9780312133092

Louis XIV and Absolutism A Brief Study with Documents

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780312133092

  • ISBN10:

    031213309X

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/20/2000
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Summary

This unique collection of documents with commentary explores the meaning of absolute monarchy by examining how Louis XIV of France became one of Europe's most famous and successful rulers. The documents, newly translated and carefully selected for their readability, examine the problems of the Fronde, Colbert's grasp of the economic and fiscal dimensions of the kingdom, the taming of the rural nobility, the interaction of royal ministers and provincial authorities, the repression of Jansenists and Protestants, popular rebellions, and royal image-making.

Author Biography

WILLIAM BEIK is professor of history at Emory University. An authority on the social and institutional history of seventeenth-century France, he is the author of Abolutism and Society: State Power and Provincial Aristocracy in Languedoc (1985), which won the 1986 Herbert Baxter Adams Prize of the American Historical Association, and of Urban Protest in Seventeenth-Century France: the Culture of Retribution (1987). He has written numerous articles and is coeditor of the New Approaches to European History series at Cambridge University Press.

Table of Contents

Foreword v
Preface vii
List of Illustrations
xv
PART ONE Introduction: Louis XIV and French Absolutism 1(16)
Absolutism in Theory
2(1)
French Absolutism in Practice
3(1)
The Landed Nobility
4(2)
The Robe Nobility
6(3)
The Royal Commissioners
9(1)
The Catholic Church
10(2)
The Urban Bourgeoisie
12(2)
The Lower Classes
14(2)
A Note about the Text
16(1)
PART TWO The Documents 17(202)
Confronting French Society during the Fronde
19(31)
Paris Rebels against the Crown
22(7)
Madame de Motteville's Account of the Parisian Disturbances in August 1648
24(5)
A Mazarinade against the Queen and the Cardinal
29(6)
An Intimate Discussion between the King and the Queen Regent, His Mother, concerning the Affairs of the Day
30(5)
The Parlementaires of Aix Strike Back, 1649
35(5)
Haitze's Account of the Uprising in Aix, 1649
36(4)
Agen Is Seduced by the Princes
40(4)
An Account by Bru, Bookseller 1652
41(3)
A Revolutionary Party in Bordeaux: The Ormee
44(6)
Apology for the Ormese
45(2)
The Ormee Abolishes the parlement of Bordeaux
47(3)
The King and the Aristocrats at Court
50(32)
The King and His Family
55(8)
Mademoiselle de Montpensier
55(1)
Saint Maurice
56(3)
Primi Visconti
59(4)
The World of the Court
63(19)
Saint Maurice
64(3)
Primi Visconti
67(4)
The Princess Palatine
71(7)
Exechiel Spanheim
78(4)
Managing France
82(26)
Colbert's Instructions for the Commissioners Who Have Been Sent into the Provinces, September 1663
85(6)
Financial Memorandum by Colbert, Addressed to the King in 1670
91(5)
Louis XIV'S Tax Flows
96(12)
Reforming the Provinces: The Grands Jours d'Auvergne
108(13)
Letters Patent for the Establishment of the Grands Jours
109(1)
Excerpts from the Memoirs of Esprit Flechier
110(11)
Reforming the Provinces: Interaction with Burgundy
121(2)
Letters to and from Burgundy
123(24)
Brulart to Mazarin, Dijon, January 5, 1660
124(1)
Brulart to Mazarin, Dijon, April 20, 1660
125(1)
Conde to Colbert, Dijon, June 18, 1662
126(3)
Brulart to La Vrilliere, Dijon, January 31, 1663
129(1)
Louis XIV to Brulart, Paris, February 13, 1663
129(1)
Bouchu to Colbert, Dijon, February 14, 1663
130(1)
Bouchu to Colbert, Dijon, February 17, 1663
131(2)
Brulart to La Vrilliere, Dijon, February 21, 1663
133(1)
Colbert to Bouchu, June 5, 1663
133(1)
Bouchu to Colbert, Dijon, November 13, 1663
134(1)
Brulart to Chancellor Seguier, Dijon, December 16, 1663
135(1)
Bouchu to Colbert, December 10, 1664
136(1)
Bouchu to Colbert, Dijon, January 25, 1665
137(1)
Brulart to La Vrilliere, Dijon, January 25, 1665
138(1)
La Vrilliere to Brulart, Paris, February 3, 1665
139(1)
Bouchu to colbert, Port Digoin, October 30, 1665
140(1)
Bouchu to Colbert, Dijon, March 21, 1666
141(1)
Bouchu to Colbert, April 21, 1666
142(1)
Bouchu to Colbert, Auxerre, November 4, 1667
142(2)
Bouchu to Colbert, Dijon, June 23, 1669
144(1)
The Viscount Mayor and Echevins of Dijon to Colbert, July 14, 1669
145(1)
Bouchu to Colbert, Dijon July 14, 1669
146(1)
Colbert to Bouchu, Paris, December 19, 1670
146(1)
Meeting the People of Dijon
147(9)
Brulart to Louvois, Dijon, June 1673
147(1)
Request by the City Council of Dijon for a Monitory, November 21, 1668
148(1)
Extract from the Deliberations of the City Council, April 7, 1671
149(1)
Petition about Drunken Husbands, April 8, 1672
149(1)
Illegal Vending, June 30, 1673
150(1)
Illegal Production September 11, 1673
151(1)
Homelessness, September 2, 1674
151(1)
Illegitimate Births, April 27, 1675
152(1)
A Riot by Winegrowers, January 1684
153(1)
Petition to the Mayor and Echevins from the Protesters
154(1)
Debauchery of Youth, March 28, 1688
154(2)
Social Unrest: The Revolts of 1675
156(10)
Eyewitness Account by Ferrant, Agent of the King's Tax Receiver Le Maigre, Bordeaux, March 30, 1675
157(3)
The Mayor and Consuls of Bergerac to de Seve, Intendant of Bordeaux, May 3, 1675
160(1)
La Case, Tax Collector from Quimper [Brittany], to Colbert, June 24, 1675
161(1)
Dallier, Tax Farmer from Nantes, to Colbert, June 25, 1675
162(1)
The Bishop of Saint Malo to Colbert, July 23, 1675
162(4)
Absolutism and the Churches
166(33)
Divine Right Monarchy
167(6)
Bossuet's Vision in Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture
168(2)
Bossuet Chides Louis XIV about the State of his Soul
170(3)
Dealing with the Gallican Church and the Pope
173(5)
Pope Innocent XI to Louis XIV, December 29, 1679
174(1)
Memoirs of the Intendant Foucault on the Resistance over the Re gale, 1679-1680
175(2)
Declaration of the Clergy of France, 1682
177(1)
Dealing with the Jansenists
178(5)
Suppression of the Abbey of Port Royal des Champs by d'Argenson, Paris Lieutenant of Police, 1709
179(4)
Dealing with the Huguenots
183(14)
Commission for the Execution of the Edict of Nantes, 1663
185(1)
Commentary
Saint Maurice, November 23, 1668
186(1)
Verbal Abuse, Protestants to Catholics [Summary], 1678
186(1)
Memoir by the Intendant d'Aguesseau on How to Convert the Pastors and Huguenots of Languedoc, 1679
187(2)
Verbal Abuse: Catholics to Protestants [Summary], 1680
189(1)
Letter of the Intendant d'Aguesseau to Secretary of State Chateauneuf, Toulouse, September 29, 1682
189(1)
Demolition of the Main Protestant Temple in Montpellier, 1682
189(2)
Report of the Intendant d'Aguesseau on the Situation in Montpellier and Languedoc, July 18, 1683
191(1)
D'Aguesseau's List of Protestants Who Have Left Languedoc in Violation in the Royal Orders August 3, 1685
192(1)
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, Fontainebleau, October 25, 1685
193(3)
Royal Dragoons in Languedoc, 1685
196(1)
List of Property Belonging to Protestants Who Have Fled from the Diocese of Montpellier [Summary], 1686
196(1)
Epilogue
197(2)
The Princess Palatine Remembers Louis XIV
197(2)
The King and His Image
199(20)
Charles Perrault on Colbert's Plans to Glorify the King
200(1)
Chapelain to Colbert, Paris, November 18, 1662
201(3)
Report to the Estates of Languedoc on the Equestrian Statue of the King, October 30, 1686
204(1)
The King's Own Words
204(15)
Excerpts from Louis XIV's Memoires for the Instruction of the Dauphin
206(13)
PART THREE Conclusion 219

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