9781560328681

Material Handling Systems: Designing for Safety and Health

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781560328681

  • ISBN10:

    1560328681

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2000-05-11
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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Summary

A comprehensive approach to occupational safety related to the myriad of material handling approaches. Emphasis is on safety and prevention of accidents, injuries, and deaths. Strives to point out safety and health concerns as well as the regulatory requirements for safe material handling. DLC: Materials handling--Safety measures.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Material Handlingp. 1
Hazards Involvedp. 3
Types of Equipment Being Used Todayp. 5
Material Handling Regulationsp. 8
General Industryp. 8
Constructionp. 9
Training Requirementsp. 10
Material Handling and Lifting Programp. 10
Safety and Health Issuesp. 11
Principles of Material Handlingp. 12
Material Handling Benefits the Bottom Linep. 14
Intent and Contentp. 15
Manual Material Handlingp. 17
Manually Lifting and Handling Materialsp. 18
Back Injuriesp. 18
Personal Protective Equipmentp. 24
Lifting and Material Handling Aidsp. 25
Walking and Working Surfacesp. 27
Planning Manual Material Handlingp. 27
Power-Assisted Material Handlingp. 31
The Operatorp. 37
Training Programsp. 39
Conveyorsp. 41
Gravity or Inertia Conveyorsp. 41
Guidelines for Using Motorized or Powered Conveyors Safelyp. 43
Conveyor Regulations (General Industry)p. 47
Conveyor Safetyp. 48
Cranesp. 49
Crane Safetyp. 49
Hazard Descriptionp. 50
The Reasons for Crane Accidentsp. 50
Hazard Prevention Planningp. 51
Preconstruction Planningp. 51
Job Hazard Analysisp. 51
Hand Signalsp. 51
Signaling Devicesp. 51
Lifting Capabilitiesp. 52
Rigging Practicesp. 52
Controlling the Loadp. 52
Wire Rope Requirementsp. 52
Annual Inspectionsp. 52
Preventive Maintenancep. 52
General Osha Requirements for Cranes and Derricksp. 52
Types of Cranes Generally Found in the Workplacep. 53
Analysis of Hazards Common to Most Cranesp. 54
Powerline Contactp. 54
Overloadingp. 55
Failure to use Outriggers/Soft Ground and Structural Failurep. 56
Two-Blockingp. 56
Pinchpointp. 58
Moving Partsp. 58
Unsafe Hooksp. 59
Obstruction of Visionp. 59
Sheave Caused Cable Damagep. 60
Cable Kinkingp. 61
Side Pullp. 61
Boom Bucklingp. 62
Access to Cars, Bridges, and/or Runwaysp. 62
Control Confusionp. 62
Turntable Failurep. 63
Removable or Extendible Counterweight Systemsp. 63
Analysis of Hazards Common to Specific Types of Cranesp. 63
Travel Upset in Mobile Hydraulic Cranes (Rough-terrain and Wheel-mounted Telescoping Boom)p. 63
Loss of Control Inadvertent Activation of Two-wheel/Four-wheel Steer Lever on Mobile Hydraulic Cranes (Rough-terrain and Wheel-mounted Telescoping Boom)p. 64
Loss of Stowed Jib Booms on Cantilevered Hydraulic Booms on Mobile Hydraulic Cranes (Rough-terrain and Wheel-mounted Telescoping Boomp. 64
Boom Toppling Over on Lattice-work Boom Cranesp. 64
Boom Disassembly on Lattice-work Boom Cranesp. 65
Inadvertent Loss of Load on Lattice-work Boom Cranesp. 66
Conductive Cable for Remote Control and Controls Accessible to an Operator Standing on Ground or on Flatbed Truck-mounted Crane Articulated and Trolleyp. 67
Unsafe Walkways on Overhead Cranesp. 68
Exposed Electrical Trolleys of Overhead Cranesp. 68
Absence of Lockout Systems on Overhead Cranesp. 68
Inadequate Stops on Monorails and Underhung Cranesp. 68
Poor Operator Vision on Straddle Cranesp. 69
Load Loss on Straddle Cranesp. 70
Elevated (Climbing) Tower Cranesp. 70
Footing Failure on Tower Cranesp. 70
Wind and Tower or Long Boom Cranesp. 70
Competent Personnel Requirementsp. 71
Operatorsp. 71
Riggers, Signalers, and Othersp. 72
Crawler Locomotive and Truck Cranes (29 CFR 1910.180)p. 72
General Requirementsp. 72
Load Ratingsp. 72
Inspectionp. 72
Frequent Inspectionp. 73
Periodic Inspectionp. 73
Inspection Recordsp. 73
Testingp. 74
Maintenancep. 74
Handling the Loadp. 74
Size of the Loadp. 74
Attaching the Loadp. 74
Moving the Loadp. 74
Holding the Loadp. 75
Operating Near Electric Power Linesp. 75
Clearancesp. 75
Notificationp. 75
Overhead Wirep. 75
Cranes and Derricks (29 CFR 1926.550)p. 76
Rated Loadsp. 76
Hand Signalsp. 76
Crane Inspectionsp. 77
Wire Ropep. 80
Guardingp. 81
Fuelingp. 81
Electrical Concernsp. 81
Modificationsp. 82
Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranesp. 82
Hammerhead Tower Cranesp. 83
Overhead and Gantry Cranesp. 83
Derricksp. 83
Floating Cranes and Derricksp. 83
Overhead and Gantry Cranes (1910.179)p. 84
General Requirementsp. 84
Cabsp. 85
Footwalks and Laddersp. 85
Stops, Bumpers, Rail Sweeps and Guardsp. 86
Stopsp. 86
Bridge and Trolley Bumpersp. 86
Rail Sweepsp. 87
Guardsp. 87
Brakesp. 87
Electrical Equipmentp. 88
Hoisting Equipment (Sheaves and Hoisting Ropes)p. 88
Inspectionp. 88
Frequent Inspectionp. 89
Periodic Inspectionp. 89
Testingp. 89
Maintenancep. 89
Handling the Loadp. 89
Overhead and Gantry Cranes (29 CFR 1926.550)p. 90
Derricksp. 93
Description of the Common Types of Derricksp. 95
Load Ratingsp. 95
Permanent Installationsp. 95
Non-Permanent Installationsp. 96
Inspectionsp. 96
Frequent Inspectionp. 96
Periodic Inspectionp. 96
Testingp. 96
Maintenancep. 96
Handling the Loadp. 96
Size of the Loadp. 96
Attaching the Loadp. 97
Moving the Loadp. 97
Holding the Loadp. 97
Securing Boomp. 97
Other Requirementsp. 97
Guardsp. 97
Operating Near Electrical Power Linesp. 98
Notificationp. 98
Overhead Wirep. 98
Constructionp. 98
Derricksp. 98
Floating Cranes and Derrickp. 98
Helicoptersp. 101
Hoistsp. 107
General Guidelinesp. 108
Inspectionsp. 109
Frequent Inspectionsp. 109
Periodic Inspectionsp. 111
Rope Inspectionsp. 111
Chain Inspectionsp. 112
Load Testingp. 113
High-Consequence Liftsp. 116
Operating Practicesp. 116
Controls for Hoistp. 118
Moving a Loadp. 118
Hoist-Limit Switchp. 118
Suggested Lifting Proceduresp. 119
Base-Mounted Drum Hoist (CFR 1926.553)p. 120
Materials Hoist (1926.552)p. 120
Overhead Hoist (CFR 1926.554)p. 121
Riggingp. 125
Importance of the Operatorp. 127
Qualified Rigger Training Programsp. 128
Sling Typesp. 128
Safe Lifting Practicesp. 129
Size, Weight, and Center of Gravity of the Loadp. 130
Number of Legs and Angle with the Horizontalp. 130
Rated Capacity of the Slingp. 130
History of Care and Usagep. 130
Safe Operating Practices for Slingsp. 131
Inspectionsp. 131
Chain Slingsp. 132
Wire Rope Slingsp. 134
Rope Layp. 134
Safe Operating Temperaturesp. 136
Inspections and Maintenancep. 136
Wire Rope Lifep. 138
Removal from Servicep. 138
Wire Rope Sling Selectionp. 138
Strengthp. 138
Fatiguep. 138
Abrasive Wearp. 139
Abusep. 139
Field Lubricationp. 139
Storagep. 139
General Informationp. 139
U-Boltsp. 140
Metal Mesh Slingsp. 140
Sling Markingp. 140
Handlesp. 140
Attachments of Handles to Fabricp. 140
Sling Coatingsp. 140
Sling Testingp. 140
Sling Usep. 140
Safe Operating Temperaturesp. 142
Repairsp. 142
Removal from Servicep. 142
Fiber Rope and Synthetic Web Slingsp. 142
Natural and Synthetic Fiber Rope Slingsp. 142
Safe-Operating Temperaturesp. 143
Splicingp. 143
Inspectionp. 143
Removal from Servicep. 144
Repairsp. 144
Synthetic Web Slingsp. 144
Web Sling Propertiesp. 144
Possible Defectsp. 145
Sling Identificationp. 145
Environmental Conditionsp. 145
Safe Operating Temperaturesp. 147
Inspectionp. 147
Repairsp. 147
Removal from Servicep. 147
Shackles and Hooks (1926.251)p. 147
Summaryp. 147
Highway Trucksp. 151
Highway Safetyp. 153
Preventive Maintenance Programsp. 153
Fleet Safety Programp. 156
Types of Highway Vehicles in Usep. 156
Semitrailers for Freightp. 156
Tanker Semitrailersp. 156
Bulk Material Trailersp. 158
Flatbed Trailersp. 159
Specially Designed Trailersp. 159
Highway Dump Trucksp. 160
Delivery Trucksp. 161
Loading Docksp. 161
Off-Road Vehiclesp. 165
Operatorsp. 166
Working Around Off-Road Vehiclesp. 166
Motor Vehicles and Mechanized Equipment (29 CFR 1926.601)p. 166
Material Handling Equipment (29 CFR 1926.602)p. 167
Material Handling Equipment Safety, Training, and Inspectionp. 170
General Safetyp. 171
Personal Safety Equipmentp. 171
Seat Beltsp. 171
Pre-Operation Inspectionp. 171
Vehicle Operationp. 172
Vehicles Operationp. 172
Know the Controls (Location and Operation)--All Brakes, Signals, Accessories, Instrumentation and Warning Devicesp. 172
Proper Start-Up and Shut-Down Proceduresp. 172
Working Proceduresp. 172
Operator's Responsibilitiesp. 172
Speed Controlp. 173
Haulage Trucksp. 173
Spotting at Loading Equipment (For Haulage Trucks)p. 173
Spotting at Dump Locationsp. 173
Operating on Gradesp. 174
Right-of-way Proceduresp. 174
Reduction of Component Damagep. 174
Machine Systemsp. 174
Housekeepingp. 175
Industrial Trucks (Forklifts)p. 179
Incidence of Lift-Truck Injuriesp. 179
Unsafe Acts and Conditionsp. 180
Hazards and Effectsp. 181
Prevention Overviewp. 181
Types of Powered Industrial Trucksp. 181
Protective Devicesp. 184
Work Practicesp. 184
Selection and Inspection of Trucksp. 184
Maintenance and Repair of Trucksp. 186
Changing and Charging Storage Batteriesp. 186
The Rated Capacityp. 186
Load Testingp. 187
Industrial Truck Nameplatep. 187
Safety Tips for Operating Powered Industrial Trucksp. 187
Safe Operationsp. 187
Picking Up and Moving Loadsp. 190
Traveling with a Loadp. 190
Stacking and Unstacking Loadsp. 192
Standard Signalsp. 192
Safety Guardsp. 192
Trucks and Railroad Carsp. 192
Co-workers Safetyp. 193
Pedestrian Safetyp. 194
Conduct of the Operatorp. 194
Training of Operatorsp. 195
General Requirementsp. 197
Training Program Contentp. 197
Refresher Training and Evaluationp. 198
Reevaluationp. 198
Avoidance of Duplicative Trainingp. 198
Certificationp. 198
In-House Training Developmentp. 198
Driving Skill Evaluationsp. 199
Standards and Regulationsp. 200
Railroad Carsp. 203
Freight Rail Carsp. 205
Tanker Rail Carsp. 206
Bulk Material Rail Carsp. 206
Flatbed Rail Carsp. 207
Hopper Rail Carsp. 208
Special Designed Rail Carsp. 209
Tools and Equipment for Rail Car Handlingp. 209
Industrial Robotsp. 213
Incidence of Robotic Accidentsp. 214
Causes of Robotic Accidentsp. 214
Hazardsp. 215
Types of Hazardsp. 216
Sources of Hazardsp. 216
Prevention Overviewp. 217
Risk Assessmentp. 217
Preventing Robotic Accidentsp. 219
Types and Classification of Robotsp. 220
Type of Path Generatedp. 220
Point-to-Point Pathp. 220
Controlled Pathp. 220
Continuous Pathp. 220
Robot Componentsp. 220
Installation of Robotsp. 222
Manufactured, Remanufactured, and Rebuilt Robotsp. 222
Installationp. 223
Robot Programming by Teach Methodsp. 223
Lead-Through Programming/Teachingp. 224
Walk-Through Programming/Teachingp. 224
Off-line Programmingp. 224
Degrees of Freedomp. 224
Protective Devicesp. 225
Safeguarding Methodsp. 227
Review of Safeguardsp. 228
Maintenance Proceduresp. 230
Operator Knowledgep. 230
Trainingp. 231
Technical Trainingp. 231
Initial Safety Trainingp. 231
Refresher Trainingp. 232
Applicable Regulations and Standardsp. 232
Other Robotic Systems Not Coveredp. 233
Material Handling and Storagep. 235
Materials Handling and Storage (Subpartn of 29 CFR 1910)p. 236
Use of Mechanical Equipmentp. 236
Secure Storagep. 237
Housekeepingp. 237
Storagep. 238
Silosp. 239
Hoppersp. 239
Stockpilesp. 241
Material Handling and Storage in Construction (29 CFR 1926.250)p. 242
Fire Prevention - Storage - (29 CFR 1926.151)p. 243
Flammable and Combustible Liquidsp. 244
Combustible Liquidsp. 244
Flammable Liquidsp. 245
Container and Portable Tank Storagep. 246
Design, Construction, and Capacity of Containersp. 246
Design, Construction and Capacity of Storage Cabinetsp. 247
Design and Construction of Inside Storage Roomsp. 247
Rating and Capacityp. 247
Wiringp. 248
Ventilationp. 248
Storagep. 248
Storage Inside Buildingsp. 248
Egressp. 248
Office Occupanciesp. 249
General Purpose Public Warehousesp. 249
Warehouses or Storage Buildingsp. 249
Storage Outside Buildingsp. 249
Fire Controlp. 249
Industrial Plantsp. 250
Incidental Storage or Use of Flammable or Combustible Liquidsp. 250
Containersp. 250
Handling Liquids at Point of Final Usep. 250
Flammable and Combustible Liquids (29 CFR 1926.152)p. 251
Summaryp. 253
Compressed Gas Safetyp. 255
General Requirements (29 CFR1910.101)p. 255
Cylinder Inspectionp. 255
Handling, Storage, and Utilizationp. 257
Safety Relief Devicesp. 257
Specific Gasesp. 257
Oxygen Fuel Gas Welding and Cutting (29 CFR 1910.253)p. 257
Flammable Mixturep. 257
Maximum Pressurep. 257
Cylinders and Containersp. 258
Approval and Markingp. 258
Storage of Cylinders - Generalp. 258
Fuel Gas Cylinder Storagep. 258
Oxygen Storagep. 258
Operating Proceduresp. 258
Use of Fuel Gases for Welding and Cuttingp. 259
Compressed Gas Cylinders (29 CFR 1926.350)p. 259
Cryogenic Liquidsp. 261
Summaryp. 262
Summaryp. 263
Manual Liftingp. 264
Power Operated Lifting Devicesp. 264
Special Lifting Vehiclesp. 265
Trucks for Material Handlingp. 266
More Material Handlingp. 267
Appendix Ap. 275
Appendix Bp. 285
Appendix Cp. 289
Glossaryp. 295
Indexp. 315
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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