9781845691387

Medical Modelling

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  • ISBN13:

    9781845691387

  • ISBN10:

    1845691385

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-09-28
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
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Summary

Research into medical modelling and the application of design and product development technologies in medicine and surgery requires a multidisciplinary approach. Designed to be accessible to all disciplines, with medical and technical terms explained as clearly and simply as possible, Medical modelling will help a broad range of professionals to understand the technologies, techniques and methods, and how to apply them in medical treatments.

Author Biography

Richard Bibb BSc, PhD, is Reader and Head of Medical Applications at The National Centre for Product Design & Development Research (PDR), University of Wales Institute, Cardiff (UWIC), UK

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgementsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Backgroundp. 1
The human formp. 3
Basic anatomical terminologyp. 4
Medical imaging for rapid prototypingp. 8
Introduction to medical imagingp. 8
Computed Tomography (CT)p. 9
Magnetic Resonance (MR)p. 19
Non-contact surface scanningp. 25
Recommended readingp. 31
Export data format and mediap. 32
Medical scan datap. 32
Point cloud datap. 34
Mediap. 35
Working with medical scan datap. 37
Pixel data operationsp. 37
Using CT data - a worked examplep. 42
Point cloud data operationsp. 45
Two-dimensional formatsp. 47
Pseudo three-dimensional formatsp. 47
True three-dimensional formatsp. 50
Physical reproduction - rapid prototyping technologiesp. 59
Background to rapid prototypingp. 59
Stereolithography (SL)p. 72
Digital Light Processing (DLP)p. 76
Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM)p. 78
Selective Laser Sintering (SLS)p. 81
Three-dimensional printingp. 87
Jetting head technologyp. 89
Laminated Object Manufacture (LOM)p. 91
Computer Numerical Controlled (CNC) machiningp. 94
Case studiesp. 97
Implementationp. 99
Implementation case study 1: The development of a collaborative medical modelling service - organisational and technical considerationsp. 99
Implementation case study 2: Medical rapid prototyping technologies - state of the art and current limitations for application in oral and maxillofacial surgeryp. 110
Surgical applicationsp. 128
Surgical applications case study 1: Planning osseointegrated implants using computer-aided design and rapid prototypingp. 128
Surgical applications case study 2: The use of a reconstructed three-dimensional solid model from CT to aid the surgical management of a total knee arthroplastyp. 136
Surgical applications case study 3: The custom-made titanium orbital floor prosthesis in reconstruction of orbital floor fracturesp. 141
Surgical applications case study 4: Rapid manufacture of custom fitting surgical guidesp. 148
Surgical applications case study 5: The use of three-dimensional technology in the multidisciplinary management of facial disproportionp. 159
Rehabilitation applicationsp. 165
Rehabilitation applications case study 1: An investigation of three-dimensional scanning of human body surfaces and its use in the design and manufacture of prosthesesp. 165
Rehabilitation applications case study 2: Producing burns therapy conformers using non-contact scanning and rapid prototypingp. 173
Rehabilitation applications case study 3: An appropriate approach to computer-aided design and manufacture of cranioplasty platesp. 182
Rehabilitation applications case study 4: The appropriate application of computer-aided design and manufacture techniques in silicone facial prostheticsp. 194
Rehabilitation applications case study 5: Evaluation of advanced technologies in the design and manufacture of an implant retained facial prosthesisp. 205
Rehabilitation applications case study 6: The computer-aided design and rapid prototyping fabrication of removable partial denture frameworksp. 219
Rehabilitation applications case study 7: Rapid manufacture of removable partial denture frameworksp. 233
Research applicationsp. 244
Research applications case study 1: Bone structure models using stereolithographyp. 244
Research applications case study 2: Producing physical models from CT scans of ancient Egyptian mummiesp. 253
Research applications case study 3: Recreating skin texture relief using computer-aided design and rapid prototypingp. 262
Future developmentsp. 276
Backgroundp. 276
Scanning techniquesp. 276
Data fusionp. 278
Communicationp. 278
Rapid prototypingp. 278
Tissue engineeringp. 279
Glossary and explanatory notesp. 280
Bibliographyp. 285
Indexp. 295
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