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Living Religions : A Brief Introduction,9780130618092

Living Religions : A Brief Introduction

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780130618092

ISBN10:
0130618098
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $45.60
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Summary

For courses in World Religions, Comparative Religions, or Introduction to Religion. This concise edition provides a sympathetic approach to what is living and significant in the religions of the modern world. This brief survey explores the historical development and teachings of traditional faiths, indigenous religions and new religious movements, and considers how each of these has evolved into contemporary beliefs and practices.

Table of Contents

The Religious Response
16(9)
Why Are There Religions?
16(3)
Understandings of Ultimate Reality
19(1)
Worship, Symbol, and Myth
20(1)
Absolutist and Liberal Interpretations
21(1)
Angels Weep
22(1)
The Negative Side of Organized Religion
23(1)
Suggested Reading
24(1)
Indigenous Sacred Ways
25(21)
Barriers to Understanding
25(2)
Cultural Diversity
27(1)
The Circle of Right Relationships
28(6)
Relationships with spirit
29(1)
Kinship with all creation
30(2)
Relationships with power
32(2)
Spiritual Specialists
34(4)
Storytellers and other sacred roles
34(1)
Shamans
35(3)
Living Indigenous Sacred Ways: An Interview with Nadezhda Ananyevna Stepanova
38(1)
Contemporary Rituals
39(3)
Group observances
39(2)
Individual observances
41(1)
Contemporary Issues
42(2)
Religion in Public Life - Winona LaDuke
44(1)
Suggested Reading
45(1)
Hinduism
46(29)
Harappan Civilization
47(1)
Vedic Religion
47(10)
Fire sacrifices and the cosmic order
50(1)
Castes and social duties
51(1)
Philosophy of the Upanishads
52(1)
Bhakti in the epics and Puranas
53(4)
Spiritual Disciplines
57(3)
The guru
57(1)
Yogic practices
57(3)
Major Theistic Cults
60(1)
Living Hinduism: An Interview with Sarala Chakrabarty
61(4)
Saktas
61(2)
Saivites
63(1)
Vaishnavites
64(1)
Major Philosophical Systems
65(1)
Samkhya
65(1)
Advaita Vedanta
65(1)
Popular Forms of Worship
66(3)
Devotions and rituals
66(1)
Festivals
67(2)
Hinduism in the Modern World
69(3)
Global Hinduism
70(1)
Hindu exclusivism vs. universalism
71(1)
Religion in Public Life - Dr. Karan Singh
72(2)
Suggested Reading
74(1)
Buddhism
75(28)
The Life of the Buddha
75(3)
The Dharma
78(6)
The basic facts of existence
79(1)
The Eightfold Path of liberation
80(2)
The wheel of birth and death
82(1)
Nirvana
83(1)
Buddhism South and North
84(4)
Theravada: the path of mindfulness
84(3)
Mahayana: the path of compassion and metaphysics
87(1)
Living Buddhism: An Interview with Komkai Charoensuk
88(5)
Vajrayana: indestructible way to unity
91(2)
Religion in Public Life - His Holiness the Dalai Lama
93(5)
Zen: the great way of enlightenment
94(2)
Pure Land: calling on Amida Buddha
96(1)
Nichiren: salvation through the Lotus Sutra
97(1)
Buddhism in the West
98(2)
Socially Engaged Buddhism
100(1)
Suggested Reading
101(2)
Taoism and Confucianism
103(22)
Ancient Traditions
103(3)
Taoism - The Way of Nature and Immortality
106(7)
Teachings of Taoist sages
106(3)
Immortals Taoism
109(3)
Popular Taoism today
112(1)
Confucianism - The Practice of Virtue
113(8)
Master K'ung's life
114(1)
The Confucian virtues
115(2)
Divergent followers of Confucius
117(1)
The state cult
118(1)
Confucianism under communism
119(2)
Living Confucianism: An Interview with Ann-ping Chin
121(3)
Confucianism in East Asia
123(1)
Suggested Reading
124(1)
Shinto
125(11)
The Essence of Shinto
125(6)
Kinship with nature
125(1)
Honoring the kami
126(1)
Shrines
127(1)
Ceremonies
128(1)
Purification
129(1)
Festivals
130(1)
Buddhist and Confucian Influences
131(2)
State Shinto
131(2)
Living Shinto: An Interview with Hitoshi Iwasaki
133(1)
Shinto Today
134(1)
Suggested Reading
135(1)
Judaism
136(36)
A History of the Jewish People
136(19)
Biblical stories
137(7)
Return to Jerusalem
144(2)
Rabbinic Judaism
146(2)
Judaism in the Middle Ages
148(2)
Kabbalah and Hasidism
150(1)
American Judaism
151(1)
Holocaust
152(1)
Zionism
153(2)
Torah
155(4)
The One God
155(1)
Love for God
156(1)
The sacredness of human life
156(1)
Law
157(1)
Suffering and faith
158(1)
Sacred Practices
159(1)
Living Judaism: an Interview with Herman Taube
160(3)
Holy Days
163(2)
Contemporary Judaism
165(1)
Major branches today
165(1)
Religion in Public Life - Janice Perlman
166(4)
Jewish feminism
168(1)
Jewish renewal
169(1)
Suggested Reading
170(2)
Christianity
172(51)
The Christian Bible
172(2)
The Life and Teachings of Jesus
174(3)
Birth
174(1)
Preparation
174(1)
Ministry
175(2)
Living Christianity: An Interview with David Vandiver
177(7)
Challenges to the authorities
180(2)
Crucifixion
182(1)
Resurrection
183(1)
The Early Church
184(5)
From persecution to empire
185(2)
Evolving organization and theology
187(2)
Early monasticism
189(1)
The Eastern Orthodox Church
189(5)
The history of the Orthodox Church
189(1)
The Russian Orthodox Church
190(2)
The Orthodox world today
192(1)
Distinctive features of Orthodox spirituality
192(2)
Medieval Roman Catholicism
194(3)
Papal power
194(1)
Intellectual revival and monasticism
195(1)
Medieval mysticism
196(1)
The Protestant Reformation
197(4)
The Roman Catholic Reformation
201(1)
The Impact of the Enlightenment
202(1)
The Second Vatican Council
203(1)
Central Beliefs in Contemporary Christianity
204(2)
Sacred Practices
206(7)
Worship services and sacraments
206(2)
The liturgical year
208(2)
Contemplative prayer
210(1)
Devotion to Mary
211(2)
Veneration of saints and angels
213(1)
Contemporary Trends
213(4)
Evangelicalism
215(1)
Charismatics
215(1)
Cultural broadening
216(1)
Religion in Public Life - Archbishop Desmond Tutu
217(4)
Liberation theology
218(1)
Feminist theology
218(2)
Creation-centered Christianity
220(1)
Ecumenical movement
220(1)
Suggested Reading
221(2)
Islam
223(33)
The Prophet Muhammad
223(5)
The Qur'an
228(1)
The Central Teachings
229(2)
The Oneness of God and of humanity
230(1)
Religion in Public Life - Farid Esack
231(3)
Prophethood and the compass of Islam
232(1)
Human relationship to the divine
232(1)
The unseen life
233(1)
The Last Judgment
233(1)
The Sunni-Shi'ite Split
234(3)
Sunnis
235(1)
Shi'ites
236(1)
Sufism
237(2)
The Five Pillars and Jihad
239(1)
Living Islam: An Interview with Khaled Aly Khaled
240(5)
Belief and witness
241(1)
Daily prayers
241(1)
Zakat
242(1)
Fasting
242(1)
Hajj
243(1)
Jihad
244(1)
The Spread of Islam
245(3)
Islamic culture
246(1)
Eastward expansion
247(1)
Relationships with the West
248(2)
Islam in the United States
249(1)
Muslim Resurgence
250(4)
Return to Shari'ah
250(2)
Outreach and education
252(1)
Islam in politics
252(2)
Islam for the future
254(1)
Suggested Reading
254(2)
Sikhism
256(13)
The Sant Tradition
256(1)
Guru Nanak
257(1)
The Succession of Gurus
258(3)
Central Beliefs
261(2)
Sacred Practices
263(2)
Religion in Public Life - His Holiness Baba Virsa Singh
265(1)
Sikhism Today
266(1)
Living Sikhism: An Interview with G. S. Jauhal
267(1)
Suggested Reading
268(1)
Religion at the Turn of the Century
269(19)
New Religious Movements
269(1)
Apocalyptic Expectations
270(2)
Supernatural Powers and Revelations
272(1)
Offshoots and Combinations of Older Religions
272(1)
Natural Spirituality
273(2)
Universalist Religions
275(1)
Religious Pluralism
276(2)
Hardening of religious boundaries
276(2)
Interfaith Movement
278(5)
Responses to other faiths
279(1)
Interfaith initiatives
280(3)
Religion and Social Issues
283(1)
Religion and Materialism
284(2)
Religion and the Future of Humanity
286(1)
Suggested Reading
286(2)
Notes 288(12)
Glossary 300(10)
Index 310

Excerpts

Religion is not a museum piece. At the dawn of the twenty-first century, it is a vibrant force in the lives of many people around the world, and many religions are presently experiencing a renaissance. Living Religions: A Brief Introduction,which is a brief edition of Living Religions, fourth edition, remains a sympathetic approach to what is living and significant in the world's major religious traditions and in various new movements that are arising. This book provides a clear and straightforward account of the development, doctrines, and practices of the major faiths followed today. The emphasis throughout is on the personal consciousness of believers and their own accounts of their religion and its relevance in contemporary life. Special features The seven feature boxes on "Religion in Public Life" portray the Spiritual roots of people who are making significant contributions to society. They include indigenous environmental activist Winona LaDuke, Hindu statesman and interfaith leader Dr. Karan Singly His Holiness the Dalai Lama whose political efforts on behalf of Tibet are undergirded by Buddhist principles, social activist Dr. Janice Penman whose Jewish roots have developed her compassion for marginalized people, Dr. Desmond Tutu and Dr. Farid Esack, who as a faithful Christian and a faithful Muslim, respectively, have played significant roles in South Africa's freedom movement and subsequent rebuilding, and His Holiness Baba Virsa Singly who draws on the universal themes in Sikh tradition to encourage open-mindedness and altruism among Indian public figures. The socio-political context of the contemporary practice of religions includes an exploration of Hindu nationalism, Buddhist social activism, Confucianism in today's China, Judaism in today's Israel, Islam and the development of nation-states, and Sikh politics. There is significant coverage of women in religion. Personal interviews with followers of each faith provide first-person accounts of each religion as perceived from within the tradition. These are presented at length in boxes and also in excerpts woven throughout the text. The book incorporates extensive quotations from primary sources to give a direct perception of the thinking and flavor of each tradition. Particularly memorable brief quotations are set off in boxes. Three chapters in this book are quite unique. One is the first chapter, "The Religious Response," which explores perspectives on religion in general. These include skeptical materialistic views and psychological perspectives, as well as the point of view that religions are responses to a sacred Reality which cannot be physically perceived but which can perhaps be experienced inwardly. The chapter also includes an exploration of the role of myth and varying types of religious understanding, including contemporary tensions between absolutist and liberal interpretations. The second chapter portrays the little-understood indigenous religions. I have tried to bypass misleading accounts of indigenous traditions written by outsiders, and to get at the heart of how real people experience their close-to-nature spiritual ways. As we face the possibility of ecological collapse and urban residents feel increasingly alienated from the natural world, it is especially important that these surviving followers of the ancient ways be heard correctly. The chapter includes contemporary efforts to revive the traditional knowledge and practices. Chapter 11 explores the global religious scene at the turn of the twentieth century. It discusses some types of new religious movements of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries and issues which have arisen with their development, such as opposition from previously established religions. This chapter also surveys global trends found in all religions, including both an increase in "fundamentalist" rigidities and a softening of historical boundari


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