9780803600362

Medical Mycology: A Self-Instructional Text

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780803600362

  • ISBN10:

    0803600364

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/1/1997
  • Publisher: DAVIS F A COMPANY

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Supplemental Materials

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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
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Summary

Written for the beginning mycologist, this book discusses the general and specific characteristics, cultivation, and identification of medically important fungi. This highly accessible and user-friendly text is ideal for both self-directed study and classroom instruction. The book contains numerous line drawings and halftone illustrations, as well as 75 full-color plates. The reader is further aided by the listings (in the front and back of the book) of the techniques and procedures presented in the text, the charts in each module, and the color plates. This book features an extensive illustrated glossary.

Table of Contents

List of Techniques and Procedures
xv
List of Charts
xvi
List of Color Plates
xviii
Introduction: How to Use This Text xxi
Basics of Mycology
1(26)
Prerequisites
3(1)
Behavioral Objectives
3(1)
Content Outline
4(1)
Follow-up Activities
4(1)
References
4(1)
Introduction
4(1)
Microscopic Morphology
5(4)
General Information
5(1)
Hyphae
5(1)
Aseptate hyphae
5(1)
Septate hyphae
5(1)
Vegetative versus aerial hyphae
6(1)
Nonreproductive vegetative hyphae
6(1)
Favic chandeliers
6(1)
Nodular organs
7(1)
Racquet hyphae
7(1)
Spiral hyphae
8(1)
Yeasts
8(1)
Dimorphism
8(1)
Study Questions
9(8)
Reproduction
10(1)
Asexual Reproduction
10(1)
Conidia
10(2)
Blastoconidia (Blastospores)
12(1)
Poroconidia
12(1)
Phialoconidia
13(1)
Annelloconidia
13(1)
Macroconidia
14(1)
Chlamydoconidia
14(1)
Arthroconidia (Arthrospores)
15(1)
Sporangiospores
16(1)
Study Questions
17(3)
Sexual Reproduction
18(1)
Ascospores
18(1)
Basidiospores
19(1)
Zygospores
20(1)
Colonial Morphology
20(4)
Texture
20(1)
Cottony or Woolly Texture
21(1)
Velvety Texture
21(1)
Granular or Powdery Texture
21(1)
Glabrous Texture
21(1)
Topography
21(1)
Rugose Topography
21(1)
Umbonate Topography
21(1)
Verrucose Topography
21(1)
Color
21(1)
Taxonomy
21(3)
Types of Mycoses Based on Body Site
24(1)
Final Exam
24(3)
Laboratory Procedures for Fungal Culture and Isolation
27(46)
Prerequisites
29(1)
Behavioral Objectives
29(1)
Content Outline
30(1)
Follow-up Activities
30(1)
References
31(1)
Introduction
32(1)
Obtaining and Processing the Specimen
32(1)
General Considerations
32(4)
Specific Fungal Specimen Sources
33(1)
Blood and Bone Marrow
33(1)
Cerebrospinal Fluid
34(1)
Cutaneous: Hair, Nails, and Skin
34(1)
Respiratory: Bronchial Washings, Sputa, Throats, Transtracheal Aspirates
34(1)
Tissue, Biopsies
35(1)
Urine
35(1)
Vaginal, Uterine Cervix
36(1)
Wounds, Subcutaneous Lesions, Mucocutaneous Lesions
36(1)
Study Questions
36(1)
Direct Examination of the Specimen
37(12)
Saline Wet Mount
37(1)
Lactophenol Cotton Blue (LPCB) Wet Mount
38(6)
Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) Preparation
44(1)
Gram Stain
45(1)
Acid-Fast Stain
46(1)
India Ink Preparation
47(1)
Calcoflour White Stain
47(1)
Other Stains
48(1)
Study Questions
49(1)
Culturing the Specimen
49(8)
Primary Fungal Media
49(3)
Nonselective Media
52(1)
Sabouraud Brain Heart Infusion Agar (SABHI)
52(1)
Brain Heart Infusion Agar with Blood (BHIB)
52(2)
Sabouraud Dextrose Agar (SDA)
54(1)
Selective Media with Antibiotics
54(1)
Inhibitory Mold Agar (IMA)
54(1)
Brain Heart Infusion Agar with Blood, Gentamicin, and Chloramphenicol
54(1)
Brain Heart Infusion Agar with Blood, Gentamicin, Chloramphenicol, and Cycloheximide
54(1)
Dermatophyte Test Medium (DTM)
54(1)
Special Considerations
55(1)
Incubation Temperature
55(1)
Incubation Time
55(1)
Subculture Media
55(1)
Neutral Sabouraud Dextrose Agar
55(1)
Potato Dextrose Agar
56(1)
Study Questions
57(1)
Examining the Culture
57(9)
Tease Mount Method
57(1)
Cellophane Tape Method
58(1)
Slide Culture Method
59(4)
Modified Slide Culture Method
63(1)
Coverslip Sandwich Technique
63(3)
Proceeding to Specific Modules
66(1)
Final Exam
66(1)
Supplemental Rationale
67(4)
Skin Tests
67(1)
Seromycology
67(1)
DNA Testing
68(1)
Culture Preservation
69(1)
Therapy for Mycoses
69(1)
Agents
69(2)
Study Questions
71(2)
Common Fungal Opportunists
73(42)
Prerequisites
75(1)
Behavioral Objectives
75(1)
Content Outline
76(1)
Follow-up Activities
76(1)
References
77(1)
Introduction
77(1)
Common Properties of Fungal Opportunists
78(1)
Rapid-Growing
78(1)
Saprobic and Airborne
78(1)
Normally Inhaled
78(1)
Opportunistic Pathogens
78(1)
Laboratory Diagnosis
78(1)
Aseptate Opportunists
78(9)
Terminal Vesicle Absent
78(1)
Absidia Species
78(1)
Apophysomyces Species
78(4)
Mucor Species
82(1)
Rhizopus Species
83(1)
Saksenaea Species
84(1)
Terminal Vesicle Present
85(1)
Cunninghamella Species
85(1)
Syncephalastrum Species
86(1)
Zygomycosis (Mucormycosis, Phycomycosis)
87(1)
Study Questions
87
Septate Opportunists
78(18)
Dematiaceous Opportunists
88(1)
Alternaria Species
88(2)
Aureobasidium Species
90(1)
Bipolaris Species
90(1)
Cladosporium (Hormodendrum) Species
91(1)
Curvularia Species
91(1)
Exserohilum Species
92(1)
Epicoccum Species
93(2)
Nigrospora Species
95(1)
Study Questions
96(9)
Hyaline Opportunists
97(1)
Acremonium (Cephalosporium) Species
97(1)
Aspergillus Species
98(2)
Chrysosporium Species
100(1)
Fusarium Species
101(1)
Gliocladium Species
102(1)
Paecilomyces Species
102(1)
Penicillium Species
103(1)
Penicillium marneffei
103(1)
Scopulariopsis Species
104(1)
Sepedonium Species
104(1)
Study Questions
105(5)
Opportunistic Mycoses
105(1)
Aspergillosis
105(2)
Penicilliosis
107(1)
Keratomycosis
108(1)
Otomycosis
109(1)
Sinusitis
109(1)
Final Exam
110(5)
Superficial and Dermatophytic Fungi
115(28)
Prerequisites
115(1)
Behavioral Objectives
115(1)
Content Outline
116(1)
Follow-up Activities
116(1)
References
116(1)
Introduction
117(1)
Superficial Organisms
117(5)
Exophiala (Phaeoannellomyces werneckii, Cladosporium werneckii)
118(1)
Malassezia furfur (Pityrosporum ovale, Pityrosporum orbiculare)
119(1)
Piedraia hortai
120(1)
Trichosporon beigelii (cutaneum)
121(1)
Study Questions
122(1)
Dermatophytes
122(5)
General Differential Characteristics
124(1)
Location of the Dermatophytosis
124(1)
Hair Fluorescence
125(1)
Growth Rate
126(1)
Microscopic Characteristics of Each Dermatophyte Genus
126(1)
Physiologic Tests
127(1)
Study Questions
127(9)
Dermatophytes Pathogenic to Humans
127(1)
Microsporum Species
127(1)
Microsporum audouinii
127(4)
Microsporum canis
131(1)
Microsporum gypseum
132(1)
Epidermophyton Species
132(1)
Epidermophyton floccosum
133(1)
Trichophyton Species
133(1)
Ecothrix hair invasion
133(1)
Trichophyton mentagrophytes
133(1)
Trichophyton rubrum
134(1)
Trichophyton verrucosum
135(1)
Study Questions
136(2)
Endothrix hair invasion
137(1)
Trichophyton schoenleinii
137(1)
Trichophyton tonsurans
137(1)
Trichophyton violaceum
138(1)
Dermatophytosis (Tinea, Ringworm)
138(1)
Final Exam
139(4)
Yeasts
143(22)
Prerequisites
143(1)
Behavioral Objectives
143(1)
Content Outline
143(1)
Follow-up Activities
144(1)
References
144(1)
Introduction
144(1)
Laboratory Procedures
145(8)
Direct Examination and Cultural Isolation
145(1)
Yeast Identification Methods
145(1)
Germ Tube Production
145(1)
Microscopic Morphology on Corn Meal-Tween 80 Agar
146(7)
Birdseed Agar
153(1)
Study Questions
153(4)
Biochemical Identification
154(1)
Other Tests
154(3)
Study Questions
157(1)
Yeast Diseases
158(4)
Candidiasis
158(2)
Cryptococcosis
160(1)
Diseases Caused by Geotrichum candidum
161(1)
Diseases Caused by Torulopsis glabrata
161(1)
Final Exam
162(3)
Organisms Causing Subcutaneous Mycoses
165(28)
Prerequisites
165(1)
Behavioral Objectives
165(1)
Content Outline
166(1)
Follow-Up Activities
166(1)
References
166(1)
Introduction
167(3)
Molds
170(10)
Dematiaceous Molds
170(1)
Branching Chains of Conidia
171
Cladosporium carrionii
170(1)
Cladosporium trichoides
171(1)
Multiple Arrangements of Conidia
172(1)
Fonsecaea compacta
172(1)
Fonsecaea pedrosoi
173(1)
Balls of Conidia
174(1)
Phialophora verrucosa
174(1)
Exophiala (Phialophora) jeanselmei
174(1)
Wangiella (Phialophora, Exophiala) dermatitidis
175(1)
Chromoblastomycosis
176(1)
Phaeohyphomycosis (Chromoblastomycosis in part, Cladosporiosis)
176(1)
Hyaline Molds
177(1)
Scedosporium (Monosporium) apiospermum
177(1)
Scedosporium prolificans (Inflatum)
178(1)
Sporothrix schenckii
179(1)
Sporotrichosis
180(1)
Study Questions
180(2)
Funguslike Bacteria
182(4)
Aerobic Actinomycetes
182(1)
Actiomadura Species
182(1)
Nocardia Species
183(1)
Nocardiopsis Species
183(1)
Streptomyces Species
184(1)
Tests for Aerobic Actinomycetes
184(1)
Nocardiosis
185(1)
Mycetoma (Maduromycosis, Madura foot)
185(1)
Mycobacteria
186(1)
Anaerobic Actinomycetes
186(3)
Actinomycosis
187(2)
Final Exam
189(4)
Organisms Causing Systemic Mycoses
193(14)
Prerequisites
193(1)
Behavioral Objectives
193(1)
Content Outline
193(1)
Follow-Up Activities
194(1)
References
194(1)
Introduction
194(2)
Organisms and Diseases
196(7)
Blastomyces dermatitidis
196(1)
Blastomycosis (North American Blastomycosis, Gilchrist's Disease)
197(1)
Coccidioides immitis
198(1)
Coccidioidomycosis (San Joaquin Fever)
199(1)
Histoplasma capsulatum
200(1)
Histoplasmosis (Darling's Disease)
201(1)
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
202(1)
Paracoccidioidomycosis (South American Blastomycosis)
202(1)
Final Exam
203(4)
Appendix A Answers for Study Questions and Final Exams 207(8)
Appendix B Common Synonyms 215
Appendix C Glossary 207(26)
Appendix D List of Manufacturers 233(2)
Color Plates (See List of Color Plates) xviii
Index 235

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