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With a handy size and a very affordable price, this collection offers a well-balanced selection of classic and contemporary literature 40 stories, 200 poems, 9 plays for the introductory literature course. The literature is chronologically arranged by genre and supported by informative and concise editorial matter, including a complete guide to writing about literature which features significantly more reading coverage in this edition. This volume in the popular Bedford/St. Martin's series of Portable Anthologies and Guides offers a trademark combination of high quality and great value.This anthology is now available with video! Learn more about VideoCentral for Literature.
Janet E. Gardner (PhD, University of Massachusetts, Amherst) is Associate Professor of English at University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, where she teaches courses in drama, British and world literature, and writing. She has published numerous articles, reviews, and chapters on contemporary drama, especially modern British drama and the work of Caryl Churchill. She has received several grants and awards for research into current teaching technologies, and is at work on a study of drama and theatre pedagogy.
Beverly Lawn (PD, SUNY-Stony Brook), Professor of English Emerita, taught introductory fiction courses at Adelphi University for almost three decades. She is editor or coeditor several literature anthologies, including Literature: A Portable Anthology, and is also the author of Throat of Feathers, a book of poems.
Jack Ridl is Professor Emeritus of English at Hope College where he taught courses in literature, essay writing, poetry writing, and the nature of poetry for thirty-five years. He has published six volumes of poetry and more than two hundred poems in some fifty literary magazines; his most recent collection, Broken Symmetry, was selected by the Society of Midland Authors as one of the two best volumes of poetry published in 2006. His chapbook Against Elegies received the 2001 Letterpress Award from the Center for Book Arts. His recognitions for teaching excellence include the Hope Outstanding Professor-Educator award at Hope College for 1976, the Michigan Teacher of the Year award from the Carnegie Foundation in 1996, and the Favorite Faculty/Staff Member award at Hope College in 2003. For Bedford/St. Martin’s, with Peter Schakel he coedited Approaching Poetry (1997) and 250 Poems (2003); and he is coeditor with Janet Gardner, Beverley Lawn, and Peter Schakel of Literature: a Portable Anthology (2004).
Peter Schakel, Peter C. and Emajean Cook Professor of English at Hope College, has published numerous scholarly and pedagogical studies on Jonathan Swift and C. S. Lewis; with Jack Ridl, he has coedited Approaching Poetry (Bedford/St. Martin's, 1997) and Approaching Literature (Second Edition, Bedford/St. Martin's, 2008).
Table of Contents
PART ONE: 40 STORIES Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown Edgar Allan Poe, A Cask of Amontillado Herman Melville, Bartleby the Scrivener *Sarah Orne Jewett, A White HeronKate Chopin, The Story of an Hour *Anton Chekhov, The Lady and the Little Dog Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper Willa Cather, Paul's Case James Joyce, Araby Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis D. H. Lawrence, The Rocking-Horse Winner *Katherine Mansfield, The Garden Party*Zora Neale Hurston, SweatF. Scott Fitzgerald, Winter Dreams *William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily Ernest Hemingway, Hills Like White Elephants Eudora Welty, A Worn Path *Tillie Olsen, I Stand Here IroningRalph Ellison, Battle Royal Shirley Jackson, The Lottery James Baldwin, Sonny's Blues Flannery O'Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find *Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Handsomest Drowned Man in the World John Updike, A & P Raymond Carver, Cathedral Joyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?*Margaret Atwood, Happy EndingsToni Cade Bambara, The Lesson Alice Walker, Everyday Use Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried *T.C. Boyle, Balto*Leslie Marmon Silko, Man to Send Rain CloudsJamaica Kincaid, GirlAmy Tan, Two Kinds Sandra Cisneros, The House on Mango Street *Ha Jin, Saboteur *Sherman Alexie, The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven*Jhumpa Lahiri, Interpreter of Maladies *Junot Diaz, Drown*Chimamanda Ngozi Adiche, Bird SongPART TWO: 200 POEMS Anonymous, Lord Randal Sir Thomas Wyatt, They flee from me*Edmund Spenser, what guile is this, that those her golden tresses Christopher Marlowe, The Passionate Shepherd to His Love William Shakespeare, Sonnet 18 ("Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?") William Shakespeare, Sonnet 73 ("That time of year thou mayst in me behold") *William Shakespeare, Sonnet 116 ("Let me not to the marriage of true minds") John Donne, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning John Donne, Death, be not proud Ben Jonson, On My First Son *Lady Mary Wroth, Am I Thus Conquered? Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time George Herbert, Easter-wings *George Herbert, The Collar John Milton, When I consider how my light is spent Anne Bradstreet, To My Dear and Loving Husband Richard Lovelace, To Lucasta, Going to the Wars Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress Jonathan Swift, A Description of the Morning Alexander Pope, from An Essay on Criticism, Part 2 Thomas Gray, Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard William Blake, The Lamb William Blake, The Tyger *William Blake, A Poison Tree Robert Burns, A Red, Red Rose William Wordsworth, I wandered lonely as a cloud William Wordsworth, Ode: Intimations of Immortality *William Wordsworth, It is a beauteous evening Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan George Gordon, Lord Byron, She walks in beauty Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias *Percy Bysshe Shelley, To a SkylarkJohn Keats, When I have fears that I may cease to be John Keats, La Belle Dame sans Merci *John Keats, To Autumn Elizabeth Barrett Browning, How do I love thee? Let me count the ways Edgar Allan Poe, Annabel Lee Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Lady of Shalott Robert Browning, My Last Duchess Walt Whitman, from Song of Myself Walt Whitman, A Noiseless Patient Spider Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach Emily Dickinson, Wild Nights — Wild Nights! *Emily Dickinson, It sifts from Leaden SievesEmily Dickinson, I like to see it lap the Miles Emily Dickinson, Much Madness is divinest sense Emily Dickinson, I heard a Fly buzz — when I died Emily Dickinson, Because I could not stop for Death Thomas Hardy, The Convergence of the Twain Gerard Manley Hopkins, God's Grandeur Gerard Manley Hopkins, Pied Beauty Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring and Fall A. E. Housman, Loveliest of trees, the cherry now A. E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying Young William Butler Yeats, The Lake Isle of Innisfree William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory Paul Laurence Dunbar, We Wear the Mask Robert Frost, After Apple-Picking Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken Robert Frost, Birches Robert Frost, "Out, Out — " Robert Frost, "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" *Robert Frost, Acquainted with the Night*Wallace Stevens, Anecdote of the Jar Wallace Stevens, Emperor of Ice Cream William Carlos Williams, The Red WheelbarrowWilliam Carlos Williams, Spring and All *William Carlos Williams, This Is Just to Say Ezra Pound, The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter Marianne Moore, Poetry T. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock T.S. Eliot, PreludesJohn Crowe Ransom, Bells for John Whiteside's Daughter Claude McKay, America Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est E. E. cummings, in Just — *E. E. cummings, next to of course god america i *Jean Toomer, Face*Langston Hughes, Mother to Son Langston Hughes, Harlem Countee Cullen, Incident Lorine Niedecker, My Life by Water *Stanley Kunitz, The War Against the TreesW. H. Auden, As I Walked Out One Evening W. H. Auden, Musee des Beaux Arts Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz *Theodore Roethke, Elegy for JaneElizabeth Bishop, The Fish *Elizabeth Bishop, In the Waiting RoomElizabeth Bishop, One ArtJohn Frederick Nims, Love Poem Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham William Stafford, Traveling through the Dark Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill Dylan Thomas, Do not go gentle into that good night Randall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool Gwendolyn Brooks, The Bean Eaters Robert Lowell, Skunk Hour Robert Duncan, The Torso Richard Wilbur, Love Calls Us to the Things of This World *Denise Levertov, Talking to Grief *Maxine Kumin, The Sound of NightGerald Stern, The Dog Frank OÕHara, The Day Lady Died Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California *W. S. Merwin, Yesterday Galway Kinnell, The Bear James Wright, A Blessing Philip Levine, What Work Is Conrad Hilberry, Player Piano Samuel Hazo, For Fawzi in Jerusalem Anne Sexton, Cinderella *Adrienne Rich, Aunt Jennifer's TigersAdrienne Rich, Diving Into the WreckGary Snyder, Hitch Haiku *Linda Pastan, love poem Sylvia Plath, Metaphors *Sylvia Plath, Morning SongSylvia Plath, Daddy Etheridge Knight, Hard Rock Returns to Prison from the Hospital for the Criminal Insane *Jim Barnes, Return to La Plata, Missouri*Wendell Berry, The Peace of Wild ThingsAudre Lorde, Coal *Mark Strand, Eating Poetry*Paul Zimmer, The Poets' StrikeCharles Wright, March Journal Mary Oliver, First Snow Lucille Clifton, at the cemetery, walnut grove plantation, south carolina, 1989 Nancy Willard, Questions My Son Asked Me, Answers I Never Gave Him Marge Piercy, Barbie Doll Charles Simic, Begotten of the Spleen Michael S. Harper, Nightmare Begins Responsibility *Seamus Heaney, Mid-Term Break Margaret Atwood, True Stories *Ted Kooser, Student Al Young, A Dance for Ma Rainey James Welch, Christmas Comes to Moccasin Flat Robert Pinsky, Shirt *Billy Collins, I Chop Some Parsley While Listening to Art Blakey's Version of "Three Blind Mice" Richard Garcia, Why I Left the Church Simon J. Ortiz, Speaking Toi Derricotte, A Note on My Son's Face Sharon Olds, I Go Back to May 1937 Marilyn Hacker, Villanelle James Tate, The Wheelchair Butterfly *Quincy Troupe, A Poem for "Magic" Eavan Boland, The Pomegranate *Larry Levis, The Poem You Asked For*Marilyn Nelson, Minor MiracleAi, Why Can't I Leave You? *Linda Hogan, Crow LawYusef Komunyakaa, Facing It *Jane Kenyon, A Boy Goes Into the World Heather McHugh, What He Thought Leslie Marmon Silko, Prayer to the Pacific Sekou Sundiata, Blink Your Eyes Victor Hernandez Cruz, Problems with Hurricanes *Agha Shahid Ali, I Dream It Is Afternoon When I Return to Delhi*Olga Broumas, CinderellaRay A. Young Bear, From the Spotted Night Carolyn Forche, The Colonel *Julia Alvarez, How I Learned to SweepJoy Harjo, She Had Some Horses Garrett Kaoru Hongo, Yellow Light *Rita Dove, Fifth Grade Autobiography Naomi Shihab Nye, The Small Vases from Hebron *Alberto R’os, Nani *Mary Ruefle, Barbarians *Gary Soto, Moving Away Jimmy Santiago Baca, Family Ties Judith Ortiz Cofer, Cold as Heaven Anita Endrezze, The Girl Who Loved the Sky Ray Gonz‡lez, Praise the Tortilla, Praise Menudo, Praise Chorizo Mark Doty, Tiara *Tony Hoagland, A History of DesireRichard Jones, Cathedral *Jane Hirshfield, To Drink Lorna Dee Cervantes, Freeway 280 Thylias Moss, The Lynching Cornelius Eady, My Mother, If She Had Won Free Dance Lessons *Marilyn Chin, How I Got That Name*Cathy Song, Heaven Kimiko Hahn, Mother's Mother *Li-Young Lee, Eating Alone*Li-Young Lee, Visions and Interpretations *Mart’n Espada, Latin Night at the Pawnshop *Bob Hicok, In the Loop Virgil Su‡rez, Tea Leaves, Caracoles, Coffee Beans *A. Van Jordan, From Sherman Alexie, Postcards to Columbus *Natasha Tretheway, History Lesson*Honoree Fanonne Jeffers, Unidentified Female Student, Former SlaveAllison Joseph, On Being Told I Don't Speak Like a Black Person *Terrance Hayes, TalkPART THREE: 9 PLAYS Sophocles, Oedipus Rex (Translated by Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald) *William Shakespeare, Othello Henrik Ibsen, A Doll House (Translated by Rolf Fjelde) Susan Glaspell, Trifles Tennessee Williams, The Glass Menagerie *Lorraine Hansberry, A Raisin in the SunAugust Wilson, Fences David Ives, The Sure Thing *Lynn Nottage, POOF!Part Four: Writing About Literature*1. INTRODUCTION TO READING AND WRITING ABOUT LITERATURE*Why Read Literature?*Why Write about Literature?*What to Expect in a Literature Class*Literature and Enjoyment2. THE ROLE OF GOOD READINGThe Value of RereadingCritical ReadingThe Myth of "Hidden Meaning"Active Reading*EMILY DICKINSON, "Because I could not stop for Death" (Annotated Poem)Asking Critical Questions of Literature BEN JONSON, "On My First Son" (Annotated Poem)Checklist for Good Reading3. THE WRITING PROCESS *PrewritingGathering Support for Your Thesis *Drafting the PaperIntroductions, Conclusions, and TransitionsRevising and Editing*Global Revision Checklist*Local Revision ChecklistFinal Editing ChecklistPeer Editing and WorkshopsTips for Writing about LiteratureUsing Quotations EffectivelyQuoting from StoriesQuoting from PoemsQuoting from PlaysTips for QuotingManuscript Form4. COMMON WRITING ASSIGNMENTS Summary *Response*TOM LYONS, "A Boy's View of 'Girl'" ExplicationROBERT HERRICK, "Upon Julia's Clothes" JESSICA BARNES, "Poetry in Motion: Herrick's 'Upon Julia's Clothes'"AnalysisADAM WALKER, Possessed by the Need for Possession: Browning's 'My Last Duchess'" Comparison and Contrast CHRISTINA ROSSETTI, "After Death" TODD BOWEN, "Speakers for the Dead: Narrators in 'My Last Duchess' and 'After Death'"Essay Exams *Midterm Essay5. WRITING ABOUT STORIES Elements of Fiction KATE CHOPIN, "The Story of an Hour" (Annotated Story)Sample Paper: An Essay That Compares and Contrasts MELANIE SMITH, "Good Husbands in Bad Marriages" 6. WRITING ABOUT POEMS Elements of Poetry *Sound and SenseTwo Poems for Analysis WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE, "Sonnet 116" (Annotated Poem)*T.S. ELIOT, "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" (Annotated Poem) Sample Paper: An Explication PATRICK MCCORKLE, "Shakespeare Defines Love" 6. WRITING ABOUT PLAYS *Elements of Drama *How to Read a Play*Director's Questions for Play AnalysisSample Paper: An Analysis SARAH JOHNSON, "Moral Ambiguity and Character Development in Trifles" 7. WRITING A LITERARY RESEARCH PAPER Finding Sources Evaluating Sources Working with Sources Writing the Paper Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism What to Document and What Not to Document Documenting Sources: MLA Format In-Text CitationsPreparing Your Works Cited List*General Guidelines on Preparing a Works Cited PageSample Research PaperJARRAD S. NUNES, "Emily Dickinso's 'Because I could not stop for Death': Challenging Readers' Expectations" 9. LITERARY CRITICISM AND LITERARY THEORY Formalism and New Criticism Feminist and Gender Criticism *Queer TheoryMarxist Criticism Cultural Studies *Postcolonial CriticismHistorical Criticism and New Historicism Psychological Theories Reader-Response Theories Structuralism Poststructuralism and Deconstruction Biographical Notes on the Authors *Glossary of Literary Terms Index of Authors, Titles, First Lines, and Terms * new to this edition