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Major Problems in American Religious History : Documents and Essays,9780395964194
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Major Problems in American Religious History : Documents and Essays

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780395964194

ISBN10:
0395964199
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
12/20/1999
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
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  • Major Problems In American Religious History
    Major Problems In American Religious History




Summary

This text presents a carefully selected group of readings organized to allow students to evaluate primary sources, test the interpretations of distinguished historians, and draw their own conclusions. Each chapter includes introductions, source notes, and suggested readings.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
Approaches to American Religious History
1(23)
Essays
Religious Vitality and Church-State Separation
2(5)
Philip Schaff
America's Geographical Diversity Encourages Numerous Religious Denominations
7(5)
H. Richard Niebuhr
Church Membership Has Increased Throughout American History, Especially in the Most Demanding Groups
12(5)
Roger Finke
Rodney Stark
Religious Outsiders and ``Civil Religion''
17(7)
R. Laurence Moore
Further Reading
22(2)
European-Indian Encounters
24(35)
Documents
Bernal Diaz del Castillo Describes Cortes' Replacement of Human Sacrifice with the Cult of the Virgin Mary, c. 1519
25(3)
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, a Spanish Castaway, Becomes an Indian Healer, 1542
28(2)
Joseph Jouvency, a Jesuit Priest, Discusses Death and Hell with Canadian Indians, 1610
30(2)
Roger Williams Explains Rhode Island Indians' Language and Religion, 1643
32(2)
Mary Jemison Describes the Five Feasts by Which the Seneca Marked the Changing Seasons, c. 1750
34(2)
Tecaughretanego Explains Why the Great Spirit Sometimes Permits Men to Go Hungry Before Feeding Them, 1758
36(2)
John Heckwelder Describes the Delaware Indians' View of Bear Spirits, c. 1750
38(1)
John Muir Witnesses the Conversion of Thlinkit Indians to Christianity, c. 1876
39(2)
Essays
American Indians' Nature Religion
41(9)
Catherine Albanese
Indians' Views of Christian Missionaries
50(9)
James P. Ronda
Further Reading
57(2)
Religious Life in the British Colonies: 1620-1700
59(32)
Documents
John Winthrop Outlines His Plan for a Godly Settlement, 1630
61(1)
William Bradford Sees God's Mercy and Judgment in New England's Changing Fortunes, 1654
62(2)
Why Harvard College Was Founded, 1643
64(2)
Maryland's Act of Religious Toleration, 1649
66(1)
Anne Bradstreet Commemorates Two Childrens' Deaths in Poems of 1669
67(1)
William Penn Gives Scriptural Justifications for His Pennsylvania Frame of Government, 1681
68(2)
Morgan Godwin Describes the Troubles of the Anglican Church in Virginia, 1684
70(2)
Cotton Mather Advises John Richards on Detecting Witches, 1692
72(3)
Essays
The Puritans' Errand into the Wilderness
75(8)
Perry Miller
Anglicans in Virginia
83(8)
Edward L. Bond
Further Reading
90(1)
Awakening and Revolution: 1730-1790
91(35)
Documents
Jonathan Edwards Describes the Great Awakening in Northampton, Massachusetts, 1738
92(3)
Nathan Cole, Connecticut Farmer, Hears the Preaching of George Whitefield and Is Born Again (1741), 1765
95(4)
Phillis Wheatley's Elegy at George Whitefield's Death, 1770
99(1)
Benjamin Franklin Explains His Religious Views in a Letter, 1756
100(2)
John Witherspoon Preaches the Revolutionary War as God's Test to Sinners, 1776
102(2)
Jonathan Boucher's Loyalist Sermon Denounces the Revolution, 1775
104(3)
Anthony Benezet, Quaker, Denounces War, 1776
107(1)
Isaac Jackson, Quaker, Protests Persecution, 1777
108(1)
Thomas Jefferson Establishes Religious Freedom in Virginia, 1786
109(2)
Essays
The Great Awakening
111(7)
Patricia U. Bonomi
How the Revolution Stimulated New Religious Movements
118(8)
Stephen Marini
Further Reading
125(1)
Religion in the Early Republic: 1790-1850
126(35)
Documents
Lucy Wight Meets Shaker Leader Mother Ann Lee (c. 1780), 1826
127(3)
Orestes Brownson Recalls His Quest for the Right Religion as a Young Man (c. 1820), 1857
130(2)
Charles Grandison Finney Stirs Up Religious Emotions at Revival Meetings, c. 1835
132(2)
Joseph Smith Explains How an Angel Guided Him to Found the Latter-Day Saints (Mormons), 1842
134(3)
Ralph Waldo Emerson Describes the ``Over-Soul,'' 1841
137(1)
Anonymous Ex-Slave Sees the Ghost of Her Dead Master c. 1850
138(2)
Henry Bibb, a Slave, Uses Conjuring to Prevent Harm and Attract Women, 1849
140(2)
Samuel Ringgold Ward Escapes from Slavery and Becomes a Minister (1820), 1855
142(3)
Essays
Christianity and Democratic Politics
145(7)
Nathan O. Hatch
The Slaves' Own Religion
152(9)
Albert J. Raboteau
Further Reading
159(2)
Antebellum Immigration and Social Tensions: 1830-1860
161(35)
Documents
Alexis de Tocqueville Sees Catholicism and Democracy as Compatible, 1835
162(3)
Maria Monk Shocks Protestant Readers with Allegations of Sex and Violence in a Nunnery, 1836
165(3)
John Francis Maguire Recounts the Suffering of Irish Catholic Immigrants (1846), 1887
168(4)
Benjamin Roth Warns His Emigrant Son Solomon About Moral and Religious Dangers in America, 1854
172(2)
Harriet Beecher Stowe Advocates Enlightened Observance of the Sabbath, 1853
174(2)
Angelina Grimke Uses the Bible to Justify Abolishing Slavery, 1838
176(3)
Frederick Douglass Compares Southern Slaveowners' Religion with That of Jesus, 1845
179(1)
Thornton Stringfellow Argues That the Bible Is Proslavery, 1860
180(3)
Essays
Catholic Charity and Protestant Suspicions
183(5)
Jay P. Dolan
Slaveholders and the Bible
188(8)
Eugene D. Genovese
Elizabeth Fox-Genovese
Further Reading
194(2)
War, Defeat, and Apocalyptic Religion: 1860-1890
196(30)
Documents
Robert Ryland Reminds His Son That the Confederate Cause Is Godly, 1861
198(2)
Lemuel Moss Describes the Christian Commission's Work with the Union Army in 1863 (1868)
200(2)
Thomas Wentworth Higginson Witnesses the Religious Life of Black Soldiers, 1864
202(2)
George Barton Remembers a Pious Irish-American Nun Nursing the Wounded at Shiloh, 1863
204(1)
Union Sermons Mourn Abraham Lincoln, 1865
205(2)
Gilbert Haven
205(1)
Phillips Brooks
206(1)
Daughter of a Freed Slave Describes Her Conversion Experience, c. 1870
207(2)
Charles Taze Russell Argues That the ``End Times'' Are Imminent, 1889
209(1)
E. A. Dyer, Sr., Remembers Wovoka, a Paiute Indian Who Originated the Ghost Dance Religion, 1889
210(3)
Essays
Civil War as Battle of Armageddon
213(6)
James Moorehead
Confederates' Defeat as Chastisement from God
219(7)
Charles Reagan Wilson
Further Reading
225(1)
The New Immigration and Urban Reform: 1880-1925
226(32)
Documents
Rosa, an Immigrant, Contrasts Her Italian Catholicism with the American Version, c. 1890
228(2)
Mary Lathbury Pays Tribute to Frances Willard, Temperance Activist, 1886
230(2)
Mary Baker Eddy, the Founder of Christian Science, Denies the Reality of Suffering, Sin, and Death, 1887
232(2)
Swami Vivekananda Describes His Life as a Hindu Celebrity in America, 1893
234(2)
Booth Tucker Describes the Salvation Army's Social and Gospel Work in Slums and Saloons, 1900
236(3)
Abraham Cahan Shows How American Business Life and Religious Pluralism Shattered a Russian Jewish Immigrant's Traditional Faith, 1916
239(2)
Anzia Yezierska Confronts an Orthodox Jewish Father over Changing Patterns of Religion and Women's Work, 1925
241(4)
Essays
An Italian-American Street Festival to Honor the Virgin Mary
245(4)
Robert Orsi
The Salvation Army Adapts Popular Culture in Spreading Its Gospel
249(9)
Lillian Taiz
Further Reading
256(2)
Intellectual Controversies: 1860-1925
258(32)
Documents
Charles Hodge Denounces Darwin's Theory of Evolution as Atheistic, 1874
259(2)
Lyman Abbott Argues That Christianity and Evolutionary Theory Are Compatible, 1892
261(2)
Harold Frederic's Fictional Methodist Preacher Discovers His Ignorance of Biblical History, 1896
263(3)
Washington Gladden Explains Higher Criticism, 1894
266(2)
William Jennings Bryan Defends Biblical Infallibility, 1924
268(2)
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Finds Feminist Implications in Genesis, 1895
270(2)
George Herron Depicts Jesus as a Revolutionary Socialist, 1899
272(1)
Russell Conwell Squares Christianity with Worldly Success, 1915
273(2)
Essays
Presbyterian Ideas About Truth
275(6)
George Marsden
Popular Versions of Jesus
281(9)
Patrick Allitt
Further Reading
289(1)
Assimilation and Adaptation: 1920-1960
290(37)
Documents
Clara Grillo Recalls Protestant-Catholic Tensions in Cleveland, c. 1920
291(2)
Jacob Sonderling, Immigrant Rabbi, Observes American Jewish Life, c. 1930
293(3)
Sinclair Lewis Satirizes the Narrowness of Midwestern Baptists, 1927
296(3)
Walter Lippmann Traces the Fading of Religious Confidence, 1929
299(3)
Mordecai Kaplan Defends Jews' Life in Two Civilizations, 1948
302(3)
Will Herberg Analyzes Religion and Assimilation, 1955
305(3)
Donald Thorman Assesses New Roles for Catholic Laity, 1962
308(3)
Essays
Catholic Assimilation
311(6)
Edward R. Kantowicz
Jewish Food and Jewish Identity
317(4)
Jenna Weissman Joselit
Jewish Intellectuals and Secularization
321(6)
David Hollinger
Further Reading
326(1)
War and Religion: 1914-1985
327(31)
Documents
John Haynes Holmes Appeals for Christian Pacifism in World War I, 1916
329(1)
Edward Leigh Pell Justifies Christian Warfare, 1917
330(1)
Reinhold Niebuhr Explains the Christian Case for Fighting Nazism (c. 1939), 1966
331(2)
Dorothy Day Compares World War II to the Class War, 1942
333(2)
Christian Century Editors Urge Christian Unity in an Era of Total War, 1945
335(2)
John Courtney Murray, S.J., Argues That the Cold War Is a Spiritual Confrontation, 1960
337(2)
James E. Wood Surveys Church Protests Against Nuclear Weapons, 1983
339(4)
Essays
Preachers and the Great War Euphoria
343(4)
Ray H. Abrams
Reinhold Niebuhr in World War II
347(5)
Richard W. Fox
The Idea of a Judeo-Christian Tradition
352(6)
Mark Silk
Further Reading
356(2)
Religion and Protest Movements: 1955-1990
358(36)
Documents
Martin Luther King, Jr., Preaches on the Power of Love, 1963
360(2)
James Baldwin Becomes a Boy Preacher in Harlem (c. 1936), 1963
362(4)
National Conference of Black Churchmen Demands Equal Power, 1966
366(1)
Christianity Today Criticizes Black Americans' Intimidation of White Churches, 1969
367(2)
Richard Hein Describes His Work as a Military Chaplain in Vietnam, 1968
369(1)
Commonweal Supports Symbolic Attacks on the Vietnam Draft Board, 1968
370(2)
Renny Golden Describes Religious Women's Work in the Sanctuary Movement, 1986
372(4)
Tina Bell Joins an Anti-Abortion Demonstration, 1988
376(3)
Essays
Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Leadership
379(5)
David J. Garrow
Urban Catholics and the Civil Rights Movement
384(10)
John T. McGreevy
Further Reading
392(2)
Religion and Counterculture: 1970-1995
394(34)
Documents
Jacob Needleman Discovers the Appeal of Eastern Religions, 1970
395(3)
Hal Lindsey Foresees the Millennial ``Rapture,'' 1970
398(2)
J. Stillson Judah Explains Why Hippies Join the Hare Krishnas, 1974
400(3)
David Chidester Traces the People's Temple to Its Mass Suicide in Guyana (1978), 1988
403(4)
Starhawk Advocates Witchcraft, 1979
407(2)
Carol Christ Is Initiated into Goddess Worship, 1987
409(3)
Mary Ann Flaherty Sympathizes with Planet Earth Under the Threat of War, 1994
412(2)
Essays
Social Psychology of the Rajneesh Cult
414(6)
Ted Mann
Rise and Fall of the New Age Movement
420(8)
J. Gordon Melton
Further Reading
426(2)
New Immigrants and Religious Multiculturalism: 1970-2000
428(36)
Documents
Jesse Nash and Elizabeth Trinh Nguyen Observe Vietnamese Immigrants Courting at Church in New Orleans, 1995
429(2)
Charles Munzy Attends Vietnamese Funerals in Oklahoma City, 1989
431(3)
Richard Rodriguez Recalls His Hispanic-Catholic Childhood, 1981
434(3)
Kambiz GhaneaBassiri Explains Muslims' Mixed Feelings About American Culture, 1997
437(3)
Richard Wormser Describes Pressures on Muslim Teenagers in American High Schools, 1994
440(4)
Prema Kurien Explains Hindus' Adjustments to American Life, 1998
444(4)
Essays
Latino Religion in the United States
448(4)
Eldin Villafane
Muslim Adaptation in America
452(5)
John O. Voll
Contrasting Immigrant Buddhists and ``White Buddhists''
457(7)
Rick Fields
Further Reading
463(1)
Religion, Politics, and the Constitution: 1960-2000
464(38)
Documents
Billy Graham Urges a Troubled Nation to Turn Back to God, 1965
465(3)
C. Stanley Lowell Explains His Fear of Catholics in 1960
468(3)
Joseph M. Hopkins Deplores the Supreme Court's Decision Against School Prayer, 1963
471(1)
Evangelicals for Social Action Offer Guidance on Voting Biblically, 1980
472(3)
Langdon Gilkey Opposes Creation Science, 1985
475(2)
Christianity Today Describes Political Coalition-Building to Restore Religion in Schools, 1984
477(2)
Wilfred M. McClay Warns Against the Political Contamination of Religion, 1988
479(4)
Michael W. McConnell Fears for American Religious Freedom, 1990
483(4)
Essays
The Supreme Court and the First Amendment
487(8)
James Reichley
Fundamentalism and Politics
495(7)
Nancy Ammerman
Further Reading
502


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