DRAMATIC REALISM
What's so Realistic About Realism?
1753(1)
CHECKLIST
Writing About a Realist Play
1754(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON REALISM
1754(4)
Student Essay
IN HELMER VS. HELMER
1755(3)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
1758(1)
40 Evaluating a Play
1759(1)
WRITING AN EVALUATION OF A PLAY
Judging a Play
1760(1)
CHECKLIST
Evaluating a Play
1761(1)
WRITING ASSIGNMENT ON EVALUATION
1761(1)
MORE TOPICS FOR WRITING
1761(2)
41 Plays for Further Reading
1763(1)
Arthur Miller
DEATH OF A SALESMAN
1763(70)
Willy Loman has bright dreams for himself and his two sons, but he is an aging salesman whose only assets are a shoeshine and a smile. A modern classic about the downfall of an ordinary American.
WRITERS ON WRITING
Arthur Miller
TRAGEDY AND THE COMMON MAN
1833(3)
Tennessee Williams
THE GLASS MENAGERIE
1836(1)
Painfully shy and retiring, shunning love, Laura dwells in a world as fragile as her collection of tiny figurines—until one memorable night a gentleman comes to call.
WRITERS ON WRITING
Tennessee Williams
HOW TO STAGE THE GLASS MENAGERIE
1883(3)
42 New Voices in American Drama
1886(1)
Rita Dove
THE DARKER FACE OF THE EARTH
1886(72)
The timelessness of the great myths is displayed as a Pulitzer Prize-winning poet sets the Oedipus story on a South Carolina plantation before the Civil War.
WRITERS ON WRITING
Rita Dove
THE INSPIRATION FOR THE DARKER FACE OF THE EARTH
1958(1)
Beth Henley
AM I BLUE
1959(1)
His friends want to give John Polk a good time for his eighteenth birthday, but he finds something much more valuable instead.
WRITERS ON WRITING
Beth Henley
A PLAYWRIGHT IS BORN
1975(1)
David Henry Hwang
THE SOUND OF A VOICE
1976(1)
A strange man arrives at a solitary woman's home in the remote countryside. As they fall in love, they discover disturbing secrets about one another' s past.
WRITERS ON WRITING
David Henry Hwang
MULTICULTURAL THEATER
1991(1)
Terrence McNally
ANDRE'S MOTHER
1992(1)
After Andre's funeral the four people who loved him most walk into Central Park together. Three of them talk about their grief, but Andre's mother remains silent about her son, dead of AIDS.
WRITERS ON WRITING
Terrence McNally
HOW TO WRITE A PLAY
1995(1)
August Wilson
FENCES
1996(1)
A proud man's love for his family is choked by his rigidity and self-righteousness, in this powerful drama by a great American playwright of our time.
WRITERS ON WRITING
August Wilson
A LOOK INTO BLACK AMERICA
2047(4)
WRITING
43 Writing About Literature
2051
Reading Actively
2051(2)
Robert Frost
NOTHING GOLD CAN STAY
2052(1)
Planning Your Essay
2053(1)
Prewriting: Discovering Ideas
2054(4)
Sample Student Prewriting Exercises
2054(4)
Developing a Literary Argument
2058(2)
CHECKLIST
Developing a Literary Argument
2060(1)
Writing a Rough Draft
2060(3)
Sample Student Paper
(ROUGH DRAFT)
2061(2)
Revising
2063(4)
CHECKLIST
Revision Steps
2067(1)
Some Final Advice on Rewriting
2068(4)
Sample Student Paper
(REVISED DRAFT)
2069(3)
Using Critical Sources and Maintaining Academic Integrity
2072(1)
The Form of Your Finished Paper
2072(1)
Spell-Check and Grammar-Check Programs
2073(1)
Anonymous (after a poem by Jerrold H. Zar)
A LITTLE POEM REGARDING COMPUTER SPELL CHECKERS
2073(2)
44 Writing About a Story
2075(2)
Reading Actively
2075(2)
Thinking About a Story
2077(1)
Preparing to Write: Discovering Ideas
2077(3)
Sample Student Prewriting Exercises
2077(3)
Writing a First Draft
2080(1)
CHECKLIST
Writing a Rough Draft
2081(1)
Revising
2081(2)
CHECKLIST
Revision
2083(1)
What's Your Purpose? Some Common Approaches to Writing About Fiction
2083(15)
EXPLICATION
2083(5)
Sample Student Paper (EXPLICATION)
2085(3)
ANALYSIS
2088(4)
Sample Student Paper (ANALYSIS)
2089(3)
THE CARD REPORT
2092(3)
Sample Student Card Report
2093(2)
COMPARISON AND CONTRAST
2095(6)
Sample Student Paper in (COMPARISON AND CONTRAST)
2096(2)
Topics for Writing
2098(3)
45 writing About a Poem
2101(1)
Getting Started
2101(1)
Reading Actively
2101(1)
Robert Frost
DESIGN
2102(1)
Thinking About a Poem
2102(1)
Preparing to Write: Discovering Ideas
2103(3)
Sample Student Prewriting Exercises
2104(2)
Writing a First Draft
2106(1)
CHECKLIST
Writing a Rough Draft
2107(1)
Revising
2108(2)
CHECKLIST
Revision
2110(1)
Some Common Approaches to Writing About Poetry
2110(16)
EXPLICATION
2110(4)
Sample Student Paper
(EXPLICATION)
2111(3)
A CRITIC'S EXPLICATION OF FROST'S "DESIGN"
2114(1)
ANALYSIS
2115(3)
Sample Student Paper
(ANALYSIS)
2116(2)
COMPARISON AND CONTRAST
2118(3)
Abbie Huston Evans
WING-SPREAD
2118(1)
Sample Student Paper
(COMPARISON AND CONTRAST)
2119(2)
How to Quote a Poem
2121(2)
Topics for Writing
2123(4)
Robert Frost
IN WHITE
2124(2)
46 Writing About a Play
2126(2)
Reading a Play
2126(1)
Common Approaches to Writing About Drama
2127(7)
EXPLICATION
2128(1)
ANALYSIS
2128(1)
COMPARISON AND CONTRAST
2128(1)
CARD REPORT
2128(4)
Sample Student Card Report
2130(2)
A DRAMA REVIEW
2132(7)
Sample Student Drama Review
2133(1)
How to Quote a Play
2134(1)
Topics for Writing
2135(3)
47 Writing a Research Paper
2138(1)
Getting Started
2138(1)
Choosing a Topic
2139(1)
Finding Research Sources
2139(4)
FINDING PRINT RESOURCES
2139(1)
USING ONLINE DATABASES
2140(1)
FINDING RELIABLE WEB SOURCES
2140(1)
CHECKLIST
Finding Sources
2141(1)
USING VISUAL IMAGES
2142(1)
CHECKLIST
Using Visual Images
2143(1)
Evaluating Sources
2143(2)
EVALUATING PRINT RESOURCES
2143(1)
EVALUATING WEB RESOURCES
2144(1)
CHECKLIST
Evaluating Sources
2144(1)
Organizing Your Research
2145(2)
Refining Your Thesis
2147(1)
Organizing Your Paper
2148(1)
Writing and Revising
2148(1)
Guarding Academic Integrity
2149(1)
Acknowledging Sources
2149(2)
QUOTING A SOURCE
2150(1)
CITING IDEAS
2150(1)
Documenting Sources Using MLA Style
2151(7)
LIST OF SOURCES
2152(1)
PARENTHETICAL REFERENCES
2152(1)
WORKS CITED LIST
2152(1)
CITING PRINT SOURCES IN MLA STYLE
2153(1)
CITING INTERNET SOURCES IN MLA STYLE
2154(1)
SAMPLE WORKS CITED LIST
2155(1)
ENDNOTES AND FOOTNOTES
2156(2)
Concluding Thoughts
2158(1)
Reference Guide for Citations
2159(7)
48 Writing as Discovery: Keeping a Journal
2166(1)
The Rewards of Keeping a Journal
2166(2)
Sample Journal Entry
2168(8)
Sample Student Journal
2169(3)
49 Writing an Essay Exam
2172(4)
CHECKLIST
Exam Preparation
2176(1)
Taking the Exam
2176(1)
50 Critical Approaches to Literature
2177(1)
Formalist Criticism
2178(4)
Cleanth Brooks
THE FORMALIST CRITIC
2178(1)
Michael Clark
LIGHT AND DARKNESS IN "SONNY'S BLUES"
2179(1)
Robert Langbaum
ON ROBERT BROWNING'S "MY LAST DUCHESS"
2180(2)
Biographical Criticism
2182(5)
Virginia Llewellyn Smith
CHEKHOV'S ATTITUDE TO ROMANTIC LOVE
2183(2)
Brett C. Millier
ON ELIZABETH BISHOP'S "ONE ART"
2185(1)
Emily Toth
THE SOURCE FOR ALCEE LABALLIERE IN "THE STORM"
2186(1)
Historical Criticism
2187(5)
Hugh Kenner
IMAGISM
2187(2)
Joseph Moldenhauer
"TO HIS COY MISTRESS" AND THE RENAISSANCE TRADITION
2189(1)
Kathryn Lee Seidel
THE ECONOMICS OF ZORA NEALE HURSTON'S "SWEAT"
2190(2)
Psychological Criticism
2192(4)
Sigmund Freud
THE NATURE OF DREAMS
2193(1)
Gretchen Schulz and R.J.R. Rockwood
FAIRY TALE MOTIFS IN "WHERE ARE YOU GOING, WHERE HAVE YOU BEEN?"
2194(1)
Harold Bloom
POETIC INFLUENCE
2195(1)
Mythological Criticism
2196(4)
Carl Jung
THE COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS AND ARCHETYPES
2197(1)
Northrop Frye
MYTHIC ARCHETYPES
2198(1)
Edmond Volpe
MYTH IN FAULKNER'S "BARN BURNING"
2198(2)
Sociological Criticism
2200(4)
Georg Lukacs
CONTENT DETERMINES FORM
2201(1)
Daniel P. Watkins
MONEY AND LABOR IN "THE ROCKING-HORSE WINNER"
2201(2)
Alfred Kazin
WALT WHITMAN AND ABRAHAM LINCOLN
2203(1)
Gender Criticism
2204(3)
Elaine Showalter
TOWARD A FEMINIST POETICS
2204(1)
Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar
THE FREEDOM OF EMILY DICKINSON
2205(1)
Nina Pelikan Straus
TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE METAMORPHOSIS
2206(1)
Reader-Response Criticism
2207(5)
Stanley Fish
AN ESKIMO "A ROSE FOR EMILY"
2208(1)
Robert Scholes
"HOW DO WE MAKE A POEM?"
2209(2)
Michael J. Colacurcio
THE END OF YOUNG GOODMAN BROWN
2211(1)
Deconstructionist Criticism
2212(4)
Roland Barthes
THE DEATH OF THE AUTHOR
2213(1)
Barbara Johnson
RIGOROUS UNRELIABILITY
2213(1)
Geoffrey Hartman
ON WORDSWORTH'S "A SLUMBER DID MY SPIRIT SEAL"
2214(2)
Cultural Studies
2216
Vincent B. Leitch
POSTSTRUCTURALIST CULTURAL CRITIQUE
2217(1)
Mark Bauerlein
WHAT IS CULTURAL STUDIES?
2218(2)
Camille Paglia
A READING OF WILLIAM BLAKE'S "THE CHIMNEY SWEEPER"
2220
Glossary of Literary Terms G1
Acknowledgments A1
Photo Acknowledgments A16
Index of Major Themes I1
Index of First Lines of Poetry I8
Index of Authors and Titles I14
Index of Literary Terms I34


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