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A March of Liberty A Constitutional History of the United States Volume I: From the Founding to 1890,9780195126358

A March of Liberty A Constitutional History of the United States Volume I: From the Founding to 1890

by ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780195126358

ISBN10:
0195126351
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/16/2001
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $53.28
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Summary

A March of Liberty: A Constitutional History of the United States, 2/e, is a clearly written, comprehensive overview of American constitutional development. Covering the country's history from the founding of the English colonies up through the latest decisions of the Supreme Court, this two-volume work presents the most complete discussion of American constitutional history currently available. Reflecting the latest in contemporary scholarship, the authors successfully blend cases and court doctrines into the larger fabric of American political, economic, and social history. They discuss in detail the great cases handed down by the Supreme Court, showing how these cases played out in society and how constitutional growth parallels changes in American culture. In addition, this two-volume set examines lesser-known decisions that played important roles in affecting change, and also contains in-depth analyses of the intellects and personalities of the Supreme Court justices who made these influential decisions. This second edition of A March of Liberty addresses recent scholarship on race and gender, covers both constitutional and legal history, and examines federal, state, and private law. The text exemplifies the current trends in American constitutional history through its holistic approach of integrating the decisions of the state and lower federal courts with the decisions of the Supreme Court. Volume II addresses Reconstruction to the present and covers key issues including police power, criminal law, income tax, child labor, desegregation, school prayer, and foreign policy. It also examines control over issuing legal tender and control of and limits on conducting commerce. A March of Liberty, 2/e, features useful supplemental materials including the text of the Constitution, a chronological list of Supreme Court justices, and suggested further readings. Gracefully written and clearly explained, this popular two-volume set is indispensable for courses in American constitutional history and law.

Author Biography


Melvin Urofsky is Professor of History and Public Policy at Virginia Commonwealth University.
Paul Finkelman is Chapman Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of Tulsa.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
From The Old World To The New
1(16)
Magna Carta and the Rule of Law
1(3)
The Common Law Enthroned
4(1)
Organizing for Settlement
4(3)
The Merchant Colonies: Virginia and Massachusetts
7(3)
The Compact Colonies
10(1)
The Proprietary Colonies
11(1)
Growth of Legislative Dominance
12(1)
The English Revolutions and the Dominion of New England
13(2)
For Further Reading
15(2)
Law in Colonial America
17(22)
Settler and Indian Views of Land
18(1)
Simplifying Property Law
19(2)
Personal Status: Women
21(2)
Personal Status: Laborers
23(1)
Personal Status: Slaves
24(2)
Religion
26(3)
Criminal Law
29(1)
Lawyers and Practice
30(2)
The Privy Council and Imperial Courts
32(2)
Witchcraft and Press Freedom
34(3)
For Further Reading
37(2)
The Road to Independence
39(22)
The Mercantile System
39(2)
Colonial Governments
41(2)
Writs of Assistance
43(1)
The Parsons Cause and the Two Penny Act
44(1)
Colonial Constitutional Thought
45(2)
Republican Ideology
47(1)
The British View
48(1)
The Stamp Act and the Colonial Response
49(2)
The Townshend Duties
51(2)
Tea and the Coercive Acts
53(1)
The First Continental Congress
54(2)
Parting of the Ways
56(1)
The Declaration of Independence
57(1)
Conclusion
58(1)
For Further Reading
59(2)
The Revolutionary Era
61(19)
Congress Governs
61(2)
The Articles of Confederation
63(2)
New State Governments
65(3)
Conservatives and Radicals
68(1)
State Constitutions
69(2)
Religious Freedom
71(2)
Slavery
73(1)
Judicial Review and the Success and Failure of State Constitutions in the Revolutionary Era
74(1)
The Common Law Survives
74(1)
Blackstone's Influence
75(2)
Conclusion
77(1)
For Further Reading
77(3)
The Crisis of Confederation
80(13)
Defects of the Articles
81(2)
A Government Without Energy
83(3)
Western Land Policy
86(1)
Northwest Ordinance
87(1)
Shays's Rebellion
88(2)
Madison and the Annapolis Convention
90(1)
Toward the Philadelphia Convention
91(1)
For Further Reading
91(2)
A More Perfect Union
93(27)
The Philadelphia Convention
94(2)
Representation and the Structure of Government
96(2)
Slavery and Representation
98(2)
The Executive Branch
100(1)
The Judicial Branch
101(1)
The Powers of the New Government
102(1)
Regulating Commerce
103(2)
Concluding the Convention
105(1)
The Constitution and Federalism
106(2)
Checks and Balances
108(1)
The Debate Over Ratification
109(4)
Federalists and Antifederalists
113(2)
Ratification
115(1)
Conclusion: The Constitution and Democracy
116(1)
For Further Reading
117(3)
Launching the Great Experiment
120(27)
Washington Takes Office
120(3)
The Bill of Rights
123(5)
The Government Takes Shape
128(1)
Raising a Revenue
128(2)
Hamilton's Financial Program
130(2)
The Bank of the United States
132(1)
The Hamilton-Jefferson Debate
133(2)
The Whiskey Rebellion
135(1)
The Slave Trade and the Fugitive Slave Law of 1793
136(2)
Defining Presidential Power
138(1)
Presidential Conduct of Foreign Affairs
139(1)
The Neutrality Proclamation
140(2)
Jay's Treaty
142(2)
Conclusion: Washington's Achievements
144(1)
For Further Reading
144(3)
The Supreme Court: The First Decade
147(18)
The Federal Court of Appeals
147(1)
The Judiciary Act of 1789
148(2)
The Process Act
150(1)
The Jay Court Convenes
151(1)
Separation of Powers
152(3)
Suing States in Federal Courts
155(1)
Chisholm v. Georgia
156(2)
The Eleventh Amendment
158(1)
The Debt Cases
159(1)
Judicial Review
160(2)
The Ellsworth Tenure
162(1)
Circuit Duties
162(2)
Conclusion
164(1)
For Further Reading
164(1)
The Changing Face of the Law
165(16)
Changes in the Common Law
165(1)
Criminal Law
166(3)
Property
169(1)
Land and Water Usage
170(2)
Contract
172(2)
Procedure
174(2)
Bench and Bar
176(1)
Legal Literature
177(2)
Lower Federal Courts
179(1)
For Further Reading
180(1)
Adams, Jefferson, and the Courts
181(26)
The Alien and Sedition Acts
181(3)
The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
184(1)
The Election of 1800
185(1)
The Judiciary Act of 1801
186(1)
John Marshall and the Midnight Judges
187(1)
Jefferson Takes Office
188(1)
Repeal of the Judiciary Act
189(2)
Marbury v. Madison
191(5)
The Louisiana Purchase
196(1)
Republican Attacks on the Judiciary: The First Cases
197(2)
The Impeachment of Justice Chase
199(2)
Defining Treason
201(2)
The Burr Trial
203(1)
Presidential Privilege
204(1)
For Further Reading
205(2)
The Marshall Court and National Power
207(22)
The Attorney General
207(1)
Changes on the Court
208(1)
The Embargo Cases
209(2)
United States v. Peters
211(1)
The Hartford Convention
212(1)
The Court and Nationalist Sentiment
213(2)
Martin v. Hunter's Lessee
215(2)
Madison's Proposals
217(1)
The Second Bank of the United States in Court
218(4)
Cohens v. Virginia
222(1)
The Steamboat Case
223(3)
Conclusion: The Marshall Court's Legacy
226(1)
For Further Reading
227(2)
The Marshall Court and Economic Development
229(19)
Law and Economic Development
229(3)
Fletcher v. Peck
232(3)
Public Land Cases
235(3)
The Emergence of the Corporation
238(1)
Defining Corporate Rights
239(2)
The Dartmouth College Case
241(3)
Bankruptcy
244(2)
Conclusion: The Marshall Court's Legacy
246(1)
For Further Reading
247(1)
A Law Made for the Times
248(23)
Debate over the Law
248(1)
An American System
249(1)
Legal Instrumentalism
250(1)
Changing Views of Land
251(1)
Water Usage
252(3)
Taking of Land
255(2)
Emergence of Tort Law
257(2)
Master and Servant
259(3)
Commercial Law
262(1)
The Corporation
262(1)
Sales
263(1)
Negotiable Instruments
264(2)
Contract
266(2)
Conclusion
268(1)
For Further Reading
269(2)
Politics, Nationalism, and Competition
271(25)
The ``Era of Good Feeling,''
271(2)
Georgia, Jackson, and the Indians
273(2)
Georgia, the Indians, and the Court
275(1)
Calhoun Responds to the Tariff
276(2)
The Webster-Hayne Debate
278(1)
The Nullification Crisis
279(3)
Internal Improvements
282(1)
Jackson Versus the Bank
283(4)
Monopoly and Economic Expansion
287(1)
The Charles River Bridge Case Begins
288(2)
The Last Years of the Marshall Court
290(1)
Chief Justice Taney
290(2)
The Charles River Bridge Case Is Decided
292(1)
Conclusion: The New Departure
293(1)
For Further Reading
294(2)
Jacksonian Democracy
296(24)
A Sense of Mastery
296(2)
State Constitutional Development
298(2)
Constitutional Flexibility
300(1)
The Political Party and Its Function
301(2)
Family Law
303(1)
Women's Rights
304(1)
Children and the Law
305(2)
Early Labor Movements
307(2)
Debtor Imprisonment
309(2)
Pauper Relief
311(2)
The New Prison
313(1)
Code Revision
313(3)
Race Relations and Antislavery
316(2)
Conclusion
318(1)
For Further Reading
318(2)
The Taney Court: Change and Continuity
320(17)
The New Chief Justice
320(3)
The Court and Codification
323(1)
Federal Common Law: Swift v. Tyson
324(2)
The Police Power
326(1)
Bank of Augusta v. Earle
327(1)
The License and Passenger Cases
328(2)
Defining State and Federal Powers
330(1)
The Wheeling Bridge Case
331(1)
The ``Political Question'' Doctrine
332(1)
Dorr's Rebellion
333(1)
Luther v. Borden
334(1)
Conclusion: The Taney Court's Balance
335(1)
For Further Reading
336(1)
The Peculiar Laws of America's Peculiar Institution
337(29)
Slavery in the New Nation
338(2)
The Missouri Compromise
340(3)
Black and White Opposition to Slavery: Slave Rebels and New Abolitionists
343(1)
Abolitionist Theories and the Constitution
344(2)
Abolitionist Use of the Law
346(1)
Slaves in Transit
346(2)
Antebellum Race Discrimination
348(3)
Federal Fugitive Slave Laws
351(1)
Prigg v. Pennsylvania
352(2)
Law and Conscience
354(1)
Southern Slave Codes
355(2)
Controlling the Bondsmen
357(2)
Slaves and Criminal Law
359(2)
Manumission
361(1)
Free Blacks
362(1)
Conclusion
363(1)
For Further Reading
364(2)
A House Dividing
366(35)
The Gag Rule
366(2)
The Amistad Case
368(3)
The Lone Star Republic
371(1)
Annexing Texas
372(1)
Constitutional Questions over Annexation
373(1)
Presidential War Powers
374(2)
The Wilmot Proviso
376(1)
Free Labor and Free Soil
376(2)
Calhoun's Southern Ideology
378(1)
The Compromise of 1850
379(2)
The Slave Trade in the Nation's Capital, California Statehood, and Slavery in the Territories
381(1)
The Fugitive Slave Law
382(2)
The Kansas-Nebraska Act
384(1)
Obstructing the Fugitive Slave Act
385(2)
``Bleeding Kansas,''
387(1)
The Republican Party
388(1)
Dred Scott's Case
389(2)
The Self-Inflicted Wound
391(2)
The Dred Scott Decision
393(1)
The Aftermath
394(1)
Kansas, Once Again
395(1)
Ableman v. Booth
396(2)
Conclusion
398(1)
For Further Reading
399(2)
The Union Sundered
401(28)
The Election of 1860
402(1)
Secession Winter
403(2)
``And the War Came,''
405(1)
The Provisional Confederate Constitution
406(2)
The Permanent Confederate Constitution
408(2)
Defects in the Confederate Scheme
410(1)
The Political Party as a War Tool
411(1)
Lincoln Takes Control
412(2)
Ex Parte Merryman
414(1)
Judicial Reorganization in Wartime
415(2)
The Adequacy of the Constitution
417(2)
War Powers and the Rebellion
419(1)
Defining Rebel Status
420(1)
The Growth of National Power
421(2)
The Emancipation Proclamation
423(3)
The Thirteenth Amendment
426(1)
For Further Reading
427(2)
The Union Unrestored
429(22)
Problems of Military Occupation
429(2)
Loyalty Oaths
431(1)
Congress Takes a Hand
432(1)
Expanding Federal Court Jurisdiction
432(1)
Lincoln's 10 Percent Plan
433(1)
The Wade-Davis Bill
434(2)
Enter Andrew Johnson
436(1)
Presidential Reconstruction
437(2)
The Joint Committee on Reconstruction
439(1)
Southern Intransigence
440(1)
The Freedmen's Bureau Bills of 1866
441(1)
The Civil Rights Act
442(2)
The Fourteenth Amendment
444(3)
The Congressional Plan
447(1)
Conclusion
448(1)
For Further Reading
449(2)
Reconstruction
451(28)
Governmental Deadlock
451(2)
The Military Reconstruction Acts
453(1)
The New State Governments
454(1)
Southern Resistance
455(2)
Restricting the Executive
457(1)
Impeachment
458(3)
The Senate Trial
461(3)
The Meaning of Acquittal
464(1)
Reconstruction in the Courts
465(1)
Ex Parte Milligan
465(2)
Testing Congressional Reconstruction Powers
467(1)
McCardle and Yerger
468(2)
Texas v. White
470(1)
Changing the Size of the Court
471(1)
The Legal Tender Cases
472(2)
The End of Reconstruction
474(1)
The Election of 1876
475(1)
Conclusion: The Legacy of Reconstruction
476(1)
For Further Reading
477(2)
The Court and Civil Rights
479
The Abandonment of the Freedmen
480(1)
The Civil Rights Cases
481(1)
Jim Crow Enthroned
482(3)
The Treatment of Native Americans
485(2)
The Chinese Cases
487(2)
The Insular Cases
489(1)
The Incorporation Theory
490(2)
Women and the Law
492(2)
The Court Draws Limits
494(1)
The Peonage Cases
495(2)
A Few Small Steps
497(1)
Conclusion
498(1)
For Further Reading
498
APPENDIXES
The Declaration of Independence
A1
Articles of Confederation
A5
Constitution of the United States
A11
Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court
A28
Case Index I1
Subject Index I6


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