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Students of Western civilization need more than facts. They need to understand the cross-cultural, global exchanges that shaped Western history; to be able to draw connections between the social, cultural, political, economic, and intellectual happenings in a given era; and to see the West not as a fixed region, but a living, evolving construct. These needs have long been central to The Making of the West. The book's chronological narrative emphasizes the wide variety of peoples and cultures that created Western civilization and places them together in a common context, enabling students to witness the unfolding of Western history, understand change over time, and recognize fundamental relationships.
LYNN HUNT (Ph.D., Stanford University) is Eugen Weber Professor of Modern European History at University of California, Los Angeles. She is the author or editor of several books, including most recently The First Global Vision of Religion, The Book that Changed Europe, Measuring Time, Making History, and Inventing Human Rights.
THOMAS R. MARTIN (Ph.D., Harvard University) is Jeremiah O’Connor Professor in Classics at the College of the Holy Cross. He is the author of Ancient Greece, Sovereignty and Coinage in Classical Greece and is one of the originators of Perseus: Interactive Sources and Studies on Ancient Greece (www.perseus.tufts.edu). He is currently conducting research on the career of Pericles as a political leader in classical Athens as well as on the text of Josephus' Jewish War.
BARBARA H. ROSENWEIN (Ph.D., University of Chicago) is professor of history at Loyola University Chicago. She is the author or editor of several books including A Short History of the Middle Ages and Emotional Communities in the Early Middle Ages. She is currently working on a general history of the emotions in the West.
BONNIE G. SMITH (Ph.D., University of Rochester) is Board of Governors Professor of History at Rutgers University. She is author or editor of several books including The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History; The Gender of History: Men, Women and Historical Practice; and Ladies of the Leisure Class. Currently she is studying the globalization of European culture and society since the seventeenth century.
Table of Contents
Prologue The Beginnings of Human Society, to c. 4000 B.C.E.
Chapter 1 Early Western Civilization, 4000—1000 B.C.E.
Chapter 2 Empires in the Near East and the Re-Emergence of Civilization in Greece, 1000—500 B.C.E.
Chapter 3 The Greek Golden Age, c. 500—c. 400 B.C.E.
Chapter 4 From the Classical to the Hellenistic World, 400—30 B.C.E.
Chapter 5 The Rise of Rome and Its Republic, 753—44 B.C.E.
Chapter 6 The Creation of the Roman Empire, 44 B.C.E. – 284 C.E.
Chapter 7 The Transformation of the Roman Empire, 284–600 C.E.
Chapter 8 The Heirs of Rome: Islam, Byzantium, and Europe, 600—750
Chapter 9 From Centralization to Fragmentation, 750—1050
Chapter 10 Commercial Quickening and Religious Reform, 1050—1150
Chapter 11 The Flowering of the Middle Ages, 1150—1215
Chapter 12 The Medieval Synthesis—and Its Cracks, 1215—1340
Chapter 13 Crisis and Renaissance, 1340—1492
Chapter 14 Global Encounters and the Shock of the Reformation, 1492—1560
Chapter 15 Wars of Religion and the Clash of Worldviews, 1560—1648
Chapter 16 Absolutism, Constitutionalism, and the Search for Order, 1640—1715
Chapter 17 The Atlantic System and Its Consequences, 1700—1750
Chapter 18 The Promise of Enlightenment, 1750—1789
Chapter 19 The Cataclysm of Revolution, 1789–1799
Chapter 20 Napoleon and the Revolutionary Legacy, 1800–1830
Chapter 21 Industrialization and Social Ferment, 1830–1850
Chapter 22 Politics and Culture of the Nation-State, 1850–1870
Chapter 23 Industry, Empire, and Everyday Life, 1870–1890
Chapter 24 Modernity and the Road to War, 1890–1914
Chapter 25 World War I and Its Aftermath 1914–1929
Chapter 26 The Great Depression and World War II, 1929–1945
Chapter 27 The Cold War and the Remaking of Europe, 1945–1960s
Chapter 28 Postindustrial Society and the End of the Cold War Order, 1960s–1989